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Essays on social security and taxation

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Why Should You Consider Atheism? A Persuasive Essay. “I don#8217;t try to security and taxation, imagine a personal God; it suffices to stand in awe at of the great depression the structure of the world, insofar as it allows our inadequate senses to appreciate it” (source). This quote from Albert Einstein always comes to mind when I try to convey to others why it is that a lack of God or gods does not make the universe any less meaningful or lackluster, but instead bright with wonder and curiosity. It is essays one of many misunderstandings regarding unbelievers, heretics, atheists, agnostics, or whatever you should want to call those who have come to their own conclusion that they can no longer believe in a particular God or gods. That is major causes of the essay right, most atheists were not raised in a family of non-believers. The vast majority have spent time in churches, attended Sunday school and essays security, participated in research and term papers about, church events (source). They each come to the conclusion, in and taxation, their own way, that there is too much cognitive dissonance between their own logical perception of by homer essay questions, their world and security, reality and the potential for any sort of deity.

To be a non-believer does not mean that a person loses their morals, their understanding of essay on value games, right or wrong. It does not mean that they no longer have passion for their fellows humans nor for causes that benefit those in need. It does not mean that they have become any more or less than what they were when they did believe in something else being out there. Most importantly, it does not mean that they have declared war upon any particular church, group, or country. Atheists and agnostics are people who have chosen to live their lives without God or gods and honestly believe that it is the best way for them to essays on social and taxation, live.

I would like to challenge everyone, regardless of their faith, to essay image short, consider what non-belief means and essays on social security and taxation, why it is a way of living that should be considered. By Homer Essay? I have heard over and over again that non-believers are always causing trouble for the church and are just as zealous as the security, fundamentalists they are campaigning against. However, according to a comprehensive study performed by Christopher Silver with the University of Chattanooga found it is less than one out of major causes great depression essay, six atheists who would fall under this description, most of essays, which have recently been hurt and cut their ties with a particular faith or church. This study also found that Atheists, much like Christians, Muslims, Buddhists and every other religion, are not made up of one homogenous group but instead can be described as part of sub-sects falling under the america culture essay from, umbrella description of religious-nones. The more caustic and argumentative of atheists have begun to claim a new name, anti-theists, meaning against religion or belief. It is an apt reference to people who often seek out those who do not believe as they do, that there is essays on social security no God, no pantheon, no creator, and work to convince them that they are wrong. Richard Dawkins, a biologist known more for his role as an antitheist preacher and author, is often held up as what every atheist must be within their hearts.

I argue that nothing could be further from the truth. While men and women like Dawkins may be something of celebrities at conferences and quoted over and over it is not because their words are the only truth, but because their words are often the first glimpses many have of this other way of thinking. A way of on value of outdoor, thinking that is outside the teachings of essays, Sunday school and church. They are an introduction to questioning what has been considered fact, of beliefs that may or may not be applicable to a person’s life any longer. Essay From Popular Short? The typical non-believer is not going to proclaim that they don’t have a god to pray to for all to hear. For most atheists or agnostics the essays on social security and taxation, lack of religion takes up so small a part of their time that it is insignificant (source). Major Causes Of The? Some like to debate their ideas with others but merely as an intellectual exercise. Others couldn’t care less about the security, whole religion thing. They don’t understand why there is so much trouble caused by debates between believers and non-believers. The best word for them is “meh.” There are others who stand in the middle ground between believers and america culture from image short, non-believers. This middle group may not believe any human can know whether there is something out there or there isn’t.

They don’t care if that something is a sort of great universal energy or power that encompasses all or an actual all-knowing entity or nothing at all, they just believe that there could be something more out there. Mr. Silver even found a group of atheists who continue to go to security and taxation, church or synagogue because they enjoyed the rituals and community. There are many, many more different variations upon this theme. There are as many ways to questions, be an atheist or agnostic as there are ways to be a believer. It is truly an amazing example of how many different ways there are to understand and interpret the world. Perhaps the most inspiring of things to security, me is that these non believers do not require some written or spoken code of mla format header, conduct to know what is security and taxation right and what is research papers and term papers pornography wrong. This, the question of morals, is perhaps the single greatest conflict between believers and non believers and the greatest obstacle a person who is and taxation experiencing a crisis of major causes of the great depression essay, faith has to overcome if they are going to become a non believer. This comes from a misunderstanding about how it is that humans develop their morals. Yes, religious teachings help us to establish our morals but it is in much the on social, same way that we learn how to speak.

We are surrounded by these concepts on a daily basis in every aspect of our lives in churches, at school, in the home, our family and friend’s homes. It is a necessity that every child learn what is considered right and wrong within their own society. An atheist does not need a bible to tell him or her that killing is wrong. They only have to look at the laws of the land to know that it is punished by society. However, an atheist may be confused by a person who follows the bible, particularly the Old Testament, when there are so many examples where people are murdered and it is considered right in the eyes of God. The story of Joshua and the destruction of the odyssey essay, city of Jericho and all the men, women, children and even animals within the city is one which many atheists point to and ask believers, “Why?

Why is this okay?#8221; There is also of the essays on social, question of how a group of people can reconcile the revenge based teaching of “an eye for an eye,” from Leviticus 24:19, with Jesus Christ’s Sermon on the Mount that declares, “If anyone slaps you on the right cheek, turn to them the header, other cheek also” (biblehub). An atheist or agnostic may look at this contradiction and essays on social security, declare that at least their concept of morality is consistent. They do what is right based on an internally consistent and externally approved set of mores and values without having to waver and consider between two different teachings. That is not to say that every person who reads both the exercises, New and Old Testaments has trouble deciding which teachings they based their morals on, but it has frequently come up in discussions between peoples of different belief systems. Essays Security And Taxation? The question of morality is not the essay, only debate that occurs when people of differing beliefs converse. The most common question heard is, “How do you know that your religion is the right one?” There are thousands of religions believed throughout the ages, some that are still around and others that have become extinct along with the civilizations that followed them. On Social Security And Taxation? A person who is willing to look at this information and ask how there is one true religion when there are so many potential religions that could be right. Papers? Richard Dawkins points out the problem with believing that one, and only one, way of thinking is true, “We are all atheists about most of the gods that humanity has ever believed in. Some of essays on social, us just go one step further” (source). Most atheists and agnostics have voiced this as one of the first questions they start asking that leads to their deconversion from religion (source). America Essay Image Mirror Short? If a man or woman begins to ask for some sort of proof for on social and taxation why one religion is more right than another they have a lot to look at and ponder.

One of the most prominent questions that really doesn’t seem to have any answers is what makes this one religion that a person grew up with more right than one in a different culture or from a different time. If there is only one true and right religion and way to narrative, believe and any who do not follow that system will be tortured, lose their souls or be stuck as ghosts wandering the and taxation, world forever when there are millions of people born prior to the establishment of that religion or in parts of the world that have not heard of it or had the chance to hear about it. This may not be a concern to some people, but many others they have difficulty understanding how any deity can dole out papers and term papers pornography such punishments while stacking the chances against essays security a society or individuals. In the odyssey essay questions, words of essays on social security and taxation, most children, that just doesn’t seem to be fair. Certain people, just by pure silly luck, were born in the right place and at the right time to hear a very particular religion and therefore can be saved from eternal suffering. Games? Everyone else is just plain out of luck.

Non-believers often have trouble reconciling this concept because it just doesn#8217;t make sense that any god or pantheon of gods would punish people who never had a chance to essays on social, know them. There are religions that declare that God is odyssey by homer essay questions not a specific entity but rather a formless and all encompassing universal power that is understood and on social security, related to odyssey essay, in different religions based on what fits in on social and taxation, their culture so that the Christian God is the same as the Egyptian God Amon Ra is the same as the culture essay from image, Hindu God Shiva. All are different aspects of the same unknowable and incomprehensible power. Examples of these belief systems are pantheists, deists, Secular Humanists and some Unitarian Universalists. Essays Security? Unitarian Universalists in particular are accepting of narrative exercises, most possible ways of security, seeing a god or gods, questioning the existence of some greater entity or nothing at all (source). Secular Humanists are typically agnostic or atheist but are accepting of odyssey questions, all peoples of all faiths and really just want everyone to recognize the humanity and goodness in everyone.

Perhaps it is this awareness of the many possibilities and acceptance among the on social security and taxation, atheist and essay games, agnostic community that makes it appealing to and taxation, so many who are uncertain. One does not have to declare themselves an atheist to be part of mla format essay header, it. Some atheists will challenge those who are questioning their own belief, but there are many, many more who are willing to discuss and be open about on social security and taxation their own journey from being a believer or being raised in a religious household to essay header, declaring themselves a non-believer or no longer religious. They understand that it is never easy to leave behind a long established way of thinking of the world and essays on social security and taxation, the comfort of the rituals provided by religion. This is why non-religious individuals have established organizations like Universal Unitarianism and Secular Humanisism; they wanted to provide some of essay image mirror popular, that same support and structure that religion provides. Atheists, agnostics, religious-nones, deists, pantheists and those who don’t care are just trying to live their lives in a way that they have found to be the most logical and sincere for themselves personally.

Douglas Adams, one of the greatest minds of the 20th century, summed this up quite eloquently in his book The Salmon of Doubt. #8220;I#8217;d take the awe of understanding over the awe of on social and taxation, ignorance any day.#8221; Just a note: If you want to use this as a source, cool. I#8217;m totally down for that and research papers pornography, would be happy to share with you some of the sources I used. However, I do ask that you be considerate of the fact that this is my 6th revision of this essay. That means I put in a lot of work and taking credit for another person#8217;s work is essays on social security and taxation cheating yourself as much as that person. If you#8217;re going to use me as a source just keep in mind that I#8217;m just a random blogger who happens to by homer essay, be taking classes at this time and am not, in any way, considered a great 1st source for material. If, however, your assignment is regarding information dissemination and impact of on social, social networks, cool! Have fun. I thought this was quite persuasive.

I am in a college writing class and I would like to know your sources because I am going to use this essay for a textual analysis that was assigned to odyssey by homer questions, me. This is a kick ass essay. Great job, I really appreciate you and the work you put into this!

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obstacle essay title I’m not sure that I would have put the time or thought necessary to on social security and taxation write this essay had it been offered during the narrative writing, time when I attend college. I’ve read Perlstein’s essay several times since I was notified about security this essay at the beginning of July. Only now at the beginning of August have I committed myself to sitting down and major causes organizing my thoughts into a manner that others might follow. On Social And Taxation? The reason for my hesitancy to address this issue stems from my anger at being judged from afar and america culture essay from mirror popular short being asked to defend myself.

When Perlstein asks “What’s the Matter with College?” I read “What’s the Matter With College Students?”. The institution ceases to exist without students, and so, since I am among those who allow colleges to exist, I see this essay as a direct challenge to who I am as a person. “Is the college experience less critical to the nation than it was a generation ago?” It is security and taxation, patently absurd to define the essay image mirror popular, “college experience” when you consider the plethora of essays on social security diversity among individuals attending college today. This was obviously not so in the 1960’s, and there is no common denominator for comparing the events of the narrative exercises, ’60’s with the events of today. The world is a strikingly different place than it was in the ’60’s. The fact that a generation ago a gubernatorial campaign was centered not upon on social the education of college students but upon their behavior indicates two things to narrative essay exercises me: 1) the lack of integration of technology most are connected with today and 2) a political scam to direct the nation’s attention away from essays and taxation more pressing concerns.

In the latter regard, politics has not changed so much. Great? As far as the first is concerned, however, technology, most notably, the on social, Internet has revolutionized the way people absorb life. Essay Writing Exercises? It allows the on social, opportunity for rapid communication through e-mails, instant messages, and the uploading of pictures. The inherent downfall of papers and term about rapid communication is that it is not a forum for essays on social and taxation, all types of communication as thought should be put into some messages. We must put more time into our messages because our audience has expanded and become much less precise. In order to produce a message that leaves a profound mark, a mark that will not be easily reversed when the causes depression essay, next generation of essays leaders comes around, college students must accept the major causes of the, role that money plays in security and taxation, society. Nurturing ideas based on odyssey essay questions intellectual merit is only the first step because ideas cannot put food into and taxation, the stomachs of starving children or medicine into the system of individuals ravaged by a disease that has yet to find a cure. It is odyssey by homer, not enough to understand material at on social and taxation an advanced level and discuss this understanding with colleagues. Ideas must be presented in by homer questions, a manner that incites action. Being aware of the commercial potential of ideas when one begins college allows one more time to essays and taxation ponder which action is odyssey essay questions, best to take.

Along those lines, Perlstein mentions the on social and taxation, Internet’s affect on students in that most experience their “first forbidden book” and such before experiencing college. Experiencing more of by homer essay questions life before attending college allows one to security discard unwanted paths before traveling too far down them. Conversely, one may explore avenues already traveled in more depth once granted the culture from image short, freedom that college offers. If the Internet allows individuals access to more information, then “Why aren’t people paying attention to the campuses?” Perlstein asks. In the on social security and taxation, 1960’s, college was an essay asylum for eighteen-year-old boys assigned a number to essays security protect freedom thousands of miles away from their home. There was hardly a person who didn’t know someone who was fighting in Vietnam, or who wasn’t hoping that their brother, son, friend, sweetheart didn’t get drafted. Naturally, college campuses would be a central place for research and term, political activism. I don’t know anyone who is on social security and taxation, fighting in Iraq. But I can recall at least two marches that took place locally in Sarasota last year while I was attending school. It would have been around this time that the forum would have been flooded with e-mails as people voiced their opinions regarding the status of the war. Activism no longer occurs solely on college campuses or with regards to odyssey essay questions only American problems.

People are aware of the crises that plague the world at a younger age and and taxation because of the influence of the media more people are becoming involved. Since campuses are no longer asylums, people are looking to themselves for answers. A collective effort from individuals of all ages and research papers and term about pornography backgrounds creates a solidarity that perpetuates action. Because colleges are more integrated into society, more people can become involved in on social, putting their beliefs into actions, and college students can extend the work they’ve begun in great depression essay, their undergraduate years after they’ve graduated from college. So is what college students experience truly less critical to the nation? Perhaps for some students, college is no longer a break from society. However, assuming college no longer is a drastic break from society allows students to security and taxation channel restless enthusiasm into concrete action. Higher education is essay on value of outdoor games, no less based on security intellectual merit because students are conscious of how they are going to apply their knowledge.

I will grant you that the essay header, college experience is different but not that it is less critical to essays on social security the nation. The next leaders will come from this generation. Our college experience is different because society is rearranged differently. Major Of The Great Depression? The battles of the on social and taxation, ’60’s are not our battles. Although there are aspects of society that demand reform, if college continues to be a radical break from society as we know it, the time it takes graduates to adjust to narrative exercises society again is valuable time lost. A four year hiatus from society creates apathy in response to the problems of society. Security And Taxation? We cannot advocate making love and not war when the threat of deadly STD’s ravages so many. The adage that ignorance is bliss rings true in most circumstances. Odyssey Essay Questions? Because of on social security our increased awareness of mla format life outside of our claustrophobic sphere, we must accept responsibility for on social security, our actions and look forward to depression a long-term solution that is in on social, the best interest of culture essay everyone involved.

Jim Morrison said, “There can’t be any large-scale revolution until there’s a personal revolution, on an individual level. It’s got to on social and taxation happen inside first.” An institution cannot be responsible for liberation. Essay Header? It must come from within. College matters because it still offers that opportunity for growth, for liberation. By serving as a stepping point rather than an escape from life, college possesses an ability to influence individuals to imagine and and taxation take action.

It is not enough to imagine the world the causes great, way one would like. How easy when detached from society it is to become trapped in and taxation, one’s imagination so that it appears as if action is futile. Perhaps college campuses are not the focus of the nation’s attention. That has not deterred individuals from taking action. We’re not going to wait around for society to notice what we’re doing. We don’t need acknowledgment from the research papers about, media to confirm our accomplishments.

We’re moving forward. There’s no need for imitation. We’re creating our own style, and we’ll add our signature as we go. It was a cheerful spring day, and essays on social I was a cheerful admitted student, enjoying the switch from being judged, to passing judgment. Having been deferred in November, I strolled around the University of Chicago admitted student reception piling pastries on odyssey by homer essay my plate, enjoying the sweet taste of acceptance. Soon after the reception they herded us into another well-embellished room for essays, a question and answer session. As I listened I swelled with pride, thrilled to be surrounded by essay on value, the quirky, curious minds I hoped would inspire my own. In the security, first several questions, forty waving hands demanded to know about their pre-med program, the internships they offered, and header what GPA was necessary for some award or another. Amidst the furious scribbling, I detached from my long-harbored dreams and essays on social wondered what I had wished for in the first place. Now, I am a rising junior at research papers about pornography a small liberal arts school, which won me over entirely with its student body. The campus seemed free of the competitive, suffocating air that filled the Q#038;A.

Students genuinely appeared to be invested in searching for and improving upon themselves rather than viciously trying to one-up each other for essays on social, trophies to add to their resumes. While ordinarily I might happily report that in the last several years my school has edged up the narrative exercises, rankings in the annual college U.S. News #038; World Report, to use market speak: the value added to my degree from the increased ranking is outweighed by the consequent depletion of interesting future students, who are quickly being replaced by more competitive “organization kids.” Both alumni and security and taxation current students have fought the administration’s efforts to homogenize incoming classes without success. This leads directly, I believe, to the true heart of the problem. Students are no less intellectual, curious, or interesting than they were in the 1960s and 70s when they stormed the streets, raised hell, and caused parents and politicians alike to research and term papers pornography grind their teeth in essays on social security and taxation, bed. The real culprit is the increasing, nearly unachievable admissions standards set by top tier schools. To be admitted to a school like University of Chicago, or any of its peer institutions, a student essentially has to major of the great essay be an “organization kid.” I’m tempted to security resent the upcoming freshman for infiltrating what was a creative, open-minded community.

Then, I recall that my class was similarly ill-received by older students and the freshmen become hard to blame. With such rigorous admissions processes, genuinely interesting and odyssey essay interested students are basically forced into the organized majority if they want to attend the most competitive schools. While college admission accounts largely for the diminishing midnight debates in crowded college dorms, it doesn’t tell the whole story. Unlike the youth of the 60s and 70s, my generation lacks a defining struggle. This is not to say that our country is not at on social war, the facts, of course, stand strongly to essay of outdoor the contrary.

However, unlike wars of the past, the effects of this war on the home front are almost entirely unfelt except for the media coverage. For the on social security and taxation, fortunate many who don’t know anyone serving in Iraq, this war is happening somewhere else, against a constantly changing, intangible enemy. There is america essay popular short, no draft. There are no demands for security, material sacrifices. Although it may be discouraging, it is odyssey by homer essay questions, hardly surprising that few campuses are up in arms over a war that the general population would hardly be aware of if they didn’t watch the news. As disconnected as many students are from our engagements abroad, compared to our predecessors, we hardly have a culture war at home. My generation has no banned books and no forbidden music. The most oppressive law most students face is the essays and taxation, drinking age, a law which has been broken since 1920. While an mla format essay infinite amount of societal ills still stand to be corrected, we have little to rebel against. Our parents don’t stop us from pursuing our interests; in fact, they encourage us to do so at an incredibly early age. When you consider the big three, our parents embraced rock #038; roll, tried drugs some of on social and taxation us haven’t even heard of, and forced books with funny pictures on mla format essay us to begin our sexual educations before we were old enough to read.

Yes, for essays security and taxation, some this might be an exaggeration but undoubtedly our parents and mla format society afford our generation more freedoms than our parents ever dreamt of and taxation before they escaped to college. And so, inevitably, the gap between childhood and college has decreased. That said, the gap between college and the real-world has never been so expansive. Students are not the only group that has changed due to increased competition; colleges must compete with one another for applicants to boost those beloved selectivity ratings, the popularity contest used to determine the value of a degree. As colleges work to gain a competitive edge with students, and more importantly with their parents, they become more student-friendly, or according to causes of the great depression essay some, more juvenile. Security And Taxation? On a typical college tour, parents and their offspring will hear about the research and term about, school’s strong academic support systems, their caring advisors, the RA who will live in their dorm and serve as a surrogate parent, the student counselors and advisors who will be on on social every floor in case a student needs any kind of causes great depression essay help–the changes alumni may note when they visit their alma-maters are no accident. Colleges, especially the smaller schools, strive to hand-hold. This year an alumnus of my college returned to teach two whirlwind courses on jazz and the art of essays on social and taxation criticism and I was fortunate enough to be his student. After our final class, I guided him to a meeting across campus and on the way he recounted stories from his college days. His memories sounded more like tall tales than genuine recollections of four years at major causes great my college: swearing at the college President when he refused to give an honorary degree to Louis Armstrong, all day sit-ins on the field while desks sat empty.

His stories force me to concede that the college experience is certainly different now than it was twenty or thirty years ago. But while nostalgia may tug our heart strings, the differences don’t necessitate despair. Activism hasn’t become extinct, it’s become smarter. Given the market-oriented world my generation has grown up in it is no surprise that we’ve learned money listens to money. I’m confident any environmentalist could give you one thousand reasons our earth is essays on social and taxation, worth saving but she also knows that if you want a company to go green, passionate, incensed speeches won’t go nearly as far as financial incentives.

Fewer students may be thrown in jail from culture mirror short protests, but more students are involved in essays on social security, micro-financing. We may not be able to call up famous musicians and mla format essay persuade them to play impromptu concerts but we can keep our favorite artists in our pockets and listen to them at any moment. True, college communities are less contentious than they once were and are no longer the hip breeding ground for youthful counterculture; but, college and its students have only naturally evolved with society and competition and that doesn’t have to be a bad thing. As the poet prophet of all college generations wrote, “the times they are-a-changin’.” As a college student in on social, today’s society, am I allowed to be a little skeptical about my generation? Am I allowed to wonder if we are all going to writing be okay when all the grownups of today are replaced by us? I have to essays on social security and taxation wonder, will we finally be forced to causes of the great be responsible and on social and taxation act like we care about what is odyssey by homer questions, going on around the world and in and taxation, this country? I can only culture essay from image mirror popular imagine the scoffs and on social security and taxation the eyes that are rolling as some people read this. How could I be so judgmental about my own generation?

We’re so different! We’re so great! We’re going to and term pornography be just fine…right? I wish I had a little more faith in the people that I go to school with and those around the country that share my woes of on social security trying to complete an undergraduate degree. But part of me cannot bring myself to have this faith. Sure, we work hard: we get up, go to our classes, are involved in extra curricular activities, and work a part time or full time job to put ourselves through school. But who has the time for research and term papers pornography, news, for politics, for caring about a war and the constant infringement of the American people’s privacy that this government is signing bills to on social security and taxation continue? Who honestly has the odyssey essay questions, time, or better yet, who actually cares? For the and taxation, small number of us that do, what is going on right now in this society and in this world is scary, and action is needed. Some sort of noise should be coming from college campuses where the ever so sweetly labeled “leaders of essay of outdoor games tomorrow” reside. But put your ear to essays security and taxation the entrance of a college campus and the only thing you’ll hear are parties or nothing at essay writing all (evidence that students are studying).

I guess some of us just feel untouchable. That nothing will affect us, because lets be honest here…nothing has. Century to century, era to era, generation to generation, societal issues remain constant. Nothing new is happening but how we address it and embrace it has changed. The students that roamed the college campuses in on social, the 60s and 70s had a purpose.

Things were different: there was a war waging that many thought should not be fought (wait, is that happening now too, in by homer essay questions, Iraq?), equal rights for blacks, and on social and taxation women were already in the constitution but were not being practiced (isn’t the exercises, Supreme Court thinking about banning a woman’s right to choose?) things were just different. Or were they? The difference between then and now is not the institution itself, but rather the essays security, students attending and their life experiences. College is expensive now and major causes essay it seems that the essays on social security and taxation, government is paying for less and less of america culture essay from image mirror popular short it, therefore paying for essays on social, school has become increasingly more difficult. The students of today are told that without an education they will go nowhere in life and essay questions that, in essence, without college almost all of their sentences will be followed with, “would you like fries with that?” We are frightened with ideas that we could be homeless, jobless and, without the ability to do anything without a college degree. For the and taxation, students of the 60s and 70s, things were different. A good job didn’t require college; it enhanced the ability of gaining a better paying job and allowed the freedom of not going into the family business. Things were just different. Most of the students that went to college in exercises, those days were the wealthy, the essays on social security, inspired, or the extremely intelligent.

Most of the time the college campuses of yesteryears were filled with students that wanted to be there, and narrative that wanted to change the security, world they lived in. These days, college students want a way to culture essay mirror popular short make money, a way to have some stability in life, or are being forced by parents that want this kind of stability for their children. There are some that are inspired, there are even some that are extremely intelligent and essays security there will always be those that are wealthy. Culture Essay From Popular? But let’s just say that these days a lot of kids go to college because it is essays on social security, what is from image short, expected, not because it is something that is essays on social, wanted. What some of the students of today lack is passion, and without this want to change the world, there aren’t many “movements” on college campuses. In the past at Berkley, Stanford and at various other colleges there were students being beaten for their words, for of outdoor, their actions, for their standing up against the government. Today, we don’t really have that. Not many march and gather for what they believe is right and true.

We never watched our parents fight or march or gather against a war or a proposed bill that they didn’t believe in. Our parents woke up, went to work and made money so that us kids could go to school and have it easier. Our parents were fighters, but a different kind. So yes, college campuses may be different. Essays Security? College as was known to writing the people of the past is on social, drifting away and culture from image mirror popular breaking apart. But some of us on on social these campuses are trying to make a difference. Clubs and organizations on campuses are trying to inform the student body of what is going on around the world and in our environment. We are trying to open the eyes of the students on campus but it is hard to inform a student body that doesn’t want to be informed. I have heard several of my peers state that they don’t worry about the narrative exercises, future.

The fear of no social security does not plague them. The fear of women not having the right to choose or countless amounts of soldiers going overseas to fight a war that seems never ending does not make them lose sleep. These are the students that don’t want to know and on social and taxation don’t care to know about the genocide in Darfur and culture essay mirror popular short the bombings that occurred in Lebanon. What a surprise it will be for my generation when the problems of this world cannot be solved with as much ease as they believe. Essays Security? A friend of on value of outdoor mine once said, “Why should I worry? The grownups are handling it.” I failed to mention to her that one day, we would be the on social security, grownups and that we would have all of these responsibilities to deal with. As was brought out in the article “What’s the Matter with College?” by Rick Perlstein, the papers papers about pornography, college campuses of the 60s and 70s and the students that populated them are long gone.

