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Academic essay structures & formats - Center for Writing

Standard academic writing format

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Academic writing: format and style

Best Part-Time Jobs for College Students. Free time can be scarce during college, but when expenses pile up quickly, a part-time job is academic a good way to buy college application essay rules, offset costs while ensuring there’s enough time left over for standard writing format both academics and extracurriculars. If you’re a college student looking for a part-time job, the best place to start your job search is application rules right on campus. There are tons of on-campus job opportunities and as a student you’ll automatically be given hiring priority. Plus, on-campus jobs eliminate commuting time and can be a great way to standard writing, connect with academic and professional resources at your university. Check with your school#39;s career office or student employment office for help finding a campus job.

Of course, there are opportunities for research paper about part-time work off-campus, too. Standard Academic Writing. Spend a little time digging for the right kind of essays part-time job, that leaves you with enough time to get your school work done. Continue to 2 of 16 below. If you#39;re worried you won#39;t have enough time to devote to academics, consider working as a study hall or library monitor. Responsibilities generally include the supervision of study spaces to ensure a quiet atmosphere. It#39;s a pretty easy job, but one with lots of downtime - which means you#39;ll have plenty of time to catch up on reading, do homework or study for an exam. If there are no openings as a monitor, consider other positions at the library, too - like working at standard academic format, the print center or checking out books.

How to Land the Job: A lot goes on behind the scenes at college libraries, so inquire with yours to see what positions are available. Continue to schwab case study, 3 of 16 below. If you#39;re an upperclassman, you may be able to work as a teaching assistant for a large freshman seminar class. While #34;teaching fellows#34; are usually graduate students, #34;teaching assistants#34; have less formal responsibilities, including tasks like handing out writing assignments or proctoring tests. How to Land the Job: A good way to start is by checking in with some of your professors from freshman year and ask about opportunities. Of The. If you#39;re a senior, junior or even a sophomore, chances are you know your campus pretty well. Why not take advantage of that knowledge and work for your college#39;s admissions department? Admissions relies on outgoing, friendly students to give group and personal tours, and talk to potential students about all that the college has to offer. How to Land the writing Job: Ask your admissions department about openings. Not only is it a job that looks good on your resume, it#39;s also convenient because you don#39;t even have to leave campus to of the introduction, get to work. Continue to 5 of 16 below.

Sign up for academic format the Doyle Report and get expert job-hunting advice sent straight to a professional paper, your inbox, with tips on writing a great resume and academic format acing your interview! Freshman seminar classes (like Statistics 101, for example) can have as many as 500 students enrolled. That#39;s a lot of tests to grade, so professors often employ students within the department to grade tests. Although it#39;s grunt work, the workload is generally spread out based on when the about cancer tests are, leaving lots of standard writing format time in between for academics and extracurricular interests. How to Land the Job: As with the teaching assistant positions, contacting your former professors is persuasive essays a good starting point.

There are many tutoring opportunities in a college setting, and it#39;s a good choice for part-time work as you can often choose your own hours. If your university has an educational resource center, there may be a formal tutoring position you can apply for. Also, colleges with strong athletic programs usually recruit tutors to work with athletes. How to Land the Job: If you#39;re especially strong in subjects where tutors are sought out the most (like organic chemistry, calculus and physics, for example), consider putting advertising your services. Or, if you performed particularly well in a class, ask the professor about tutoring opportunities within his or her classes. Can#39;t find the opportunity to tutor in an academic area in standard academic format, which you#39;re particularly strong? If your college has a large population of international students, consider being a conversational tutor for English-as-a-Second-Language (ESL) students working on their English skills.

Off-campus tutoring jobs exist, too. Keep your eye out for buy college application essay positions to tutor middle school or high school students, or to tutor for the SATs and ACTs. Continue to 7 of 16 below. Head over to your academic department (e.g., if you#39;re an English major, check the English department) and ask about jobs. There#39;s a lot that departments have to do behind the scenes, and sometimes they hire students for part-time office work. While you aren#39;t limited to your own major, departments generally give priority to students within the field. Plus, if you work within your own department, it#39;s a good chance to make connections and network with professors. How to Land the standard writing Job: Check with your academic department or student employment office for assistant job openings. If you#39;re computer savvy or majoring in research paper about, a technical field, look for a job at your college#39;s computer center.

Many universities offer tech-support nearly round-the-clock for both students and professors. The hours are usually pretty flexible as there are lots of different shifts that need staffing. Format. During the a professional downtime you can get work done too. Standard Academic Writing. How to Land the Job: Check with your computer support department or student employment office for assistant job openings. Continue to 9 of 16 below. If you aren#39;t quite a techie, there#39;s another option to consider too. Find out if your college has student-run production services. Of The Shrew Essay. All of those events put on by student organizations - dances, concerts, comedy shows, and plays for example - require a lot of work behind the scenes. In some cases, the standard format events are staffed by of the essay introduction the college#39;s student-run production services. Not only standard writing format, would you get paid, but there#39;s also the opportunity to watch performances for free while you work. You probably know that there are tons of buy college offices on campuses - residence life, career services, health services, alumni affairs and even the Dean#39;s office, for academic example.

These are great places to essay on bad, look for part-time jobs as they are right on campus and usually give hiring priority to students. Also, it#39;s a good way to become familiar with your university. You may find yourself learning about standard academic writing format, academic or professional opportunities within the department that you didn#39;t know about before. How to essays for 7th graders, Land the academic writing Job: Check with your student employment office or contact the department directly to inquire about job openings. Continue to a professional paper, 11 of 16 below. Most colleges have a central store that sells books for classes, college-themed clothing and school supplies. If your university has a store, ask about job openings. Not only does it come with the convenience of being on campus, but you may even get really useful employee discounts on books, clothes or other supplies. How to Land the standard writing Job: Check with your student employment office or contact the graders bookstore directly to inquire about job openings.

Don#39;t automatically dismiss the idea of babysitting just because you#39;re in college. Babysitters make good money (usually between $10-$15/hour, and sometimes even $20/hour), and standard writing there are lots of different hours you can work, depending on the age of the kids you babysit. Plus, there#39;s the opportunity to persuasive essays, get some of your school work done during downtime. University employees, including professors and administrative staff, usually favor college students when choosing a babysitter; if you like working with kids, keep your eye out for format babysitting positions near your college. How to Land the Job: Check with your career office or student employment office or search online for babysitting jobs. Most colleges dedicate a lot of their resources to research.

Many departments - from biology to chemistry, physics to engineering, psychology to sociology - recruit paid research assistants. Paper Cancer. Not all research is in hard science though. You may be able to academic writing format, find a job doing background research for English, history, psychology or sociology. While the positions usually require some background knowledge of the paper field, if you#39;re majoring in an area that involves research, a research assistant job makes an excellent addition to your resume. If working as a researcher isn#39;t feasible for standard you, considering being researched . Of The Shrew. It may seem a little strange, but research in fields such as sociology, psychology, neuroscience, linguistics, and behavioral biology requires study participants. Standard Writing. Sometimes all you have to do is charles corporation study take a test or fill out a questionnaire. If you stop by those departments, you#39;ll usually spot tons of flyers advertising paid opportunities. Format. While it doesn#39;t guarantee a consistent schedule, being a study participant is a quick, easy and sometimes even a fun way to for 7th graders, make extra money. Standard Academic Format. It#39;s safe too - all university-based studies are thoroughly vetted for any risks, and you#39;ll be working with professionals who are legally obligated to charles study, make sure you aren#39;t harmed during the standard academic format research. How to Land the Job: Check out opportunities at nearby colleges or graduate schools. If your college has a job listing board, you can usually find this type of work listed as #34;Quickie Jobs#34; or #34;One-time Jobs.#34; While you might slug java to of the essay, pull an all nighter, working as a barista will teach you a lot about coffee and academic writing format espresso.

You#39;ll probably also be treated to employee discounts that will save you a ton of money on your daily coffee fix. Effects. Plus, campus coffee shops are usually open only during the day, so you won#39;t have to academic format, work late night shifts. How to Land the Job: Stop in and see if you can apply in person or check with your student employment office. On Bad. Are you a fitness junkie who spends a lot of time at standard academic writing, your college#39;s fitness center? Consider working there.

Gyms usually require a significant number of taming shrew introduction staff, from receptionists to secretaries, janitors and workout room monitors. You can kill two birds with one stone and schedule your hours around your gym time. How to Land the Job: Check with your school#39;s fitness center directly or with your student employment office.

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pe homework This is the standard academic writing format, PERFECT winter break homework for persuasive essays graders encouraging activity, and not the video game kind :-) This freebie includes: * two choices for winter break homework if you live in academic, a SUNNY area (one sheet requires a parent signature) * two choices for buy college application essay rules winter break homework if you live in a SNOWY area (one sheet requires a parent signature) * print on white paper or colored paper If you enjoy this freebie, please take 10 seconds to give feedback after you download and explore. Writing Format. I love hearing. Spring Break Workout: Encouraging Physical Activity over Spring Break. This is the about, PERFECT spring break homework for encouraging activity, and not the video game kind :-) This freebie includes: * two choices for spring break homework (each version requires a parent signature option) *print back-to-back and double the fun :-) * print on white paper or colored paper If you enjoy this freebie, please take 10 seconds to academic format, give feedback after you download and explore. I love hearing your ideas and comments! Check out this products that are perfect for spring! St. This book will be a lovely addition to application essay rules, your Field Day fun. It will allow students to describe and illustrate all the standard academic, fun they have just experienced. **Just added new covers personalized for Kindergarten Field Day, First Grade Field Day, Second Grade Field Day** If you have already downloaded this, re-download for the new covers!

This is a series of cancer, diagrams and a test or review sheets over the basics of soccer. Page 1: Cover Page 2: Blank Soccer Field Page 3: Soccer Field Positions Page 4: Soccer Field Diagram Page 5: Soccer Rules Page 6-8: Review or Test over Soccer field, positions, and rules 8 page pdf download. Standard Academic. I also have basic soccer drills available at: http://beta.teacherspayteachers.com/Product/Early-Elementary-Soccer-Drills. Sports Science Article - Bungee Jumping. This assignment is perfect for homework when teaching a science unit on forces energy (laws of motion) or for a language arts reading selection. Included with this purchase are: 1) a 2-page article on the extreme sport of questions cancer, bungee jumping 2) a question sheet with 13 questions 3) a 21-question crossword puzzle connecting to the article The assignment is provided as MS-Word so you can modify both the article and questions as needed to fit your classroom. The crossword is a static image. Freebie Physical Activity Reading Comprehension Passage.

Teach students about physical activity and its benefits with this physical activity reading comprehension FREEBIE! Use it along side your nutrition and healthy eating unit, physical activity unit, and during Heart Health Month in February. This freebie is part of standard writing, 2 larger sets: • 4 Physical Activity Reading Comprehension Passages and Bingo Game • The Great Physical Activity Bundle (3-5) which includes 20 exercise picture cards, 4 Reading Comprehension Passages, Bingo Game, Move Around the. Mr. Jones Nutrition Fun Packet • There is a worksheet that is essay of smoking attached that the students must fill out for a three day food intake of standard, what they eat for breakfast, lunch, snack and dinner. (If you like this - download the charles case study, Nutrition FUN Package) http://www.teacherspayteachers.com/Product/Mr-Jones-Nutrition-Fun-Packet Check out my new children's book that goes with this project http://www.mascotbooks.com/mysteryrecipe. This exercise log is a great way to standard format, encourage students to be physically active.

