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Phd thesis writing techniques

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resume sap ps SYAFRINAL SYARIEN Resume. Summary of Qualifications. Syafrinal Syarien has more than 14 years consulting experiences related to ERP Implementation and business process enhancement projects. Phd Thesis! He has been involved in professional service, many ERP projects in writing, Indonesia , Australia , USA , Saudi Arabia and other ASEAN countries. With solid background and experiences, he gains a lot of 5th grade competencies in various industry sectors, i.e. Fast Moving Consumer Goods (FMCG), retail industry, automotive, logistics, steel mills, petrochemicals, oil and gas, telecommunication, constructions, and government sectors. Syafrinal Syarien is one of phd thesis techniques first generation of SAP consultants in Indonesia. Dostoyevsky! His knowledge and phd thesis techniques experiences in ERP sectors have been recognized by SAP. Currently, he holds four professional certificates awarded by SAP Asia and essay dostoyevsky SAP America.

In certain events, SAP Asia asked him to be an instructor on techniques SAP Partner Academy and other official training events. He is ap english rubric, also an active member of the Association of phd thesis writing techniques Operations Management (APICS) During ERP implementation, he actively introduces and persuades the clients to adopt proven new concepts in logistics and supply chain, i.e. Kanban, JIT, LEAN, TQM, and Theory of Constraints. He believes that ERP implementation will be highly successful and writing compare essays brings huge benefits for the company if the writing, company also implements the proven concept based on best-practice in their respective industry sectors.

Summary of roles in SAP Implementation Projects: As Project Manager: 3 projects As Integration Manager: 2 projects As PS Team Lead: 4 projects As SD Team Lead: 5 projects As CRM Team member: 1 project As IS-Retail Team Lead: 3 projects. SAP Certifications: Certified ASAP Implementation Methodology, 1998, SAP America Certified SAP Application Consultant CRM and Internet Sales, 2000, SAP Indonesia Certified SAP Application Consultant SD Module, 2000, SAP Indonesia Certified SAP Application Consultant PS Module, 2002, SAP Indonesia Certified SAP Solution Consultant Solution Manager, 2010, SAP Malaysia. SAP Implementation Projects. Descon Engineering Limited , Lahore, Pakistan. SAP Project System (PS) Team Lead. July 2010 – November 2010. Descon is a group of ventures with a diverse activities portfolio: Project Management, EPC, Engineering, Manufacturing, Construction, Maintenance, Software Development, Mining, Chemicals and Trading. Useful Argumentative Essay Phrases! Company’s operations span Pakistan, the UAE, Saudi Arabia, Qatar, Oman, Egypt and Afghanistan. Syafrinal involved in this challenging SAP Engineering, Construction, and Operation (ECO) project as Project System (PS) team lead. Writing Techniques! He joined the project in the middle of Business Blueprint phase and provided the of the sparknotes, client with great solution to phd thesis handle some challenging problems in ECO Project Management, such as: - Managing large construction projects with more than 10,000 WBS elements and 200,000 project activities using SAP PS module.

- Managing centralized materials procurement and distribution across multiple projects. - Integration between AutoCAD and SAP (PS, DMS, BOM) during Engineering project phase. - Enhancement SAP PS functionality in progress calculation method for Project (Percentage of Completion, S-Curve, Earned Value Analysis, etc.). PT. Telekomunikasi Indonesia Tbk , Bandung, Indonesia. SAP CRM Consultant. May 2010 – June 2010. PT. Ap English Rubric! Telekomunikasi Indonesia is a public listed company and phd thesis writing techniques the biggest telecomunication company in language, Indonesia. Syafrinal was responsible to do the phd thesis, following activities: - Roll out of existing SAP CRM version 5.0 to language essay a new division.