Now this society is essays security, stuck with us, my generation, that we can only hope will grow up sooner or later. Those of us that do worry about our society and essay games about this world, might be those that help save it. Maybe we’ll be the journalists that inform the people (that by that time will want to be in security and taxation, the know), or the environmentalists and scientists that will be working to better our world physically, or maybe my generation will produce the honest politicians that will work their hardest to better this world and this country. I guess the research and term, cliched phrase of “only time will tell” holds true here. A few weeks into essays on social security, my second semester at college, a close friend of causes of the great depression mine attending Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute called me one afternoon and greeted me with a declaration: “I decided that college is basically just high school, only you live away from home.” I immediately agreed with her. In our suburban high school, every student was encouraged to work hard, apply to several colleges, and plan on attending at least community college after graduating. Consequently, instead of escaping all the intellectually and culturally deprived people with whom we had grown up, we simply met new ones. Why? Because today, going to college is just what you do.

Students are now taught that to be successful, a college degree, not the college experience, is necessary. Perhaps this is true, but one must consider the truth in the fact that both the college experience and the college student of today are extremely different from those of thirty or forty years ago, and the college experience is no longer as culturally or intellectually relevant in students’ lives. The 1960s and 1970s marked a time of revolution – both political and on social cultural – on the national stage. JFK and the Space Race, Communism, The Graduate, the Vietnam conflict, The Beatles, Edward Albee, the Civil Rights Movement, the Beat Generation, Woodstock, The Godfather, the Kent State shootings, “blaxploitation” films, and countless other events and creative revelations took the country by storm, and the youth promptly embraced the good and protested the bad. Odyssey By Homer Essay? “The times, they are a-changin’,” sang Bob Dylan, and, riding the crest of the and taxation, wave of change, the youth united. From their parents, the Baby Boomers developed a strong work ethic; from society, they received encouragement to speak their minds and focus that work ethic on culture image popular instigating change. Today, society does not encourage us to use our minds to change the world, but to use our education to essays on social security and taxation achieve financial stability and material success.

The radicals of essay of outdoor forty years ago are now the adults of today, advising all students to essays security attend college, “earn” a degree, and enter the work force. However, these students lack not only the motivation to broaden their horizons, but they also lack the work ethic and sense of unity characteristic of the Boomers. With the further advances of essay games technology, the youth have grown more and more disinterested in essays and taxation, the world around them. Narrative Essay Exercises? The Boomers grew up watching news reports on new color televisions each night with their families; today, children grow up playing video games, watching reality television, and sitting at essays the computer. There is little political or social awareness in students, and often, even when there is awareness, there is no interest. Essay Exercises? Also advancing with technology is the isolation of today’s youth. Essays And Taxation? The college students of the ’60’s felt alienated from the older generations, but contemporary young adults are alienated from each other. Technology assists young adults in essay on value, communicating without ever seeing each other, which is on social security and taxation, evident at colleges. Students meet each other online through community websites like Facebook.

They talk with their professors through emails, and with each other through instant messaging, even if they’re in rooms across the hall from each other. During breaks in class, students don’t talk to each other – they stick their ear bud headphones in major great, and switch their iPods on, or step outside to use their cell phones to call someone else. These students simply don’t have the sense of community that students forty years ago had that was formed by both society and college. The college experience is as different now as the students are. The college life that Mr. Perlstein and on social and taxation Mr. Mitchell recall “revolved around the dorm lounge,” where students would argue and debate with each other and with the great minds of the essay, day. Essays? Today, the america culture image mirror popular short, college experience often revolves around the party. Essays On Social And Taxation? Students aren’t skipping class to argue about various issues of the day – they’re skipping class because they have hangovers. The youth of today don’t go to college anticipating cultural and intellectual stimulation – they go expecting to do whatever they want, when they want to do it. No one makes pushing creative limits their priority.

The average student’s state of of outdoor games mind isn’t looking for growth and fulfillment; it’s avoiding responsibility and growing up for as long as possible. Mediocrity is not only accepted: it’s desired. Those looking for cultural, social, and political enlightenment are the minority, not the majority, and this is where college actually hinders the students’ growth. Colleges view books advertise (rather shamelessly, one might add) all their impressive resources and spotlight their most successful students, but these booklets are deceiving, and, as one student Mr. Perlstein interviewed pointed out, aimed at parents, not students. The students featured in such marketing schemes are always intelligent, creative, and ambitious. The problem is, these students do not represent the essays on social, majority of undergraduates.

These students are the ones who have managed to overcome the banality of college today to essay seek cultural and intellectual fulfillment on their own. Mr. Essays Security And Taxation? Perlstein noted that, “You used to have to go to college to discover your first independent film, read your first forbidden book, find freaks like yourself… Now, for even the most provincial students, the Internet, a radically more democratic and diverse culture – and those hip baby-boomer parents – take care of the problem.” However, even though many students do arrive at college having been exposed to odyssey by homer questions new material already, they are still all at security incredibly varying levels both intellectually and culturally. Narrative Essay? Mr. Perlstein’s interviewees are evidence of this: Ms. On Social Security And Taxation? Ouwerkerk is a “cog in mla format essay, the organization…the bureaucracy that schedules students’ self-exploration” that has been described as while Mr. Morris is an artist who finds his fellow students to essays security be “so insanely uncreative…and proud of it.” This lack of creativity is especially difficult to research papers and term papers about overcome. Preparation for college has become almost solely academic, not intellectual, and while admissions committees claim they look for creativity and originality in their students, the emphasis is security, still placed heavily on SAT scores and grade point averages. Thus, the mla format header, focus in essays on social, high school is on scoring high on that standardized test and passing with high grades – at the expense of the odyssey by homer questions, arts.

At the same time, colleges have ceased to on social security operate primarily as schools: as small businesses, they are all about the by homer, numbers. Their priority is no longer education – it’s how many students apply, how many they accept, how much tuition and room and board are, how many students continue to graduate school. Such changes seem small and irrelevant to on social security the college experience, but they really have stunted it quite significantly. College and causes the American public’s perception of it have changed by on social, leaps and bounds over the past forty years. No longer the center of political and odyssey by homer cultural movements, colleges only appear in the media when money, sports, or catastrophic events are concerned.

The changes in the today’s youth, society, and colleges themselves have ended the era of the old “college experience.” Emersion in essays on social and taxation, culture used to be the norm; now it is the exception. Perhaps in time, the students who still revel in cultural and intellectual exploration can revitalize college, bringing it back to mla format essay what it used to be: enlightening, illuminating, and on social security and taxation actually relevant. Rick Perlstein argues in “What’s the matter with College?” that college campuses have lost their centrality largely due to research papers about pornography the lack of on social radicalism that is generated on campus compared to the vibrant, radical, take-over-the-administration-building late 1960’s and early 1970’s. College students, Perlstein laments, have become hyper-aware advocates of business-speak and difficult admissions standards. Major Causes Of The Depression? Colleges have lost their place as incubators of essays radicalism, and no longer provide a “discrete experience” that provided a “radical break” between childhood and the “real world”. Yet Colleges and header Universities are perhaps more significant socially, culturally, and economically than they ever have been before.

With no raiding of essays security campus buildings to do, how can the modern college student possibly prove his/her worth to society at large? If politicians fail to rail against the depravities of college campuses, then how can they be relevant?This past fall, nearly 18 million college students were enrolled in research and term papers, the 4,216 institutions of higher education that grant degrees in the United States alone, up from the 12 million 25 year ago. And it’s not just the number of students that have increased: between 1993 and 2003, minority college enrollment rose nearly 51 percent. This year alone, colleges and universities in the United States are estimated to confer nearly 3 million degrees. On campus, there are more clubs and organizations for a college student to essays get involved in depression, than ever before.

At Purchase College (SUNY), a relatively small (approx. 4,000 undergraduates and essays security a handful of graduate students) public university where I attend, students can choose from an ever-growing list of extra-curricular activities: The History Club, Students in Free Enterprise (a business club that works with the essay games, local high school students), Concerned Students Against the essays, War, The Cheese Club (for those interested in the appreciation of fine cheese), a student run a cappella group, three newspapers (two of them entirely student run), The Philosophy Society, The Root Beer club (for those interested in the appreciation of fine root beer), a student run radio and of outdoor television station, a gay and lesbian student association, a swing dancing club, The Organization of African Peoples in on social security, the Americas, Hillel (a Jewish student group), and a host of other organizations that I’m sure I’ve forgotten. What’s more, these groups are open to any student regardless of skill level, sexual orientation, gender, race, creed, or religion. On Value Of Outdoor Games? Colleges have done more than adopt the language of cultural inclusion; real cultural inclusion and immersion (defined as exposure to identities and security and taxation traditions that are not your own) have become an important part of the college experience in the 21st century. Had Douglas Mitchell gone to, say, Princeton instead of The University of Chicago in 1965, he would have found eating clubs that refused to admit women to their ranks (not officially connected to the University, but an integral part of the Princeton experience, even today). Perlstein is correct on essay from image mirror popular one count: the college campus of today no longer acts as an incubator for radicalism; an island paradise that allows students to prolong exposure to the “real world”. Yet colleges, as well as society at essays on social security and taxation large, are better off for this shift and as a result, colleges have become more, not less, central to the world around them. In 2005, 30 percent of college students volunteered in their local communities, an increase of nearly 20 percent from 2002. According to The Corporation for National and community service, nearly one third of the time college students spent volunteering in 2005 was spent in educational or youth service organizations.

Student volunteerism is not simply a spring break activity: 44 percent of college student volunteers spend 12 or more weeks a year with the same organization. Cultural and Societal change need not be vocal; college students in 2005 may spend less time talking with beatnik scholars, isolated on culture from image mirror short their island free from adult responsibilities, but the on social security, college experience is increasingly about assisting others, and using University resources to do so. Increased volunteerism by college students is a situation where all parties involved benefit: college students learn about other cultures and use their skills to help their communities, the community gets assistance from a willing army of volunteers, and the college campus itself becomes a symbol for real socioeconomic change within the community. Narrative Essay? A college or university that situates itself at the center of the volunteerism movement becomes more relevant, not less, to the community that surrounds it and to the country at on social security and taxation large. What’s more, college students increasingly find creative ways to culture essay image short bring the culture of security and taxation campus to the outside world. Research Papers And Term About Pornography?, a social networking site for college and high school students was started by Mark Zuckerberg while he was still a student at Harvard. Security? In just over a year, facebook claimed more than 11 million users worldwide, with the number increasing daily.

Thanks to the internet, the importance of college campuses isn’t restricted locally, or even nationally; college students can affect change internationally in a remarkable amount of mla format header time. It is still on campus, though, where young entrepreneurs find their business partners, develop their business models, and perhaps even find their first investors. On Social? Perlstein laments the infiltration of the business world on to college campuses, but perhaps the opposite is true. Today, the business world is as influenced by the day-to-day activities on college campuses (and not just consumption, either) than vice versa. Rick Perlstein is correct: the nature of narrative exercises colleges (and college students) has changed in essays on social, America. Perlstein views this change as a fundamental loss of innocence among America’s young people, and argues that this loss of odyssey essay questions innocence will ultimately result in negative consequences for both college students and essays on social American culture in the aggregate. By Homer Questions? Yet Perlstein’s logic of noise and discontent equaling progress and centrality fails to hold up to a fundamental 21st century reality: college is still college, but the essays on social security, experience of a quarter century ago can not be replicated, even if that was the intention of a college or university. The change that college students effect today may not be as politically exciting as building takeovers and university-wide sit ins, but is ultimately more culturally, economically, and essay of outdoor socially significant than the essays security, changes of our forebears. The college campuses of the essay from image, 21st century are teeming with life, diversity, and cultural significance. We need them now more than ever before. I’m in on social security and taxation, the office by of outdoor, 8:30, even on and taxation the mornings I’ve hit snooze a half dozen times and finally managed to drag myself out of bed only ten minutes before the bus comes.

If I haven’t hit a Starbucks before I arrive at essay work (there are two on my way), I stop first at the industrial coffee maker in the break room. I can’t figure out how to make the coffee stronger than brown water, so I load it with sugar, to ensure I get at least some sort of essays chemically-induced energy kick. Reading and responding to emails carries me through 9:30, when I begin to work on whatever project I didn’t finish the day before. My boss continues to essay send me documents that might be helpful in my summer report. A brilliant professor once told me to “Always be done” with whatever assignment I was working on, in case a deadline was suddenly moved forward (great advice). Essays Security And Taxation? With this in mind, I spend the morning frantically struggling to incorporate the new material into my text, preemptively answering the questions I’ll get thrown when I defend the project, while still keeping the header, Executive Summary to the standard one-page maximum. It is a futile effort, though; things have the propensity to be meeting’d to death, and regardless of what new brilliant evidence I manage to present, approval will still always be one meeting away. As an intern, you often get only one chance to present your work to on social security upper management. My opportunity is scheduled for this Thursday: in a half an hour of my boss’s boss’s time, I’ll stumble through my proposal and, if it’s the slightest bit out-of-the-box, hear, “That’s a really unique idea. But I don’t think it could work in great depression, this company as it is. Bring it to me again next month.” So you do, and if you’re lucky, you get another shot.

My “first-chance meeting” will be a phone conference, which makes it frighteningly difficult to gauge the reaction of my audience and appropriately adjust my tone. Silence could mean the senior manager on the other end is thoughtfully pondering my ideas, that I’ve completely offended him and the entire organization on top of it, or simply that our connection has been dropped. Any of security those three options is, to say the major great depression essay, least, less than ideal. My second meeting will be more of the same: Good work, but not here, not yet. And Taxation? Try again, come back in a month. Then you have to bitterly remind your boss, and writing exercises his boss, that you can’t try again in month, because you’ll be back at school and essays security and taxation no longer their summer intern. Does anything ever change? Does anyone ever pick up where the intern leaves off? Could it really be a complete waste of forty hours a week, for odyssey by homer questions, ten weeks? I check the internet news headlines to see if hell’s broken loose in the real world and essays security dial into the noontime conference call.

As I listen to essay on value of outdoor games the weekly call and on social and taxation try my best to decipher what’s going on by homer essay questions so I can construct the minutes, I pull on my sweater to essays security and taxation fend off the over-air-conditioned clime and think about how excessive all these meetings are. No one will read my minutes, save my boss, who will check them for glaring errors before distributing them; no one will get around to implementing the project I’ve been prepping all summer. There are positive aspects to the internship, though: I’m absorbing interesting and research and term papers about useful information, and I enjoy being part of the camaraderie of my coworkers. And, this experience will likely flesh out my purely theoretical knowledge from classes and security books. But, there’s always a little voice in my head who chants, most audibly during all the meetings, “You’re wasting your time.” After the meeting I grab lunch from the food court in america from image mirror, the mall that inhabits the first two floors of my oversized building, watching people not too much younger than I mill about with their friends.

I flirt with the guy serving me lunch to remind myself that I, too, am young, still a college student. For ten minutes I cling to my youth, pretend to not care about the resume I’m trying to build, and dash outside to warm up in essays and taxation, the July sunshine. The rest of the afternoon drags on odyssey essay questions uneventfully. At 3:30, emails begin to essays fly back and depression forth from friends still in the city for the summer, most of whom are interns as well. Essays On Social Security? Plans for the evening slowly take shape: open air concert at Millennium Park, someone brings the essay exercises, wine, someone else brings the on social and taxation, cheese and crackers. The distribution list is oddly formal, with some variety of and; no one uses the typical, as is the usual during the year. During the day we talk about corporate policy, management efficiency, and certifications.

After 5o’clock, I walk to the public transit station, ride the essay from image popular, El to the lush green lawn of the essays on social security, park, and go home to my super energy-efficient apartment (no a/c). I live the personal version of the header, corporate environmental policy I propose day in and day out. I enjoy being responsible for my activities, instead of having to run them through meetings; knowing my impact on the world around me, rather than guessing at electricity consumption from 100 global locations; interacting as part of a thriving, positive urban experience, and essays on social security and taxation not as another worker bee in exercises, a 37-story, glass hive. I revel in summer life as a carefree intern, in a city I have only known as a deadline-driven college student. After the on social, concert, we end up at our apartment for a late dinner.

The progress of the essay, graying charcoal in the grill mirrors the path of our conversation from local politics (grey around the edges), to our philosophical place in security, the world (hot enough to cook the food), to finally whatever pop culture report came through the tabloids that day (disintegrating into a dust pile on the bottom of the america culture mirror short, grill). We all begin to feel the exhaustion from a life we are not used to: early mornings, eight hours at a desk, the essays, daily commute. We draw out the research about, last hour, sad to end our evening and break up the surrogate family gathering. The first eight hours of my day makes me feel worn and tired, while the second eight reinforce my youth and vitality, the essays security and taxation, true college experience. From Image Mirror? I can dream and work hard and pretend like I’m denting a gigantic company, but it’s like throwing pebbles at an elephant. The elephant will probably not feel the sting of the on social security, pebble, and even if it does, it will take a lot more force to change its direction. It’s a completely ineffectual exercise, unless I find something else to take away from it. New knowledge, life experience, the opportunity to discover myself and my interests; those are all worthwhile things to gain, from odyssey essay questions both the intern experience and the student experience. There will be time to redirect elephants in the years to come, and for now I’m content to just test my aim. Why vote or otherwise be politically active? Many college students do not see the use, even if they care about what is happening in the world.

The culture inside the Beltway is largely culpable for on social security and taxation, this widespread political apathy amongst today’s undergraduates. College students are faced with two unfortunate options when going to the polls: they can vote for the party that makes lots of campaign promises, but in the end accomplishes nothing because they are cowards who would rather get re-elected than actually take a hard line and causes great depression stand up for and taxation, American moral and ethical standards; or they can vote for the party that reminds them of the takeover of the Galactic Senate in Star Wars. In many ways, Dick Cheney resembles Chancellor Palpatine – always hiding in research papers papers about, the shadows, and essays on social security manipulating the government, in twisted ways that the nation has never witnessed, towards his own personal gain. He is even damaging his own health with the narrative writing, overwhelming prevalence of essays on social and taxation dark energy flowing through his body – this might explain some of his heart problems. George W. America Essay From Popular Short? Bush resembles Palpatine’s chief henchman, Anakin Skywalker, who was drawn to the dark side to save his family. Security And Taxation? In Bush’s case, he started a bloody nonsensical crusade to protect his fellow freedom-loving democratic countrymen. From Short? Though Hillary Clinton is doing an abysmal job playing Princess Leia to help lead the on social, charge against the dark side, the unfortunate Star Wars analogy extends further. Democrats passively stood by, just as Senators did in the Galactic Senate when Palpatine asked for his executive powers to writing be temporarily extended to protect them from a threat to their cherished way of life, just like the Patriot Act.

Our armed services are being used to fulfill political motives just like the Clone Army in on social security, Star Wars. Our government seems to blatantly disregard the fact that our soldiers are human beings, continuing to send many people who signed up for the reserves during peacetime on as many as three extended tours of on value of outdoor games Iraq and Afghanistan. In this war, instead of college students, the reserves have been the main ones bearing the unfair, unjustifiable burden. Voters expressed widespread disapproval of the administration’s handling of the wars in security, Iraq and Afghanistan in the midterm elections, yet Bush has ignored the mla format essay, voters and plowed ahead, implementing a surge, rather than beginning the troop withdrawal process. Baby boomers were confronted in their youth with the aftermath of World War II, the essays on social and taxation, Korean War, the essay on value of outdoor, Red Scare/McCarthyism and, as they matured, the civil rights movement and the Vietnam War. And Taxation? These threats had direct impacts on their daily lives, leading them to fervently protest. They were forced to take a stand in large part because their own lives were at stake. Today’s undergraduates have never had their friends involuntarily shipped off to their deaths for a cause that they did not believe in. We have never experienced anything that has compelled us to essay writing take a strong political stand.

College students have been lucky to always be able to take freedom and essays on social security democracy for granted; we have never had to make any personal sacrifice, either justified or not, for the greater good of the country. On Value? Even though our country is essays on social, currently fighting the odyssey questions, “War on Terror” the on social security, average citizen has suffered minimal to no change (except at the airport) in his daily routines. Many would even argue that life is better now than it was during the 90’s because of lower taxes. Causes Great? Students have never been faced with a significant enough challenge to essays security and taxation garner a response of the magnitude seen during the 60’s and 70’s. Current events frustrate me and, at times, make me angry, but without suffering any personal or societal sacrifice, there has not been a significant enough incentive for research papers papers about, me to actively protest against the wars in Iraq and Afghanistan. In this day and age being arrested for civil disobedience could easily blackball one’s employment prospects, so one needs to be sure that protesting against our government can make a demonstrable difference. In many ways it feels like the days of essays on social security McCarthy. Many do not want to be accused of being unpatriotic now, in the same way that people did not want to be accused of being communist then. College students did not actively protest McCarthyism, like they did against the Vietnam War, probably due to these same un-American apprehensions. For a protest to have an impact, large numbers of people need to agree on how they want the status quo changed.

For example, in mla format header, response to on social the Vietnam War, people wanted the draft to be stopped and for troops to be brought home. The current anti-war movement cannot agree on whether it wants troops brought home immediately, or slowly withdrawn. Without a clear direction, any anti-war movement will be hard pressed to gain traction. Frankly, I do not know what I could hope to accomplish by marching in protest. Mla Format Essay? We do not have any politicians who are willing to truly embody this pervasive dissatisfaction with how the “War on Terror” is developing. Then why are college students not discussing these issues in public forums like they did during the essays on social, 60’s and 70’s? Though voting numbers are incredibly low for 18-24 year olds – still nearly half vote and do discuss political issues. It is unfair to make a generalization about all college students.

A major issue is the politicization of the press, which makes it increasingly difficult to find credible objective information about what is happening in the world; without any personal stake, many college students simply cannot be bothered to bolster the extra effort to keep up to date on current affairs and form their own opinions that they are willing to fight for. Fear of being labeled unpatriotic by an executive branch that wields unprecedented power, has greatly hindered American political discourse. All too often it seems that people read/listen/watch the of outdoor, news that they agree with. For example, hard line conservatives watch Fox News, and liberals read the New York Times. Of the students who would consider being more politically active, many are too busy to on social sift through the news sources and decide whom they are willing to believe. Without easily accessible raw objective data, it is more difficult for many college students to formulate their own potential political solutions. Essay? And without these ideas to discuss with their friends, we find that there is waning amount of political discourse amongst college students.

If there were a challenge that compelled a response, I have no doubt that today’s undergraduates could quickly band together through the internet, rather than in the streets as their parents did during the 60’s and 70’s. Mass communication no longer necessitates a large rally to provoke media coverage and spread the word. College students can communicate amongst large numbers without the help of the press through media like email, Facebook, MySpace, and YouTube. My fellow college students and on social I are more than capable of being active responsible political participants, but we need something to believe in. I call on politicians from both sides of the aisle to give us something to advocate for, rather than forcing us to be witnesses to a perpetual discouraging state of research and term papers about pornography partisan stagnation. On Monday, May 4th, 1970 a group of on social and taxation about 2,000 students at Kent State University gathered at Commons area to protest in major of the depression essay, response to the invasion of Cambodia, as had been announced four days earlier on national television by President Nixon. The National Guard was ordered on the grounds to disperse the crowds, as was a call to essays security open fire on the students. What followed was one of the bloodiest riots in a college campus in American history. There were four casualties, and nine wounded students. America was shocked. Though the Kent State Massacre was a blow on the educational system, many other riots broke out throughout the country in college campuses.

Students spoke out, they voiced their beliefs about what they thought was correct and what wasn’t. College seemed to be a place were educated minds would not only attend to edify themselves, but to edify the world around them. This idea doesn’t come as a shock to those who’ve studied the preceding decades of American culture. The 50’s were a decade of conservative observation. After World War II, soldiers came back and wanted to america culture mirror popular short form families, thus Baby Boomers, so that the essays on social, culture was formed mainly around family-friendly topics. Adolescents were much more reserved, and it wasn’t until the era of The Beatles, Blues, and Rock N’ Roll that the next generation broke off and differentiated themselves. In the essay games, ensuing decades, Hippies, LSD, and increasing populations of students entering college campuses eager to on social and taxation break off of their parent’s values, changed the cultural landscape, widening their interests and entering into the political arena by speaking out against current issues. Odyssey By Homer Essay? Hippies brought about environmental awareness. LSD and Rock N’ Roll opened minds creating such popular culture icons as The Jimi Hendrix Experience, The Beatles, Janis Joplin, Bob Dylan and many more who spoke out against discrimination, the Vietnam War, and defended Civil Rights.

As Bob Dylan put it, “The Times, They Are A-Changing.” Indeed they were. Nowadays, students don’t riot anymore. They don’t speak out essays on social and taxation, about issues affecting this and future generations. Students don’t plan mass protests in campuses anymore. Great Essay? The main reason for this is, students have changed.

Demographic charts don’t show the same statistics anymore. And Taxation? Anyone can go to college now. When you enter an English 101 classroom in america culture from image popular short, Florida International University, you don’t see only 18-26 year-olds. You see mothers, you see fathers, you see high-school students. You can even catch grandparents in your own class. This is essays security and taxation, because anyone can go to college now, not because it is more affordable (if that is the case, tuition costs have only increased exponentially), but because education is required for better paying jobs.

In order to get into a good college, high school students take Advanced Placement classes in by homer questions, colleges, have dual enrollment in colleges, or conduct research in college institutions. People that already have degrees go back to school to have a higher degree in on social security and taxation, order to earn more money. Older people may apply into the aforementioned category, but may also go back to college because of structural unemployment, that is, their job or trade is no longer marketable. People used to go to college in order to america culture image edify themselves, and realize themselves as individuals. College used to be a place of professional discovery. Now, having a high-school diploma gets you a job in McDonalds.

In other words, more than the and taxation, educational tool that college once was, college is now thought of mla format header as a “Beurocratic Obstacle” in the process of getting a high-or-medium paid job. The other change, is how people view college. Before, college used to be thought of as students in a classroom that take exams to pass the class. Degrees can now be pursued online, at anyone’s time expense, and money budget. College has now joined the Internet Era. Also, due to the increasing amounts of immigrants entering the country to establish better lives, classrooms are now much more diversified throughout the on social, country. This is america culture from image mirror, especially noteworthy in the big cities, the Mecca of the outspoken. In the end, interests have changed. Since the 60’s, colleges have come a long way.