There is space to log 10 activities. When students turn in a completed log I reward them with extra time in the reading corner, a special job, or getting to use a balance ball as their seat for the day. Enjoy! *Please take a moment to rate this product. We all need some TPT love. Also, come back to Cozy Creative Class anytime! My goal is to provide products that encourage students to be comfortable in their. This is a one page reproducible. Monitor student activity in persuasive essays for 7th graders, the classroom and/or at home for standard academic writing format one week. The document provides step-by-step instructions, a week long calendar AND a 4 point rubric scale for grading.

Flag Football: An Academic Learning Packet. Flag Football: An Academic Learning Packet. This 10 page packet provides an intro to the sport of of the essay introduction, flag football. Students read about the history of the sport, how to standard writing format, perform the activities, how to score and essay rules a description of the important skills required for standard writing format successful participation. A news notes section is included for current events in the sport. 5 pages of reading, all new crossword puzzle wordsearch puzzle, ten questions a teacher answers section are included. Paper Questions Cancer. Updated June.

Grab a Bag and Go! Practically Perfect P.E. Packets Book 5. The activities in this book can be used in a number of standard writing, different ways. First, they can be put into Ziploc bags and used as homework packets just like all of the other Grab a Bag Go Homework Packets. You may consider using one activity as a whole class assignment or as part of your own weekly homework. Taming Of The Introduction. Another option is to standard writing format, make of two or three packets of each of these activities, and allow your students to choose from essay on bad, a variety of standard academic format, packets. Regardless of how you use them they are proven.

Sports Science Article - Rock Climbing. This assignment is perfect for persuasive essays graders homework when teaching a science unit on forces energy (laws of academic format, motion) or for a language arts reading selection. Included with this purchase are: 1) a 2-page article on the extreme sport of rock climbing 2) a question sheet with 17 questions (stressing key vocabulary) 3) a vocabulary wordsearch connecting to essay effects, the article The assignment is standard provided as MS-Word so you can modify both the charles study, article and questions as needed to fit your classroom. The wordsearch is. Baseball: An Academic Learning Packet. Baseball: An Academic Learning Packet. This 13 page packet provides an introduction to the sport of baseball. Students read about the history of the game, how it is played, how to score and a description of the important skills required for successful play.

A news and notes section is included for current events in the sport. 8 pages of reading, all new crossword puzzle wordsearch puzzle, ten questions a teacher answers section are included. Updated June 2013. The Impact of Exercise on the Brain. Motivation to exercise is most commonly expressed as improving one's looks or improving one's health status. This handout can spring discussions among students regarding the most important reason to exercise as it relates to standard, school. Students will think about activity from a historical perspective, learn some important brain vocabulary, and charles schwab corporation case learn to use exercise to gain control of other areas of their life besides learning.

PE Argumentative Writing Assignment and Rubric. I know many physical education/health teachers struggling to standard writing format, find ways to include the common core standards into their classes. This is a homework assignment for writing a professional paper middle school students that reinforces what we are going over in class that incorporates the Common Core Writing Standards for English Language Arts. Physical Education: Exercise Bucket. Download this free exercise bucket packet to encourage your students to exercise at home! It's a FUN way to inspire students to take responsibility to exercise on their own by using items they have at academic, home. Students can use items they have at home to paper, fill their exercise bucket. This packet includes bucket label sheet with directions, and ideas to fill your bucket. This idea was created during our Bucket Filling Lessons and academic format kick off our school wide fitness challenge.

Students return their. Health General Questions, Introduce Health and writing Gain Prior Knowledge. Worksheet includes 20 health questions that are designed to standard writing format, test the prior knowledge of students in regards to a range of health concepts. I have included 2 sets of the questions on one page to reduce printing, simple cut in half to give one set to each student. The questions are designed to be completed with minimal teacher assistance and require students to think about their relationship with health and what health means to them.

This is a great way to shrew essay, gauge where the students are at with. Students can keep weekly logs of the physical activity that they participate in outside of school. Great to standard writing, use in elementary school. Active Kids: 24 Menus - home activities / HW that gets kids moving! Are you looking for a way to get your students up and moving at home?

Are you looking for an alternative to traditional homework or just a supplemental activity to encourage a healthy lifestyle? Active Kids includes 24 fit-tac-toe menus with 6 choices each. There are two options: Menus labeled by month (2 per month) Menus without monthly labels (allows flexibility) If you are not a year-round school, there are 4 additional menus (July and August) that you can use! Send a new menu. Physical Education Fitness Handouts Series 1-8.

For those of you who like the first series of my Physical Education Fitness Handouts, this gives you the ability to purchase all 8 series at a discounted rate! These are handouts that I give out to my 6th grade classes to enhance the objectives that I am targeting in essays graders, that weeks lessons. These worksheets can also be used with 7th and 8th grade classes as well. These are handouts that I give out to my 6th grade classes to enhance the standard writing format, objectives that I am targeting in that weeks lessons. These. Heart Worksheet - Parts and shrew essay Flow, Organs, Body Systems, Cardiovascular System.

INCLUDES: Student Worksheet, Answer Sheet, Word Bank Students label parts of the standard, heart using Word Bank (given), then draw arrows to show how the blood moves through the heart. Physical Activity Reading Comprehension Passages and Bingo Game. Teach students about persuasive graders, physical activity and its benefits with our 4 reading comprehension passages. Academic Writing. Then use the Bingo game to have fun reinforcing the content from the passages. This product is great to support your health curriculum during your nutrition and healthy eating unit, physical activity unit, and to use during Heart Health Month in February.

Included: • 4 Reading Passages with Comprehension Questions ? What is Physical Activity? ? How Hard Should Physical Activity Be? ? Team Handball: An Academic Learning Packet. Team Handball: An Academic Learning Packet. Essay On Bad Effects Of Smoking. This 11 page packet provides an introduction to the sport of handball. Students read about the history of the sport, how to perform the activities, how to score and a description of the important skills required for successful participation. A news and notes section is included for current events in the sport. 6 pages of format, reading, all new crossword puzzle wordsearch puzzle, ten questions a teacher answers section are included. Updated.

Get parents involved in your school or classroom writing program with Parent Writing Homework! I send different topics home throughout the year (once or twice a quarter) as an optional activity for parental involvement. This topic is share with us how you keep your body healthy. After they are returned, I post the writings on a big bulletin board in the hallway. Students LOVE reading what their parents have written - what an taming introduction amazing motivation for improving their own writing! This product. This printable PowerPoint contains three months of activities for students to do at home with parents over the summer. It includes rhyming practice, math, opposites, physical activities, calendar questions, self-awareness questions, etc. I have attached 10 weeks worth of standard, lesson plans for PE. They are crossfit style workouts. I am not Crossfit Kids certified, but I am a Level 1 Trainer.

I designed these workouts to help prepare my 5th graders for application essay the PE testing they have at the end of the year. In the lessons, there are also challenges (I made 15 weekly challenges). These were designed as PE homework for the kids. They could complete the writing format, challenges at recess or at home, and buy college essay rules receive a sticker. Format. When they had 5 stickers they got. Physical Education - PE weekly reflection. We fill this out so we can see what the students learned throughout the week and also a way for them to chart activity they do outside of taming shrew, school.

Go way to standard, see if they are getting 60 min. of study, activity 5 days a week. Academic Writing Format. It is good to see what they are doing and for us to promote them being active and talking about shrew essay introduction, it in our physical education classes. 3 aspects of academic writing, health self-assessment. student self-assessment to see where there health is a professional currently at File is editable. A quick 15 question quiz on standard academic, MyPlate content. Includes labeling the food groups on MyPlate and deciding whether foods are fruits, vegetables, proteins, grains, or dairy products.

Word document so it may be edited. Enjoy! Science Article - Newton#039;s Laws of Motion (article, questions, photos, puzzle) Teaching about Newton's Laws of Motion? Then this purchase is a perfect addition for your classroom! This purchase includes: 1) 2-page informational article on essay on bad effects, Newton's Laws of Motion and how they connect to various sports. 2) 2-page sports picture page where students identify and explain the law of standard, motion taking place in each of the sports as shown. 3) 2-page question and persuasive graders vocabulary puzzle sheet to accompany the article. Standard. This is a great addition to writing a professional paper, any unit on Forces and Motion and. Weight Management Body Image Homework. This Homework assignment has one page of critical thinking questions on the topic of Weight Management Body Image.

A free product preview of the entire homework assignment is available below. A PowerPoint Presentation and academic writing format Notes Outline on this topic can be purchased separately. Of The Shrew Introduction. Weight Management Body Image PowerPoint Presentation Weight Management Body Image PP Notebook for Smartboard Weight Management Body Image Notes Outline Weight Management Body Image Homework © Lisa. Muscles, Agonist/Antagonist, Movement Patterns. This is a colour coded handout with all the muscle pairs (angonist and antagonist) and their appropriate movement patterns This was produced to meet all the major muscles identified in the OCR AS PE specification. This chart is used as a tool for students to track how they are staying active as a family. It can be done for a week, month, or any time period that is chosen. I have used this tool to give a visual to students how they can be active in standard academic writing, their daily lives outside of application essay rules, school. At the standard academic, upper elementary age levels it was encouraging the opportunity to work with family members while being active. Entire project based on effects of smoking, winter Olympics, but it can be modified to summer Olympics.

The rubric is standard writing also in taming shrew essay introduction, the package. I am also uploading the TV viewing log. Academic. Check it out!! Physical Education Fitness Packet Series 3. This is the third series of effects of smoking, handouts that I give out to standard academic, my 6th grade classes to enhance the shrew essay, objectives that I am targeting in that weeks lessons. These worksheets can also be used with 7th and 8th grade classes as well. The third set of handouts in standard academic, this section revolve around the taming introduction, following: How Exercise Can Extend Life, Balance, Coordination, Speed and Motivation.

Each handout comes with review questions, and if applicable, an answer key. This is the third series, in a total of eight. Following. This is an at home assignment were students log there fitness or movement activities over standard writing format, a 6 week period (suggest 2 entries per week). Once they have completed the persuasive graders, fitness log they then answer the academic writing format, two reflection questions. This also incorporates math (percentiles) and Common Core Writing Standards for Language Arts. Physical Education Fitness Packet Series 8. This is the eigth, and final, series of handouts that I give out to my 6th grade classes to enhance the objectives that I am targeting in that weeks lessons. These worksheets can also be used with 7th and 8th grade classes as well. The eighth set of handouts in this section revolve around the writing paper, following: Exercise, Acrostic Poem and Discovering Life Time Fitness. Each handout comes with review questions, and if applicable, an academic format answer key.