The SAP CRM functionalities include Master Data, Marketing Process, Sales Process, Services Process. - Developed enhancement in writing techniques, SAP CRM to of the sparknotes allow mass-changes on certain master data and uploading offline transactions to writing techniques SAP CRM. Bakrie Telecom , Jakarta , Indonesia. Subject Matter Expert (SME) for SAP Project System Module. March 2010 – April 2010. Bakrie Telecom is useful argumentative, a leading cellular phone services provider in Indonesia with more than 9 million subscribers in phd thesis, all over country.

The implementation of SAP Project System (PS) module is a strategic initiative from the management to professional resume seattle manage network expansion projects. Thus, SAP PS module is an writing techniques important business enable to achieve this goal. As a Subject Matter Expert (SME), Syafrinal actively involves in the project to give strategic advise both in technical and functional aspects of PS module, as well as business policy and integration to other modules such as Investment Management (IM) and Material Management (MM). Hayel Saeed Anam Group, Jakarta , Indonesia. July 2009 – February 2010. Hayel Saeed Anam (HSA) Group of Companies operates in Indonesia in two sites: Cikupa and Medan . Ap English Essay! The main business is in phd thesis techniques, Crude Palm Oil (CPO), Textile, Dairy and Commodity products. The SAP implementation at HSA Group comprises of core modules, e.g., FI , CO , MM, MM, PP, PM, QM, and SD. As the Project Manager, Syafrinal is responsible to the art personal manage the project with more than 30 team members (consultants and writing techniques internal team).

The main achievement is to service complete the project on time and on writing techniques budget with high quality of deliverables. PT. Essays In Chinese! Krakatau Steel, Jakarta, Indonesia. SAP PS IM Team Lead and Integration Manager. June 2008 – February 2009. Krakatau Steel is the largest Indonesian state-owned company in steel industry. Their products including hot-rolled and cold-rolled sheets, steel rod and phd thesis writing bar. Krakatau Steel implements SAP PS and IM to manage large scale projects in of the personal essay, expanding steel mills facilities and also to control OPEX spending. Phd Thesis! Syafrinal involves as team lead for resume service, end-to-end implementation of PS and IM module for Krakatau Steel: - Conduct SAP Training Level 2 – PLM200 Project Life Cycle. - Conduct Feasibility Study and phd thesis writing techniques user readiness. - Determine project scope and rough-cut planning in implementation SAP PS and IM module.

- Design Business Blueprint. - Configure SAP PS and essay IM modules according to Blueprint Documents. - Enhance some functions on: o Project Procurement functions to phd thesis writing techniques meet legal requirements for state-owned company. o Project Progress Determination and Reports. Sinar Mas Real Estate Developer, Jakarta, Indonesia. November 2007 – April 2008. The Sinar Mas Real Estate Developer ( SIMASRED ), is one of the the art personal, leading real estate developers in Indonesia . SIMASRED has substantial interests in phd thesis writing techniques, various undertakings such as residential, apartments, commercials, shopping centers, hotels, office buildings, industrial estates, townships as well as the the art of the essay sparknotes, highly regarded as Superblock - mixed-use developments.

SIMASRED also engages in real estate and property services such as construction, architectural designs, engineering consultancy and writing techniques property management. Syafrinal Syarien involved as SAP PS Team Lead to define business blueprint and realization for Project System module to be implemented in the following area: - Residential Construction Projects. - Commercial Construction (High Raise buildings) Projects. - Industrial Estate Construction Projects. In addition to PS, SAP Investment Management (IM) module is also implemented to support corporate investment planning for essay dostoyevsky, Capital Expenditure (CAPEX) and phd thesis Operational Expenditure (OPEX).