The demographic landscape has changed, and on social security and taxation so have students’ interests. Though the college experience has changed, as have the cultural and mla format educational values that come with it, college is still a powerful institution in which students from all generations continue their studies and research, and in doing so contribute by benefiting future generations. Barbies on Wall Street: College for the Students’ Sake. During my first few weeks at Vassar, I was a closeted homosexual who only wore dull, frumpy sweatshirts and never said a word. Security And Taxation? But after a while, I met an eclectic bunch of people, never went to bed before one a.m., and spent a few days venturing out to contemporary art galleries in Manhattan. Now I wear pink sweatshirts and talk quite frequently. So as I read Perlstein’s article, I began to research papers about realize how different my experience at Vassar seemed from the dreary, corporatized atmosphere surrounding the University of on social and taxation Chicago, the school where, as a friend of games mine once grimly put it, “fun goes to die.” Sure, many of my peers are career-minded and nearly all are academically resolute, yet there is always a childlike blitheness around campus that never ceases to pull us through even the most stressful pre-examination periods. Indeed, as Perlstein notes, the gap between childhood and college has shortened, but not solely in the sense that, because of the Internet, pre-college students now have more information and ideas at their fingertips than ever before. Despite this, there is essays on social and taxation, still a very genuine, nostalgic attachment to carefree elementary school days that I have noticed not only in Vassar students, but also in my friends at home, many of america from image mirror short whom are still eager to on social security revel in causes of the great, classic Disney movies, immerse themselves in the latest Harry Potter book, or, as a friend and I once decided to do, organize a Barbie party.

But what could all this mean? Have university students just become more puerile since the 1960s and 70s? Probably not, if Perlstein’s account of the University of Chicago’s uncreative, humdrum zeitgeist is accurate. But therein lies my major objection to Perlstein’s article: although it implicitly claims to be a barometer of the current collegiate psyche, its lack of any mention of any other school besides the essays and taxation, University of Chicago (save for the brief allusion to research and term papers about the heady Berkeley campus of 1966 in the introduction) immediately strips itself of that title. Perlstein tries to acknowledge his expository dilemma at one point in the article: “Is their diagnosis [that life at on social and taxation Chicago is “infantilizing” and “emasculating”] a function of college itself today, or just this college? Hamilton Morris told me stories that suggest the former.” Yet the acknowledgment is america culture essay image mirror short, ultimately self-defeating if Perlstein does not report on other institutions as well. Besides, I doubt that Hamilton Morris’s “stories” of frustration with school (notably the one in which his guidance counselor at Chicago curtly notifies him that he is “not right for college” and should drop out) could really suggest the essays on social security, former if all of them deal specifically with the University of Chicago. Even Morris’s classmate’s declaration that “college sucks anyway, so I might as well stay here,” albeit a broad sentiment, is still too subjective to indicate a mass opinion. In all fairness, however, I certainly cannot label Perlstein as myopic without also acknowledging that my own observations of happy-go-lucky university life are innately blinkered, since I only have experience at one institution.

But taking both of our accounts into consideration (and assuming that neither is a completely isolated, atomized instance), something quite telling stems from narrative exercises their contradiction. Campus life may be starkly different between Vassar and Chicago, but Perlstein fails to essays indicate explicitly that it is the students themselves, whether carefree or careerist, who determine the university scene. It is fine to claim that many Chicago students have become “cogs in the organization,” but there is one blaring fact that Perlstein leaves out here these students are not working so diligently for the organization, but for themselves. They may become bleary-eyed and crabby in america culture from popular short, the process, but at least they’re suffering for their own ends. What we have in the modern university student, then, is really an increased self-awareness that is neither necessarily egotistic nor overtly independent. Essays On Social? Too often, students receive admonishments for an apparent social and political lethargy that are founded solely on an unnecessary comparison with the more politically active campuses of the 1960s and america culture image popular 70s. In fact, many schools can still boast a heady political scene the essays on social, old standbys of College Democrats and College Republicans have not gone away, but have been joined by Amnesty International and header ACLU chapters, Habitat for essays, Humanity affiliates, and, at major of the depression essay least at Vassar, campaigns to on social stop the evils of the Coca-Cola Company. Even though the media might not notice, many of us genuinely care about current affairs.

But that does not mean we have to care if we don’t want to, especially in an environment where more of an emphasis is placed on mla format essay individual edification than on social activism. No matter how apathetic and unmotivated it may seem, we can still reserve the right to unabashed political lethargy. The campus as campaign center, part of the “college experience” that Perlstein describes, may have lost its cultural significance, but college students most certainly have not. The populistic phenomena of essays on social and taxation Facebook, YouTube, and the like, although admittedly distracting, indicate a more active desire in college students to essay on value of outdoor games place themselves outside of their university bubbles, if not into the real world, then into the digital one. To post a picture on Facebook or a video on YouTube, regardless of the content, is to on social security fish out a line of hope that someone will notice it.

Although this may seem like a collective case of dependence anxiety, what it actually reveals is a situation of self-advocacy. On Facebook, for instance, one can add friends, join groups, list interests and essay exercises activities, post notes, deliver and receive comments in a sense, network one’s specific traits as an online acquaintance. By no means are modern university students detached from the world beyond the college gates the essays, Internet still holds the possibility of informing us of the current goings-on, but it also allows us to extend ourselves into our own digital personae, mapping out our own spaces on the web. Obviously, we do not go to research papers about pornography college to discover ourselves on the Internet. Yet Perlstein’s distinction between college and essays on social and taxation college, between necessary process and liberating experience, still does not explain why we do. His article implies so much about the contemporary university student’s life the individualization, the culture essay image mirror popular, effects of the Internet, the on social security, shortened childhood-college gap yet it stops short of america image mirror popular short a deeper, broader understanding of the situation. In a sense, the “college experience” has not completely gone away it’s just taken on a different form. We might be a little less naive going into college than were previous students, but we still retain an excitement for our future advancement, whether corporate or creative, that we hope will begin if not in essays on social security, school, then because of it.

Both college and college still remain crucial aspects of modern American life but only if we students get to choose the typeface. Imagine an alternate 2007, one in which John Coltrane is still alive, his tenor’s sheets of sound undiminished despite his advanced age. Imagine that I, only america from mirror popular short a senior in college, have managed to swindle a perennially-stoned beatnik into on social security, surrendering Trane’s cell digits. (To reveal my methods would be to research papers about risk incarceration at the hands of the DEA.) And then imagine that I’ve had every student in essays, my dormitory send him a text message simultaneously, begging him to america culture essay image mirror short give us an impromptu recital and to bring McCoy Tyner along, too. But stop imagining. And Taxation? Because not even the research papers and term, strongest suspension of disbelief could withstand this next part, which requires the geriatric saxophonist to fly into Dulles airport and drive south, past Richmond, to Williamsburg, Va.: home of the essays, College of William #038; Mary, where, no matter how bated our collective breath, an A-list jazz musician will never set foot. And it is not our fault; it’s not because our cinder block lounges have acoustics that would make an on value aesthete’s ears bleed.

Nor is it because heaps of W#038;M’s students fit David Brook’s “organizational student” mold to a T. It’s because of what’s beyond our campus walls, a Williamsburg that conflates two of America’s least stimulating backdrops: suburbia and on social and taxation the tourist trap. Yet I continue to love my college, and causes depression I try not to think about my imminent graduation. Campuses themselves still smack pleasantly of socialist utopian communities. William #038; Mary is a self-contained world. Essays On Social Security And Taxation? Everything is within walking distance; people establish identities to correspond with their names; if we try, whole weeks can pass unburdened by commercial transactions, free of buying and selling. Granted, the line between bucolic intellectual bastion and Ivory Tower is a thin one, but we manage, if barely, to stay on the proper side. Nevertheless, Rick Perlstein is narrative exercises, partially correct: America’s universities struggle to exempt themselves from a consumer culture that’s arguably more endemic than ever before. Even at William #038; Mary, where more than a few students help put the security, “liberal” in “liberal arts,” the would-be radicals have more predictable tastes than their moderate counterparts. Nearly all of major great W#038;M’s hipsters endorse the on social, same political solutions, listen to identical music, wear similar clothing and attend lectures en bloc. The result is a group more homogenous than the america essay from image popular, mainstream, which is, of course, despised for its homogeneity.

Facebook is essays security and taxation, a testament to the average undergraduate’s solipsism; we spend enough time gazing at ourselves. Should the rest of the country join in? Mr. Perlstein decries the lack of on-campus protests, believing that the media would have good reasons to pay attention if picket lines were alive and well. Major Causes Of The Depression? W#038;M has its share of protests, but these, too, seem motivated by narcissism. Like movie stars trumpeting the causes of Africa, students brandishing anti-X and pro-Y signs are motivated by the hope that they will be noticed, not the atrocities they advertise. It’s no wonder Mr. Perlstein thinks that no protesters exist: their efforts are in no way conducive to spreading the word. Staring at such types in coffeehouses, it must be easy to shake one’s head and start searching for genuine revolutionaries elsewhere. But you’re going to have to take my word for it: at essays security and taxation college, there’s still plenty going on behind closed doors, and there’s good reason for the doors to stay closed.

We, like Doug Mitchell, will one day be waxing nostalgic about the uncensored, all-night debates in our lounges, even if we aren’t fortunate enough to have Ralph Ellison as a moderator. Many of us are still asking the Big Questions: do we want to america culture essay image mirror popular live in a country where day-to-day life is characterized by making predictable purchases in uniform environments? How are we to defeat that oft-promulgated corporate lie – money equals happiness – if college becomes nothing more than a prep-school for six-figure careers? Can our urge to educate ourselves and on social others be anything more than elitist, selfish and deluded? Don’t even get me started on of the depression the metaphysical and essays and taxation existential dilemmas. Suffice to say, we’re taking nothing at face value, relishing every moment away from our former stomping grounds. It’s probably difficult to major causes of the great depression essay believe that a place selling itself as “America’s Hottest Small State School,” a place within walking distance of essays on social security colonial reenactors playing to masses of fanny-packed families, has actually cast me into Mr.

Perlstein’s dream-world of “cultural and intellectual tumult,” but it has. Colleges might not “look like that” anymore, but Mr. Perlstein ought to have learned long before his Chicago days that looks can be deceiving. Manicured quads, diversity statistics, micromanaged extracurricular activities: beneath these vestiges of the present-day college system there are still students doing actual learning, complete with all of the enlightening and humanizing discoveries connoted by that term. Why, then, are we so reluctant to come out of the woodwork? I think it’s because we’re still learning, sharpening the necessary tools for mla format essay header, our adult lives.

The individual lust for power is what poisons so much of this country; to seek the spotlight is to seek control, and that’s the opposite security and taxation of what we want. Our goal is to transcend the problem of authority altogether. We’re patient enough to bide our time, willing to concede that our greatest ideological battles will be waged after graduation, instead of before it. If Mr. Perlstein is looking for empirical evidence of our forthcoming brilliance, it’s no surprise that he’s hard-pressed to find it. Questions? We haven’t delivered it yet. Because we’re twenty-something perfectionists, and when we change the world, we want to be positive that we’ll do it right. Let us keep quiet. Let us bicker amongst ourselves for a year or two more, while we’re still blessedly free of responsibilities. After all, the most subversive figures are never the loudmouths. There’s a difference between precocity and overzealousness.

College matters because enough of us are leaving it with the security, more materialistic urges of our high school selves finally dying out. Odyssey By Homer Essay Questions? Even if the “college experience” is at times infantilizing, much of modern life is, and students know that we must change it. It takes at essays security and taxation least four years, but college forces us to face the reality that everyone else is dying to forget: that there is a long term, and that no amount of purchasing power can diffuse its potential bleakness. Forget our propensity to consume. We’re enthralled with our propensity to revise. At college, in college, from college – pick your favorite preposition – capital-I Idealism still thrives. In our 2007, John Coltrane is deceased, yes, but his music still haunts many an iPod. War protests may lack their Vietnam-era gusto, but Tropic of Capricorn has made the leap from blacklists to syllabi. Essay On Value Games? It’s people like ‘Trane and essays and taxation Henry Miller who inspire us to listen, to read, to prepare.

So please, go right ahead: ignore us while you can. Ignore us while you should. In a few short years, we will not let you. I am about to prove Rick Perlstein (What’s the Matter with College?) wrong by using a community college, a liberal arts university outside Boston, and an Ivy League institution as my tools. Essay Writing Exercises? College matters because it is what you make of it. That’s what it has been, that’s what it is, and that’s what it always will be. College, like America, has always included intellectuals, athletes, immigrants, idiots, minorities, artists, loners, losers, corporate robots, counter-culture extremists, creeps, pot smokers, pot dealers, hippies, wanna-be hippies–and a countless number of combinations thereof. Essays Security? I would even argue that college is by homer essay, becoming more of an experience these days, compared to “the” college experience (as though there were only security one) of the 1960s and 1970s (herein referred to as “the 1960s” for brevity’s sake). For those of you who like riddles, figure out causes of the depression essay, how to clothe a basketball coach, a television producer, a talk show host and on social security and taxation my best friend into the same suit at the same time.

Give up? The solution is in Mike Howard, about to by homer essay enter his second year at Gateway Community College. How about a dancer, choreographer, fraternity brother, career center volunteer, freshman orientation volunteer and member of essays on social security and taxation a marketing team for the Rose Art Museum at Brandeis University? Renaissance men–and women–are back! (The second one was me, by the way.) There has always been a debate between the “well-rounded” and “angular,” but in college we see a rise in their mixture, students who do a lot of things but still manage to do them well. I met a Yale graduate who had made money playing poker–and working for the Army. After majoring in philosophy he studied law at a top ten institution in Palo Alto; sorry, forgot the name. “Be all that you can be” might originate from our nation’s military, but it especially resonates with those enrolled in today’s colleges and universities. We college students have different skills, but we have different opinions, too. Even within ourselves.

Not only essay on value of outdoor games does college allow us to express what we think and feel to our classmates, but it also forces us to question our own assumptions and credos. I consider myself a democrat, but I also consider myself a conservative, and essays I also consider myself someone whose positions on gun control, immigration and healthcare have changed as recently as two months ago (yes, even before seeing Sicko). Perlstein, implying that this is no longer the case, discusses how students used to papers about debate issues in their dormitory lounge with no regard to time. Sure students did that, but guess what, we still do. I once had a two-hour debate with a fellow lounger about whether or not the term “Jews for Jesus” is a contradiction. Essays On Social And Taxation? The argument ended only because my opponent needed to finish a final paper. The ideological hybrid that is writing exercises, created within a college atmosphere, and even within many of the students themselves, is and taxation, what makes today’s colleges so… “collegey,” for mla format essay, lack of a better term. Like America, college is a melting pot.

And like a melting pot, it’s hot. No Girls Gone Wild stories here, but I can tell you about the time I wore a Milano cookie bag to the “Less-you-wear/Less-you-pay” dance. Then there was the time one of essays on social my hallmates took pictures of me, wearing only essay header a pair of Super Mario Brothers boxers, handcuffed to essays on social her door. Has college truly lost its role as society’s institution in which boys become men while–perhaps by–acting very awkwardly? I doubt it. As to why my friend owns handcuffs… suffice it to say we shouldn’t judge.

As to why I went along with the plan, let’s remember South Park’s Chef and his sagacious advice: “There’s a time and a place for everything, and it’s college.” I would now like to systematically refute some of Perlstein’s specific claims. “California’s colleges and universities had been instrumental in turning the nation’s biggest state into the world’s fourth biggest economy and an international cultural Mecca.” Any new institution is of outdoor, instrumental in helping the state’s economy, and I’m pretty sure California has always been a cultural Mecca…” “…The point I’m trying to make is that the adventure of going to college consisted of a kind of freedom that you couldn’t imagine until you turned 18, you were no longer under adult control, and you made your own schedule…. This is the most liberating moment Americans have in life.” You’re right, it is. It still is.” “The workplace may be more surprising, and maybe even more creative.” OK, but this has also always been the case. Anything new has its exciting points. Careers are usually filled with new and unique opportunities; those who graduated from college 35 years ago, just like those who graduated in 2007, work in very innovative industries, doing things a lot more creative than getting high all day. Also, anything “may be” the case. Ease up on the equivocation. “The kids do have their own war now, but not much of an anti-war movement.” Neither did they back “when college was college”; they only essays on social and taxation had an anti-draft movement, which would never have been born if it were not for essay from image popular, the all-of-a-sudden involuntariness of our nation’s guardians. “It’s unimaginable now that a gubernatorial race in the nation’s largest state would come down to on social security a debate about what was happening on narrative exercises campus.” That’s true, but it’s also unimaginable that that gubernatorial race came down to it.

“‘…so many people hate it with a passion and on social security don’t leave… People here are so insanely uncreative, and they’re proud of it.'” Um, that’s just an opinion, from just one person, at just a single campus, at on value just this guy’s university, in just his section of the country. Yeah Perlstein, very scientific. Essays On Social Security And Taxation? You make a great name for historians out there. Perhaps you should consult with a sociologist before moving from major depression essay lazy data collection to unfounded conclusions, before embarrassing yourself and your profession. Perlstein mentions that college is nowadays an issue that barely makes the news. How about the student loan scandal involving debt sharks and the U.S.

Dept. of Education? Yeah, it’s kind of a big deal. And finally, not everyone who went to college in the 1960s had the 1960’s college experience. It’s like claiming that everyone during the Vietnam War was a hippie. It’s simply not true. There was, there is, and on social and taxation there always will be a diversity of students, mixed not only in narrative essay writing exercises, terms of their physical and security social characteristics, but also by america image mirror popular short, their different varieties of essays radicalism and the lack thereof. We need not ask, “What’s the matter with college?” The real question is: “What’s the matter with Perlstein?” Ever since I was a young boy my dad loved to tell me stories about the 1960’s.

The more he talked the more I pictured the generation of love as a page in a Dr. Seuss book. He would try his best to explain that people were different then. They were “resonating” as he would put it, or like philosopher Ralph Waldo Emerson said much earlier, every heart vibrates to one iron string. People resonate today. Make no mistake about it. If any generation is capable of intellectual networking it is the Internet generation. But there are definite differences. Not better. Not worse. Just different.

For example, remember the kid in your graduating class who you could tell wasn’t going to fit in with the world of higher education living? Well, now, your child is their roommate. While 40 years ago college was a harbor for special kids with special plans, today the average college kid is by homer questions, enrolled because they know that without a college degree, there are few career opportunities. Essays On Social? Sure, depending on of outdoor a universities academic caliber, climate, and mascot one can expect varying degrees of motivation from the and taxation, student body. By Homer Essay Questions? But the facts ring true year after year when we hear “horror stories” from on social parents of kids that scored perfect SAT scores and mla format essay header maintained straight A’s who were rejected from first choice schools. There are more smart kids now competing for the best jobs and everyone wants their child to be an ‘intellectual.’ 40 years ago, Wall Street was run by college graduates fresh out of school that had earned an MBA and were picked by prominent financial firms.

The booming market meant a pleasant transition from senior in college to stock-slinging financially independent broker. Essays Security? A graduate from business school today would have a significantly more difficult time acquiring that same job even if he graduated with a 4.0 GPA. Odyssey? Excellent grades and exceptional test results would still have to be matched with one smooth talking individual if they planned to find gainful employment straight out of school. On Social And Taxation? Having graduated college is not an edge. It’s a standard. While at narrative exercises one time a college degree represented the more affluent elite searching for academic merit, today a college degree suggests safety. I started a band when I was ten and by the time I was a senior in high school, numerous record labels approached me about touring the country and recording a CD for essays and taxation, online distribution. My mom said, “go to college, earn a degree, then you can do whatever you want.” In hindsight, she was right. Teenagers in college today are not there because they are particularly smart or interested in essay games, engaging higher senses or their intellectual being. They are there because it is the only surefire way to essays security land a six-figure job.

It could best be viewed as a gigantic rat race. Students who are determined to succeed cross the header, finish line at graduation. Others are literally re-defining the finish line by setting their sights on law school, medical school, or any other kind of essays on social and taxation graduate degree. The abundant supply of clever youth has ultimately raised expectations. Many view college as merely an extension of high school, and view graduate school as an extension of america essay from image mirror short college. College students of the 1960’s had to have been stimulated emotionally, artistically, or intellectually. If they didn’t feel any one of those three, didn’t feel like broadening their academic horizons, or simply missed mom’s homemade meatloaf, they could leave. After all, college wasn’t always for everyone. The consequences of walking away were trivial, and at worst, a college dropout would return home to utilize wit, intelligence, good looks, or family connections to on social and taxation find a decent occupation, just like everyone else.

I have one friend my age that isn’t in essay writing, college. On Social And Taxation? He bought himself a Maserati after he started his own business at the age of 17. He also happens to be a nationally top-ranked chess player. I know that people look down on him for having left but the truth is that whenever I had the opportunity to speak with him, it was clear that he was a real thinker–a truly gifted child. He left school one day last semester and never returned. When I asked him why he left school he said, “It wasn’t for him.” People love to essay writing exercises ask what I’m studying in school. Essays Security And Taxation? Their second favorite question is whether the party scene ever distracts me from on value of outdoor games my goal of graduation.

They say, “Do you ever need to on social security and taxation step back from the papers and term, fun and remember why you are there?” They would never have asked that in the 1960’s. College was about the experience, not about on social security and taxation drawing boundaries. If you are looking for a home to from image mirror popular short nurture creative intelligence or spiritual enlightenment, stay away from large colleges and universities. The fact that schools are so filled with kids desperately lunging for the nearest degree, means the essays and taxation, intellectual atmosphere is about as empty as a vacuum. My dad once ended a personal epic 60’s story with “The journey is and term pornography, of far greater importance then the security and taxation, destination”, but not as far as college is concerned. Grow up. Grab a degree. Narrative Writing? Don’t look back. What do John Quincy Adams, Bill Clinton, and more than 200,000 American undergraduates last year have in common? They all studied abroad at foreign universities.

Adams mastered French at a Paris private school and essays and taxation studied in Dutch at the University of Leiden all before he turned 15! He would go on odyssey by homer essay to be one of the most brilliant diplomats in on social and taxation, American history, negotiating the essay on value of outdoor games, end to the War of 1812 with England and persuading Spain to cede control of Florida. Not quite as precocious as Adams, Clinton came to Oxford as a Rhodes Scholar in 1968 at the age of 22. Essays Security And Taxation? His political opponents have criticized Clinton for playing rugby on the lawns of Oxford while other 22 year-olds spilt their blood on the killing fields of Vietnam. And Term Papers Pornography? And Clinton never earned a degree in his two years of essays security and taxation study abroad. But that’s not to say they weren’t worthwhile.

Clinton learned to see the U.S. from a European vantage-point and odyssey by homer questions his heightened sensitivity to international opinion no doubt helped him assemble the NATO coalitions that stopped genocides in Bosnia and Kosovo. Among American presidents, Adams’ and Clinton’s study-abroad experiences are rarities. Essays On Social Security? (John F. Kennedy enrolled at the London School of odyssey by homer essay Economics in 1935, but he fell ill with jaundice and returned to the U.S. without having attended any classes.) Adams’ and Clinton’s worldliness stands in especially stark contrast to the pre-presidency provincialism of George W. Bush, whose only major overseas trip prior to his 40th birthday was a 1975 jaunt to China, where his father was serving as U.S. liaison. But if Adams and on social security Clinton were undergraduates at American universities today, they wouldn’t be the only ones with a panoply of passport stamps. According to narrative exercises the Institute of essays security International Education, the odyssey by homer essay, number of American undergraduates studying abroad has quadrupled in essays on social security and taxation, the last two decades. At several elite universities including Dartmouth, Duke, and Georgetown more than half of undergraduates study abroad during their four years. Goucher College in Maryland now requires that all of its students spend time abroad before they graduate. What does it say about causes of the great depression American colleges that they’re encouraging their students in some cases, requiring their students to on social security and taxation leave campus?

In the mla format essay header, New York Times Magazine last month, writer Rick Perlstein lamented that “college campuses have lost their centrality.” He wasn’t referring to on social study-abroad specifically. But it’s true that the study-abroad phenomenon has made the college campus less “central” to odyssey by homer essay questions the undergraduate experience. Fifteen years after graduating from the University of Chicago, Perlstein reflects on essays on social and taxation his college years, and his most vivid memories come from Sunday neighborhood jazz jam sessions with an ex-Maoist bassist and an ex-beatnik drummer. Fifteen years from now, when I reflect on my college years at Harvard, my most vivid memories won’t come from campus or anywhere close to causes of the essay it. They’ll come from the summer I spent trekking through Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, and Russia as a researcher for a Harvard-affiliated travel guidebook. And Taxation? And they’ll come from the two months I spent in Ecuador on a Harvard teaching fellowship. Perlstein’s friend, an editor named Doug Mitchell, recalls a time when jazz legends like John Coltrane hung out narrative essay writing, with undergrads at Chicago. When I look back at my college years, I won’t remember any star saxophonists.

I’ll think of the Lithuanian widow who wouldn’t let me leave her house until I had finished off a pile of potato pancakes. I’ll think of the Ecuadorian tuna-factory workers who, once their shifts ended, trudged to my nighttime English class in a rundown school-building. I wouldn’t trade places with Doug Mitchell for essays security and taxation, a second. Anyhow, John Coltrane might have been a better saxophonist, but the tuna-factory staff sure could dance salsa. For many undergraduates, study-abroad means missing out research and term papers, Sunday neighborhood jazz jam sessions with ex-Maoist bassists at on social and taxation least for a semester. The study-abroad phenomenon also poses a challenge for campus bands, sports teams, and clubs. Essay Header? What happens to your jazz band when the bassist decides to spend the on social, spring in Beijing? But while study-abroad might detract (ever-so-slightly) from campus life, Perlstein’s portrait of his alma mater seems unrealistically grim.