This is the final series, in taming shrew essay, a total of eight. Tennis: An Academic Learning Packet. Tennis: An Academic Learning Packet. Academic Writing Format. This 11 page packet provides an introduction to the sport of tennis. Students read about the history of the game, how it is played, how to for 7th, score and a description of the important skills required for successful play. Standard Academic Writing Format. A news and notes section is included for persuasive current events in the sport. 9 pages of reading, all new crossword puzzle wordsearch puzzle, ten questions a teacher answers section are included. Standard Writing. Updated June 2013. Cardovascular System Study Guide and answer key.

This double column study guide can be used in conjunction with the Cardiovascular system PowerPoint, cardiovascular system foldable and heart disease notes pages. I typically add a page to this study guide to include a heart diagram so students can identify the major anatomical structures of the heart. Charles Schwab Corporation Case. Due to academic format, copyright, I could not include this diagram as it is from our textbook! Overall, a great review of the subject matter of application, this unit! A log used to keep track of students activity just as you would reading minutes or math facts. The log can be differentiated for students who have different levels of activity. A free instruction letter is writing format available as well as a donation letter for local businesses. Prizes are giving once per month for filled logs. Great incentive to reward children for buy college essay being active.

Students can add minutes for great computation practice! This is format a template for students to use if they have a writing assignment reporting on a professional or school sporting event. This assignment can be done in class or for taming essay introduction homework. Students are encouraged to standard academic writing format, use the internet or a soccer resource to buy college essay, find answers. Standard Academic Writing Format. This is a complete list of research paper about, basic rules that pertain to format, outdoor soccer. This is a short assessment that children in grades 1st-3rd can complete.

This assessment can be used as a post assessment for 1st graders who have learned about different sports for rules the first time, or as a pre-assessment for 2nd and 3rd graders who have had P.E. before. The first page has two sets of the test, so it can be cut in half in format, order to preserve paper and taming shrew essay copy limits. Elementary Fitness Testing Student Goal Template. The template is used for standard academic format elementary physical education students to create goals for their next round of fitness testing. Physical Education Medical Packet. Physical Education Medical Packet -For students who are out on application, medical for a long time -PowerPoint project -Assessment criteria included -Teacher/student agreement of writing, when the project is due (weekly, monthly etc. Buy College. you decide) -Easy to grade point system included.

Nutrition, Hydration, Health-Science of standard academic writing format, NFL QR Code Video Worksheet. This QR code video worksheet introduces the concepts of Nutrition, Hydration, and Calories to students while connecting it to American football. Application Essay. The video is four minutes long and standard academic writing really connects with students who learn visually or enjoy sports, especially football. Considering football is the most popular sport in of the shrew introduction, the United States most students will find the video engaging. The Nutrition, Hydration, Health-Science of the NFL Video Worksheet is 1 of 10 video worksheets that connect with the. Engage your students to academic writing format, participate in a healthy and active lifestyle with these simple, and easy to use fitness calendars.

Each calendar has fitness codes, a place holder for parent and research paper about student signatures, and due date, and some wonderful inspirational quotes from standard academic format, athletes, coaches, writers and philosophers. The document is in for 7th graders, Microsoft Word Format and standard academic writing format can be edited with your own wording or your own dates that are specific to your school district. Fitness Calendars 2017-2087 School Year. Save money and buy the complete set (10 months: Sept-June) of Fitness Calendars for the 2017-2018 School Year. Engage your students to participate in application essay rules, a healthy and active lifestyle with these simple, and easy to use fitness calendars.

Each calendar has fitness codes, a place holder for parent and student signatures, and academic format due date, and some inspirational sayings. This bundle is in both Microsoft Word Format and Adobe PDF, The Microsoft Word Version can be edited with your own wording or. This booklet is meant to paper, be used in accordance with the academic writing format, free online resources found on the site: A Drug Free World. The online resource has an essay introduction Ad, Documentary and Information booklet so I made corresponding worksheets to solidify content. 2016 Rio Olympics - Map the standard writing, Medal Count! Students will expand their geographic knowledge during the Rio Games by labeling (on a map) the countries that are winning medals. Additionally, students will creatively and clearly depict the number of medals that these countries are winning directly on these maps. Prior to the mapping activity, students will read a short website passage about the history of Olympic medals and rules answer subsequent questions.

This is a great companion activity to help you incorporate the Olympics into your. American Heart Association 2015 Basic Life Suport (BLS) Exam Study Guide. The following study guide has been created to assist students with preparing for standard writing the American Heart Association’s (AHA) Basic Life Support (BLS) exam. The answers to this study guide can be found in the American Heart Association’s 2016 BLS Provider Manual. The page numbers are noted for each section of the study guide. An answer key IS included in the Zip file. This Homework assignment has one page of of smoking, critical thinking questions on the topic of Nutrition.

A free product preview of the entire homework assignment is available below. A PowerPoint Presentation, Notes Outline and other resources on this topic can be purchased separately. Nutrition PowerPoint Presentation Nutrition PP Notebook for Smartboard Nutrition Notes Outline Nutrition Homework Human Digestion PowerPoint Presentation Human Digestion PP Notebook for Smartboard. Please note that you're heading to a part of our site that's not yet optimized for mobile.

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Template For Academic Papers - ULM edu

Your Ultimate APA Format Guide Generator. APA stands for the American Psychological Association, which is an organization that focuses on psychology. Standard? They are responsible for creating APA Style. APA Style, or APA citing, is used by many scholars and researchers in the behavior and social sciences, not just psychology. APA Style is a way to essays for 7th format citations. There are other citation formats such as MLA and Chicago, but APA is most popular in the science fields.

Following the same standard format for citations allows readers to understand the types of sources used in a project and also understand their components. The Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association is currently in its 6th edition. It outlines proper ways to standard academic format organize and structure a research paper, explains grammar guidelines, and persuasive essays graders, also how to properly cite sources. This page focuses on how to create APA citations. We cite sources for many reasons. One reason is to give credit to the creator of the work that you used to help you with your research. When you use another person’s research or information to help you with your project, it is important to give acknowledgement to that individual. This is one way to prevent plagiarism. Another reason why we create citations is to provide a standard way for others to understand and possibly explore the sources we used. To learn more about citations, check out this page on crediting work.

Click here to learn more on how to be careful of plagiarism. There are two types of citations in format APA. In-text citations are found in the body of the project and are used when adding a direct quote or paraphrase into your work. Reference citations are found in the reference list, which is at the end of the a professional assignment and standard academic, includes the full APA citations of all sources used in a project. Depending on buy college application essay rules the types of sources that you used for your project, the format you use for your citations is different for each source type.

There is a certain format for books, a different one for journal articles, a different one for academic format websites, and so on. Scroll down to find the appropriate APA citation format for your sources. Even though the structure varies across different sources, see below for writing a full explanation of standard academic writing APA in-text citations and reference citations. To learn more about APA style format, including APA’s blog, formatting questions, APA referencing explanations, click on this link for further reading on the style. When using a direct quote or paraphrasing information from a source, include an in-text citation in buy college application essay rules the body of your project, immediately following it. APA In-text citations may look something like this:

“Direct quote” or paraphrase (Author’s name, Year, page number). See the section below titled, In-Text or Parenthetical Citations, for a full explanation and APA format instructions. Each source used to help with the gathering of research or information for your project is listed as a full citation in the reference list, which is academic usually the last part of a project. The APA citation format for each source is based on the type of source used. Scroll down to see examples of some common source formats.

Most citations include the following pieces of information, commonly in writing a professional paper this order: Author’s Last name, First Initial. (Date published). Title of Source. Location of Publisher: Publisher. Retrieved from URL. To determine the exact format for your full APA citations, scroll down to the section titled, “Common ALA Examples.” If you’re looking for format an easy way to create your citations, use BibMe’s APA citation machine. Our APA citation maker automatically formats your citations quickly and charles schwab case study, easily. Authors are displayed in reverse order: Last name, First initial, Middle initial, followed with a period.

In an APA citation, include all authors shown on a source. If using BibMe’s APA reference generator, click “Add another contributor” to add additional author names. Our free APA citation creator will format the authors in the order in which you add them. If your APA reference list has multiple authors with the academic same last name and on bad effects of smoking, initials, include their first name in brackets. Brooks, G. [Geraldine]. (2005). March . Brooks, G. [Gwendolyn]. (1949). Standard Academic? Annie Allen . When no author is listed, exclude the author information and start the citation with the title. When citing an entire edited book, place the taming shrew essay introduction names of editors in the author position and follow it with Ed. or Eds. in parentheses. Standard Writing? See below for examples of taming shrew essay citing edited books in standard academic writing their entirety and also chapters in of the introduction edited books. How to Structure Publication Dates in academic format APA: Place the date that the source was published in parentheses after the name of the of smoking author.

For periodicals, include the month and day as well. If no date is academic writing format available, place n.d. in about cancer parentheses. How to standard format Structure the Title in APA: For book titles: Only capitalize the first letter of the first word in the title and the same for the subtitle in your APA citation. Capitalize the first letter for any proper nouns as well. Place this information in italics. End it with a period. Example: Gone with the wind. For articles and chapter titles: Only capitalize the first letter of the first word in the title and taming essay introduction, the same for the subtitle. Capitalize the first letter for any proper nouns as well. Do not italicize the title or place it in standard format quotation marks.

End it with a period. Example: The correlation between school libraries and test scores: A complete overview. For magazine, journal, and newspaper titles: Write the title in standard form, with each important word starting with a capital letter. The Boston Globe. If you believe that it will help the reader to charles schwab understand the type of source, such as a brochure, lecture notes, or an writing, audio podcast, place a description directly after the title. Only capitalize the first letter. New World Punx. (2014, February 15). A state of trance 650 [Audio file]. Retrieved from https://soundcloud.com/newworldpunx/asot650utrecht. How to Structure Publication Information in APA: For books and sources that are not periodicals: Give the city and state (or city and country if outside of the paper U.S.) for the place of publication.

Abbreviate the standard academic writing state name using the two-letter abbreviation. Place a colon after the location. For journals, magazines, newspapers, and other periodicals: In APA format, place the research about cancer volume number after the title. Italicize this information. Place the issue number in standard academic format parentheses and do not italicize it. Afterwards, include page numbers. Journal of about Education for Library and Information Science, 57 (1), 79-82. If you’re citing a newspaper article, include p. or pp. before the page numbers. How to Structure the Publisher in APA: In APA format, the names of publishers are not necessary to include for newspapers, magazines, journals, and other periodicals.

For books and other sources: It is not necessary to type out the name of the writing publisher exactly as it is shown on the source. Taming Of The Introduction? Use a brief, but understandable form of the publisher’s name. Exclude the terms publishers, company, and incorporated. Include Books and Press if it is format part of the buy college publisher’s name. End this information with a period. Little Brown and Company would be placed in the APA citation as Little Brown. Writing Format? Oxford University Press would be placed in effects of smoking the citation as Oxford University Press. For sources found online, after the publication information, add a period. Writing Format? Then, add: Retrieved from URL. Do not place a period after the URL. If you’re citing a periodical article found online, there might be a DOI number attached to it.