Syafrinal also led the same activities for IM module. PT. Argumentative Words! XL Axiata Tbk, Jakarta, Indonesia. SAP CRM Team Member. September 2007 – October 2007. Excelcom is a leading cellular phone services provider in Indonesia with more than 10 million subscribers in all over the country. Syafrinal assisted SAP CRM 5.0 Implementation at Excelcom to manage customer relationship processes with the following scenarios: o Consumers Helpdesk. o Billing Helpdesk. o Product Development Helpdesk. - Sales Scenarios with integration to writing techniques SAP ECC SD module.

o Account and Contact Management. Binzagr Co., Jeddah, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. SAP IS-Retail and SD Team Lead. April 2007 – August 2007. Binzagr Company distributes a wide range of consumer products to all sectors of the trade. Since its establishment, Binzagr Company has steadily developed to become a leading distributor in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia . Binzagr’s principals include Unilever, Kellogs, Hershey’s, Kraft, Dunlop, etc. Binzagr operates more than 700 Retail Van Sales (RVS) to serve thousands customers in remote area.

Under SAP IS-Retail solutions, each RVS is considered as a store with Handheld Computer device as Point of Sales (POS) system. Syafrinal involved in this SAP IS-Retail project as a team lead of SD module and SAP IS-Retail Solutions. His roles are: Provide the best practice solutions from SAP SD module to professional writing service serve Modern Trade and phd thesis techniques Wholesales customers. Provide SAP IS-Retail solutions for in chinese, RVS transactions, e.g. retail promotional activities, stock allocations, replenishment process from warehouse to RVS sites, POS inbound and outbound interfaces. Train team members on writing SAP IS-Retail functions.

PT. DKSH Indonesia. SAP Project Manager/System Integrator. January 2007 – March 2007. DKSH is the writing compare and contrast 5th grade, No. 1 Services Group in Asia , focusing on sourcing, marketing, logistics and writing techniques distribution. Founded and deeply rooted in Asia, DKSH successfully bridges complex markets within and essay between Asia Pacific, Europe and the Americas . Syafrinal involved in this SAP roll-out project from DKSH global template as a project manager as well as a system integrator. His roles are: Manage integration process from phd thesis, logistics to essay dostoyevsky accounting in SAP. Coordinate Supply Chain process: Forecast-to-Stock and Order-to-Cash Make sure all legal requirements from Indonesia will fit DKSH global template.

Manage the phd thesis, project which consists of 10 consultants and more than 20 team members. PT. Wings Surya, Surabaya , Indonesia. SAP Project Manager. March 2006 – December 2006. PT. Wings Surya (WS) is a sister company of Sayap Mas Utama (SMU) in Wings Group of companies, with annual revenue more than USD 1.6 billion. The Art Of The Personal Essay Sparknotes! In addition to SMU, Wings Surya manufactures and distributes the product to eastern region of phd thesis writing techniques Indonesia as well as export to resume writing seattle abroad. Wings Surya has main business in Fast Moving Consumer Goods (FMCG) divided into phd thesis writing techniques, the following divisions: § Food and Beverages (Manufacturing and Distribution) § Personal Care (Manufacturing and Distribution) § Fabric Care (Manufacturing and resume writing service seattle Distribution) § Building Materials (Distribution Only) Wings Surya distributes the product through modern distribution channel (hypermarket, supermarket, etc.) as well as traditional shops. From geographical point of view, eastern region of Indonesia has very complex route for transportation process.

So the main challenge for this project is phd thesis techniques, how to essay rubric maximize SAP Logistics Execution (LE) functions especially in writing techniques, Transportation planning execution and shipment cost calculation. PT. Multibintang Indonesia , Tbk., Jakarta. SAP Logistics Consultant. January 2006 – February 2006. PT.

Multibintang Indonesia (MBI) is a public listed company and a subsidiary of useful essay words Heineken, Holland . MBI is a leading company in beverage products in Indonesia . Techniques! Their products are divided into two divisions, which are: This project is a roll-out project from Heineken, Holland . In conjunction with SAP implementation, Syafrinal were responsible to handle specific country requirements regarding logistics (returnable packaging and empties handling) and taxation process (VAT, LST, and Excise Duty) in resume, Indonesia, so that the SAP system is compliance with local regulations. PT. Sayap Mas Utama, Jakarta. SAP Logistics Consultant. February 2005 – December 2005. PT. Sayap Mas Utama (SMU) is phd thesis techniques, a leading Fast Moving Consumer Goods (FMCG) company in Indonesia with more than USD 1.5 billion annual revenue. Their products are divided into rubric, three division: - Fabric Care (detergent, softener, bleach, etc.) - Personal Care (soap, toothpaste, shampoo, etc.) - Food and Beverage (instant noodle, juices, energy drinks, etc.) - Building Materials (tiles, fibercement, roof, and gypsum)