One interviewee, a disaffected freshman named Hamilton Morris, tells Perlstein that he’s unhappy at University of Chicago but has no plans to leave. “You know: College sucks anyway, so I might as well stay here,” Morris says. Causes Essay? In fact, the data from Chicago suggests the opposite. More than a third of Chicago undergraduates study abroad before graduation, and the number is growing. Fewer and fewer Chicago students are saying that “I might as well stay here.” In his informal survey of students on the Chicago campus, Perlstein is guilty of what my statistics professors would call “sample selection bias.” If what I’m saying is true that for the “study abroad generation,” the most memorable college experiences come off-campus then it’s no surprise that Perlstein detects a certain malaise within University of Chicago’s gates. Essays On Social? If he visited the of the great depression, university’s study-abroad outposts in Cape Town and Kyoto, though, the story certainly would be different. Perlstein declares that “college as America used to understand it is coming to an end.” But for hundreds of Chicago students, and for essays, hundreds of thousands of their peers each year, college is now about coming to understand America through the research papers and term papers about, eyes of an essays security and taxation outsider. Of course, not all of us will become deft diplomats a la Adams and header Clinton.

It’s safe to say that very few participants in study-abroad programs will ever enter politics or government service. But our study-abroad experiences will affect the essays security, way we think, the way we live, and the way we vote. After I saw U.S. immigration policy through the eyes of an Ecuadorian architect who had spent years waiting for a visa, I could never look at our entrance quotas the research, same way again. After I lived in essays on social and taxation, a town whose entire economy was dependent upon duty-free access to tuna markets in the U.S., I could never see trade policy from the same perspective. Essay? More importantly, after living in and taxation, foreign countries, I cannot think about American actions without considering the causes great, way those actions will be perceived abroad. Senator Richard Durbin, D-Ill., who has called on the federal government to security increase its support for of outdoor games, study-abroad programs, told his colleagues last year: “When you travel overseas, you cannot help but be struck by the fact that people in other countries know so much more about us than we know about them.” The generation emerging from security and taxation Goucher and major of the depression essay Georgetown and other institutions today the first “study-abroad generation” might be the first in security and taxation, American history to whom Durbin’s statement does not apply.

In our parents’ generation, there was a “presumption that the campus should be a place radically apart from the rest of society its own ‘city state,'” according to mirror short Perlstein. Essays And Taxation? But the study-abroad generation coming of age in a post-9/11 world knows that even ivory-covered gates can’t insulate campuses entirely. Members of the study-abroad generation might no longer be denizens of their own campus “city states.” Instead, we’re becoming citizens of the world. Why College Matters: A Psychologic Approach. As a rising sophomore at papers papers Yale University I, like many of my friends, cannot wait for the fateful move-in day when I leave my familiar hometown for my home. Though my family and (some) friends may be here, I cannot help but feel like a misplaced chess piece on a checkerboard everything is eerily familiar but no one seems to play by my rules any more. In some sense, I am torn between two homes a reality that all but fellow college students will understand. Yet, I am still unabashedly enthusiastic about my school and college in and taxation, general. After reading Rick Perlstein’s essay What’s the Matter with College? I was viscerally upset.

How could someone question the validity of narrative writing my experience as a college student? Was my experience, my anticipation, really comparable to on social that of my parents or was I merely a cog in america culture image popular, Ivy tower of one of the country’s oldest institutions? In short, had the American college experience changed, and how might I have been duped to not notice the sharp shift in essays on social and taxation, orientation from intellectualism to continuity and market-oriented results? After some thought, I reached the conclusion that the college experience had indeed changed, but neither had I been duped. Many things have changed since I went to college, several of which Mr. Perlstein notes, but the causes depression, most important of essays security and taxation which is the change in atmosphere of narrative exercises colleges and in the students themselves.

My Essential Experience. I once wrote, ironically as the first sentence in on social security, my college application that for me, finding literature was like finding religion. I went on to contend that the term literature, often reserved for essay on value, stuffy works or critic defined ‘classics’, should apply to all the essays security and taxation, written word from Milton to major causes great depression Milne. While literature remains my religion, Yale has become my Vatican. Essays Security? I spent the first year of odyssey essay my college experience enrolled in a freshman-specific intensive humanities program where all three classes. Literature, Historic and Political Thought, and Philosophy were taught by reading and discussing many of the major written works of the western canon. I loved every second of on social security and taxation my reading and, when I wasn’t reading Thucydides or Shakespeare or Kant, I was playing violin in the marching band, arguing at the Yale Student Roundtable, or cavorting on stage in /A Funny Thing Happened/. Yet of all these activities, from the happily spirited marching band to the more relaxed Yale Student Roundtable, my fondest memories of freshman year revolve around the on value of outdoor, common room arguments and intellectual throwdowns I frequently participated in with my friends. We would have late night talks about whether free will existed and who would win in a fight ninjas or pirates. Essays? (Ninjas, as expertly trained assassins and masters of stealth, would conquer the day).

Perhaps I was so upset by Mr. Perlstein’s article because he seems to describe exactly how I have so far experienced college as lost. The Commercialization of College. Begun in 1984 by US News #038; World Report, the numerical rankings of writing individual colleges have changed college from an experience and into a marketable product. If you wonder what I mean consider this turn of phrase, employed jokingly (well, somewhat) on essays security my campus, The only A that matters is the one between the Y and the L. Odyssey Essay? A similar line works for security and taxation, Harvard, and Princetonians need only name drop before getting an essay of outdoor games interview. Essays On Social And Taxation? However, my friend at the Ole’ Miss Honors College, who work just as hard as I do and is just as smart is accorded no such privilege. This arises from the fact that Yale, Harvard, and Princeton are routinely ranked by /US News/ as the top three schools in the country and the University of Mississippi isn’t even given a rank, it is simply listed as third tier. The Stratification of research papers and term about pornography Students. Such a system has drawn out some distinction among students that, until now, have been hidden by social mores and localization. On Social Security And Taxation? As colleges have become more commercial their actual differences are falling into the shadows. Yalies are quite different from Cantabs (Harvard folk) and proud of it.

One article published by the Crimson asks why that is ( The Cult of essay mirror Yale ) and the difference seems to be the students. Yale is essays and taxation, filled, in my experience, with what I call the college student. These studious individuals attend school, with or without a future career goal, for the pleasure of learning. We (I include myself in this happy group) are content to argue and debate and research papers and term about study any range of topics we find interesting, whether or not they will be useful in the future. It is this kind of student that was most prevalent in the Baby Boom generation because many students were first or second generation college graduates in their families.

Sent on security the GI Bill or as a result of a rising prevalence for of outdoor games, middle-class children to attend college they had little or no expectations about what they would do after leaving they were the essays security, pioneers so they bathed in the light of college intellectualism. America Culture Mirror Popular? This culture continued for nearly two decades (and still continues today), but, as college has become an entrenched, expected part of American schooling, two other types of students have arisen. The high school student is the most easily recognizable of these new breeds. These people dislike school because they are work oriented. In the past, when it was more acceptable and on social less damning, these students would have been the ones to finish school after getting a high school diploma. However, now college seems impossible to america culture essay image mirror short avoid so these students attend college and treat it just like high school. This is not good or bad, but merely means that America’s campuses have seen an increase in students who do not seek the intellectual debate Mr. Perlstein associates with the traditional definition of college and instead seek a more fact based, less inquisitorial approach.

The real world student is perhaps the more interesting phenomenon. Now that children are taught to create goals and dreams as early as possible, there has arisen an class of students who, although they might enjoy it, will never slow down to actually experience college. For instance, my friend wants to be a neurosurgeon which requires 4 years of college, 4 years of medical school, and a 7 year residency all with top grades. If he really wants to slice open people’s skulls, he must devote himself to essays on social specific subjects and forego the exploration I so enjoyed in DS. Where I was able to culture essay popular short lap up the humanities and hang out with him in Adv. Freshman Chem, he took only Med school requirements and distributionals. Less Alliteration Bright College Years.

The alma mater of Yale begins with a description Bright College Years with pleasure rife Even as a freshman, I bled Eli blue and can think of no more stirring words than the essays and taxation, end of that song ( For God, for Country, and for Yale! ). But the birth of the goal-oriented real world student and essay header the profession/fact-oriented high school student has led me to essays and taxation realize that college is not all pirates and ninjas. In fact, what I term the Vatican can well be the of outdoor games, halls of high school to another or the playbox of upwardly mobile whatevers (doctors, lawyers, astronauts, etc.). However, it is because of this diversity that college matters. Essays Security And Taxation? Without a buffer between life and the real world, it is the college student who misses out the most but so do the high school student, who misses an opportunity to get four more years of knowledge necessary for his or her job, and mla format essay the real world student, who misses the opportunity to broaden if only security and taxation slightly his or her interests. Papers And Term Pornography? Without college, all of us (students that is) would be a little less fulfilled when it finally came time to clock in for our careers. And hey, without college, I might never have a career since I now plan on essays and taxation being a professor having fallen in love with my intellectual Sistine Chapel. We are there on campus, somewhere.

Look hard enough and you will find us. On Value Of Outdoor Games? You know us well. There we are — walking to class, cell phone in hand, iPod in pocket, conversation in one ear, music in the other. The conversation ends. The phone goes away. And the other headphone takes its place. We are not every student, but we capture an unsettling type.

We are the on social, ones who cut ourselves off from communication, who isolate ourselves from those around us. We are self-creating, self-producing, self-consuming individuals. As we walk to essay header class, we close our ears to security and taxation the words of others and plug into ourselves — into papers and term papers about, the music we choose and the identities we cobble together for ourselves. On Social And Taxation? We know the unalienable rights the Declaration of Independence recognizes — life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness. In college, recognizing we are in papers and term, firm possession of the first two, we devote our attention and energies to exercising the third, and on social we do it on our own.

The reference point is always the self; the guiding principle whatever we think will make us happy; the arbiter of research and term about decision our consent and choice. We hear the on social and taxation, lament often–that we can see outlines of the isolated individuals modernity promised in ourselves and those around us. Essay Popular Short? We who enter lecture halls, pull out our computers, and spend the hour not engaging with the professor’s arguments but instead immersing ourselves in Facebook, MySpace, and Google News, blinking at our computer screens, we may not embody Nietzsche’s Last Man, but we do suggest the Last Man’s deluded self-satisfaction. Our actions express a belief, perhaps unacknowledged, certainly not self-examined, that we have little to learn from the essays and taxation, past and those who lived in it. Progress alone is our teacher. What we perhaps do not recognize is that this idolizing of progress and unreflective consent is limiting our minds, our capacity to study the good, and ultimately our ability to live happy lives. The colleges and universities continue to serve a venerable purpose: beyond education, they show where we are heading and what we are leaving behind. The college is the institution where civilization can attempt to guard culture from progress-obsessed fashion.

It is in the college that we can take the time to guide human passions towards reason, or at the least a more reflective passion. The fashion of our time is self-discovery, followed by narrative writing, self-expression and on social security and taxation self-improvement, and by homer this fashion is on social security and taxation, founded upon narrative essay writing exercises a conviction in the sovereignty of the essays security and taxation, individual and the primacy of exercises consent as a good in itself. The self-satisfied, deliberately disconnected students on campus signal that fashion is creeping over security, culture within the colleges and working a misunderstanding of the philosophy of consent. And we, the students–and the rest of the header, country–should be worried by the foundation upon which we now build. The individual who chooses to alienate himself from society is the logical extension of the essays on social and taxation, theory of social contract in political philosophy, the theory that tells us legitimacy emerges from consent. Narrative Essay Exercises? Social contract theory was founded upon a philosophical myth, the state of essays security nature, which held human beings to be solitary, distrustful creatures not inclined by nature to form communities or engage in politics. We know today from essay science that this view of human nature is false, that we are gregarious, social creatures that come together in communities. We as humans are by nature dependent. Essays On Social And Taxation? But the essay, social contract theory remains strong, and the doctrine of legitimacy-by-consent threatens to bring about something remarkable.

We students can see among us individuals taking themselves out of society and back to the state of nature. What was a philosophical myth is essays security and taxation, becoming an unsettling reality. Those of us who believe that, through the doctrine of the individualized social contract, we are freeing ourselves to bring about a golden age of progress, are in on value of outdoor, fact making a tragic, paradoxical error. Self-satisfaction is a sign of stagnation. On Social And Taxation? It indicates that we believe we already know what is best for us, without need for further reflection. Progress is major causes depression, not actually possible here. Consent and custom alone cannot answer us when we ask, What is good?

Consent alone cannot answer why we should consent in and taxation, the first place, and the philosophy of progress has ironically brought us no further on the question of how we should live. We are in fact more likely to be convinced that there is no answer, and that we should just experiment to find what “works” in this new utilitarian state of nature. We see this in college. The tools we thought would bring us happiness leave us in essay, despair and anger, feeling betrayed by the theory’s promise. We are left as snakes eating our own tails, forever seeking happiness but destroying the grounds and ignoring the means to essays on social and taxation pursue it. The self-defined, self-consuming student is troubling because he does not look outside himself in seeking happiness.

What is good becomes good because he affirms that it is papers about, good, because he consents to on social security and taxation its claim to goodness. If this doctrine of the good continues to grow unchallenged in our minds as we pass through college, our society will begin to see its effects. It is difficult to be confident about public consensus of on value games any kind when consent can be withdrawn at any instant when it no longer seems personally satisfying to an individual. College continues to matter because it provides a space counter to fashion, where students can slow down and nurture a philosophy of life more robust and noble than contract and unreflective consent. The college is the final institution that asks us to decide whether we will devote our lives entirely to ourselves or to others as well.

It asks us to consider Solzhenitsyn’s observation that the on social security, line between good and evil passes through every human heart, and then asks us to choose where in us that line will run. It is when we leave our families, when we feel most like autonomous individuals, that we must be confronted and challenged. America From? When the chances are greatest that our focus will shift to the individual and to unreflective consent, we must reflect on the possibility that there is some external good that we can know and essays security that might guide us in a philosophy of life. The most fundamental learning remains learning to distinguish the good from the bad. How will we know what to do with our treasured individualism if we do not know towards what we should direct our individual energies? The constitution of a state, since at narrative exercises least the time of on social and taxation Aristotle, has meant more than the political regime. It also denotes the character of the causes of the depression essay, state, itself inextricably linked to the character of the people. What a people judges to be good informs all that it does and essays security and taxation defines its character.

It is in college that, in the starkest forms, most of us are confronted with the question of the good and odyssey essay civic character. Essays On Social? Ignoring the question is itself an answer to the question. Our answers will determine the major of the depression, set of futures our world will have. How we continue to grapple with this question will determine which future it is. In July, The Magazine published What's the Matter With College, an essay by the historian Rick Perlstein, online and invited college students across the United States to respond.

Some 600 undergraduates did -- many agreeing with Perlstein's assertion that college as America used to understand it is coming to an end, many dismissing his argument as so much nostalgic pap, still others taking the occasion to critique higher education from an insider's perch. To continue the conversation, we're featuring the winning student essay and four runners-up, and on social and taxation posting another 450 of the entries in and term papers about pornography, a searchable format. (The other entries were withdrawn by their authors or did not follow the contest's rules.)

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(Teaching) Essayist Literacy in the Multimedia World. Abstract: This article presents an argument for the “re-turn” of essayist literacy in multimedia and multiliteracy contexts. For its democratic, pedagogical, and intellectual potential, essayist literacy is too important to be removed from composition curriculum, but it needs to be re-imagined within a diversity of on social and taxation, essay traditions, including the turn toward multimedia writing undertaken in diverse writing classrooms. This article analyzes the of outdoor games findings from a study of one such ‘re-imagined’ essayist literacy unit/assignment in a composition course designed to and taxation, focus on multiliteracies at a research university in the Northeast United States. Douglas Hesse The decline in essayist literacy has been viewed as the decline of knowledge itself. Ron Scollon and Suzanne Scollon. Adam Banks’s chair’s address at the 2015 Conference on great essay College Composition and Communication in Tampa, FL, triggered heated discussion on the place of “the essay” in writing curriculum. In his speech, Banks weighed in on essays on social the status of the essay and declared its promotion to “dominant genre emeritus.” While recognizing the value of “the essay,” Banks wanted to “acknowledge the rise and promotion of many other activities around which writing and essay header, communication can be organized” and urged writing teachers to move past this dominant genre and teach writing in its expanded sense, including “multimodal, multimedia forms of composing.” From Twitter to listservs, writing teachers and scholars reacted to his speech, some interpreting it as a call for the field to abandon the essay, and on social security, others maintaining that Banks was just opposing a mechanical and stilted version of the academic essay, not the genre of the essay itself. For instance, Andrea Lunsford posited that Banks’s speech itself was an essay “in the very best sense of the word” (WPA Listserv), or, as David Green noted, it was “an interesting, exploratory, meditation on a topic through language and symbols” (WPA Listserv).

As these scholars pointed out, Banks was not, in odyssey by homer questions, fact, pitching the idea of sacrificing essayist literacy in all its manifestations; his major issue was with the static five paragraph, thesis-driven, academic textual form that has potential to essays on social, stifle the creative and innovative use of major causes great essay, multiple media/modes, languages, and forms of expression in essays and taxation, variegated forms of header, composing. As Banks’s speech and on social security, the ensuing discussion illustrate, the genre of “the essay” and its place in the writing curriculum is a contentious one. Many scholars argue that essayist literacy should not be removed from composition curriculum since it is odyssey essay, valued for its historical and current role in knowledge production, preservation, organization, and essays on social security and taxation, dissemination; for its flexible form, which can sponsor its writers’ and readers’ space for critical reflections and conversations with other genres and text forms; for its pragmatic function in numerous situations, ranging from the college admission process to a job search; for its humanistic and america mirror, democratic values; and for its merit as the medium of inquiry, argument, or pursuit of on social security and taxation, knowledge (Badley, Hesse, Olson, Bloom, Scollon and Scollon, Heilker, Trimbur). Therefore, as the argument goes, essayist literacy should be given the due space it deserves in composition curriculum. This article considers how we can make essayist literacy instruction and from mirror short, writing assignments steeped in that tradition pertinent to essays, a diverse body of students in this age of multimedia. Narrative Exercises? While some argue for primacy of multimodal composition, sometimes even at the cost of essays and taxation, traditional, print-based essays, others insist on the value of the essay and adherence to its traditional form (Badley, Hesse, Heilker). It is within this context that this study addresses one central question: what does a multimediated essayist literacy look like in a 21st century classroom? In an attempt to explore this question critically, and extensively, I designed a research study of the writing practices of college students that explores how the form we ask students to produce can be re-imagined within diverse essay traditions, multimedia contexts, and students’ multiliteracy practices. Essayist Literacy for a Linguistically and Culturally Diverse Classroom.

The typical essay form our students are being asked to produce now is far removed from the papers papers pornography original notion of essays, essay introduced by Michel de Montaigne and has been challenged by the plural literacy traditions our students bring to the classroom and the increasing trend of multimodal essay composition inside and header, outside the on social security and taxation academy. In the Montaignean sense of the term, subjectivity, pursuit of truth, and exploration characterize an essay, as opposed to causes great depression essay, the objective and neutral tone associated with the current ‘standard’ academic essay. Like Montaigne, many other thinkers and scholars foreground subjectivity, exploration, and the search for truth as the major qualities of an essay. One among them is and taxation, Georg Lukacs, who argues that “[T]he essay . must be an uncertain exploration of received opinion that searches for truth rather than trying to establish it” (qtd in essay header, Paul Heilker’s The Essay 38). Essayists advocating for a Montaignean approach present the essay form as antithetical to science or logic or even the rational order imposed by disciplinary conventions. However, a typical thesis-driven academic essay, Ron Scollon and Suzanne Scollon contend, is a particularly western communication pattern “carefully inculcated through processes of socialization” (9). Therefore, it is wrong to assume that everyone across the world has this same pattern of security and taxation, writing or speaking, as it is not an “automatic outcome of maturation” (9).

Essayist literacy, in on value, that sense, can be seen as a historical and essays on social and taxation, cultural construct of the major great essay Western world. Essays On Social? But Marcia Farr has a different take on the evolution of essayist literacy. Writing? In her view, “[E]ssayist literacy may have arisen as a genre style (Olson, 1977; Scollon Scollon, 1981; Trimbur, 1990), but it currently represents a situational style because it is associated more generally with academic situations (classrooms, academic conferences, public lectures) than specifically with essay writing” (8). Farr makes another striking observation about essayist literacy that, as a Western historical and cultural construct, “[E]ssayist literacy can be understood as one way, or style, of “speaking” among many. Here “speaking” refers to both oral and written uses of language, as it does in Bakhtin’s (1986) work on ‘speech’ genres” (7). If we were to accept Farr’s position on essayist literacy, it raises a critical question: What happens if we teach or attempt to security and taxation, teach this genre of causes of the depression, discourse to a diverse body of students? Heilker states that through this practice we “impose strict limits upon the various discourses students bring to classtheir regional, racial, ethnic, and socioeconomic jargons . ” (55), whereas Linda Brodkey posits that such a practice rejects “minorities and essays on social and taxation, women . as either scholars or subjects” in essay of outdoor, the name of maintaining “the processes of on social security, disinterested, intellectual inquiry (Said 1982)” (13). Farr herself contends that many groups of students are discriminated against as they “use spoken and written language in ways that contrast sharply with the and term pornography implicit model of essays on social and taxation, language use underlying much writing instruction in this country” (5). Our current model of essay from image mirror, instruction privileges some over other groups of students, continues Farr, because “[T]hose who already know and use, at least in some contexts, discourse that resembles this taught model relatively closely have less difficulty learning to produce texts that conform to it than those whose naturally acquired discourse differs from essays and taxation, it” (5). Essay Of Outdoor Games? This implies that students from other cultures and discourse conventions are disadvantaged within the current model of instruction on essayist literacy.

So, while discussing essayist literacy, we should be mindful of the fact that our classrooms are rife with the essays on social security and taxation “multiplicity of discourse styles” which in no way are “deficient versions of the Western European (male) tradition of rational discourse but simply may differ from it in some, though, perhaps not all, ways” (Farr 7). We should also be aware that “reasoning can be carried out and america culture essay from popular, displayed in essays on social, a variety of discourse styles” (Farr 32) across cultures. Essay On Value Of Outdoor Games? As Farr states, “A text that may appear “illogical” through the lenses of essayist literacy may be quite logical when looked at essays on social security and taxation, through other lenses. Major Causes Depression Essay? The logic may become clear (to outsiders) only with an understanding of unstated cultural assumptions” (32). The implication of this for our instruction is security, that “[S]tudents whose ‘ways of speaking’ may differ significantly from the ways of essayist literacy are not taught effectively by america culture essay from popular, instructors who do not understand and appreciate the sociolinguistic repertoire they have brought to the classroom with them” (Farr 33). Hence, the re-imagination of this literacy form and the ways it is being taught to diverse students in composition classes is imperative. Such a re-imagination of essayist literacy, however, entails an integration and incorporation of multimodal and multilingual literacy practices that our students regularly engage in their daily lives, and/or that regularly feature in many contemporary media platforms.

Expanding the genre this way facilitates a more critical understanding of its “traditional” designation as a neutral and objective academic prose form, for it recognizes that this genre is not necessarily a static and stilted text form, but a flexible semiotic mode capable of accommodating multiple media and discourse styles that our students bring with them to on social, our classrooms. Responding to mla format essay header, increasing influence of on social, multimedia technology in students’ literacy practices, Kathleen Blake Yancey argues that we need to re-conceive “composition in a new key.” According to her, such a reconceived notion of composition or writing includes print, but it also includes writing for the screen and an understanding that writing is research and term papers pornography, not just textual but also visual. Yancey’s view of writing reflects Gunther Kress’s ideas of the changing landscape of writing and literacy in this age of multimedia/new media. Kress writes that given the “theoretical change . from linguistics to on social and taxation, semioticsfrom a theory that accounted for language alone to a theory that can account equally well for gesture, speech, image, writing, 3D objects, colour, music and no doubt others” (35-36), the language modes, such as speech and writing should have to essay, be “dealt with semiotically” as they constitute “a part of the essays whole landscape of the many modes available for representation” (36). Jodie Nicotra also speaks of the literacy landscape, but from the point of view of changes in america culture essay image popular short, material technologies of literacy, shedding light on essays on social security and taxation the evolution of literacy and literacy technologies over timefrom orality to writing exercises, writing, from writing to essays, print, and from print to odyssey essay questions, digital media. She explains that digital media technologies are not changing the fact that we write and speak, but only the ways we write and speak.

In following Nicotra’s line of security, argument, it can be said that we and our students still compose, but compose with different media technologies, and this fact challenges the ways we teach our students to compose, as Steven Fraiberg notes: “composition for the twenty-first century requires a shift toward conceptualizing writers as ‘knotworkers’ negotiating complex arrays of languages, texts, tools, objects, symbols, and tropes” (107). Fraiberg argues that writers these days remix multiple modes or media as they “design” composition of different kinds. According to him, as the “flow of content across multiple media platforms” collides, intersects, crisscrosses, and essay, interacts “in unpredictable ways” (Jenkins qtd. in essays on social security and taxation, 107), 21st century writers naturally bring together content from those “multiple media platforms” (107) when they compose texts of diverse sorts, including academic essays. So, one way to challenge the limitations of essayist literacy might be to contextualize it within multiple media platforms that include print, visual, digital, etc. As are multimodal literacy practices, multilingual literacy practices are also integral to our students’ literate lives these days; therefore, essayist literacy needs to take that reality into account as well. There is already a lot written in World Englishes, intercultural communication, as well as in rhetoric and composition about the role of language, language varieties, cultures, and students’ past literacy traditions in shaping students’ current literacy practices. Cynthia L. Selfe and Gail E. Hawisher, for instance, argue that cultural ecologies influence literacy practices, whereas Steven Fraiberg contends that multilingual writing is a design like any other literate practice. Culture From Image? Fraiberg advocates for mashing or the complex blending of multilingualism and multimodality as a new framework for composition (117). In fact, multilingualism and English language varieties (World Englishes) are long held to be great semiotic resources for composition as they contribute to and increase what Selfe calls the bandwidth of semiotic resources for composition by making available all means of persuasion (Selfe, Aurality and Multimodal Composing ). For instance, Yamuna Kachru notes that writers from Outer (countries where English is spoken as a second language) and Expanding Circles (countries where English is spoken as a foreign language) use different rhetorical organizations in essays security and taxation, writing because of “nativization of English” and “Anglicization of indigenous languages” due to writing, increasing “contact between English and local languages” (379). Security And Taxation? Her characterization of textual structures by writers from papers, different places highlights the possibility of the varied literacy traditions our diverse students are likely to bring to our classrooms.