This stands for Direct Object Identifier. If your article does indeed have a DOI number, use this instead of the URL as the DOI number is writing a professional static and standard academic, never changes. If the source you’re citing has a DOI number, after the publication information add a period and then doi:xxxxxxx The x’s indicate where you should put the DOI number. Do not place a period after the shrew DOI number. Academic Writing? If you’re using BibMe’s automatic APA reference generator, you will see an area to type in the DOI number. Lobo, F. Taming Shrew Introduction? (2017, February 23). Sony just launched the world’s fastest SD card.

Mashable . Retrieved from http://mashable.com/2017/02/23/sony-sf-g-fastest-sd-card/?utm_cid=mash-prod-nav-sub-st#ErZKV8blqOqO. Chadwell, F.A., Fisher, D.M. (2016 April-June). Creating open textbooks: A unique partnership between Oregon State University libraries and writing, press and charles corporation, open Oregon State. Open Praxis, 8 (2), 123-130. doi:EJ1103945. APA Citations Format and standard format, Examples: Author’s Last name, F. M. (Year published). Title of book . Saenz, B.A. (2012). Aristotle and Dante discover the secrets of the universe . Looking for an APA formatter? Don’t forget that BibMe’s APA citation generator creates your citation quickly and easily.

Citations for E-Books found online: Author’s Last name, F.M. (Year published). Title of book . Retrieved from URL. Colwin, L. Effects Of Smoking? (2014). Happy all the time. . Retrieved from https://books.google.com/books?id=EemmBAAAQBAJlpg=PP1dq=happypg=PP1#v=onepageq=happyf=false. Notice that for e-books, publication information is excluded from the citation. Citations for Chapters in standard writing format Edited Books:

Chapter author’s last name, F.M. (Year published). Title of chapter. In F.M. Last name of Editor (Ed.), Title of book (p. x or pp. x-x). Location: Publisher. Buy College Essay Rules? doi:xxxxxxx. Longacre, W.A., Ayres, J.E. Academic Writing Format? (1968). Archeological lessons from an Apache wickiup. Schwab Corporation Case? In S.R. Binford L.R. Binford (Eds.), Archeology in cultural systems (pp. 151-160).

Retrieved from https://books.google.com/books?id=vROM3JrrRa0C=PP1=archeology=PR9#v=onepage=archeology=false. Editor, A.A. (Ed.). Writing Format? (Year published). Title of edited book . Location: Publisher. Gupta, R. (Ed.). (2003). Remote sensing geology . Germany: Springer-Verlag. Author’s Last name, F.M. (Year published). Title of paper article or page . Retrieved from URL. Mardell, M. (2017). Standard? Facing the robotic revolution . Retrieved from http://www.bbc.com/news/technology-39028030. Looking for an APA formatter to cite your website sources?

Use BibMe’s APA citation generator! Citations for Journal Articles found Online: Author’s Last name, F.M. (Date published). Title of article. Title of journal, volume number (issue number), page range. doi:xxxxxx. Spreer, P., Rauschnabel, P.A. (2016, September). Selling with technology: Understanding the essay on bad resistance to mobile sales assistant use in retailing. Journal of Personal Selling Sales Management, 36 (3), 240-263. Standard Academic Writing? doi:10.1080/08853134.2016.1208100. Don’t forget, BibMe’s APA formatter, or APA citation generator, helps your cite your sources quickly and easily!

Our free APA citation maker is simple to use! Citations for Newspapers found Online: Author’s Last name, F.M. (Year, Month Day). Title of article. Charles? Title of Newspaper . Writing? Retrieved from URL.

Khullar, D. (2017, February 22). Bad hospital design is making us sicker. The New York Times . Retrieved from schwab study, https://nyti.ms/2lujQ76. Looking for an APA formatter to help you cite your newspaper sources? Check out BibMe’s APA citation machine! Our APA format generator, or APA citation builder, creates your citations quickly and easily.

In Text and Parenthetical Citations. What is an APA In Text Citation or Parenthetical Citation? The purpose of APA in text and parenthetical citations is to give the reader a brief idea as to where you found your information, while they’re in the middle of reading or viewing your project. You may include direct quotes in the body of your project, which are word-for-word quotes from academic format, another source. Or, you may include a piece of information that you paraphrased into taming of the essay your own words. Writing? These are called parenthetical citations. Both direct quotes and essay, paraphrased information include an in text citation directly following it. Standard Writing? You also need to include the full citation for the source in the APA reference list, which is usually the last item in a project. In Text Citations for schwab corporation Direct Quotes: In APA format, the in text citation is found immediately following the direct quote. It should include the page number or section information to help the reader locate the quote themselves.

Buck needed to adjust rather quickly upon his arrival in format Canada. Persuasive For 7th Graders? He states, “no lazy, sun-kissed life was this, with nothing to do but loaf and be bored. Here was neither peace, nor rest, nor a moment’s safety” (London, 1903, p. 25). In Text Citations for Paraphrased Information: When taking an idea from another source and placing it in your own words, it is academic writing not necessary to include the page number, but you can add it if the essay on bad effects source is large and you want to direct readers right to the information. At the academic format time, papyrus was used to create paper, but it was only grown and available in mass quantities in Egypt. This posed a problem for the Greeks and of the essay, Romans, but they managed to have it exported to their civilizations. Papyrus thus remained the material of choice for paper creation (Casson, 2001). How to Format In Text and Parenthetical Citations: After a direct quote or paraphrase, place in parentheses the last name of the author, add a comma, and then the year the source was published. Academic? If citing a direct quote, also include the page number that the information was found on.

Close the parentheses and add a period afterwards. In APA format, if the author’s name is included in the text of schwab corporation case study your project, omit their name from the in-text citation and only include the writing format other identifying pieces of information. Smith states that, “the Museum Effect is concerned with how individuals look at a work of art, but only in essay on bad of smoking the context of looking at that work along with a number of other works” (2014, p. 82). If your source has two authors, always include both names in each in-text citation. If your source has three, four, or five authors, include all names in writing the first in-text citation along with the paper date. In the following in text citations, only include the writing first author’s name and follow it with et al.

1st in-text citation: (Gilley, Johnson, Witchell, 2015) 2nd and any other subsequent citations: (Gilley, et al.) If your source has six or more authors, only include the first author’s name in essays for 7th graders the first citation and writing format, follow it with et al. Case Study? Include the year the source was published and the page numbers (if it is a direct quote). 1st in-text citation: (Jasper, et al., 2017) 2nd and any other subsequent citations: (Jasper, et al., 2017) If your source was written by a company, organization, government agency, or other type of group, include the group’s name in full in standard academic format the first in text citation. In any in text citations following it, it is acceptable to shorten the group name to something that is simple and understandable. 1st citation: (American Eagle Outfitters, 2017) 2nd and subsequent citations: (American Eagle, 2017)

Check out this page to learn more about parenthetical citations. Also, BibMe’s APA citation machine creates your parenthetical citations quickly and easily. Towards the end of creating a full reference citation, you’ll see the option to create a parenthetical citation in the APA format generator. The listing of all sources used in your project are found in the APA reference list, which is usually the last page or part of a project. Included in this reference list are sources you used to gather research and application, other information. In APA format, it is not necessary to academic writing format include personal communications in the reference list, such as personal emails or letters.

These specific sources only need in-text citations, which are found in the body of your project. All APA citations, or references, are listed in alphabetical order by the author’s last name. If you have two sources by the same author, place them in order by the year of essay on bad effects of smoking publication. Thompson, H.S. (1971). Fear and loathing in Las Vegas: A savage journey to the heart of the American dream . Thompson, H.S. (1998). The rum diary . If there are multiple sources with the same author AND same publication date, place them in alphabetical order by the title. Dr. Suess. (1958). The cat in the hat comes back. New York, NY: Random House.

Dr. Academic Writing? Suess. (1958). Yertle the turtle. New York, NY: Random House. In an APA citation, if a source does not have an author, place the source in alphabetical order by the first main word of the title. Need help creating the citations in your APA reference list?

BibMe’s APA formatter can help! Our APA citation machine creates your citations by entering a keyword, URL, title, or other identifying information. Need to create APA format papers? Follow these guidelines to essays produce a research paper in APA format: In an APA style paper, the font used throughout your document should be in Times New Roman, 12 point font size. The entire document should be double spaced, even between titles and headings. Margins should be 1 inch around the academic writing format entire document and indent every new paragraph using the tab button on your keyboard. Place the pages in the following order:

Title page (An APA format title page should include a title, running head, author line, institution line, and author’s note). Cancer? (Page 1) Abstract page (page 2) Text or body of research paper (start on page 3) Reference List Page for tables (if necessary) Page for figures (if necessary) Appendices page (if necessary) The title page counts as page 1. Number the pages afterwards using Arabic numbers (1, 2, 3, 4…). What is a running head? In an APA paper, next to the page numbers, include what is called a “running head.” The running head is a simplified version of the title of your paper. Place the running head in the top left corner of academic your project and place it in capital letters. On the title page only, include the essays phrase: Running head. Title page example: Running head: QUALITY LIBRARY PROGRAMS. For the rest of the paper or project, do not use the term, Running head. Example of subsequent pages: QUALITY LIBRARY PROGRAMS.

Microsoft Word, Google Docs, and many other word processing programs allow you to standard writing format set up page numbers and a repeated running head. Use these tools to make this addition easier for you! If you’re looking for an APA sample paper, check out the other resources found on BibMe. Using BibMe to Create Citations for your Reference List or Bibliography. Looking to cite your sources quickly and easily? BibMe’s APA formatter, or APA citation generator, helps you generate your APA citations by entering a title, ISBN, URL, or other identifying information. Background Information and History of APA:

The American Psychological Association was founded in 1892 at application essay, Clark University, in Worcester, Massachusetts. Academic Format? APA style format was developed in 1929 by scholars from a number of different scientific fields and backgrounds. Their overall goal was to develop a standard way to document scientific writing and research, research. Since its inception, the APA Style Manual has been updated numerous times and it is now in format its 6th edition. The 6th edition was released in 2010. In 2012, APA published an addition to their 6th edition manual, which was a guide for essay on bad effects of smoking creating APA citations for electronic resources.

Today, there are close to standard academic 118,000 APA members. There is an annual convention, numerous databases, and journal publications. Some of their more popular resources include the database, PsycINFO, and the publications, Journal of Applied Psychology and Health Psychology. Our citation guides provide detailed information about all types of sources in MLA, APA, Chicago and Turabian styles. If required by your instructor, you can add annotations to your citations. Just select Add Annotation while finalizing your citation.

You can always edit a citation as well. Remember to evaluate your sources for accuracy and credibility. Questionable sources could result in a poor grade!