Our students’ plural discourse structures and literacy practices ask us to re-vision our current understanding of essayist literacy and how we teach the essay genre in a globalized writing classroom, informed by multiple languages, modes of representation, and essays on social security, meaning making practices. Essayist Literacy Instruction in the Multimedia Age: A Research Study. It is major causes depression, within this context that this essay addresses the research question: How do students negotiate multiple literaciesincluding essayist literaciesin a 21st century classroom? In an essays security attempt to explore this question critically, and extensively, I designed a research study of the writing practices of college students. For the study, I collected argument essays from unit 2 in my course focused on essayist literacies (see Appendix 1) but situated among assignments that were less traditional and called on multiple literaciesessay reflections, blog posts and responses, portfolios and portfolio reflectionsfrom fourteen student research participants.

I also conducted interviews with each participant immediately after the unit was over. Major Causes Great? In addition, as another set of data, I collected the participants’ literacy narratives from the first unit, along with interviews with students about their literacy traditions. Additional data included my field notes, and curricular artifacts from unit 2, including the unit syllabus, calendar, assignment descriptions, evaluation criteria, class heuristics, and unit objectives. I examined this data in light of on social security and taxation, relevant theoretical insights from scholarship in causes, essayist literacy and other closely connected fieldsintercultural communication, World Englishes, rhetoric and composition, and new media. The research participants for this study included diverse students from my sophomore level writing class in the Spring of 2012one Haitian female, one Mexican male, one Mexican female, one South Korean male, one African American male, one African American female, two Puerto Rican females, one Indian male, two white American females, two white American males, and one mixed race (white and African American) female. My course for this particular class was framed around the idea of multiple literacies, or multiliteracies (New London Group, Schwartz, Lynch and Wysocki) for diverse students in essays security and taxation, this age of globalization and technologies. Mla Format Header? Inspired by Michele Anstey and Geoff Bull’s argument that “Globalization provides a contextual necessity for us to become multiliterate” (175), my course took up multiliteracies in its broader frame, with multiliteracies not only and taxation, encompassing the image mirror short notion of plural literaciessuch as visual, cyber, academic, critical, digital, new media, and essays on social, intercultural, among other kinds of literacies (Kalantzis and Cope; New London Group; Anstey and Bull; Hawisher and Selfe; Selber)but also entailing the mla format ability to interact using multiple Englishes in English speaking contexts and multiple writing/communication styles across cultures and disciplines. In addition, this notion of multiliteracies also encompassed the ability to critically evaluate information and essays security and taxation, resources and to use them ethically across contexts. Papers And Term? In my course, mutliliteracies, therefore, meant a repertoire of creative, critical, reflective and rhetorical skills that students need to successfully navigate the complexities of the globalized world. With regards to essayist literacy, in particular, the essays on social and taxation notion of multiliteracies spoke to students’ acquisition of skills and ability to essay on value of outdoor games, choose, practice, and negotiate different forms and levels of essayist literacy as the writing context or occasion calls for essays on social security them.

In fact, essayist literacy was included in narrative essay writing exercises, my curriculum as a subset of multiliteracies, and and taxation, re-imagined within the context of multiple media, Englishes, languages, and writing styles. Through triangulation and rhetorical analysis of all the data sources, I found a complex negotiation happening in the students’ process of mla format header, essay writing, from topic selection, to essays security, location and evaluation of sources, to adoption of a particular essay form or style. Essay On Value? I also discovered similar negotiation in place with regards to students’ past and present linguistic, cultural and essays on social security, literacy traditions, and their personal and academic ‘selves.’ Even though the degree of negotiation varied across students as expected given their different positionalities (detailed discussion to follow), they nonetheless demonstrated that exploratory and academic essays are not watertight compartments as some scholars tend to maintain, but more flexible. Research? The findings from this study also challenged my assumptions about diverse students’ linguistic and essays on social and taxation, stylistic negotiations during the america culture from mirror popular composing process in English for academic audiences. Based on my prior readings of scholarship in rhetoric and security and taxation, composition, applied linguistics, and literacy studies (Canagarajah; Young; Lu; Pennycook; Horner, Trimbur and research papers pornography, Royster; New London Group), my assumption going into this research was that if provided with an appropriate assignment, instruction, and resources, international multilingual students would negotiate multiple languages, writing styles, essay forms and literacy traditions much more actively and effectively than domestic American students.

But findings from this study complicated that assumption and challenged me to re-evaluate any preconceived notions I had about any group of students. An analysis of student artifacts showed that domestic American students also negotiate, but negotiate differently because their positionalities and negotiating factors are different. Furthermore, American students negotiate slightly different elements to varying degrees than their international multilingual counterparts. As the case studies analyzed below also demonstrate, domestic American students do not negotiate linguistic or cultural differences as complexly as international students while writing in English for American institutions; they nevertheless negotiate, for example, formal and informal tones, personal and academic ‘selves,’ and thesis driven and exploratory essay forms if their composing and research processes are supported with relevant resources and instruction. Thus, on the one hand, this study challenged my assumption about the composing process of some groups of essays on social, students; on essay header the other, it also demonstrated the effectiveness of my pedagogical strategy that students in globalized classrooms (Khadka) should be taught to negotiate a number of factors, such as linguistic, cultural, and on social, stylistic differences, and binaries in essay forms (such as exploratory/thesis-driven, inductive/deductive, alphabetic/multimodal etc.), encouraging them to retain the foundational values of essay, such as ‘personal,’ ‘exploratory’ and ‘situated,’ while being rhetorically persuasive to their intended audiences, including the academic ones. In short, this study showed that students can and essay header, should negotiate multiple literacies, including more traditional print literacies, while taking up essayist literacy in a writing class. The findings from on social security, this study suggest that we can productively foreground negotiation, or shuttling (Canagarajah, Toward ) on multiple fronts of language, culture, dialect, style, and odyssey by homer essay questions, media, as the major goal while teaching essayist literacy in security and taxation, a diverse 21st century writing classroom.

In this study, I made triangulation the central part of analysis because it is america culture from image mirror short, highly valued in qualitative research for essays and taxation its function of cross-verifying interpretations and research findings with additional testimonials. For triangulation, I used multiple sets of datastudent texts, interviews, field notes, curricular artifacts, and relevant insights from multiple interconnected fields of essay on value of outdoor games, studyintercultural communication, World Englishes, new media, globalization, and essays and taxation, rhetoric and composition, which also served as analytical frameworks for my study. Another factor I accounted for in this study is major causes of the great essay, participants’ positionalities in light of the prevailing research theories that a writer’s position in on social security, a context (essay writing context, for instance) is shaped by his or her gender, class, race, culture, language, sexual orientation, religious beliefs, political views, literacy background, and/or personal and professional experiences. Therefore, a particular literacy practice of a writer reflects imprints of his or her positionality. For this specific reason, I examined the implications of positionalities in my diverse student participants’ essayist literacy practice. I collected the details on their positionalities by asking them to compose extended literacy narratives and by america essay from mirror short, conducting follow-up interviews with additional questions around their literate lives in the past and present. I also asked them to reflect on their writing and research process for the argument essay, connecting their rhetorical choices (of persona, tone, style, resources etc.) with purpose and/or with their cultural, literacy, and linguistic traditions. I used all these data in conjunction with other sets of data collected through multiple research methods for the purpose of triangulation, and for analyzing participants’ research and writing process in essays security, this particular assignment. These multiple approaches to mla format, collecting and security, analyzing data helped me to explore and answer my research question: How do students negotiate multiple literaciesincluding essayist literaciesin a 21st century classroom? Taking into consideration interdisciplinary conversations about essayist literacy, and literacy in general, I divided my sophomore-level writing course into research papers pornography, four units focused on the theme of multiliteracies.

I took up multililiteracies as a topic for on social security and taxation the course because it was broad enough to let students choose something they were interested in or wanted to causes of the great depression essay, explore further. I settled on security this topic also because I could teach this course informed by, what I prefer to call, a multiliterate composition pedagogy. Essay Writing? Moreover, multiliteracies as a topic was multifaceted and closely aligned with other productive research areas, such as globalization, information and communication technologies, World Englishes, new media, and intercultural communication. In order to essays on social and taxation, familiarize students with the concept of america culture image popular short, multiliteracies, I had a small set of articles, and videos in essays on social security, my calendar. I assigned them The NCTE’s Definition of 21st Century Literacies ; The New London Group’s A Pedagogy of Multiliteracies: Designing Social Futures ; Howard Gardner’s The Washington Post article: The End of and term papers pornography, Literacy? Don't Stop Reading ; Victoria Department of Education’s Video Series: 1. Considering Multiliteracies and 2. Exploring Multiliteracies; and two YouTube videos: A Vision of on social, Students Today ( and essay of outdoor, Multimedia and Multi-literacies in the Composition Classroom ( The first unit (See Appendix 2 for assignment details) in on social security and taxation, my course was dedicated to header, learning from students about their literacy traditions (literacy narrative assignment) and teaching/practicing critical and visual literacies (rhetorical analysis of a digital artifact project), whereas the third unit was meant to introduce students to on social, the notion of remediation (Bolter and writing exercises, Grusin) with some hands-on training with “repurposing” media (See Appendix 3 for on social security and taxation details on papers about remediation project).

Students were asked to remediate their unit 2 print-based argument essays into web forms in this unit. Security? This particular project was intended to put students to work with multiple media or modalities, introduce them to convergence culture (Jenkins), as well as make them cognizant of the rhetoricity of different media (e.g. website vs. print), or the narrative exercises dynamics of intercultural/interracial communication. Unit four, on essays on social and taxation the other hand, was dedicated to essay, documentary production (See Appendix 4 for details on collaborative documentary film-making project), in which students collaborated in on social, groups of three to produce a movie on essay of outdoor a controversial contemporary topic like Occupy Wall Street, the Trayvon Martin (shooting) case, or the Democratic Movement in the Middle East. While units 1, 3, and 4 were fruitful and interesting for students and me, the unit given relatively more time and space in essays and taxation, the curriculum was the 5-week-long unit 2. This unit was given due importance in recognition of the value of essayist literacy in students’ academic and professional lives, and for its key place in course structure and essay on value, the assignment sequence. While unit 2 culminated in a traditional print-based argument essay, unit 3 activities and its web design projects were built on the foundation laid in unit 2. While designing unit 2 based on essayist literacy in particular and the course itself in and taxation, general, I had to negotiate a number of thingsmy research agenda/s, my program requirements/course learning objectives, current scholarship in essayist literacy and multiliteracies, and my own evolving sense of major of the great, composition curriculum for a diverse classroom.

For instance, I was flexible in source requirements for the essay even though one of the designated outcomes for the course specifically states that the course is essays security, geared toward teaching students to use “library resources” and some methods of on value, primary data collection. With that statement, the course outcome leaves aside popular texts and on social and taxation, many multimedia sources found on the web, so I expanded it to include those kinds of sources as well. This demonstrated that sources, in this age of multimedia, are available in digital mediums as much as they are in print mediums; that information is available in popular sources as much as they are in scholarly sources; that each medium (such as image, text, and sound) has its own unique affordances, and from image mirror short, mediums work more productively in combination than in isolation; that compositions, even essays, now are increasingly multimodal and/or multimedia; and that information abundance is both a boon and bane at the same time. In order to ensure that students actually get acquainted with and use both scholarly and popular sources in different formats, I specified the potential types and essays on social and taxation, number of research papers and term papers about, sources to be used in essays and taxation, the essay, and also provided them with the description of the evaluation process for locating and selecting credible and relevant sources. My assignment description also had specific directions about avoiding too broad topics or research questions while still giving students freedom to choose any issue(s) associated with the course inquirymultiliteracies. Students were specifically asked to narrow their scope for the essay around one or two central research questions on their chosen topic but to “engage the mla format complexities (social, political, ideological, economic, historical) of and current debates about that topic” (Writing Program Outcome). Moreover, I added a separate note regarding English language varieties and styles of writing or literacy traditions on essays the assignment description, aiming to encourage plurality and originality in students’ work. This particular note on language and style was intended to make students aware of the fact that communities across the world compose texts in different styles; they do speak different languages, even if only different varieties of the same language. Additionally, the note on language brought attention to the fact that privileging one language, or language variety over another, or one writing style above another could prove discriminatory to some groups of students, while other groups could feel at home and, as a consequence, may have unintended advantages. Next, I made it clear in the language of the assignment that academic writing, and academic language, is what I value, but that there is no single universal academic writing style or academic language. With that note on World Englishes and plurality of academic writing styles around the odyssey by homer essay world, I negotiated the notion of academic writing articulated in the designated course outcomes while complicating the traditional notion of essayist literacy in the context of globalization and increasing cross-cultural and cross-linguistic interactions.

Academic writing in a general sense is what the Writing Program wants instructors to teach students; the course description says: “WRT [. ] focuses on the rhetorical strategies, practices, and essays security, conventions of critical academic researched writing,” which implies plurality of academic writing with the essay term “conventions,” but neither the course description nor the learning outcomes speak specifically about the form of the essay or the type of sources, or the writing style, or the essays language variety to be used or adopted in the class. The story of narrative exercises, negotiation did not end there; putting together materials and activities for the unit constituted another kind of negotiation. On the one hand, there is and taxation, no denying that a course driven by multiliteracies as an exercises inquiry should reflect ‘multi’ in its course materials and artifacts too, which means the course materials should ideally be an assemblage of texts in multiple media, multiple modalities, and on social security and taxation, multiple forms; on the other hand, this particular unit was dedicated to essayist literacy, which in a traditional sense is print-based literacy. Narrative Essay? There were also programmatic priorities to be mindful of, such as the strong tradition of academic writing instruction in the field. Nonetheless, the negotiation was productive, and ultimately I gathered three videos ( A Vision of Student Today, Multimedia and Multiliteracies in the Composition Classroom, and Epic 2014 ), one online news article (Howard Gardner’s The Washington Post article: The End of Literacy? Don't Stop Reading ), one website (Victoria Department of Education’s multiliteracies web page), three print texts, ( Making an Effective Argument, a chapter from Jack Selzer and Lester Faigley’s Handbook, Good Reasons ; Yamuna Kachru’s book chapter, Speaking and essays and taxation, Writing in World Englishes from The Handbook of World Englishes ; and Sheila J. Ramsey’s journal article, Interactions between North Americans and Japanese: Considerations of culture from mirror, Communication Style ), a set of handouts on different aspects of writing and research (such as narrowing the research focus; locating and evaluating print and Internet sources; textual, visual and multimodal analysis and argumentation; drafting a research proposal; evolving thesis; claim making and synthesizing sources; annotated bibliography; composing, revising and editing process; codemeshing and translanguaging; methods of data collection and analysis; stylistic and linguistic plurality/diversity; dialoguing with sources; and documenting sources), and some sample documents as unit texts. These multiple texts and topics enabled me to essays on social, place essayist literacy within a context of multimedia and multiliteracies.

Case studies of how students responded to such a re-designed essayist literacy unit yielded some interesting findings. I will present some of them here. In the following discussion, I closely look at the data specific to two of my research participants, who I call Sophia and major causes depression, Andre. My analysis is specifically focused on the kinds and degrees of negotiations these participants engaged in their writing and research processes within the context of essayist literacies. Security And Taxation? I particularly examine the moments and instances of negotiation in action with respect to their choice of topics, languages and/or English varieties, their decision on america culture essay image popular “personas” and writing styles, and their determination of essays, sources and forms for their respective essays.

For instance, I analyze how these participants explored and narrowed topics for their research; how they evaluated and selected sources for odyssey by homer their essays; how they settled on writing styles including the use of and taxation, tone, diction, languages and/or English varieties; and how they decided on the form/s for their essays. Research Papers And Term? The analysis organized this way helps to make sense of multiple sets of data and also to examine in detail how or whether students engaged essayist literacy in its expanded sense. In order to frame my analysis better, I use the first course assignmentthe literacy narrativeto contextualize the second unit and to give insight into these participants’ positionalities and previous literacy experiences. Sophia is a Hispanic female student from Puerto Rico. Her alphabetic literacy began with her learning writing and reading in Spanish, her first language. From first grade on, she also started taking English and Math classes. Her computer literacy also began from grade one, although computer intensive classes began in her high school years, around the same time her Internet literacy began. Her literacy narrative details her preliminary literacy education as follows: The first language I started using for writing was Spanish, a year after I also started writing in English.

I began reading in English and Spanish when I was about and taxation five or six years old, yet I have always made use of the English language when it comes to working on a computer. I come from Puerto Rico, making this my first language Spanish, and papers pornography, English my second language. I learned to speak English because my mother and essays security and taxation, grandmother would always play Disney sing along videos and papers papers about pornography, movies for on social me, and the books they bought me were usually in mla format essay, English, so that I was able to learn it more quickly and have a better core or base in this language than what was taught in school. (literacy narrative) In Sophia’s digital literacy learning experience, the hegemony of English is evident; she reports that she has always used English in digital activities even though Spanish is her first language. Essays And Taxation? As an by homer questions English-as-a-second-language speaker, she confesses that she struggles to switch between her first and second language while writing in English: “Having to switch languages back and on social security and taxation, forth also makes my writing experience confusing and limited, if I happen to not know how to write something in specific or the research and term papers pornography way I think of it in Spanish is not ‘the correct way’ to write it in English” (literacy narrative). Here, it is on social security, also important to note that her entire pre-university education was done in Puerto Rico. In her argument essay for great essay unit 2, Sophia discusses the language policy debate in on social security and taxation, Puerto Rico in some length, exploring the larger cultural and header, historical issues associated with this high-stakes topic, and presenting her position on security and taxation the debate. Initially, she had planned to essay, talk about the English language policy in Latin American and essays security, Caribbean countries, but later narrowed her focus to the language policy in Puerto Rico. Writing Exercises? She discusses her narrowing process in her reflection essay:

I had the curiosity of learning about how the English language is essays and taxation, presented and taught in Latin America and essay, the Caribbean, but this topic resulted to be too broad and I was not able to find many good articles or specific books on essays on social security the topic since these countries have a wide range in culture, and narrative writing exercises, laws and policies on language. I had to change my topic and focus of the essay into one specific region and that choice . Essays Security? was the English language in Puerto Rico. My research into her source use found that Sophia used some Spanish language sources. For instance, IV Congress of the papers pornography Spanish Language by Eugenio Besnard-Javaudin, and The Spanish of essays and taxation, Puerto Rico by Centro Virtual Cervantes are sources written in Spanish and available only online. Similarly, The Singularly Strange Story of the causes English Language in Puerto Rico is an online article in essays security, Spanish by Alicia Pousada from Universidad de Puerto Rico. Sophia also used a Spanish print article, Manuel Alvarez Nazario’s Historia de la lengua española en Puerto Rico (History of the Spanish Language in Puerto Rico). Of course, she also had sources that ranged from images to videos in English that were produced within the United States. Mla Format Essay? In that sense, there is diversity in her source use, and her sources come from essays on social and taxation, scholars and publication forums (both print and web) from across borders. As expected, she provides translations of texts cited in languages other than English. Sophia is aware that her native language and culture influenced her writing style.

She says: “because my main language is Spanish . Major Depression? I was translating from Spanish to English, my thoughts, ideas and opinion . I would read books in essays on social and taxation, Spanish and would translate them” (interview). True to her words, she uses some quotes in Spanish in the essay, but provides English translations for them. She begins her essay with an epigraph in Spanish: “Un idioma debe servir como herramienta de paz. Essay On Value Of Outdoor? Nunca para oprimir. Siempre para liberar. Ivelisse Rivera”, which she translates as: “A language should serve as a tool for peace.

Never for oppression. Essays And Taxation? Always for freedom.” Since she is more proficient in Spanish than in essay header, English, she says that she has to “switch languages back and forth,” which makes her “writing experience confusing and limited” (literacy narrative). She also regrets that translation did not come as naturally or sound as good as the original: “translated stuff . does not sound like an English” (interview). This confusion and translingual challenge is reflected in her style. In that sense, even though her essay was submitted in security, English, she actually composed it in Spanish, which suggests that her writing has the style of a Spanish essay. Structurally, Sophia says, Spanish and English essays are different, and of outdoor, she was taught to compose them differently: “Spanish essays begin with an introduction, and they really do not talk much about thesis statement” (interview). Even though she claims that she was taught to write essays in both languages and differently for each one, the organization of her essay is more Spanish-like than English. For instance, at the beginning of her essay she had a long section that traced the historical accounts of and taxation, language policy in essay writing exercises, Puerto Rico: “I provide a summarized history of on social and taxation, Puerto Rico since the essay of outdoor Spanish colonial times until the colonization of the United States and how these various establishments have affected the people of Puerto Rico” (from her essay). Although she states that at the beginning of her essay, she does not give a reason why that historical survey was necessary. On Social Security? Only after that long section follows her thesis, which she reinforces time and research and term papers about pornography, again in the essay except for in the conclusion. Instead of reinforcing or circling back to her claim, she ends her essay with a call to language teachers of Puerto Rico: “Teachers have to work with motivating students to appreciate the Spanish language more and learn it with passion as part of their culture, and essays on social and taxation, also encourage them and odyssey essay, teach that it is and taxation, also important to and term papers about pornography, learn English, and many other languages to expand their knowledge and become better intellectual human beings” (from her essay).

In that sense, her essay has a hybrid structure and conclusion different from conventional western academic essay. Sophia also has a dominant personal voice present in essays security and taxation, the essay that reflects her positionality: “I included my perspective” because “I care about this topic . On Value Of Outdoor? it has directly affected me, my family, my community and everyone around me” (essay reflection). Her strong personal presence in the essay has to and taxation, do with her personal investment in research papers about pornography, the topic: “I personally support the idea of learning another language to expand our horizons, yet it should not be done by force, but because the people actually have an interest and and taxation, a need to essay exercises, be more intellectual in terms of learning the language” (essay). She has an engaged voice in that she directly addresses her audience, for essays and taxation instance, in this excerpt from her essay: “I think that language creates and helps shape the by homer questions culture of essays and taxation, a country or region. When you take away something as unique as language from someone, you are taking away their culture, their identity, their way of expressing without limitation and direction” (essay). Narrative Exercises? In her essay reflection, she makes it clear that her personal presence in on social and taxation, the essay was her deliberate rhetorical choice: “I chose to write about the English Language in papers papers about, Puerto Rico . because it is a topic that I as a Puerto Rican can relate to on social security, and have knowledge of . Papers Papers Pornography? because it has directly affected me, my family, my community and everyone around me” (portfolio reflection). Sophia’s composing process is notable for a number of reasons. As a multilingual writer, she works her way through a number of forces that defined her composing situationassignment requirements, current writing instruction, her multilingual and essays security, multicultural positionality, her past literacy learning (particularly past writing instruction), and her translingual challenges, among others. For instance, she uses an america culture essay image mirror popular short epigraph from a Spanish text and essays security and taxation, also cites a number of sources produced by Spanish-speaking authors outside the Unites States.

Her practice is ideal from a point of view of narrative, integrating multiple sources; it nonetheless raises a number of questions about translation and its complexityhow close to originals are her translations or the translated versions of originals she cites? A monolingual or even a bilingual teacher has no way of assessing translation accuracy unless she or he speaks the essays on social security and taxation same set of research papers pornography, languages that the student speaks, which is a rare coincidence in essays security and taxation, a globalized classroom. Similarly complex is the issue of writing style that she adopts in her essay. She notes that she is aware of the differences in organizational patterns of by homer essay, typical English essays and Spanish essays, yet her essay organization does not reflect her adherence to an English essay writing style. Despite her awareness, she explores and essays on social security and taxation, adopts a style that resonates with her topic, and is intrinsic to her positionality. My goal in this unit/assignment was to encourage students to negotiate writing styles, languages, and media for america culture essay mirror particular audiences and situations. Sophia’s essay is testimony to the fact that she negotiated a number of factors while composing this text for American academic audience, and essays and taxation, her essay form departs from america from image, a traditional thesis-driven academic essay form. Therefore, her case affirms that essayist literacyand traditional print-based assignmentscan also cultivate the on social security same attention to multiplicity as multimedia assignments. In addition, her composing style and essay form serves as a good example of the papers and term papers play of “multiplicity of discourse styles” in a writing class. More importantly, her case supports the essays security and taxation idea that essayist literacy can contribute to the aims of a course based on multiliteracies.

Andre’s first language is English, and he is an African American male student in header, his sophomore year. He notes that his writing began with story composition in essays security, the fifth grade. His intense writing experience, however, began with his international baccalaureate program, where he enrolled in papers about, writing intensive courses. Regarding his overall writing experience, he notes, “I’ve experienced the essays on social security growth in my writing. From the thematic essays in history class to the analysis of novels, I’ve been introduced to the different sides of essay, writing” (literacy narrative).

He is also digitally literate: “Being born in the generation that I am, I was forced to become accustomed to the digital literacy” (literacy narrative). He began his digital literacy with typing and on social security and taxation, video games but later worked up to the complex tasks of essay questions, assembling and disassembling the on social and taxation hardwares of desktop computers. He also learned to research and term papers pornography, work with the essays on social security and taxation Internet soon after. He, however, laments that he is an English monolingual speaker: “I feel like I have a disadvantage. So many people come from different places, and they have two languages or more. Most of my friends speak other languages.

Their mother tongue may be Spanish or French; they come here and learn English, and I feel if I was born somewhere else or have different tongue, I would have two languages” (interview). In his argument essay, Andre explored the relationship between technology and mental capacity with an overarching claim“as technology increases, our mental capacity decreases” (interview). In his reflection, he reveals that he struggled a lot while composing this essay: “I ran into writers block around the 5 th page because I knew the research papers pornography essay wasn’t supporting my thesis. Security? Also, I didn’t have enough sources to help me justify my claims for 10 pages, so that was another reason I was stuck. But once I change my thesis for the better, I was able to find sources for my argument and narrative essay writing exercises, the oppositions” (essay reflection). His strenuous process, including his evolving thesis, shows that he evolved as a person and learned new things in the process of essays security, researching and writing this essay. More importantly, it shows his awareness of the need to interact with multiple sources in order to be able to construct an informed argument.

Andre’s source use is not much different from many other students in the class. He used print sources, such as Plato’s Phaedrus and Ziming Liu’s Reading Behavior in the Digital Environment: Changes in Reading Behavior Over the Past Ten Years, and multimedia sources including some YouTube videos, Rachel Dretzin’s documentary Digital Nation, , and essay from image mirror, some videos on on social security multiliteracies taken from Bill Cope and Mary Kalanztis’ New Learning website. However, when it comes to his writing style, Andre reports that he consciously chose to represent himself, and his topic, in a particular fashion based on his positionality: [F]or writing style, I had to think about how I wanted the tone of the essay to sound, because in unit 1 it was very communicative/funny and it was like to get the audience to mla format essay header, laugh a little bit and security and taxation, this is a research paper, I want it to be stern, I want it to be like this is my voice and this is by homer, what I am saying, you guys should believe this, but also at the same time I did not want to scare the on social reader away. America Culture Essay Image Mirror Short? I want the people to have the and taxation comedic side: a couple jokes, metaphors so that people could actually have fun reading so I combined more of humorous side to what’s really stern and odyssey questions, what an academic paper is all about. On Social? So I leaned more towards my academic part of it, but I was still able to mla format header, slide [in] my humorous side too. (interview) From this excerpt, it becomes apparent that he deliberately chose two different approaches for the two different unit assignments of the on social same course. This also shows that he is mindful of the academic writing situation where a serious approach to odyssey questions, a chosen topic is expected.

That is the reason he moderates his humorous side in the interest of an academic tone. His humorous side, he says, he inherited from his father: “My dad he was always that funny comedic guy . Essays On Social And Taxation? always tells jokes and causes of the great depression, never stops. I put that into essays on social and taxation, my writing and push it a bit too much so which is my downfall, so I got to pull back . because I am serious but my tone could come out as not serious because of the comedy in the paper” (interview). Research Papers? As he claims, his style in essays on social, the argument essay has a fusion of humorous and academic tones. Structurally, however, his essay begins with an epigraph from a popular documentary, Digital Nation, and is organized around subtitles, such as “Introduction,” and mla format essay header, “Decline of Thought.” His thesis in the very first paragraph reads, “As technology increases, our ability to on social security and taxation, think critically suffers” (essay). To support his thesis he offers local as well as global examplesa primary research result and transnational (Korean kids’ addiction to video games) case study. Andre also includes a section devoted to opposing arguments in which he presents some potential arguments that people challenging his claim might present. This clearly shows that he is adhering to the structure of a thesis-driven essay and the traditional strategy of refuting the opposing arguments in order to establish his own point. In that sense, his essay is well organized. Questions? Maintaining the form of a conventional academic essay, he closes his essay by offering a potential solution to the issue he raises and reinforces his claim.

Additionally, throughout the essay, his tone is mostly neutral, detached and formal, yet is on social and taxation, blended well with his ‘humorous side.’ In fact, the by homer only instance where his personal side was brought into the essay was when he mentioned his own writing class to further his argument that technology should complement the human brain, but not rule over it: “The style of teaching is changing. For example in on social, my Writing class at [. ] University, students are requested to blog about readings that are done outside of class” (essay). He argued that blogs, or any other teaching technologies, should facilitate actual interactions in the class, but not substitute for them. Narrative Exercises? Thus, stylistically speaking, his essay is primarily thesis-driven with a slight personal touch. This is significant because he is able to negotiate multiple discourse styles (personal humor with objective academic style, for instance) for a specific rhetorical purpose despite the fact that he is a monolingual writer trained to write in a specific way, and also despite the fact that he is writing a traditional print-based essay. His case demonstrates a more complex view of essayist literacy in practice.

In addition, Andre’s is an interesting example of an essay being a catalyst for the pursuit of knowledge, and its form a carefully crafted style of essays on social and taxation, presenting ideas. As he mentions in his literacy narrative, essay and america culture short, portfolio reflections, and interview with me, his essay writing has been a journey of exploration about a number of interrelated issues pertaining to his topic. His evolving thesis that he describes when talking about his writer’s block speaks to the fact that his essaying was tantamount to essays security and taxation, learning and discovery. His essay form is thesis-drivensomething expected of essay of outdoor, a domestic American student schooled in American academic system all his life, but, in his case, it is something carefully chosen to fit the academic audience. Another interesting thing about his style is that, even within a traditional thesis-driven form, he could incorporate his ‘humorous side’ and some personal reflections, which corroborates the idea that the academic essay is not necessarily a stilted form.

Instead the essay form should be considered malleable to the writer’s rhetorical decisions, as was evident from Andre’s stylistic choice of a particular tone for the essay. These two case studies are not representative of all fourteen research participants in my larger study, let alone of all domestic and international students in American higher education. In the larger study, I found that both domestic American and international multilingual students actively negotiated, though in essays and taxation, different degrees, multiple factors, including languages, dialects, writing styles, tones, essay forms, literacy traditions, and media, while producing their argument essays. Essay Of Outdoor Games? While the particular positionalities of these participants informed the nature and degree of negotiation in essays and taxation, the composing process, this study suggested that foregrounding negotiation of multiple literacies in a writing course or a writing assignment can encourage students’ learning and practice of “multiplicity of narrative essay writing, discourse styles” in a writing class. It would be premature, though, to generalize anything based on the couple of case studies presented above or even based on the findings from the analysis of my entire sample. It could be safe, however, to say that each student writer (research participant for that matter) labored or labors at the crossroads of multiple forces, including language, assignment requirements or expectations, and her/his past literacy practices. This composing situation makes negotiation a skill imperative for each one of our student writers.

Another aspect this study highlights is that writing teachers play an important role in student writers’ learning and practice of “multiplicity of security and taxation, discourse styles,” and america culture essay from mirror popular, skill of negotiation. However, supporting the essays on social and taxation growth of this ability in students involves redesigning both the curricular and pedagogical artifacts we use in or for the class. An essayist literacy unit or assignment is just a case in point, which I redesigned keeping in view the changing student demographics, the complex tradition of academic or essayist literacy, and increasingly multimediated forms of writing inside and outside the academy. This curricular and pedagogical experiment was driven by my conviction that we can no longer overlook the linguistic and cultural diversity in narrative essay writing exercises, our classrooms, nor can we ignore the essays on social security increasing global interactions of people and ideas, and the unprecedented influence of media and technology in our and our students’ literacy practices. In fact, it could be counterproductive for our students, rhetoric and composition as a discipline, and for American academic institutions for us to promote and enforce only the western essayist textual form in our classrooms, for doing so would be tantamount to imposing a norm from one particular culture or context on to the other. It would also mean privileging some groups of students and their stylistic conventions above other groups and their textual conventions. In plain terms, it would be equivalent to adhering to an undemocratic practice, something we should forgo sooner rather than later.

Relinquishing this practice would involve expanding the boundaries of the research and term course, unit, or assignment on essayist literacy in order to essays security, create spaces for multiple languages, multiple media, literacy conventions, and subjectivities or positionalities of the header essayists. However, expanding the boundaries should not be understood to mean the essays sacrifice of basic reading and writing skills in composition classes. Expansion should always be an ‘addition to,’ not a ‘subtraction from,’ what we have been doing in our classes. Of Outdoor? For instance, students in essays and taxation, my class did most of the things students in any traditional writing class would do: critical summary, paraphrasing, critical responses to essay on value games, unit readings and texts, critical source evaluation, synthesis of multiple sources, textual and visual analysis, annotated bibliography, proposal writing, claim-making, evolving thesis, and essays on social security, so on. But they also obtained crucial insights that their positionalities and literacy backgrounds have, or can have, bearing on their literacy practices. This meta-awareness of how multiple factors shape their writing performance benefitted them personally and essay exercises, academically. They could see that their positionalities and on social and taxation, past literacy practices could serve as a reservoir of resources to turn to as and when needed to make their communicative acts, essays for narrative essay writing exercises that matter, rhetorically effective. They also gained the insight that depending on the writing context they might find themselves in, they should even be able to essays, suppress their positionalities and past literacy habits in on value games, order to write in a style and convention of a particular genre in a particular composing situation. Therefore, it is imperative that a course, or unit, on essayist literacy has components of multiple essay forms, multiple writing styles, multiple modes and mediums of writing, and multiple presentation patterns incorporated into it. Security And Taxation? These components contribute to the development of the shuttling abilitythe idea that students should be able to move back and forth between differing essay forms, discourse styles, writing modes, and/or organization patterns, as the writing situation demands. They should even be able to negotiate those forms or styles towards their rhetorical end effective and persuasive arguments and claims on the topic at hand.

Given the value of shuttling ability in the globalized world (and classroom), I foregrounded it even in another assignment in the sequencethe remediation project. The remediation project was an extension to major causes, the argument essay assignment, where students repurposed their print-based essays for different media and on social security, different target audience. They remediated their academic essays into causes essay, web forms, and essays on social, the process involved therein brought into relief the complex relations among media, audience, context, resources, and presentation style. Working on this project, students particularly understood how their rhetorical and stylistic choices are shaped by the consideration of audience, and medium of causes depression essay, delivery. Building further on this thread, the final assignmentthe collaborative documentary projectprovided students with an additional opportunity to reflect on security and taxation and respond to a different composing situation, where a shuttling ability of slightly different sort was called into research papers about pornography, service. Therefore, it would be in the best interest of security, cultivating negotiation or shuttling skill in students to expand the essay from mirror breadth of course materials by situating essayist literacies within the context of multiple media and modalities, multiple languages, and and taxation, multiple literacy traditions. This would essentially mean expanding the narrow bounds of essayist literacy, writing, and essay header, rhetoric and composition as a discipline. In addition, this would mean adopting a global outlook to writing by incorporating into our curriculum, among other things, how writing is essays on social security, done and taught around the causes of the world and how its practice is essays on social and taxation, shifting with the change in writing technologies (Khadka). In broader terms, it all would mean the co-evolution of writing curriculum with multiple technologies, multimedia, and multiple literacy practices around the world. This would also entail larger shifts in the mission of composition classes, discipline of rhetoric and composition, and of American higher education. This would mean making the American academy conducive to the growth and culture essay popular, flourishing of plurality of languages, literacy traditions, and multiple forms and genres of on social security, writing.

Finally, this would mean making composition classes, and the discipline of rhetoric and composition, relevant to students and major of the essay, the world outside the on social academy through substantial transformation in their outlook towards ‘other’ Englishes, ‘other’ languages, ‘other’ writing styles, ‘other’ composition media and narrative essay writing exercises, technologies, and ‘other’ student populations. Appendix 1: Unit 2 Essayist Literacy Assignments. A. 10-12 Pages of Argument Essay on essays security and taxation Course Inquiry. You will investigate an issue, debate, problem, controversy or a question about multiliteracies in relation to other attendant issues, such as globalization, information and communication technologies, World Englishes, new media or intercultural communication in some length and depth. You are required to use primary and secondary, scholarly and popular, and print and digital (online) sources in your essay.

When you research and papers about pornography, develop your argument, you do a number of things simultaneously: extend a conversation, historicize, make a new claim, complicate an existing claim or established fact, find a gap in the studies done, and propose a solution or offer an alternative perspective. As a college-level student writer, you also make moves that academics make in essays on social security, their essays: state your thesis or theses at some points in mla format essay header, the essay, make general or specific claims, and furnish evidences for the claims made. I am aware that it is almost impossible to come up with some grand universal claims or some irrefutable thesis or set of on social security, theses in a paper of odyssey by homer essay, this length, but you can and have to attempt to present a tentative claim or set of claims in this paper corroborated by the data or sources you retrieve through different research methods. Even though it is an academic essay and you might have been schooled to avoid personal in your academic essays, I am open to essays security and taxation, you implicating yourself in the essay i.e. using “I” or bringing in relevant personal narratives or experiences from your life. In other words, your essay should ideally be a combination of personal and academic, experiential and empirical, and facts and essay writing exercises, narratives. A Note about English Varieties and Styles of Writing. As a writing teacher, I am aware that while requiring you to compose academic essay in academic English, I should not privilege one variety of English or one particular literacy tradition over other English varieties or literacy traditions (or writing styles).

So that no one in the class feels discriminated against or underprivileged both linguistically and culturally, I entertain the play of essays security and taxation, English varieties or literacy traditions in and term about, your argument essays within reason. Security And Taxation? No doubt, I want you to compose your essay in academic language, the language that other scholars in the academy use, but I am also cognizant of the fact that there is no single universal academic language across disciplines or cultures. America Culture Popular Short? So, as you attempt to write as or like academic writers, you can bring in security, your local English variety/ies or literacy tradition/s (or writing style/s) if the context demands or allows (e.g. while citing the local sources or authors, while remixing your original writing style with the academic writing style or while offering examples of mla format header, local/different argumentation pattern or information presentation style). I won’t even have a problem with you citing sources in an/other language/s as long as you make the sense clear to and taxation, your audience either through translation/s or discussion/explanation of cited text/s in English. In this paper, you reflect on a number of choices you make during the selection of the major causes of the great essay topic for essays on social your research, while conducting actual research on your chosen topic, while composing the essay, and essay, while revising the essay for or before final submission. You tell your audience why you chose a particular topic or question or debate/controversy you did as well as what research methods you used to collect sources/information/data pertaining to that particular topic. You also tell your audience about your writing processwhen, how and where did you begin your essay? What were the challenges of putting together research data/findings and your experiential/situational dimensions towards proposing or formulating a claim/claims about essays on social security your chosen topic?

How did you decide on the tone, style, language variety or cultural references of your essay? How much time did you spend on composing or revising the draft? Why did you revise if you did? In what way did the assignment description or requirement or grading criteria affect your composition process or the final essay form? What is your overall experience of working on this particular assignment?

Your portfolio should include every thing you do during the process and period of composing your unit 2 essay assignmentclass notes, drafts, sources, interview questions, interview tape or transcription, field notes, class works/ activities, peer review drafts, email exchanges, blogged texts, blog responses etc., and 1 page reflection on portfolio content/s. Appendix 2: Unit 1 Literacy Narrative, and Rhetorical Analysis Assignments. A. Alphabetic and Digital Literacy Narratives: 1000 words. Literacy narrative is composing a story about reading and composing in print and/or digital media. Step 1: Alphabetic Literacy Narrative. Compose your literacy narrative in alphabetsusing letters and words. Consider the following questions as you compose: When and how did you learn to read or compose texts on major causes of the essay papers and on social, (or) screens? What made that learning possibleschools, parents, community centers, relatives or something/somebody else? What language(s) did you first use for reading, writing and/or online activities?

Is English your first language? When and how did you learn to speak, read and write in English? What about computers and the Internet? When and where did you first encounter them? What did you begin with?

What were the programs/applications you began your digital or cyber literacy with? Choose key events/moments in your literate life, and major great depression, carefully organize your narrative around them. You might want to consider these questions as you compose: Where did you stand in security, relation to alphabetic literacy or digital literacy and essay on value games, where are you now? If you speak more than one language, you can write your story in the first language and essays security, then in the second language and mla format essay header, reflect on the difference in the story itself because of the language. You can also talk about literacy in the first language and the second language and the degree of proficiency in each of them. You can also shed light on the cultural or linguistic differences and security and taxation, literate practices or talk about digital divide and literacy learning (for example, English as the default language in computers or access to the Internet or computer programs and digital literacy etc.) if that speaks to your situation. Step 2: Digital Literacy Narrative. Video or audio record the narrative.

Camera on your computer or your phone should be fine. If you don’t have access to camera, talk to games, me. Step 3: Upload the recorded narrative to a computer. Step 4: Submit me both the narratives in and taxation, a CD and/or via email. Appendix 3: Unit 3 Remediation Assignments. A. Causes Essay? Remediation of Argument Essay in Web Form, Presentation, and on social security, Blog Post. Remediation is the incorporation or representation of one medium into another. In their book Remediation: Understanding New Media, J. David Bolter and Richard A. Grusin argue that digital or new media are characterized by remediation because they constantly remediate (present in different media) the essay of outdoor contents from their predecessors such as television, radio, and essays, print journalism (old media). Remediation, however, is not just an essay from adaptation of the old. Sometimes, new media present old media in entirely new ways without any clue to and taxation, the old and only people familiar with both know that remediation is taking place.

And another significant fact about remediation is that it is not that only new media remediate the old but it works both ways. Television screens and newspaper designs these days look more and more like websites with convergence of multiple media and modes in those platforms. Remediation and papers and term papers about, media convergence therefore are the major phenomena characterizing the media and composition landscapes in this time of major technological change. As a tribute and response to this ongoing media and composition trend, in this unit, you will remediate your progression 2 print-based argument essay in a new medium. I encourage you to remediate it in a well-designed web site. The assignment is intended to give you an essays security understanding of relationship among audience, medium, content and style. On Value? Upon completing the assignment, you will see, learn and essays on social and taxation, experience how audience and medium shape the content and style of presentation. Odyssey Essay? It is up to you to decide what media assets you want to use for composition and design ranging from videos, songs, audio interviews, images, alphabetic text (from your argument essay or additional texts), graphics to animations. Only limitation is that all those assets and resources should be rhetorically (effectively) used to essays on social and taxation, represent (remediate) your progression 2 essay, which is to say that you should attempt to present similar argument that you made in your alphabetic argument essay.

Connected with the remediation project, you will also compose and post a 3-page long blog post on your profile in the course site about the narrative essay writing exercises rhetorical situation and composition style, audience factor and security, source and language variety choice, audience and document or web design, and essay header, media and composition patterns or forms. And Taxation? You must consider how the media shape the messages/contents or more explicitly, you must talk about essay header what changed or did not change during your remediation of the unit 2 argument essay, and why. In other words, in your blog post you must engage the dynamics of on social security, media and message, content and research papers and term papers pornography, forms, audience and rhetorical choices. You should also explain your project’s targeted audience, context, and purpose. Appendix 4: Unit 4 Documentary Production Assignments.

A. Collaborative Documentary Film Project, and Presentation. In this unit, you will work collaboratively in a group of 3 and produce 8 to 10 minutes of documentary film. You will choose a movement or event (current or historical) that you find relevant and interesting and that also connects with some aspect of on social security, course theme. Some potential topics could be Occupy Wall Street Movement, social media and odyssey essay, protest (e.g. in Middle East and Africa), gaming and politics, gaming and learning, various civil rights movements (including LGBT issues), indigenous land rights issues etc. You might want to emulate the documentaries on Steve Jobs and Occupy Wall Street Movement we watch together in the class. Your documentary should incorporate a good amount and variety of essays on social and taxation, sourcesalphabetic texts (books, articles, newspaper editorials etc.), audios, videos, still images, among others- and be organically composed. Culture Essay? It should also demonstrate your knowledge or learning of a number of techniques such as handling video camera, still camera, incorporating voice over into security, the film or editing skills.

The juxtaposition of different texts and narrative voice and their organic unity will be the key evaluation criteria for your project. Your project should also reflect your understanding of audience, textual cohesion, and ethical treatment of sources etc. In this paper, your group must reflect on papers papers about each and every choice/decision made during the whole process of documentary production. You might, for instance, talk about the collection or selection of source materials, decision on English variety to be used, narrative voice or work division or other critical dimensions of the process of collaborative research and composition. Anstey, Michele, and essays on social security and taxation, Geoff Bull. Teaching and causes of the, Learning Multiliteracies: Changing Times, Changing Literacies . Newark: International Reading Association, 2006.Print. Badley, Graham. Valuing Essays: Essaying Values. Research in Post-Compulsory Education 15.1 (2010): 103115.

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Composition Forum ISSN: 1522-7502.

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40 Common Pageant Questions and Answers Sample. In what ways do beauty contests help the women? What is the relevance of a beauty pageant in a society? *Beauty contests give women of different cultures and ethnicities all over the world the on social security opportunity to showcase not just their beauty, personality and potentials but also their intelligence in of the depression essay a local, national and on social, international setting. They serve as training grounds for women to gain courage and introduce their different advocacies, especially those who plan to take on key roles in our society, by becoming aware and engaging in social issues and problems. It also helps them learn to effectively express themselves, educate/influence people and become the voices of mla format, hope. *A beauty pageant is essays security, a celebration of beauty. It is an act and america culture image mirror short, a venue to acknowledge and give honor to the beauty God has given us. It is essays on social, also an effective means to campaign for writing exercises, social awareness of different social issues and problems that need our attention since the answers the candidates give serve as pieces of good advice to the concerned public.

Why did you join this pageant? *I joined this pageant to have a sense of security, achievement and fulfillment. Likewise, the excitement I may experience and memories I make here are beyond measure in worth for widening my social horizon and understanding of people. *(My primary reason for joining this pageant is to develop and games, boost my self-esteem. Likewise,) it is a great privilege and honor to become one of the candidates for (Name of pageant) since the organization will be helping the charities and advocacies of our choosing by on social, assisting us in promoting them through the organization’s various programs and activities. How do you see yourself fifteen years from now? (Case to Case Basis) Who is the most influential person in narrative essay your life? The most influential person in my life is my mom. My mother is exactly who I want to be like in the future: kind, compassionate and a true epitome of a God-fearing woman. On Social And Taxation? She is an inspiration and a blessing for me and for major of the great depression, others who know her. Who is that one influential person you want to meet and what do you want to learn from him/her? I would like to meet the pope. Since he has profound wisdom, I would like to know what his opinion or belief is on on social security what matters most in life.

Being a Man of God, I would also like to ask for his prayers for our place, the people of (Place of pageant), and the less fortunate. If you won in a lottery for millions of pesos, what would you do with it? If I won millions of pesos in a lottery, I would use it as capital to america culture essay popular short start a small business. Essays On Social? What is good about papers pornography, starting a microenterprise is that it is not a one-time deal. If in case it turns out to be a good business and expansion is necessary, I would easily be able to do so and help more people by hiring them. Essays Security And Taxation? If you had to live your life all over again, what part of odyssey, your life would you change? None, I would not change a single scene in my life. I am me because of essays security and taxation, what I have been through. Changing any part of my life automatically changes what defines me as a person, and essay questions, I do not want that to happen. If you were given the chance to live again, what would it be?

If I were given the chance to live again, I would still be me. I know that there is a work in this world that I alone could do. There is a space in this world that I alone could fill. There is on social security, a sound that I alone could make. There are people who would miss me if I am not around. That is why if given the papers pornography chance to live again, I would still be me.

If you were given the chance to security change something from the past, what would it be? *If I were given the chance to change something from the essay past, I would change the time when Masbate was wrecked by super typhoon Yolanda. I think everybody knows what had happened there and no one would ever dare go back to that nightmare except to change the past for the better. *I would not change anything from the past. The society we live in and the person we are today are products of our past. The past is something to and taxation be cherished whether it be sad or happy. It is full of lessons and insights that we use today to see what lies ahead. Essay? It is a part of history that must be respected and treated as a clue to success and progress. *If I were given the chance to change an episode in the past, I would not permit for essays, World War I and on value, II to happen.

I think that nobody deserves to undergo the nightmare of those fateful years, no one deserved to die and no children of the past deserved to be subjected to so much sadness and horror. If you have a magic wand, what is the one thing you would ask for, and why? If God will grant you one wish, what would it be? *If God will grant me a wish, I would ask that no one in this world should ever go hungry because of essays on social security and taxation, financial deprivation and social depression. Of Outdoor Games? It is an awful fact to accept that while the world is busy keeping up with luxury and innovation, there are still thousands of faceless beggars out on essays security the cold streets begging for alms. Essay Of Outdoor Games? *I would wish for the universal brotherhood and sisterhood of all of humanity. To eradicate the and taxation barriers of culture and language, to become one solid country of the world, to share one universal truth, and become united children of One God. *I wish that contentment would become an innate part of humanity so that hatred and greed will totally be over for us to have a peaceful world. *I would like to wish for the betterment of all humanity with just a simple word – understanding.

Even with all the conflicts that the human race is experiencing, if we have complete understanding of each other’s feelings and needs, I am sure that we’ll be able to attain a peaceful and abundant life. *If God would grant me one wish, I would gladly volunteer to be His instrument to bring change in this world. Odyssey? We see nothing but evil, suffering, grief and essays, sadness. This is not what the Lord wants. Thus, I would wish for myself to become His tool – a catalyst of mla format essay, change in order to essays on social and taxation help people change, and I believe that with His will and guidance, change can be within our grasp. Thank you. *If God will give me or grant me one gift or wish then, I would ask just as the Christian song does. Of The Essay? “If there’s one gift I ask of you Lord, it would be peace here on earth, as gentle as your children’s laughter all around, all around.” That, is all I want to wish from God. (If the candidate has a good voice quality) What is your edge over the other candidates?

I have very supportive parents who have always been there all the way as not all girls who join pageants are actually supported by their parents. Essays And Taxation? Aside from that, I have prepared very well for essay on value of outdoor, this contest and I am ready and equipped with all that it takes to be (Name of pageant). What can be your greatest contribution to the community? The greatest contribution I can give the community is to join clean and green projects, charity missions, livelihood seminars and essays on social security and taxation, pageants like this which endeavor for the development of odyssey by homer questions, one’s personality, confidence, self–esteem and other skills which help someone achieve his or her goals and be able to be of use to and taxation the community as a future professional, a public servant, or an narrative writing entrepreneur. What will be your contribution to essays on social mitigate global warming? I think I should be more than willing to join any green revolution or green movement seminars in educating the public on caring for and saving the environment.

I would use social networking sites like Twitter, Facebook, and YouTube for fast dissemination of information to the public, and become a role model for the clean and green movement. What do you like most about yourself? How would you describe your own personality? *I am an optimistic person. I look at things in by homer questions a positive way, thinking that the glass is half-full rather than half-empty. God has taught us how to trust in Him and so I have.

And that is the best and on social security and taxation, what I like most about myself. Mla Format? *What I like most about myself is that I am lighthearted and simple. I can stay and look charming and sweet even in unpleasant situations. I am also a simple person with simple and clear ambitions like finishing my studies, having a good family in the future, and contributing even a little in and taxation our society. *I am contended with what God has given unto me. I do not regret being softhearted but rather like it the most. About Pornography? For though some may abuse it, I am always glad to have extended my hand to help others. What is essays and taxation, your philosophy or value that you hold dearest in life? My philosophy in life is to stay morally upright despite the prevalence of immoral acts in our society; to essay respect and gain respect; to become a friend to everyone and be able to help other people. With that, I would be presentable in essays the eyes of mla format essay header, my friends, my family and especially to God. To whose famous personality do you find yourself parallel with?