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Academic writing: format and style

agriculture essay The FARA Essay Competition was introduced in line with a series of celebratory events hosted in November 2014 by FARA to appreciate the standard academic writing, efforts of forum members in strengthening African agricultural innovation. Students of agriculture programmes in African tertiary institutions were given a chance to win $1,000 and a trip to South Africa by writing a 500-word essay titled ‘The Role of graders Agricultural Innovation in Creating Food Security in Africa’. (A representative of the standard academic writing format, winning student#8217;s school will also be sponsored to go to South Africa). The competition commenced on October 9, 2014 and ended on the 30th. For 7th Graders? Essays were submitted by over 200 students from 41 institutions across Africa: University of Benin; University of Ngaoundere; Makerere University; University of Ibadan; University of Ghana; Ekiti State University; Universite Assane Seck de Ziguinchor; University of Nairobi; Institut Superieur des Sciences Environnementales; Gulu University; Federal University of Agriculture Abeokuta; University of Pretoria; Universite Gaston Berger de Saint-Louis; Kenyatta University; Obafemi Awolowo University; International Fertilizers Development Center; Istitut Technique Superieur; University of Mauritius; University of Rwanda; Universite d’Abomey-Calavi; University of Dschang; Rwanda University College of Agriculture, Animal Science and Veterinary Medicine; Dedan Kimathi University of Technology; Midlands State University; Federal University of Technology, Akure (FUTA); University of Zimbabwe; University of Eastern Finland/Forestry Research Institute; Ardhi University; Ladoke Akintola University of Technology; University of Ilorin; Ahmadu Bello University; Nnamdi Azikiwe University; Enugu State University of writing format Science and charles schwab case study Technology; Sokoine University of standard academic format Agriculture; University of Port-Harcourt; University of Nigeria, NSUKKA; Arab Academy For Science and Technology and Maritime Transport; University of Zambia; Botswana College of Agriculture; Arab Academy for Science and Technology and Maritime Transport and Egerton University. Countries represented are: Ghana, Kenya, Nigeria, Senegal, Rwanda, South Africa, Benin, Cameroon, Burundi, Uganda, Mauritius, Zimbabwe, Zambia, Tanzania and Egypt. 297 essays were received via the research paper about cancer, FARA Facebook page and 11,983 votes were cast in three weeks of public voting.

The ten essays with the most votes were shortlisted. Experts at the FARA Secretariat reviewed each essay and a final winner was announced on November 7, 2014. Format? Department and research School: Food Bioresources Technology; Dedan Kimathi University of standard academic Technology (DeKUT) The issue of buy college food insecurity in Africa is not and cannot be solved by one factor. The whole society has to join hands grouped into government, large and small scale farmers and educational institutions to pull together and shut in format, unison this calamity. Schwab Case Study? The higher the degree of harmonizing this groups we achieve the easier and faster we solve it. Academic? Let us therefore think big, start small and start now. Other shortlisted essays are : Department and case study School: Forestry and Nature Conservation; University of Rwanda-College of Agriculture, Animal Sciences and Veterinary Medicine. Youth innovators, those who are aware of this fast- advancing world, are the feeders of Africa in standard, future. Our parents have tried, but they aren’t really able to go further in changing the status of food insecurity. Although we avoid staying on farms, technology can make us go there!

Department and School: Agricultural and Bioresource Engineering; Enugu State University of Science and Technology. Innovation as defined by Merriam-Webster Dictionary is ‘the act or process of buy college essay introducing new ideas, devices or methods’. To create food security in Africa, existing agricultural methods needs to writing format be modified and new polices, technologies, designs, devices and methods introduced into the system so as to affect the desired change. Name: Dominique Xavio Imbabazi. Department and School: College of Agriculture, Animal Sciences and Veterinary Medicine. Country: University of Rwanda. In Africa, agricultural innovation is showing the potential in creating food security. Improving harvesting skills to reduce field loss, introduction of good storing infrastructures can increase the quantity. In addition climatic change control agricultural extension sensitization and proper use of paper fertilizers will be the standard writing, key to food security. Department and School: Agricultural Economics and Agribusiness Management; Egerton University.

Food security is a point of concern for the world at large. In Africa the case is no different. With most of the population living in adverse poverty, access to safe and healthy food is just but a dream. Paper Questions Cancer? It is this state that has pushed stakeholders in academic, the agriculture value chain to come out and find lasting solutions. Market information has been identified as a critical point in spearheading the campaign for a food secure Africa. For a while now research has focused solely on taming essay, production and therefore farmers produce good quality, up to standard produce but lack avenues to trade. Writing Format? It is charles case study, with this in mind that innovations on market information were developed. These innovations not only seek to provide farmers and stakeholders with essential information but also empower the farmer to trade and compete at both regional and global markets as we cannot ignore the fact that agriculture is the engine for economical development in Africa. Use of ICT`s for writing format instance has enabled farmers to access information on essay on bad effects of smoking, market prices, market patterns as well as weather patterns to enable them to make informed decisions.

In addition e- agriculture has given farmers the opportunity to trade in the foreign market and make an income therefore act as an incentive. The major challenge we face is most of these innovations require a certain level of academic education background and technological expertise yet most of the rural farmers are illiterate. This makes it difficult for these innovations to adopted and be beneficial. This dilemma calls for the government to support the private sector and NGO`S through offering public education programmes. It is research questions about, evident that if these innovations are to be used and adopted all stakeholders in the public and private sector have to play a role and academic writing work together. Department and School: Animal Science; University of Ibadan. The sustenance, growth, development and productivity of man depends on what he eats. In order to meet the requirement of the ever increasing population of Africa, of course there should be a commensurate increase in food production, among which livestock and its products is germane.

The people who have achieved, who have become large, strong, vigorous people, who have reduced their infant mortality, who have the best trades in the world, who have an writing appreciation of art, literature, and music, who are progressive in science and in every activity of the human intellect, are the people who have used liberal amounts of milk and its products (E.V. McCollum) Department and academic writing format School: Botany Department; Makerere University. Paper? Food security in Africa has remained unattainable and this has been the case for academic writing format years. Corporation Study? However Africa has got many resources that can be turned into tools to fight this food deficit, but this could be only if Africa changes its ways in agricultural production that mainly depends on the natural conditions and therefore new methods should be enhanced such as agricultural innovation and as such we could have a food secure Africa. Having better innovations such as using modern methods of standard farming, irrigation, using pesticides and buy college rules fertilizers could actually solve this huge problem.

Name: Guimbang Babette Abanda. Department and School: Faculty of Biological Sciences; University of Ngaoundere. Standard Format? Africa’s productivity of its livestock has not yet reached its full capacity, mainly due to prevalent infectious diseases. Taming Shrew Introduction? Selecting animals with a high degree of resistance would be valuable for breeding campaigns. Modern innovations in science enable us to screen for those animals by genetic biomarkers. Department and School: Department of format Animal Science; University of Benin. Food security is writing paper, rising to the centre of global discourse and writing existing evidence points to that, it has become an issue of national policy as well as public concern.

This essay explores the charles schwab corporation case, role of proven agricultural innovations that has resulted in overcoming the food security challenges facing Africa. Department and School: Department of Biological Science; Ahmadu Bello University. If agricultural experts will stay on the farm, everyone with new ideas help to contribute to secure food for Africa, Africa will not only have food but will feed the world. Knowledge-intensive agriculture will be a plus to the young and agile farming age, if we all take up our responsibilities.

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Academic Writing Guide

History Department – Essay Writing Guide. This guide is intended to writing provide you with information about the skills of essay writing, including how and when to use footnotes or endnotes, presentation requirements and how to reference different kinds of sources (books, articles or web pages, for instance) and with more general advice about planning, introducing and taming of the shrew essay introduction developing your essays as coherent and effective arguments. The most important point to remember in working through this guide is writing that writing good essays and communicating your ideas effectively are skills you can learn, develop and build. One of the buy college application essay, most important skills developed in an Arts degree is the ability to communicate your ideas in writing clearly and effectively. This involves numerous other skills, including the ability to summarise and paraphrase the work of other writers, the development of arguments and conclusions, and the effective use of standard evidence to support a case. A Professional Paper! Essay writing in History is particularly aimed at helping you progressively develop your skills in research, analysing different forms of source material, using different kinds of academic writing evidence, and writing strong, critical and clear arguments.

In most History subjects, you will be asked to produce different kinds of writing. Application Rules! Short tutorial and document exercises usually address specific skills or tasks (locating sources, analysing a documents point of view, or assessing how particular images or words help us understand historical context, for instance), while examinations assess your knowledge of the content covered in particular subjects. Writing Format! Essays provide you with an opportunity to explore a particular issue or theme in more depth. In general, the functions of an essay are: to introduce an writing, argument, or contention, based upon the question or problem you choose to tackle; to develop and defend that argument or contention by discussing and analysing a range of appropriate evidence, and by critically assessing the interpretations of other historians; and to propose conclusions. The best essays have a clear line of standard academic writing argument, and they present a thesis. In other words, they state a position, defend that position, and arrive at strong, clear conclusions. They have a well-defined introduction which identifies the central problem or issue and introduces the argument, a body which logically develops the argument point-by-point, and a conclusion which sums up the research paper questions cancer, argument. There are no simple instructions for good essay writing. As you progress through your university course, you should be developing skills in research, analysis and communication which will not only allow you to write good essays, but to effectively communicate your ideas in other situations as well. The tutors assessment of your essays provides you with feedback on academic writing format, your progress in these different skills.

The desired outcomes of paper essays in third-year subjects include formulating research projects and acquiring independent research skills; presenting a sustained argument, based mainly on substantial primary sources; placing secondary sources in their cultural, ideological and epistemological context by showing where they fit into the current state of historical knowledge; and greater awareness of the ongoing debates about the philosophy and practice of history. The desired outcomes of essays in second-year subjects include developing skills in the use of bibliographies and other reference material, critical reading, putting more independent thought and reflection into essays; greater understanding of documentary criticism and interpretation, and the critical analysis of standard academic format secondary interpretations by other historians. The desired outcomes of essays in first-year subjects include: helping you learn to argue your own position against other points of view; development of the conventions of good historical essay writing, such as rigorous documentation and footnoting; awareness of the variety of representations of the past; familiarity with the different ways historians use evidence; and of the essay the ability to recognise, analyse and summarise an historical argument. Do not assume that you should target your arguments for particular lecturers or tutors. Academic Writing! For a start, your predictions may be inaccurate. Moreover, arguing what you think you ought to argue is a lot more complicated and a lot less interesting than arguing what you come to believe as you gather information, review different interpretations, and form your own perspectives on an issue or problem. Any teacher can tell you that some of the best essays they read develop arguments they don’t agree with at all, or arguments which challenge their own interpretations.

Writing is easier if you imagine an audience: a person you want to convince of something, a person who wants to know about your ideas and perspectives. Your task, however, is not to tell your audience what they think, but to charles schwab corporation study tell your audience what you think, and give them reasons and evidence which show why your conclusions are significant, interesting and convincing. 3. Standard Academic Writing Format! Choosing and comprehending the question or topic. Choose a topic or question you find interesting and charles corporation challenging: it is easier and much more enjoyable to develop and defend a strong argument on something which interests and intrigues you than on something you find boring or simple. Writing is standard academic writing format not the outcome or the finished product of learning: it is shrew essay a vital part of learning. It is a way of sorting out and clarifying your interpretations, trying out your ideas, and standard format discovering new ways of thinking about an issue.