I look up to the most able, intelligent, fearless woman and most qualified president we never had (Philippines) – Senator Meriam Defensor-Santiago. She is the epitome of a woman who deserves all the respect the universe could ever give. That would be all thank you. What do you think is the essence of winning this pageant? The essence of winning this pageant is for the people of security, (Place of pageant) to have a perfect point of reflection as to mla format essay header the kind of person who can best represent the city as (state the vision or mission of the pageant sponsor) How could you convince the audience and the judges that you deserve the title? I could convince the on social security audience and the board of judges that I deserve the title (Name of pageant) by showing just how truly willing I am to help in the pageant’s cause and becoming the face and the voice of the advocacy and charity I represent. If you will be winning the crown tonight, what will be the very first thing you will do? *If I will be crowned tonight as (Title of mla format essay, pageant), the very first thing that I will do is to thank God. Nothing could be more important than offering my achievements and thanking God who is the real source of on social security, all things beautiful. *Whatever the result maybe, I owe much to the Lord that I am here tonight.

There is no greater praise than to glorify and thank Him not just tomorrow but every day of my life. What do you think is the greatest environmental problem today? *The greatest environmental problem today is the depletion of the ozone layer. This is irreversible and will cause a rise in temperature that will melt polar ice caps resulting to the dramatic rise of sea levels which can be threatening to millions of people globally. Diseases may also be derived from odyssey by homer overexposure from the sun. *I think the greatest environmental problem we have today is the kind of pollution that technology, progress, and population produce – waste management problems. It has become a perennial problem to the different cities and countries trying to security solve and search for america essay from mirror popular short, a place to dump tons and tons of their waste. What is the essence of a woman?

The essence of being a woman is to complete the very existence and meaning of life: to become a mother who is able to shape her child/children into good people who will be future caretakers of the society and the world. To make life a little easier, more comfortable, colorful and essays, happier than it already is. What constitutes true beauty? A beauty queen is not just a beautiful woman, but also a beautiful person. A beauty queen has the traits of true beauty that is anything towards the likeliness of God. It constitutes cleanliness of america image mirror short, body and spirit, purity of heart and soul, and essays security, goodness of actions and mirror popular short, deeds. What is the most important lesson your mother has taught you? *I believe success is not actually measured by greatness, honor or power. Security? For me, “success” is when you are able to hold on to what is right even if the world compromises with the “wrong”; able to live, enjoy and inspire people to continue living with upright morals and to never stop achieving their dreams no matter how hard it is. *Success is when you do every little thing with God and for God without hurting anybody’s feelings. If you did not make it to this contest, what would you do?

If I did not make it to this contest, I would pursue harder to achieve my dreams, continue improving myself and become an inspiration and an epitome of a person who perfects herself by welcoming all opportunities and challenges that come her way. What has been your greatest achievement? What is the best thing that happened to you? *My greatest achievement is becoming a candidate for this pageant. I believe that this is but proof of how dignified and papers about, decent I can present myself before the public. Plus, the essays on social committee has been very selective during the screening and of outdoor games, I did have doubts on whether or not I can make it.

Being on on social their final roster of candidates is by homer essay, already more than enough for essays on social, me. *The greatest accomplishment I can own at the moment is myself. Who and mla format header, what I am now is a product of the lessons and sacrifices of essays on social and taxation, my past and present. I have become the best version of myself with God’s grace and will continue to be, for what is within me is His gift to odyssey essay questions me and whatever good I do with it is my gift to security and taxation God. Culture Essay Image Popular? If there is one thing you can do to change the world, what will it be? *I will not change anything. The world is not yet an awful abode. It is on social security and taxation, still a beautiful place where beautiful people can live. The world may have problems and america culture essay mirror popular short, challenges but God has the best plan for us. I still believe that people are good deep inside their hearts where Jesus live. And because of that, I would not change anything but would rather be thankful to God. Security And Taxation? What are the sacrifices you have made for this pageant?

Some may think that time, effort and endless hours of training may be one’s sacrifices in joining pageants. And Term About? For me, these are but necessary investments one must be able to on social make and header, forego to be able to triumph contests such as this. Besides, the colorful experiences and on social security, unforgettable memories, confidence and friends I have gained through the competition are worth more than everything that I had to give up or sacrifice. For me, being “simple” means finishing my studies, having a good and happy family; living, accepting, and enjoying life as we share our blessings to other people. What bothers you most about and term papers about pornography, what is happening in the country today? Our government leaders have been so busy forging foreign relations, law-making, politics, and solving graft and corruption cases, while millions of (Nationality) are struggling to security and taxation provide food for papers papers about, their families during meal time. Essays On Social? I believe that the government needs to be more concerned with those poor families and the less fortunate in our country above all else. Major Causes Of The Essay? I think eradicating poverty should be prioritized by our leaders and the government. What is your favorite body part?

My favorite body part are my hands since they are very important to the purpose I wish to essays serve. They are the mla format header primary body part I use to extend help to someone and the very asset I use towards the accomplishment of my goals. Security And Taxation? If you will make an instant change to america essay image mirror popular our planet, what would it be, why? If you would (invent one thing) be a thing, what would it be? (lf I were to invent one thing-) (If I were to be a thing), I want to be something that would bring back the original count of and taxation, ozone molecules. Ozone depletion is irreversible in nature causing global warming and climate change which killed thousands of people through super typhoons, tsunami, skin cancer, and excessive heat or coldness. (Optional: It also killed most of our adults and caused for weak newborns in other countries.) Who do you think is the sexiest man alive today? *I find the First U.S. Black President Barack Obama as the sexiest man alive. He is an affirmation that denied rights, gender, race, creed, or even sexual preference is an outdated idea. Odyssey Questions? His victory is a proof that reason can conquer hatred, and maturity can replace prejudice and essays on social and taxation, has given us a great leap and narrative, awakening. And because of that, he has been the apple of the eye of the people in every corner of the world. *I think Many Pacquiao is the sexiest man alive today for he has given our country and the Filipino people much honor, pride and glory not for essays, just a year but a decade of essay, fights that would never be forgotten into the hearts of every Filipino and into the eyes of the world that “We – the Filipinos can”. (For Filipino beauty contestants only) For me, a “winner” is essays on social, a person who has learned and realized most of life’s lessons; was able to respect and gain others’ respect; has become a friend to america culture essay mirror popular short everyone and was able to help other people.

That is a “winner” for me. If you are a leader, how will you make a difference? How will you make a difference in this world? If you are given the chance to be a leader, what do you think is the on social and taxation best project? *Being a leader, I can make a difference by research papers and term pornography, promoting, helping, and essays on social security, asking different organizations and mla format header, the government to spearhead more livelihood training programs that would enhance the entrepreneurial skills of the people, plus the development of essays security, hospitals that cater to the needs of the sick. With that, employment will be provided and a healthy world will be built. Through these two projects, we could lessen poverty, and prevent and cure illnesses. *If I were given a chance to be a leader, I would opt to launch more entrepreneurial and business projects. I believe that equipping the people to become entrepreneurs would create in them a positive outlook in mla format life, alleviate the unemployment rate in the country and help in solving the crisis in on social and taxation the economy. If you would be isolated in an island, and given the of the great depression essay chance to bring 3 things, what would it be? If I were to be isolated in an island and given the chance to bring three things, I would bring a lighter, a bible and my eyeglasses.

The lighter will be used in making fire for survival. The bible will be for my spiritual enlightenment. And finally, the eyeglasses will save me for when my eyesight starts to security fail. It is not advise to memorize answers in pageants but the above questions and answers will surely give you enough idea on how to handle questions. Gau Callanta Jr. is a beauty pageant walk and research and term, talk trainer.

He teaches proper walking posture, speed ambiance, head eye movements, stage strategies, and on how to answer pageant questions. Contact him for training (Dagupan City, Pangasinan, Philippines.) or purchase his PDF pageant question and essays on social, answer reviewer and manual by texting at odyssey by homer (+63) 920 236 7033 or at (+63) 956 864 3925 View all posts by security, gaucallantajr.

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essays on essays on social security, acts 7 I can’t help it. When I read this chapter in the Book of Acts I think of the essay image short, Sorcerer’s Apprentice—Walt Disney’s version. I see Mickey Mouse as the sorcerer’s apprentice, using magic powers to do his work. And then, when Mickey tries to put an end to it, it only grows and grows. So it is with the gospel. Jesus came to Israel as her Messiah.

There was a moment in on social security time when Jesus’ kingdom appeared to be appealing, but it wasn’t long before Israel’s leaders decided they wanted to have nothing to do with Jesus or with His kind of kingdom. Finally, they succeeded in putting Him to games death. “That’s that!,” they must have said to one another. But that wasn’t it. First of all; there was the problem of the empty tomb. Then there was the essays on social security, problem of the apostles, transformed by Pentecost. And now, there was the problem of a well-known beggar, crippled for more than forty years, who was healed in the name of research Jesus, the One the on social, Jews of essay writing Jerusalem rejected and put to death. The harder they tried to “lay to rest” Jesus of essays security Nazareth, His claims and narrative writing exercises His teachings, the more the matter multiplied. The story really begins at essays and taxation Pentecost, when the Spirit of odyssey by homer essay questions God was poured out on at least the apostles, and on social perhaps other saints too.

Filled with the power of the essay of outdoor games, Spirit, Peter and John were on their way to the temple to pray, at 3:00 in the afternoon. As they approached the temple gate, the gate called “ Beautiful,” they encountered a man being carried to the gate on a stretcher, a man born lame, over forty years before. This man asked for money, but he received much more. In the essays on social security, name of Jesus of essay mirror short Nazareth, Peter instructed the man to get up and walk. The spectacle of this man clinging to Peter and John, following them as they walked, leaping and walking and praising God, caused a large crowd to essays and taxation gather. Peter preached to research papers and term about pornography this crowd, giving the gospel but not fully concluding, when a party of temple guards came up and arrested them.

And this is where our story takes up—in chapter 4 of the security, Book of Acts. The structure of our text, in its context, can be outlined as follows: The healing of the lame man—3:1-10 The proclamation of the gospel—3:11-26 The results of Peter’s preaching—4:1-4 The trial of Peter and John—4:5-22 The response of the church to by homer essay persecution—4:23-31. Our approach to this text will be to consider the results, positive and negative, of the miracle and of the message of Peter as described in verses 1-4. On Social! We will then try to analyze the opposition to causes depression essay Peter and John and the response of these apostles to their accusors. Then we will consider the response of the church (or at least to those who gathered with Peter and John) to this opposition. Finally, we shall seek to and taxation determine the meaning and the application of these things to our own Christian experience today. the Miracle and the Message.

And as they were speaking to the people, the priests and the captain of the temple guard, and the Sadducees, came upon them, 2 being greatly disturbed 27 because they were teaching the people and proclaiming in Jesus the resurrection from the dead. 3 And they laid hands on them, and put them in jail until the next day, for it was already evening. 4 But many of those who had heard the message believed; and the number of the men came to be about five thousand. As they 28 were speaking, the captain of the temple police 29 and header some of his men 30 arrived 31 and abruptly led Peter and John off to jail for the night. The trial was held the next day. Peter and John were brought before the Sanhedrin, 32 the highest Jewish civil and on social and taxation religious court in the land. Research Papers And Term Papers Pornography! This should signal us to the importance of this incident and to the intensity of the opposition. Several features of on social security this opposition from the of the depression, Jewish leaders need to be noted. First, the opposition comes from the highest, most powerful civil and political body of the essays security, Jews. That which the Jewish leaders oppose is of such import that they employ the efforts of the Sanhedrin to resist it.

Second, it is an opposition focused, for the time being, on the apostles, and specifically on Peter and John. Only these two apostles were arrested 33 and brought to culture from image popular short trial the following day. On Social! Third, Luke tells us the real reason for the arrest of Peter and John: they were teaching. They were teaching the essay of outdoor, people, Luke tells us. They were teaching them in the temple. And, they were teaching as their doctrine the resurrection of the dead through the person of Jesus of Nazareth, the One Whom they had rejected and put to death. Teaching was regarded as the right possessed only by themselves or at least “franchised” by them to those whom they approved, those who had been trained by them and whose teaching would be acceptable to them. Peter and John were not accredited by them, and yet they were teaching in the temple—their turf—and they were teaching the people, the essays, masses. The ability to on value of outdoor control men has always been based upon the ability to endoctrinate them.

34 For the people to be taught by someone other than themselves, and to be taught something different from essays on social security and taxation that which they taught, was to lose control of their power over on value the masses. This was a great threat to them. And this teaching was surely opposed to their doctrine. They had rejected Jesus as the true Messiah. They had finally convinced the masses that Jesus was a fraud so that the security, masses cried out for Jesus’ crucifixion.

They knew that Jesus had promised He would rise from the dead (cf. Matthew 27:62-64) and that this would be the “sign” which would prove He was who He claimed to be (cf. Matthew 12:39-42). They had been unable to satisfactorily explain the empty tomb of Jesus, and essay now they could not explain the healing of the essays on social security, lame man in Jesus’ name. For the disciples to causes teach a resurrection from the dead through Jesus was to teach that the Jewish leaders had been wrong—dead wrong. The fourth characteristic of the security and taxation, opposition to essay from Peter and John is closely related: those who carried the torch of opposition to the gospel change from the Pharisees in the Gospels to the Sadducees 35 in on social security Acts. 36 If all the Jewish leaders of the nation resisted and essay on value rejected the resurrection of essays security and taxation Jesus in particular, many of these leaders rejected the doctrine of the resurrection of the dead in essay writing any form.

The Pharisees rejected the resurrection of Jesus, for on social and taxation this would have proven them wrong, but they at least held to this doctrine in principle. America Culture Essay Image Mirror Popular Short! The Sadducees rejected the resurrection of the on social and taxation, dead in general and in total. The Pharisees were the “pit bulls,” who were given a long leash by the Jewish leaders so that they persistently attacked, accused, and challenged Jesus at every point. Major Causes Of The Depression! But now the Pharisees become virtually invisible and silent. Now, it is the Sadducees who take up the torch of the on social security, opposition. The “marriage” of the Pharisees and the Sadducees was short-lived, lasting only long enough for this coalition to narrative essay writing exercises put Jesus to essays on social death. But now, after His death (and resurrection!), the Pharisees have a falling out.

They seem to have lost heart. They will shortly turn to their former animosity and opposition to the Sadducees, as can be seen later on in Acts: But perceiving that one part were Sadducees and major causes of the essay the other Pharisees, Paul began crying out in the Council, “Brethren, I am a Pharisee, a son of Pharisees; I am on trial for the hope and resurrection of the dead!” And as he said this, there arose a dissension between the Pharisees and essays Sadducees; and and term about pornography the assembly was divided. For the Sadducees say that there is no resurrection, nor an angel, nor a spirit; but the Pharisees acknowledge them all. And there arose a great uproar; and some of the scribes of the Pharisaic party stood up and began to argue heatedly, saying, “We find nothing wrong with this man; suppose a spirit or an security, angel has spoken to him?” (Acts 23:6-9). Fifth, the opposition of the Jewish leaders was a continuation and extension of their opposition to Jesus, though they may not have immediately recognized it as such. Jesus told His disciples there would persecution and resistance to and term about their proclamation of the gospel: “If you were of the world, the world would love its own; but because you are not of the essays on social security, world, but I chose you out of the world, therefore the world hates you.

Remember the word that I said to papers and term you, ‘A slave is on social security, not greater than his master.’ If they persecuted Me, they will also persecute you; if they kept My word, they will keep yours also. But all these things they will do to you for My name’s sake, because they do not know the One who sent Me” (John 15:18-21). “And when they bring you before the synagogues and major causes great essay the rulers and the authorities, do not become anxious about how or what you should say; for and taxation the Holy Spirit will teach you in exercises that very hour what you ought to say” (Luke 12:11-12). “But before all these things, they will lay their hands on on social, you and will persecute you, delivering you to the synagogues and narrative essay writing exercises prisons, bringing you before kings and governors for My name’s sake. It will lead to an opportunity for your testimony. Essays On Social And Taxation! So make up your minds not to prepare beforehand to defend yourselves; for I will give you utterance and wisdom which none of your opponents will be able to odyssey resist or refute” (Luke 21:12-15). Because of this, there are, as we might expect, distinct parallels between the response of these leaders to essays on social Jesus and their response to odyssey questions the apostles as we find in our text. Note some of these parallels: (1) Jesus, due to His teaching and miracles, was enthusiastically received by the masses, which quickly led to jealousy and on social security and taxation reaction by the Jewish leaders (compare Matthew 5:1ff.; 8:1-17; Mark 1 with Acts 2:43, 47; 3:11; 4:2).

(2) These leaders began to accuse and to attack Jesus, especially pertaining to essay of outdoor His authority and teaching (compare Matthew 9:2-3; 21:23 with Acts 4:7). (3) The Jewish leaders were accused of sin and essays security and taxation misleading the people (Matthew chapters 5-7 and 23 with Acts 3:17; 4:11). (4) The religious leaders were especially indignant and finally took action when Jesus “took possession of the temple,” teaching and healing people there, and essay of outdoor games thus threatening the position and essays on social security and taxation authority of the leaders (compare Matthew 21:12-17; Luke 19:41-48 with Acts 4:1-22). (5) These leaders wanted to do away with Jesus, but they feared the crowds and were thus kept from achieving their goal of getting rid of Jesus (compare John 7:32, 45-49; 11:45-57; 12:9-11 with Acts 4:13-22). Having stated that the opposition of the Sanhedrin to the apostles was really a continuation of their opposition to odyssey by homer essay Jesus, I must also suggest that this fact was only gradually recognized by on social security and taxation the Sanhedrin and Jewish leaders, as I understand our text. Luke tells us they … “… began to recognize them as having been with Jesus” (Acts 4:13). As I understand these words, this means that these leaders only gradually realized that that which they opposed was a continuation of the initial “problem” they had with Jesus. Initially, I think the apostles’ teaching and ministry was opposed by the Sanhedrin for the same reasons that Jesus was opposed, but without realizing it was the papers pornography, same cause. We marvel at security the statement that they were slow to recognize the apostles as having been with Jesus, but this can be explained. Many, perhaps most, of the top leaders of Israel (who were members of the mla format essay, Sanhedrin) did not come into contact with Jesus.

A man like Nicodemus, for example, sought out Jesus, but secretly. These leaders did not wish to dignify Jesus by recognizing Him or His authority. On Social And Taxation! They would not be seen in the crowds, listening to Him teach nor asking Him to perform some miracle. This would have indicated their own impotence. The top leaders of major of the Israel had their ways of infiltrating and even of opposing Jesus, without direct involvement—the Pharisees. These men (more “laymen” than official religious leaders) followed Jesus everywhere, challenging and opposing Him and His ministry. Because of men like the Pharisees and of agents like the “temple police” (Acts 4:1; cf. John 7:32), the religious leaders did not have to “lower themselves” to directly deal with Jesus. This explains why Judas was needed as a “guide” to lead the essays on social security, temple guard and the rest to the place where Jesus could be found and to identify Him with a kiss (cf. Acts 1:16).

If these religious and civil leaders would not have recognized Jesus, how would they have recognized His followers? It was only as the teaching of these men became a matter of public knowledge that they “pieced together” the mla format, fact that these men, whom they were now opposing, were the followers of Jesus, and thus they were still fighting the One Whom they thought they had gotten rid of—Jesus of Nazareth. If the miracle and the message of essays on social security and taxation Acts chapter 3 got the odyssey by homer essay questions, attention of the Sanhedrin, it was not overlooked by the crowds. In spite of the opposition of Israel’s top leaders, many came to essays on social security and taxation faith in papers the Savior as a result of on social what happened there at the temple. Luke tells us that there were now 5,000 men who believed. It would appear to be a much larger number than the 3,000 converts mentioned in Acts 2:41, since that number seems to include men and women, whereas the 5,000 figure appears to include only men. Some of this 5,000 may have been saved before the miracle and message in odyssey essay the temple (cf. 2:47), but we are given the distinct impression that while some opposed the gospel in chapter 4, many accepted it. The gospel was spreading, and the church was growing, in spite of (perhaps even because of) the opposition of Israel’s top leaders. Jesus had promised that it would come, and as always, He was right. Those who opposed Him and who had brought about His execution were now joining forces to do away with these two men who would cause trouble in the temple.

It was a veritable “who’s who” gathered against the apostles. The rulers and security and taxation elders and scribes of Israel 37 were present, along with the high priest and the whole group of those of high-priestly descent. These people made up the Sanhedrin. Most of these we have seen before at the various trials of Jesus. There is no specific charge made against the apostles. Rather, the “trial” seems to major causes great depression be more of essays and taxation a “fishing expedition” in which the religious leaders seek to find some transgression of the culture essay from short, law or of security and taxation their traditions, giving them a handle on the situation.

There is plenty of innuendo and a great deal of intimidation evident here. Perhaps they can at least succeed in scaring these men into giving up their activities. Putting the men in the center, they demand to know, “by what power, or in what name, have you done this?” The issue is a familiar one—that of the authority of the apostles. How often Jesus was challenged in depression essay the same way. As the highest religious body in the land, this group felt they should authorize all teaching and ministry in and taxation their midst, especially that which was done in essay of outdoor the precints of the temple. Just who did these two “nobody’s” think they were, going into the temple as if they owned the place, doing and teaching whatever they wished? There is a clear indication that any ministry performed required their approval, which was not granted.

There may also be the inference that the power by which the miracle was performed (a miracle which they could not deny) was other than the power of God. 38 If they could establish any demonic involvement, they would have a case against these men. The question, as posed by the Sanhedrin, is an especially informative one for us, for it establishes a very important definition. It links the authority or power of someone with the name by which they perform an act. In other words, to act in essays security and taxation the name of Jesus is to papers papers act with His power, with His authority. In the Great Commission, Jesus told His disciples that all authority, both in heaven and on on social security and taxation, earth, was given to research and term papers Him (Matthew 28:18).

Thus, when they ministered in and taxation His name, they ministered with His authority. Causes Great Depression Essay! The apostles’ authority was none other than that of essays Jesus. Peter’s response to this challenge was incredibly short and to the point. It was a response empowered by the Holy Spirit (v. 8), just as Jesus had promised (Luke 12:12). He begins by pointing out that, far from doing any evil, a sick man has been made well (verse 9). This can hardly be a crime. And as to the power through which this benevolent deed was accomplished, it was that of Jesus the Christ, Jesus the Nazarene, the very One they had rejected and essay writing put to death, but whom God had raised from the essays security, dead (verse 10).

In rejecting Jesus of Nazareth, these leaders fulfilled the prophecy which foretold that the very cornerstone of odyssey essay God’s building would be rejected by essays the builders (verse 11, cited from america culture from image popular short Psalm 118:22). And Taxation! This cornerstone must be accepted, and those who rejected Him must repent, if they would be saved, for it was only through this name that one can be saved (verse 12). On Value Of Outdoor Games! Jesus was the name by which the man was healed and through which the essays on social and taxation, apostles ministered. Jesus was the only name by which any person could be saved. 39 The resurrection of Jesus proved these men to be wrong and Jesus to be the chief stone. The resurrection made the by homer essay, healing of this man possible, and so too the essays on social, salvation of causes depression all who would believe. It should be said that this very brief explanation and citation from and taxation Psalm 118 had a great deal of impact, for it served to remind these men of an encounter Jesus had with some of His opponents in Jerusalem shortly before His crucifixion. In Matthew chapter 21, we read of odyssey by homer Jesus’ triumphal entry into on social and taxation, Jerusalem (verses 1-11), followed by His “cleansing of the america essay from mirror popular, temple” (verses 12-13) and His healing and teaching there (verse 14).

This resulted in the opposition of the chief priests and scribes (verse 15). When later challenged as to the authority by which Jesus acted (verse 23), He responded with a question of His own, pertaining to the authority with which John baptized (Matthew 21:23-32). It was evident that the religious leaders refused to accept John’s authority (but were unwilling to publicly reject it, due to the masses). Jesus told a story of a man with two sons, the first of which promised to obey, but did not, and the second who rebelled, but later repented. The second son, Jesus extracted from His questioners, was the better. The second son, as well, seems to represent the Gentiles, while the first represents the Jews. It was the Gentiles, Jesus said indirectly, who would be given the position of the first.

Jesus then followed up with another parable in verses 33 and following, which depicted the security and taxation, sins of the leaders of Israel (specifically, in the context, of those who were attacking and research papers about challenging Him). Essays Security And Taxation! He told of a vineyard which the landowner (representing God) possessed and which he gave into the care of the vine-growers (the religious leaders of the nation Israel). Mla Format Essay! In his absence, the landowner sent back for essays on social the produce of his vineyard, but his servants were all beaten and exercises sent away or put to death. Finally, he sent his son (Jesus), whom they also rejected and put to on social security and taxation death. Jesus got these men to say that when the owner of the vineyard returned, he would be expected to punish the evil vine-growers and to replace them with others.

It was at this point that Jesus turned their attention to mla format Psalm 118:22 and to the fact that the on social security, “ chief corner stone” would be rejected by the “ builders,” just as the son of the owner of the vineyard was rejected. Jesus then went on to say to essay His opponents that the kingdom would be taken from them and would be given to another “nation producing the fruit of it” (21:43). Furthermore, this stone which they had rejected would fall upon them, destroying them (verse 44). Essays On Social And Taxation! The chief priests and scribes understood that Jesus was referring to them, and they wanted to seize Him on the spot, but they were prevented from doing so by the crowds who thought Jesus was a prophet (verses 45-46). For Peter to have brought up this passage from major of the great essay Psalm 118 was to remind these leaders of that unpleasant confrontation with Jesus. It was to say, in effect, “Jesus told you so.” How this citation must have stung in the ears of the Sanhedrin. The One they thought they had rid themselves of was still speaking to on social them, through the apostles. Just as the chief priests and scribes were powerless, at that time in the past, to do away with Jesus, so now the Sanhedrin could not do with the followers of Jesus (Peter and John) as they wished. Their inability to act decisively was, I think, the result of a combination of factors.

First , the religious leaders were faced with the unpleasant (to them) fact that no crime had been committed. If anything, a good deed had been accomplished for which Peter and John should have been commended. Writing! Second , I believe these leaders were not in on social security and taxation very good standing with Rome. They had virtually forced Pilate to major causes put Jesus to essays security and taxation death when he wished to release Him (Acts 3:13). If they suggested to major depression the Roman rulers that the death of Jesus would bring peace and quiet to Jerusalem, this had not proven to security be the case. They had “gone to the well” with Rome too often.

They could not go back, yet another time, this quickly. Third , there was a growing gap between the Pharisees and the Sadducees, which created a lack of unity among those on the Sanhedrin. The marriage between all the various political and by homer questions religious factions which was formed to do away with Jesus was short-lived. Now the Pharisees were apparently backing off. These leaders did not have the clout to pull off another execution. Fourth , the crowds were still in favor of the apostles, and the leaders knew they could not act without a measure of popular support. Peter and John, along with the healed man, were sent out of the room. What a special delight to be left in that room, as it were, as a “fly on essays on social and taxation, the wall,” overhearing the frustrated response of the Sanhedrin to the teaching and ministry of the apostles. 40 Notice that not even once did they deliberate as to what “the truth” of the matter might be.

They did not ask if they could have been wrong, and Jesus (and now His disciples) could have been right. They did not even discuss the resurrection of and term about Jesus 41 and whether or not it was true. They could not deny the fact that a most significant miracle had been performed. All they did was to consider the “consequences” of letting this movement continue. When the decision came as to whether they would pursue the essays security, “truth” or the “consequences” (to play on the name of a one-time television game show of years gone by), they opted to try to exercises suppress the consequences, but not to essays on social and taxation consider the truth. The actions of the Sanhedrin can thus be described as “harassment,” for this was all they could do. They could (and did) threaten the papers and term pornography, apostles. They could attempt to intimidate them. But they could not punish them. They were, at this point in time, only able to essays on social hound them which they did to the best of their (well-developed) ability. The response of Peter and John to this trial is most enlightening.

In the america culture from mirror, first place, they were not intimidated as was expected. Their boldness 42 was disarming to essays security the Sanhedrin, who expected these men to cower and to collapse under pressure. They were particularly impressed because it was not the odyssey by homer essay questions, education, status, or accreditation of these men which made them so bold. On Social Security And Taxation! The only thing which these men knew about the two apostles was that they had been with Jesus. Their authority was directly tied, once again, to Jesus’ authority. Peter’s answer is a vitally important one, for it points the way to all who are forced to choose between obeying God or men. From Image Mirror Popular Short! The choice between “right” and and taxation “wrong” is not left to Israel’s leaders. Narrative Writing! Peter’s words indicate that the ultimatum given them forced them to essays and taxation choose between obeying their authority or God’s (verse 19). Whether or not their actions were wrong in odyssey by homer essay questions the sight of on social and taxation God (a crime) was a matter which they must decide.

As a religious/political governing body, this was their God-given responsibility, one for which Peter implies (“before God”) they will give account. And the inference of Peter’s words is that regardless of their decision, Peter and John would persist in preaching the gospel. When man’s authority over men contradicts obedience to God, men must disobey men and obey God. The threats of the Sanhedrin are thus swept aside due to a higher authority. Mla Format Essay Header! No human authority can order another human to disobey God and expect him to obey man, rather than God. As stewards of the gospel, they cannot be silent. A Biblical Response to on social Persecution. 23 And when they had been released, they went to their own companions, and reported all that the chief priests and the elders had said to them. 24 And when they heard this, they lifted their voices to God with one accord and said, “O Lord, it is Thou who DIDST MAKE THE HEAVEN AND THE EARTH AND THE SEA, AND ALL THAT IS IN THEM, 25 who by the Holy Spirit, through the mouth of our father David Thy servant, didst say, ‘WHY DID THE GENTILES RAGE, AND THE PEOPLES DEVISE FUTILE THINGS? 26 THE KINGS OF THE EARTH TOOK THEIR STAND, AND THE RULERS WERE GATHERED TOGETHER, AGAINST THE LORD, AND AGAINST HIS CHRIST.’

27 “For truly in essay on value this city there were gathered together against and taxation Thy holy servant Jesus, whom Thou didst anoint, both Herod and header Pontius Pilate, along with the Gentiles and the peoples of Israel. 28 to security do whatever Thy hand and Thy purpose predestined to occur. 29 “And now, Lord, take note of their threats, and grant that Thy bond-servants may speak Thy word with all confidence. 30 while Thou dost extend Thy hand to heal, and signs and wonders take place through the name of Thy holy servant Jesus.” 31 And when they had prayed, the major causes of the, place where they had gathered together was shaken, and they were all filled with the on social, Holy Spirit, and began to speak the word of God with boldness. After one final and futile attempt to essay games intimidate and on social security and taxation silence the apostles, they were released. Peter and John returned to a group referred to (as the NASB renders it) “ their own companions.” We do not know who all was included in narrative essay exercises this number, but surely it was not the entire church now consisting of 5,000 men. The two reported all that had happened to them and essays all that the chief priests and elders had said to them.

The first response of this group of believers may strike us as being a bit unusual. They immediately turned their attention to Old Testament Scriptures pertaining to God as the Creator of mla format all. The marginal note in the NASB might be understood to imply that the text referred to can be found twice, once in Exodus 20:11 and again in Psalm 146:6. Essays! This is far from the case. The truth that God is mla format essay, the. Creator of all is a theme frequently found throughout the Bible, Old Testament and on social security and taxation New. 43.

In Deuteronomy chapter 4 God’s promises both to judge His people Israel, and to restore them, are buttressed by the reminder that the God who promises these things is the God who made the heavens and the earth (Deuteronomy 4:32-35). In response to essay from image mirror popular short Assyria’s threat to beseige Jerusalem and to essays on social security and taxation take Israel captive, Hezekiah prayed to the Lord for causes great essay deliverance from the kingdoms of men. On Social Security! His prayer began, “O LORD, the God of Israel, who art enthroned above the essay mirror short, cheribim, Thou art the God, Thou alone, of all the kingdoms of the earth. Thou hast made heaven and earth” (2 Kings 19:15). The psalmists (and others) contrasted the One True God, Maker of the heavens and the earth, with the gods of the nations made with human hands (cf.

Psalm 115). In Psalm 146, men are encouraged to place their trust in God, who made the heaven and the earth (verse 6), and not in princes, who are mere mortals (verses 3-4). Consistently in Isaiah (especially chapters 40 and following), the promise of essays on social Israel’s restoration and glorious salvation is guaranteed by the fact that the narrative essay writing, One who promised to accomplish this was both the Creator of the heavens and the earth, but also Israel’s Creator (cf. Isaiah 44:24). Jeremiah chapter 32 contains a rather striking parallel to our text. Here Jeremiah is thrown into jail by Zedekiah, king of Judah, for prophesying that Jerusalem and essays on social and taxation Israel would fall to the Babylonians. The people of Israel were instructed not to resist this (32:1-6). In response to all that happened, Jeremiah prayed, beginning with these words: “‘Ah Lord God!

Behold, Thou hast made the heavens and the earth by Thy great power and by Thine outstretched arm! Nothing is too difficult for narrative essay writing exercises Thee, …’” (Jeremiah 32:17). The key phrase, based on the fact that God is the Creator of the heavens and the earth is this: “ Nothing is too difficult for Thee.” To Jeremiah and to the other Old Testament saints who found assurance in the fact that God is the Creator, the bottom line was simply that He who could create all things could also control them. Here he was predicting the downfall of Jerusalem, just as the apostles would do centuries later. And just as the king was persecuting Jeremiah, so the political and religious authorities were persecuting the apostles. And just as Jeremiah prayed to the Creator of the heavens and the earth, so did the early church. The New Testament follows through with this theme of God as the Creator of the heavens and essays on social and taxation the earth. Paul wrote this in his Epistle to the Colossians:

For in Him all things were created, both in the heavens and on earth, visible and essay on value of outdoor invisible, whether thrones or dominions or rulers or authorities—all things have been created through Him and for Him. And He is before all things, and in Him all things hold together (Colossians 1:16-17). Here, according to Paul, the essays on social, Lord Jesus was the Creator, one with God the Creator. Paul represents Christ not only as the Creator of the heavens and the earth but of all things, including thrones and dominions. He is the Creator and essay the King of all things. He is the security and taxation, Creator of narrative exercises kingdoms.

As such, He is greater than all things and creatures, and thus He is in control of all things. All things were created by Him and they were also created for Him. On Social Security And Taxation! He is also the sustainer of all things. America Culture Image Mirror Popular! No one is greater than this! In the and taxation, final book of the New Testament, the Book of major of the great depression Revelation, God is worshipped as the essays security, Creator of essay writing exercises heaven and security earth: And when the living creatures give glory and honor and thanks to Him who sits on the throne, to Him who lives forever and ever, the twenty-four elders will fall down before Him who sits on the throne, and will worship Him who lives forever and major causes great essay ever, and will cast their crowns before the throne, saying, “Worthy art Thou, our Lord and our God, to receive glory and honor and power; for Thou didst create all things, and essays and taxation because of Thy will they existed, and were created” (Revelation 4:9-11). What comfort the church could find in culture popular the fact that the essays on social security, God to whom they prayed was the Creator of heaven and earth, who was the narrative exercises, Sovereign God, totally in control. On Social Security And Taxation! 44 Would mere men threaten them and seek to stamp out God’s kingdom? It could not be done.

They were on the right side, the side of God, the Creator of heaven and great earth. What could mere men do to essays security them? The truth of God as Creator was thus extended by the church to that of the futility of men’s efforts to oppose the narrative writing, Creator and to essays security resist the establishment of His kingdom. America Essay Image Popular! Thus, the saints turned their thoughts to and taxation a text from Psalm 2: 25 who by the Holy Spirit, through the mouth of our father David Thy servant, didst say, ‘WHY DID THE GENTILES RAGE, AND THE PEOPLES DEVISE FUTILE THINGS? 26 THE KINGS OF THE EARTH TOOK THEIR STAND, AND THE RULERS WERE GATHERED TOGETHER, AGAINST THE LORD, AND AGAINST HIS CHRIST.’ The apostles understood this psalm, not so much as a specific prophecy fulfilled when Pilate and major causes of the depression essay Herod 45 collaborated in the execution of essays on social security Christ, but as a principle (or a more general prophecy) which had, as one of its fulfillments, the america essay from image short, collaboration of these two rulers. How futile was the effort of the rulers of this world to attempt to resist the establishment of God’s kingdom. On Social And Taxation! The apostles and the early church saw the essay, persecution they were facing as an on-going resistance to Christ and to His kingdom.

And in the light of this psalm, they saw such resistance as futile and essays security foolish. The kingdom of God could not be stopped, and thus, they could not be silenced. One further observation is in order. They saw this passage, a passage which referred to narrative writing Gentile opposition to the kingdom of God, as applying to the Jewish leaders of security their nation. Papers Pornography! And rightly so. They understood that when the Jews rejected their Messiah, they became, for all intents and essays on social security and taxation purposes, Gentiles. The people who were once known as “ my people” (Jews) were now seen to be “ not my people” (Gentiles—cf. Hosea 1 and 2). These saints were undergirded with a deep sense and conviction of the sovereignty of their God.

This is evident in the word “ Lord” in verse 24 and in the words of verse 28: “To do whatever Thy hand and Thy purpose predestined to occur.” Thus, in verse 29, these saints refer to themselves as God’s “ bond-servants.” Whatever these rulers purposed to do would be overthrown. America Essay Image Popular! Better than this, their actions would be used by God to achieve His own purposes. Just as the death of the Lord Jesus had made atonement for the sins of the world, so the persecution of the church would further God’s purposes as well. This we shall soon see. The first response of the church to persecution was praise, praise directed to God as the Sovereign ruler of the universe, whose purposes could not be resisted and whose promised kingdom was sure. Verses 29 and 30 move from praise to petition. Here is what this persecuted group prayed for.

Note first of essays on social all what they did not ask for. They did not ask to be delivered from persecution. They did not even ask that God judge or punish their opponents (although asking God to culture mirror popular “ take note of their threats,” verse 29, leaves room for this). They asked, in effect, that the gospel be promoted in the midst of this persecution. For themselves, they asked that God’s bond-servants 46 be given confidence and boldness to proclaim God’s Word (verse 29). If the kingdom were to be established, the on social and taxation, good news of the kingdom must be proclaimed. Culture Popular! This should be done with confidence, not with cowardice. Essays And Taxation! These people understood that persecution would not and could not thwart God’s purposes. They understood as well that persecution would naturally incline men to draw back, to soften up on the message which they preached.

Thus, the prayer for boldness and confidence was an admission of the major great, fallibility of Christians. How easy it is to draw back and to “lighten up” when the heat is on. They asked God to enable them to do otherwise. On Social And Taxation! Further, these saints asked that God bear witness to His Word with continued manifestations of His power, through healings and signs and wonders (verse 30). In brief, they asked for a clear message, proclaimed on their part with confidence, which was accompanied by a divine “Amen.” Verse 31 is the inspired record of God’s response. The phenomenon accompanying this subsequent “filling of the Holy Spirit” is different from the previous “filling” at Pentecost, and yet it also has a familiarity to great depression it as well. God made His presence known through the shaking 47 of the security, building where they were meeting, just as He had manifested His presence before with the sound which was like a mighty, rushing wind, and the appearance of what seemed to be tongues of america essay image short fire.

And the essays security and taxation, evidence of the filling of the saints with the Spirit here was not speaking in mla format header tongues, but their native tongues speaking the message of the gospel with boldness. In other words, the filling of the Spirit was God’s means to answering their prayers for boldness. The dominant theme of this passage is one that is new to Acts, but not new to the Scriptures—the theme of persection. As we conclude, let me first of all attempt to summarize some of the “principles of persecution” which this text teaches us. (1) PERSECUTION HAPPENS TO PIOUS PEOPLE. Even when we are “Spirit-filled” and doing the will of God, persecution will come. Any prosperity gospeler’s promise to on social security and taxation the contrary flies in the face of the culture short, facts of Acts. (2) PERSECUTION MAY WELL BE CARRIED OUT BY SEEMINLY PIOUS PEOPLE IN THE PRACTICE OF PURE RELIGION. Some of the most cruel and and taxation aggressive persecution that this world has seen has been carried out in the name of “religion,” often “orthodox” religion.

We are surely taught to endure persection but never are we commanded to inflict it on others. (3) PERSECUTION FOLLOWS THE PROCLAMATION OF THE GOSPEL . Men are naturally opposed to Christ and the gospel. When it is proclaimed, unbelieving man’s lifestyle and thinking is challenged. Persecution is often the result. (4) PERSECUTION TEMPTS US TO PLAY DOWN THE PROCLAMATION OF THE GOSPEL . The Book of Hebrews, among others, is testimony to the fact that when the “heat is odyssey by homer, on,” the saints can be tempted to clam up. If persecution follows the essays security and taxation, proclamation of the gospel, then the saints may be tempted to be silenced. (5) PERSECUTION MUST BE VIEWED FROM A BIBLICAL PERSPECTIVE. That perspective will include the sovereignty of God (as evidenced by the fact that He is the research and term, Creator of all things). It should also be viewed from the perspective of the on social, Son of God, Jesus Christ, who Himself was rejected and persecuted by His own people. In the narrative writing exercises, final analysis, biblical suffering is suffering for His sake (cf. 1 Peter 2;18-25).

Thus, experiencing persecution for His sake is a privilege that we can experience (cf. Colossians 1:24; Philippians 2:10). (6) PERSECUTION IS TO BE FACED VICTORIOUSLY BY THE CHRISTIAN, THROUGH THE MEANS WHICH GOD HIMSELF PROVIDES US. By His grace, and through His Spirit, we can face persecution with boldness and confidence, looking to Him to bear witness to His Word in His own way. Three of the principle means which God has given us to deal with persecution are praise, petition, and proclamation. (7) PERSECUTION CANNOT AND WILL NOT PREVAIL OVER THE GOSPEL—ULTIMATELY IT WILL ONLY PROMOTE IT. On Social Security And Taxation! The disciples knew that men cannot resist the promises and purposes of God. Even their rebellion against Him will only further God’s purposes. Thus, we can face persecution with confidence.

For some, like the apostles, persecution was a very typical experience. For others, like the Hebrew saints (to whom the Epistle to the Hebrews was written), it was a threat. The writer speaks of some losses (cf. Hebrews 10:32-34), but not of any bloodshed (12:4). But to us, the threat of persecution is merely theoretical. The most we have to essay fear (in most cases and for the present time) is an uplifted eyebrow. May God give us boldness to proclaim the gospel, even if persecution were a very real possibility.

May God give us the kind of boldness which precipitates persecution! 27 “The verb diaponeo means ‘worked up, indignant.’ It is rendered ‘annoyed’ in the Revised Standard Version. On Social! Moulton and Milligan translate it ‘upset’ in a papyrus.” Charles W. Mla Format Essay Header! Carter and Ralph Earle, The Acts of the Apostles (Grand Rapids: Zondervan Publishing House, 1973), p. 56. A. T. Robertson also points out that this term is essays on social and taxation, found only here and in essay 16:8. A. T. Robertson, Word Pictures in the New Testament (Nashville: Broadman Press, 1930), III, p. On Social Security And Taxation! 49. 28 Note the “they” here, rather than “he,” indicating that while Luke chose to record only the mla format, words of Peter, both Peter and John spoke.

29 “The captain . . . of the essays, temple is narrative exercises, referred to in rabbinical literature as the sagan, or sometimes as . . . (‘the man of the temple mount’). He belonged to one of the on social security and taxation, chief-priestly families, and in the temple he ranked next to the high priest. The temple guard which he commanded was a picked body of Levites. Cf. 5:24, 26.” F. F. Bruce, The Book of the Acts (Grand Rapids: William B. Eerdmans Publishing Company, 1988) revised edition, p. 88, fn. 4. 30 “Twenty-four bands of major causes great depression Levitees guarded the temple, on guard at a time.

They watched the essays on social, gaates. America Culture From Image Popular Short! The commander of each band was called captain (strategos). Jesephus names this captain of the essays on social security and taxation, temple police next to the high priest (War. VI. 5, 3).” A.T.

Robertson, Word Pictures in the New Testament (Nashville: Broadman Press, 1930), III, p. 49. 31 “Burst upon them suddenly or stood by them in a hostile attitude here (Luke 20:1; 24:4; Acts 6:12; 17:5; 22:20; 23:11).” A. T. Robertson, III, p. Of The Essay! 49. 32 “‘The Jerusalem Sanhedrin administered Jewish law covering civil, criminal, moral, and religious questions. Its civil authority was limited to Judea. It could make arrests and its authority over Jews, provided they did not possess Roman citizenship, was practically unlimited except in the matter of capital punishment, which reuired the procurator’s approval. However, the Jews did have the right to kill on the spot any gentile who entered the sacred courts of the on social and taxation, temple beyond the narrative exercises, Court of the Gentiles. The Jerusalem Sanhedrin consisted of seventy members.

The high priest was its head. Essays! Apparently it was a self-perpetuating body, filling its own vacancies by members chosen from the odyssey essay questions, ranks of the high-priestly families, the scribes, and the elders. The religious prestige of this body extended wherever there were Jews.’” Elmer W. K. Mould, Essentials of Bible History (New York: Ronald Press Co., rev. ed. 1951), pp. 467, 468, as cited by essays on social security and taxation Charles W. Carter and Ralph Earle, The Acts of the Apostles (Grand Rapids: Zondervan Publishing House, 1973), p. 59. 33 It may very well be that the man who was healed was also arrested. The charge might have been something like “disturbing the peace.” He was reticent to leave Peter and John, and was certainly a significant force in drawing the attention of the crowds to them. He probably would not be silenced as to what had been done for great depression essay him as well. If this man were arrested, it was a most serious blunder. (The Jews could have killed the man, thus removing the proof that a great miracle had been performed, as they planned to kill Lazarus and “deaden” the on social security and taxation, effect of his raising--cf.

John 12:9-10.) How could they deny that a great miracle had been performed when the miracle was standing there in front of them? Arresting the man only assured his being there at the trial of Peter and John, and proved to on value of outdoor games be most embarrassing. 34 No wonder so many movements begin in the universities or in an academic setting. 35 “The Sadducees held by tradition the high-priestly office. Collaborators with the Roman order, rationalists in doctrine, they were sensitive of everything likely to disturb the comfortable status they had won (cf. Jn. xi. Security And Taxation! 47-50), and especially saw danger in america culture image popular short popular excitement arising from such Pharisaic teaching as that of the resurrection. (Note the lead they assumed over the Pharisees in persecuting Christ, when the essays on social security, question of Lazarus arose (Jn. xii. 10).)” E. M. Blaiklock, The Acts of the Apostles (Grand Rapids: Wm. B. Narrative Writing Exercises! Eerdmans Publishing Company , 1966), p. Essays On Social Security And Taxation! 64. 36 “The Sadducees are mentioned only fourteen times in the New Testament -- seven times in Matthew, once each in Mark and Luke, and essay of outdoor games five times in Acts.

In contrast, the Pharisees are named 100 times.” Charles W. Carter and Ralph Earle, The Acts of the Apostles (Grand Rapids: Zondervan Publishing House, 1973), p. 56. 37 “Rulers is evidently equivalent to ‘chief priests’ (cf. Mark 14:53). Essays On Social! They are named first, since they were the exercises, leading members of the Sanhedrin. Essays Security! . . And Term Pornography! Elders (presbyteroi) is a general word for members of the Sanhedrin, which is sometimes designated as the presbyterion (cf. 22:5; Luke 22:66). They ‘owed their position not to office but to blood or wealth or religious prestige.’. . . The scribes ( grammateis ) were ‘a class of learned Jews who devoted themselves to a scientific study of the Law, and made its expostion their professional occupation.’ They were mainly, but not exclusively, Pharisees.” Carter and Earle, p. 57. 38 “. . . the prosecutors use dunamis, not exousia, which contains the notion of authority. The implication is that the apostles had acted by illegal incantation and on social security and taxation the processes of magic.” E. M. America Essay From Mirror Popular! Blaiklock, The Acts of the Apostles (Grand Rapids: Wm. B. Eerdmans Publishing Company , 1966), p. 67. 39 F. F. Bruce renders this term “saving health.” F. F. Bruce, The Book of Acts, Revised Edition (Grand Rapids: William B. Security And Taxation! Eerdmans Publishing Company, 1988), p. 91. The Greek term used here is one with a wide range of meanings, as indicated by Carter and Earle: “The same verb, sozo, is translated ‘saved’ in verse 12.

Occurring some 111 times in the New Testament, it is translated ‘save’ 94 times in the King James Version. It is found some 56 times in the Gospels and 14 times in Acts. In the Gospels it usually carries the idea of physical healing. In Acts the america image mirror popular short, dominant emphasis is on spiritual salvation.” Carter and essays on social security and taxation Earle, p. 60. 40 The information given here by Luke could have been received by direct revelation. My suspicion is that it was provided by one of essay of outdoor games those present at this session.

For example, Gamaliel seems to have been present (he was present in security and taxation 5:34), and from image mirror he could have reported this private session to Paul, his student (Acts 22:3). 41 “It is particularly striking that neither on this nor on any subsequent occasion did the authorities take any serious action to disprove the apostles’ central affirmation--the resurrection of Jesus. Had it seemed possible to essays on social and taxation refute them on essay, this point, how eagerly would the opportunity have been seized! Had their refutation on this point been achieved, how quickly and completely the new movement would have collapsed! It is plain that the apostles spoke of essays on social a bodily resurrection when they said that Jesus had been raised from the dead; it is equally plain that the authorities understood them in this sense. The body of games Jesus had vanished so completely that all the essays, resources at their command could not produce it. The disappearance of his body, to be sure, was far fromproving his resurrection, but the production of his body would have effectively disproved it. Now the apostles’ claim that Jesus was alive had received public confirmation by the miracle of healing performed in his name.” Bruce, p. 96.

42 “Normally prisoners before the Sanhedrin were very submissive. Josephus quotes a member of that court as saying that a defendant usually appeared ‘with his hair dishevelled, and in a black and mourning garment (Ant., XIV. 9, 4).” Cited by Carter and Earle, p. 59. “The word for bodlness, parresia, means ‘freedom of speech, plainness, openness.’ . . . The first adjective, agrammatoi, literally means ‘unlettered.’” But this does not indicate that the apostles were illiterate. Rather, they were ‘without technical training in the professional rabbinical schools.’” Carter and Earle, p. 61. 43 There are many, many references to God as the Creator, some of america culture image mirror short which are listed below, for essays on social security your consideration and narrative study: Genesis 1:26; 2:4; 5:1-2; 6:6; 7:4; 14:19,22; Exodus 20:11; 30:17 Deuteronomy 4:32-40; 5:8; 32:6 ; 2 Kings 19:45; 2 Chronicles 2:12; Nehemiah 9:6; Psalm 74:17; 89; 104:14, 24, 30; 115:15; 124:8; 134:3; 135:7; 139:13, 15; 146:6; 148:5; Proverbs 8:26; Ecclesiastes 12:1; Isaiah 13:13; 27:11; 37:16; 40:18-31; 41:20; 42:5-13; 43:1-7, 15; 44:24; 45:4-18; 48:7; 54:5, 16; 57:16, 19; 65:17-18; 66:22; Jeremiah 10:11-12; 27:5; 31:22; 32:2, 17; 51:15; Ezekiel 28:15; Amos 4:13; Habakkuk 3:6; Malachi 2:10; Acts 14:15; 17:24, 26; Revelation 4:11; 14:7; 44 “Lord is despota. It is the opposite of doulos, ‘slave’ (cf. Luke 2:29).

Thayer says that despotes ‘denoted absolute ownership and uncontrolled power.’ ((p. 130).” Cited by essays security and taxation Carter and Earle, p. 64. 45 “The reference to Herod harks back to the account in major Luke 23:7-12, where Pilate, learning that Jesus is a Galilaean, performs a diplomatic courtesy by referring him to on social Herod. Luke is the only one of the four evengelists who gives Herod a role in the passion narrative.” 46 It is possible that here that the term “bond-servants” refers specifically to the apostles, but since we are told in verse 31 that “they all were filled with the Holy Spirit, and began to speak the word of God with boldness,” it would seem that the reference is to the whole church.

47 “This was one of the signs which indicated a theophany in exercises the Old Testament (Ex. 19:18; Is. 6:4), and it would have been regarded as indicating a divine response to prayer.” I. Howard Marshall, The Acts of the Apostles (Grand Rapids: William B. Eerdmans Publishing Company, reprint, 1987), p. Essays! 107.

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