Think about the question or topic in buy college rules these ways: what is the problem it suggests? what is the ‘angle’, the issue, which makes it interesting? what is my first reaction to the question: yes, no, maybe? do I agree or disagree with the contention or interpretation the topic suggests? what ideas and issues can I explore by answering this question? is there a simple answer, or might it be more complex than it looks? what kinds of information is the question asking me to use? what themes can I explore? It is also important to look at the question and ask yourself: do I understand what the standard format, question or topic is asking me to do? Have I interpreted the question correctly? If you are not sure, or if you want to check that the approach you are taking does address the question, talk to your tutor. Essay topics are designed to draw on the subject content developed in lectures and paper tutorials, and on reading you have completed. Academic! Reading the persuasive graders, works of other historians, such as those suggested in reading lists, will help you see how others have approached that problem or issue. Historians often disagree on standard writing, the importance or the meaning of events of of smoking evidence, or use different kinds of evidence to challenge and amend prior interpretations.

They will take different approaches to the same question, and suggest different ways of examining an issue, be it gender relations in medieval Europe or the reasons for the collapse of the Soviet Union or the writing, impact of colonial rule in India. What you will see, however, is that all of these writers state a position. Rules! They address a problem. They answer a real or implied question. You should trace their strategies for developing arguments and drawing conclusions. As you do your introductory reading, review your lecture notes, and read more widely, think about your point of view, your own position in academic relation to taming of the shrew essay other writers, and your own response to a problem.

Examine and evaluate the standard writing format, evidence: what conclusions can you draw? Which interpretations do you think best fit the available evidence? Your interpretations and conclusions do not have to be new to be original, challenging, and effects convincing. You should argue the case which you think emerges most clearly from the standard writing, evidence and from your critical review of other historians work. You’ve read the books and articles recommended in the handbook or by your tutor.

You’ve come up with some ideas about how you might approach the question, and you’ve got a pretty good idea about how other historians have interpreted the writing, issues and addressed the standard academic writing format, topic. You’ve collected some evidence from a range of different sources and for 7th you’ve tried mapping out some preliminary ideas and arguments on paper. You’ve looked again at writing the major themes of the subject and thought about charles schwab corporation case how you might address them in this essay. Academic Writing Format! In order to writing paper plan your essay, you now need to come up with an argument, a point of view which will guide your writing towards a conclusion. Would you agree with the argument that respect for the natural environment is a recent discovery for residents of Mars? Having read a variety of sources, you should be able to state your thesis (your answer) in a sentence or two. Yes, because prior to the environmental movements of the 1960s, the majority of Martians were more interested in exploiting than respecting the natural environment. No, because Martians have persistently respected their version of the natural environment, because natural environments are always viewed in a romanticised and idealised form. No, it is difficult to draw a simple, general conclusion on this issue, as the evidence suggests that different groups of Martians have interpreted and viewed the environment very differently over time, and writing format no clear trend is visible even now.

When you begin planning your essay, you should always be able to state your thesis in a fairly straightforward way, based on your initial reading and research for the topic. This sentence or two states your case. Schwab Case Study! Broadly, your essay is the exposition and defence of academic that case: it shows the reader how, and buy college rules why, you have arrived at those conclusions. To write a good essay, you must first decide what your central argument is going to be, and then plan your essay to develop that argument. Of course, as you write your first draft, you may find that the standard, argument changes and develops in a direction you did not anticipate. Few writers are completely sure of paper questions cancer their final conclusions before they begin drafting: the task of writing down and defending the argument often reveals unanticipated problems, or challenges and changes your first thoughts, or leads you toward one interpretation more than another. Often, too, you might need to writing go back to your sources, read through some of your notes, or do some further reading to clarify and expand an writing paper, emerging point. However, the basic thrust and content of standard writing format your argument or thesis should be clear enough to allow you to of the introduction plan the stages of your argument before you begin drafting. Standard Academic! Perhaps the single best way of charles schwab corporation case study ensuring a successful essay is having a good plan . The plan should lay out your argument, for standard academic instance in point form, and you can also use it to indicate where you will use certain items of evidence and supporting arguments.

introduction: state the case for for 7th graders no: Martians have persistently respected their version of the natural environment, because natural environments are always viewed in a romanticised and idealised form explain the thrust of the argument : dispute recent discovery, my essay focuses on previous century to show that respect for standard academic format environment is always based on historically variable assumptions and preconceptions about beauty, usefulness and worth of nature explain idealisation/romanticisation of the natural environment (summarise Smith’s theory of idealisation, discuss paintings, use examples from Connor and Jones) list and give examples of different idealisations of natural environment in the nineteenth century and show different assumptions about beauty and usefulness behind each one (use examples from Green and Brown) show how these different ideals were sometimes contradictory or came into conflict (use example of forestry in research about cancer Mars Forest) case study: the Martian garden legend (discuss the garden stories); argue that an environment under exploitation also increasingly romanticised (review the different interpretations of Green and format Red, show why I think Green fits better with the evidence) summarise above points about previous century; what is respected in the recent past: argue that this is another idealisation (evidence: Martian tourist brochures); conclusion: restate the case , and argue that understanding respect for natural environment always means analysing the essay of smoking, idealisation of natural environments. In the short essays common in first year, your plan is likely to be less complex, and may only have four or five main points. As you progress into second and third year, you are expected to develop more sophisticated arguments, which makes good planning even more important. 6a. Introducing and developing the argument. In your introduction , you should state your case and, as in the example above, set out the basic structure of your argument . You might also briefly summarise two or three of your main points. If you have decided to writing format adopt a particular focus (for instance, using case studies from a particular time or place, or narrowing the shrew essay introduction, topic to standard academic format concentrate on a particular theme), you should explain this in the introduction as well. Developing the argument : The example above shows how an essay of smoking, argument is then developed towards its conclusion.

Basically, each stage of your argument should be developed and defended in turn, by showing your interpretation of the format, appropriate evidence, by critically reviewing the work of charles case study other historians, and by using example, case study and standard explanation. A good way of thinking about this is to imagine that you are building your argument in taming of the shrew essay introduction blocks . Each paragraph is a block which builds your argument towards a conclusion. Each block is introduced and standard format described, and then its place in the whole structure is shown. Block 1: stage of the argument. On Mars in buy college application the 1850s, the beauty of nature was usually associated with wild, untouched landscapes. Standard Academic Format! Painters rarely drew human figures. A Professional Paper! If there were humans, nature towered over them, as in Rembrandt’s Martian Mountains. In her book Environmental Perception on Mars, Joan Brown argues that painters in the 1850s focused on standard academic writing format, how nature was being conquered. However, Ash clearly shows that mid-nineteenth-century Martians usually depicted an idealised nature which was to be protected from the threats posed by civilisation.

Block 2: next stage of the argument. The most crucial changes occurred after the buy college application, Martian titanium rushes of the 1870s showed the potentially lucrative returns of academic writing mineral exploration and exploitation. Certainly, by the 1880s, most representations of the natural environment showed nature being tamed and civilised. Paper! Even mining sites appeared in standard nature paintings, and the work of on bad effects Joseph Smith is a good example of how even the most intensive forms of exploitation were represented as beneficial intrusion for the landscape. Block 3: brief summary, and introducing the next stage of the argument. By the 1880s, therefore, the idealised untouched nature of the 1850s had been invaded by humans, and an ideal natural landscape was now represented as one which was productive and bountiful. Humans did not threaten nature; they unleashed its potential. It was important for Martians, Smith argued in 1883, to feel relaxed and comfortable about the standard writing, past and future of the Martian environment. Yet representations of an ideal environment as one conquered and populated by essay on bad humans never completely replaced the older tradition of mourning the degradation of academic writing another form of ideal environment, the Martian garden.

This alternative version became popular again in the 1890s. The body of your essay, therefore, uses evidence, examples and effects explanation to develop your case point by standard academic writing point. Essays Graders! Each paragraph has a point to standard academic writing format make, and occasional summary sentences guide the reader through the argument. 6b. Using different kinds of evidence. In developing your case, you will need to make decisions about the kinds of sources you will refer to, and questions about the best ways to use them. Sources can generally be defined into standard writing format two broad types: primary or documentary sources (usually written at the time by an eyewitness, direct participant or close observer) secondary or scholarly sources (usually interpretations and explanations written after the fact by someone analysing the primary or documentary sources) For example, a book containing the on bad, collected speeches of Charles de Gaulle is a primary source; an analysis of them by a political scientist or historian is a secondary source. An article in the Age of 30 June 1900 about the bubonic plague epidemic which affected Sydney during that year is standard academic format a primary source; an article in the Age on 30 June 1990 discussing the impact of the a professional, epidemic on public health policy in Australia is academic writing a secondary source. Broadly, the primary or documentary sources are the raw material used by historians , the subject of your argument, while the on bad of smoking, secondary or scholarly sources provide examples of academic how others have analysed and research about interpreted the problem or issue at hand. The distinction is not hard and fast, and there will always be exceptions.

For instance, if you are writing an essay about historians’ representations of race in Britain, the standard academic writing, secondary sources of the historians are in taming of the essay introduction fact your primary documentary source. In most essays, you will be expected to critically analyse the interpretations of other historians in this way. In any event, these different types of sources should both be read critically: analysed for their point of view, for the assumptions, ideas and understandings which inform them, and for the strategies writers use to advance their arguments. Academic Writing! Don’t take anything on trust: be a critical reader of all kinds of sources and texts , and use your critical analysis of both primary and application essay rules secondary sources in your essay. You also need to make decisions about how to use evidence: in the form of academic format quotation, or in research paper questions about cancer the form of summarising.

It is best to use quotation strategically and sparingly : quote phrases or passages which best illustrate the point you are trying to make, or which really help you give your reader the flavour of the evidence you are using. If you use a quotation, make sure it fits with the stage of the argument you are advancing. Standard Writing Format! Refer to essays for 7th the language, analyse the assumptions or strategies it reveals. In other words, use quotation when the actual words are the format, single best way of providing the evidence and developing your case. If the quotation is writing paper less than about thirty words, combine it with your text, as in this example where I am quoting the standard academic writing, following phrase which is not very long. “You must always use quotation marks to indicate the separation between your words and the words of someone else.” If it is longer than this, you should separate it from the text, and on bad effects of smoking indent it: This is an example of a much longer quote. It contains a few sentences, and needs to be distinguished from the body of the essay. Writing! When you are indenting a quote like this, note that you do not have to persuasive essays for 7th use quotation marks; as it is already separated, there is no need to indicate that by the use of such symbols. In general, use very little quotation from secondary or scholarly sources. Academic Writing! It is better to say what you mean in for 7th your own words, quoting another historian or interpreter only where the phrase is particularly wonderful or where you need to academic show precisely how that writer made their point in order to of the criticise, defend or develop it.

In all other cases, it is best to summarise. Write reflective summaries of what others have written, relating those interpretations to your argument. You might find that the example paragraphs on the previous page gives you a more concrete idea of how a writer can use a mix of summary and academic format direct quotation from different kinds of sources to develop their argument. In your conclusion, you should restate your case strongly and clearly by summarising your main points. It is also possible to raise issues and problems in your conclusion, especially broader questions which are beyond the scope of your essay. You might reflect on what your interpretation implies for contemporary debates or discussions, write briefly about the broader implications of your position, or consider what your interpretations tells us about the role and nature of essays graders history itself. Use your conclusion to argue for the significance of format your argument and your interpretation. Be careful, though: a poorly developed argument followed by sweeping speculations on the nature of the schwab case study, universe or the human condition is writing format unlikely to be either effective or convincing. Again, as you develop your skills in formulating, developing and persuasive essays for 7th graders defending arguments, you will also develop your ability to standard write more reflectively and to use essays to open up these kinds of buy college application complex questions.

7. Writing clearly and effectively. The best single rule is to always use clear expression: write simply and writing with clarity and avoid complex sentence constructions . Use definite, specific and rules concrete language. Writing! Don’t use unnecessary words, and make sure you understand the words you are using. Writing A Professional! Writing problems often occur when people try to standard writing use very complex language and syntax. A better idea is to establish a simple and clear style first, and then gradually develop more complex sentence forms and means of graders expression. As you develop your writing skills, vary your sentence structures and lengths to add variety. Short sentences often add emphasis to a particularly important point. Academic! Spelling, punctuation and grammatical errors detract from an argument, whatever its quality: careful editing of your draft is very important. It is also important to use accurate language, which is one good reason for using non-discriminatory language. For instance, the statement that men adapted themselves to these new conditions should lead any critical reader to ask what women were doing at a professional paper that time. It is a reasonable and standard accepted convention that all forms of public communication, including journalism, business language and academic writing, should use non-discriminatory language.

There are at least five effective ways of improving your writing. Always read your own work. what is my main idea, my contention, my argument? am I getting it across to of the shrew introduction the reader? Take responsibility for critically assessing your own writing . Look at the comments made on your previous essays, and work out whether this one repeats the strengths and overcomes the weaknesses of your previous work. Standard! If you need to, speak to the person who assessed your work, and ask them for more guidance. Of The Essay! Reading other writers.

As you read, evaluate the styles of different writers. What makes them more or less effective? What is most important to you as a reader, and what makes good writers better to read? Practice. Academic Format! Like any other set of skills, writing improves with practice and with constructive assessment, by yourself and by others. Read your own work out loud . You do not need to essay comprehend the rules of grammar or the intricacies of syntax to know when something sounds clumsy, or when a sentence needs punctuation, or when a long paragraph has completely lost its drift. Writing Format! Reading your draft out loud is also a good way to add variety and oomph to your language.

If its boring you to tears, or if you have no idea what it means, it might be time for buy college redrafting. Let other people read what you write . Standard Writing Format! It is particularly good to give your essay to someone who is not an expert in research about cancer the area you are writing about. If it doesn’t make sense to them, your argument might need clarification. If they struggle to academic writing format read it, you might need to edit more carefully. University teachers will not usually be able to corporation read drafts of students work, but there are plenty of other people who can give you feedback. Swap essays with fellow students. Get the people you live with to read them. Distribute them on buses. 8. Referencing Instructions for Essays.

Decisions about when to cite sources can be difficult. Effective referencing is another writing skill your university work aims to develop. The reader should, in theory, be able to standard writing format retrace your steps in gathering evidence for your argument. In other words, you provide citations as a kind of road map that shows readers how you came to these conclusions, shows readers where you derived your information and, if relevant, shows readers where you derived the ideas or interpretations that you are paraphrasing, adopting or challenging. Therefore, you need to provide citations in the following instances: where you directly quote someone else’s words; where you are directly summarising someone else’s argument and ideas; where you are summarising arguments and ideas derived from a number of on bad effects of smoking sources; to point your readers to the source of information; to standard translate words or phrase in a foreign language that a reader cannot reasonably be presumed to understand. In general, you need to provide sources for about cancer statements that are problematic or debatable in the context of your argument, or that a reasonably well-informed person would not be expected to writing know. Essay! Again, the ability to successfully make these judgements is a skill you will develop with practice and experience. If you offer a translation of a word or phrase in a foreign language, the basis of your decision should be whether a reader could reasonably be presumed to know the meaning of the phrase or word already. There is no need to writing format translate coup d’etat or Sultan or Blitzkrieg, for instance.

The use of charles corporation study citation to refer readers to the work of other writers is occasionally useful, but for the most part, your citations refer only to books, articles and other material you have used directly. Only cite information that you have actually looked at yourself, or: always SIGHT what you CITE . It is fine to academic format use a second-hand reference (like a quotation or a summary in a book from a source to which you do not have access), but you should indicate that in your citation. An example of how to do this is buy college application provided in the next section. You can also use citations to clarify specific points, or add a small amount of additional information or supporting evidence. You should not use footnotes or endnotes as a sort of format second argument, nor to provide paragraph after paragraph of new information. If it is not important enough to put into the body of the essay on bad effects, essay, then leave it out. 8b. Numbering and placement of footnote and endnote numbers. When providing footnotes or endnotes, number notes consecutively throughout the text.

Put these numbers at standard writing format the end of sentences, if at essay all possible, and distinguish them from the text either by superscripting (raising above the standard academic, line) or placing them in paper brackets. If you use material from two different sources in the same sentence, it is often possible to combine the two citations in one footnote, using a semi-colon to separate them. Usually, you will refer to academic writing information or material at particular places in a larger work so you will need to show the page (p.) or pages (pp.) on which the material is located. This text produces the following footnotes: On Mars in the 1850s, the ‘beauty’ of nature was usually associated with wild, untouched landscapes. Painters rarely drew human figures. If there were humans, nature towered over them, as in Rembrandt’s ‘Martian Mountains’.

1 In her book Environmental Perception on Mars , Joan Brown argues that “painters in the 1850s focused on how nature was being conquered”. 2 However, Ash clearly shows that mid-nineteenth-century Martians respected an idealised nature which was to be kept separate from of the introduction civilisation. 3. 1 K. Float (ed.), The Magical World of academic writing Ken Rembrandt , New York, 1965, p. 68. 2 Joan Brown, Environmental Perception on Mars , Sydney, 1995, p. 13. 3 Ann Ash, Joan Brown is Wrong , Sydney, 1996, pp. 1-23. 8c. Citing different kinds of taming of the introduction sources. The following rules should help you through most situations.

The absolute rule is to be consistent. Inconsistency drives readers crazy, and is not a good tactic when you are attempting to convince those readers of the academic writing, accuracy of your interpretations and research paper questions cancer arguments. There are also specific rules for the citation of classical texts like the standard writing format, Bible, the Koran and so on. If you are studying subjects in which these texts are used, your tutor will provide you with the information you need to cite correctly. Please note: Some areas of history, especially those published by European and a professional English publishing houses (and now more often Australian publishers), follow the standard academic, conventions set out in the MHRA (Modern Humanities Research Association’s) Style Guide (available electronically at http://www.mhra.org.uk/Publications/Books/StyleGuide/download.shtml, see section 10.2.2). The guide differs to the above in that it adds the publisher to the publication details, and is formatted differently. For example: Peter Burke, The European Renaissance: Centres and research questions cancer Peripheries (Oxford: Blackwell, 1998), pp.

54-56. It is now common practice to format use full stops only where the abbreviation of the word does not contain the last letter of the writing, word. Standard Writing Format! So, editor becomes ed., but editors becomes eds. Doctor is Dr, but Professor is essays graders Prof.. Also, where an abbreviated title is used very commonly, you do not need to put in full stops: for standard academic format instance, ALP, ACTU or UNESCO . Primary or documentary material cited by another author. If you need to refer to a quote or to a piece of evidence which you accessed in a secondary or scholarly source rather than the original source, use these examples as a guide: R. G. Menzies, speech in of smoking the House of Representatives, 23 March 1943, cited in Judith Brett, Robert Menzies Forgotten People, Melbourne 1992, p. 47. Letter from Lewis Mumford to Frederic Osborn, 2 April 1937, cited in Alison Ravetz, Remaking the Urban Environment, London 1980, pp. 148-9.

The general rule is that if the writing, original source is available, you should go to and use that original source, rather than borrowing your evidence from persuasive essays for 7th graders another writer. Author of format document (first name, last name), name of document (use italic or underline), in editor (ed.) or editors (eds), title of collection (use italics or underline), place and date of publication, page or pages. John of Salisbury, Policraticus , trans. J. Dickinson, in J.B. Ross and research paper about M.M. McLaughlin (eds), The Portable Medieval Reader , Harmondsworth, 1977, pp. 251-2.

(Note: ‘trans.’ is the abbreviation for ‘translated by’.) If your area of history follows the writing format, MHRA Style Guide , this item in your bibliography would follow the same convention outlined earlier, namely: John of Salisbury, Policraticus , trans. J. Dickinson, in The Portable Medieval Reader , ed. by J.B. Ross and M.M. McLaughlin (Harmondsworth: Penguin, 1977), pp. 251- 2.

If the document was not published but has a title (for instance, an unpublished paper or a speech or an article), use single inverted commas around the name of the document. If it was not published and buy college application rules has no title (a letter, for instance), there is standard academic no need for any marking. Paper Questions Cancer! For instance: Friederich Engels, ‘The evils of standard academic writing capitalism’, in K. Kharkov (ed.), The Collected Speeches of on bad Engels , Moscow, 1954, pp. 23-8. Yves of Narbonne, letter to Gerald of Mallemort, c. 1241, in Walter L. Wakefield and Austin P. Evans (eds), Heresies of the High Middle Ages , New York, 1991, pp.

185-7. If you are going to academic writing be using documents in archives, or other unpublished material, consult your tutor for assistance with citation rules. If you are referring to research questions cancer normal newspaper writing (news of events, editorials, and so on), you need only standard academic writing provide the name of the newspaper and the date: The Age , 25 April 1996. If you wish to refer to a specific article, usually by an invited contributor, or to a significant special feature (say, a four-page special report or a report in a weekly magazine), use the same format as for articles in journals or magazines. Author (first name, last name), title (use either italics or underline), place and date of publication, page (p.) or pages (pp.) of the questions, information to which you are referring. So: Tim Bonyhady, The Colonial Earth , Melbourne, 2000, p. 13. These publication details are always on academic writing, one of the first pages of the book (and usually on taming of the essay introduction, the page after the main title page): these details list the publisher and the place of publication, and give other information, most of standard academic which you don’t need to a professional paper provide (though see the note below). It is important to check if this is the first edition of the book, as subsequent editions may contain major revisions, which your reader will need to standard academic writing format know in order to follow your research trail. If the book is a second or subsequent edition, put that information behind the title. Some further examples:

Joanna Bourke, Dismembering the Male: Men’s Bodies , Britain and the Great War, London, 1996, pp. 98-104. John Kasson, Houdini, Tarzan, and the perfect man: the white male body and the challenge of modernity in America , New York, 2001, p. 231. Thompson, Paul, The Voice of the Past: Oral History , 2nd ed., Oxford, 1988, pp. 53-76. Again, for those following the MHRA style of referencing (see above), the publisher is included in application essay rules the publication details. For example: Peter Burke, The European Renaissance: Centres and Peripheries (Oxford: Blackwell, 1998), pp. 54-56. Place of publication is standard academic always a city or town, not a state, province, region, nation or continent.

Author (first name, last name), title of chapter (use single inverted commas around title, lower case), in editor (ed.) (or editors (eds)), title of book (use either italics or underline), place and date of publication, pages to which you are referring. Roger Cooter, ‘War and Modern Medicine’, in W. F. Bynum Roy Porter (eds), Companion Encyclopedia of the History of Medicine , London, 1993, p. 156. E. Zinkhan, ‘Louisa Albury Lawson: feminist and patriot’, in D. Adelaide (ed.), A Bright and Fiery Troop , Melbourne, 1988, 27-8. Estelle Freedman, ‘”Uncontrolled Desires”: The Response to the Sexual Psychopath, 1920-1960’, in questions cancer Kathy Peiss Christina Simmons (eds), Passion and Power: Sexuality in History , Philadelphia, 1989, pp. 187-99. Please note: for those following the MHRA Style Guide (see above), and are including the name of the publisher, a footnote reference would be styled like this example: Eve Salisbury, ‘ “Spare the Rod and Spoil the Child”: Proverbial Speech Acts, Boy Bishop Sermons, and academic Pedagogical Violence’, in Speculum Sermonis , ed. by Georgiana Donavin, Cary J. Nederman, and Richard Utz (Turnhout: Brepols, 2004), pp. Essay On Bad! 141-55 (p.

153). (Here ‘pp. Standard Format! 141-55’ indicate the page span of Salisbury’s contribution to the volume, and persuasive graders the bracketed ‘(p. Academic Format! 153)’ indicates the specific page reference.) Articles in journals or magazines. Author (first name, last name), title of article (use single inverted commas around title, lower case), title of journal or magazine (use either italics or underline), volume or number, year of publication, pages covered by the article, specific page(s) to which you are referring. Phil Scraton, ‘Policing with Contempt: The Degrading of Truth and Denial of Justice in persuasive essays graders the Aftermath of the writing format, Hillsborough Disaster”, Journal of Law and application rules Society , vol. Standard Format! 26, 1999, pp. 273-97, p. 275. Emily K. Abel, ‘Valuing Care: Turn-of-the-Century Conflicts between Charity Workers and schwab Women Clients’, Journal of Women’s History , vol. 10, 1998, pp.

32-52, pp. 34-5. You will find information about volume number on the title page of each journal. Standard Writing! If there is both a volume and an issue number, just the volume number will usually do (for instance, American Historical Review , 102 (1995), or Australian Historical Studies , 26 (1994-5)). Most journals continue numbering pages throughout one volume, even if that volume has several separate issues or numbers. So a reference would read: Katherine Lowe, ‘Elections of Abbesses and Notions of essay rules Identity in writing Fifteenth- and Sixteenth-Century Italy, with Special Reference to Venice’, Renaissance Quarterly , 54 (2001), 389-429 (p. 390). Director (last name, first name), dir, Name of the film (use either italics or underline), year of release. Hicks, Scott, dir, Shine , 1996.

Hitchcock, Alfred, dir, The Birds , 1963. Name of the essay of smoking, program (in single inverted commas) and, if this program is part of a series, the specific title of the program and the name of the series (use either italics or underline), location of the program, date of the program. Aboriginal Land Rights: A Special Report, ABC Radio National, 11 December 2002. Interview with John Howard, 3LO, 8 February 2003. ‘Golly Gee, I’m Interviewing a Famous Person’, Sixty Minutes , Nine Network, 13 February 2001. ‘The Reckoning’, The Frontier House , ABC Television, 27 April 2003. Author of the document (if known), name of the document (if relevant), date of the writing, document (if known), at full WWW address, date on which you accessed the page. ‘Social Conditions in application Seventeenth-Century France’, at http://www.fordham.edu/halsall/mod/17france-soc.html, accessed 31 March 2003. ‘Suffragists Picketing the White House, January 1917’ (photograph), at http://teachpol.tcnj.edu/amer_pol_hist/thumbnail291.html, access 17 April 2003. Sojourner Truth, Narrative of Sojourner Truth, a Northern Slave, Emancipated from Bodily Servitude by standard the State of New York, in 1828 (1850), at essay http://docsouth.unc.edu/neh/truth50/truth50.html, accessed 16 April 2003.

Using Resources From the standard academic, Internet and WWW. While there are some very useful sites for historians, including homepages describing research, or containing documents, photographs and interpretive materials, or providing primary documents like speeches, transcripts or debates, you need to of the be as critical and careful in standard writing format your use of schwab corporation study WWW resources as in your use of any other kind of standard writing format evidence . A good deal of the material on the web is not ‘screened’ in any way: it is not edited, reviewed by others, or subject to any control. This is its greatest strength and its greatest weakness as a medium, and makes the task of critically assessing and using sources even more important. For the about, citation, you need to give your reader enough information so that they can easily locate your source: in this case, the standard writing, full web site information. You also need to tell your reader when you accessed the page: because web pages are updated, the information may have changed location or been removed. Corporation! In fact, it is a good idea to print out a copy of the page(s) you are using: you can use them more easily, and you have a copy of the information should it subsequently disappear from the web.

Citing something for the second time: use of abbreviations and short titles. Once you have given full information in the first footnote, you should use abbreviations and academic short titles to refer to the same source again. What will usually suffice is the authors last name and a short title (i.e. the first few significant words of the title, as below). Ibidem (always abbreviate as Ibid.) indicates in the place just described, but it must follow directly from the previous citation. 1 Joanna Bourke, Dismembering the Male: Men’s Bodies, Britain and the Great War , London, 1996, pp.

98-104. 3 Roger Cooter, ‘War and Modern Medicine’, in W. Charles Study! F. Standard Academic Writing! Bynum Roy Porter (eds), Companion Encyclopedia of the History of essay on bad effects of smoking Medicine , London, 1993, p. 156. 4 Bourke, Dismembering the Male , pp. 126-9. 5 Cooter, ‘War and Modern Medicine’, p. Standard! 158. In endnote 6, the essay of smoking, information is standard academic writing format contained on the same page as endnote 5, and therefore you do not need to repeat the page number. Again, keep in mind the principle of taming shrew essay giving the reader the amount of standard writing format information they would need to find the material for themselves. There may be particular conventions which you should observe for particular units: you will be provided with these where necessary. In general, historians do not use the Harvard referencing system. Archaeology students, whose discipline does employ this system when referencing, should follow the norms of history referencing when writing history essays.

Similarly, history students should use the Harvard referencing system when writing archaeology essays. Students need to be aware that in archaeology/ancient history a variety of styles is used: Harvard, Oxford and MHRA. Students in the Centre for Archaeology and Ancient History must be able to use all of them correctly; they also use unpublished materials of the types outlined for history and reference them in footnotes. In the end, it is a matter of communicating your understanding of your evidence in the style appropriate for your discipline and task. Buy College Essay! Unit coordinators will advise you if you are unsure. 9. Forming a bibliography and an annotated bibliography. Your essay should include a bibliography of format all sources. Writing A Professional! If you have used a wide variety of different types of sources, it is helpful to put them into different sections: for instance, the documents or texts (primary sources) you have used might be separated from the historical scholarship (secondary sources). In general, follow the standard academic format, same conventions described above with the exception that authors’ surnames precede their forenames/initials to essay effects of smoking allow for easier alphabetisation (as in the example below). List your sources alphabetically within each section. However, you do not need to include the page numbers for specific information or citations in your bibliography.

Films, television and academic writing format radio shows and documents from web sites should be included: if there is no author, put them at the front of the list and order them alphabetically by title. Newspapers should be listed, but you do not need to provide the dates. Note: those following the MHRA conventions will include the publisher’s name, along with slightly different formatting, as given in examples above (e.g. Burke, Peter, The European Renaissance: Centres and Peripheries (Oxford: Blackwell, 1998)). Contemporary documents and texts. John of Salisbury, Policraticus , trans. J. Dickinson, in J.B. Ross and M.M. Research Paper Questions! McLaughlin (eds), The Portable Medieval Reader, Harmondsworth, 1977.

Truth, Sojourner, Narrative of Sojourner Truth, a Northern Slave, Emancipated from Bodily Servitude by the State of New York, in 1828 (1850), at http://docsouth.unc.edu/neh/truth50/truth50.html, accessed 16 April 2003. The Birds, dir. Alfred Hitchcock, 1963. ‘The Reckoning’, The Frontier House, ABC Television, 27 April 2003. Abel, Emily K., ‘Valuing Care: Turn-of-the-Century Conflicts between Charity Workers and Women Clients’, Journal of Women’s History, vol. 10, 1998, pp.

32-52. Kasson, John, Houdini, Tarzan, and standard format the Perfect Man: The White Male Body and the Challenge of Modernity in research questions about America, New York, 2001. All sources which you have used in order to assist your interpretation of your evidence (the historical scholarship, or secondary sources), should be annotated, when an standard academic writing format, annotated bibliography is required in the unit. Annotation tells the reader what role a particular source played in of the shrew introduction developing your argument. A statement of two or three sentences is standard academic writing format usually ample. For instance: Joanna Bourke, Dismembering the Male: Men’s Bodies, Britain and the Great War, London, 1996.

Bourke’s argument about the changing meaning of ‘disability’ provided a very important perspective on the links between wartime and postwar debates over masculine vulnerability. Her interpretation of charles corporation study what ‘shell-shock’ taught doctors about manhood was particularly valuable for my argument, as was her discussion of dress reform movements during the standard, 1920s. One of the writing, most important skills in effective communication is formatting and presenting your work in ways which help rather than hinder your reader. The impression of clarity, fluency and organisation created by good formatting is format very important; conversely, a good essay written without regard for the eye as well as the mind is an ineffective piece of communication. Some general guidelines: observe the word length, or at least a margin of essays for 7th error of about 10 per cent: one of the skills of writing is to write to a target, and to tailor your argument to academic writing suit the demands of that target. A short 1500 word essay on wartime politics in Nazi Germany or criminality in nineteenth-century Australia is meant to be a short essay, not a major thesis. Adapt your case, and the ground you will cover, so that you can write something effective and convincing within the word length; include a word count with your essay. type, print or handwrite the a professional, essay on standard academic writing format, one side of the paper only, using standard A4 paper, and number each page.

For essays of 1500 words or more, it is reasonable for your tutor to expect a typed or printed copy, though handwriting is fine for shorter exercises; double or one-and-a-half spacing is about required, because it leaves more room for comments and corrections; leave a 4cm margin on the left hand side, and academic writing a 1.5cm margin on the right, again for comments and schwab corporation study ease of reading. Ensure that you use at least a 12-point font. attach a cover sheet (standard cover sheets are available in the pigeonholes under the counter of the School of Historical Studies’ General Office, W604). Standard Academic! You must tick all the boxes on the reverse side of the cover sheet before signing off under the plagiarism and collusion statement on the front of the sheet. ensure that your essay stays together: staples, paper clips, a plastic folder, whatever (we do not grade essays by weight, so go easy on the staples).