This mySAP ERP project is very challenging since a lot of organizational entities are in writing, project scope. Writing Compare And Contrast! Including the techniques, interface of mySAP ERP with Manugistics, Workflows, and professional resume writing seattle complex enhancements for Free Goods activities. Meanwhile, in Logistics Execution process, there are 12 Warehouses included, and techniques more than 500 transportation fleet with complex route scheduling and shipment costs calculation. Syafrinal was responsible to configure and enhance SAP standard functions in and contrast essays 5th grade, Sales and phd thesis writing techniques Distribution module especially in pricing and 5th grade logistics execution so that it satisfied client’s requirements. He also led all logitics team (MM, PP, WM , SD ) as a system integrator. Since the writing, company also distributes the product directly to traditional market with complex pricing and dostoyevsky discount structure, Syafrinal has successfully configured the standard SAP system to be satisfied the phd thesis techniques, following requirements: - Cross-selling discount : buy one fast moving product and get a certain discount if the customer buys another slow moving product.

- Variation Items Discount : the customer will get discount if they buy a number of ap english rubric certain items altogether in one order. - Product Launching Discount : for a brand new product, the customer will get progressive discount based on phd thesis repeat order. - Voucher Redemption : for certain period, if the customer achieved sales target, they will be eligible to argumentative phrases receive voucher with certain nominal value. The customer may redeem this voucher for invoice payment. Finally, this project has been awarded by phd thesis techniques SAP Indonesia as “The Best ERP implementation of the year 2005”. PT. Tigaraksa Satria Tbk, Jakarta-Indonesia. December 2003 – October 2004.

SAP IS-Retail Consultant. PT. Tigaraksa Satria, Tbk. is a public listed company with main business in essays in chinese, selling and distributing Fast Moving Consumer Goods (FMCG). Techniques! Their business can be divided into the following divisions: - Food and Beverage. - Fashion Retailing (SAP IS-Retail) - Exclusive Book Direct Selling. - Household Gas Product. In conjunction with SAP implementation project, Syafrinal Syarien is responsible to manage inventory supply chain process across distribution networks using SAP IS-Retail functions . His main role is to synchronize all processes from inbound, internal warehouse, and outbound processes. In order to increase service level to the customers and at the same time reduce inventory level, he also introduced new concept in replenishment based on Just in Time (JIT) methodology as provided by SAP IS-Retail functions. SAP IS-Retail functions are used intensively in useful argumentative words, Fashion Retailing considering the company has only one Distribution Center (DC) with more than 400 outlets/stores to be supplied by DC. Writing Techniques! Some SAP IS-Retail functions including: - Category Management (Articles and Classification) - Promotion Activities (Free Goods, Coupon and professional writing Bonus Buy) - Mechandise Logictics (Allocation, Distribution, Replenishment) - Retail Information System (RIS) - Interface to POS system. As the result, SAP Indonesia awarded this project as “The Best ERP Implementation of the phd thesis, year 2004”.

PT. Essays! Belfoods Indonesia , Jakarta-Indonesia. SAP Project Manager. July 2003 – November 2003. This project is the first SAP implementation in Indonesia for writing, Small and in chinese Mid Size Business (SMB) based on SAP All-in-One concept. This end-to-end project was effectively completed within 4 months. In addition to writing ERP implementation, Syafrinal Syarien has successfully managed to enhance Belfoods’ business process based on essay Pack-to-Order. This method eventually reduces finished goods stocks and eliminates forecast inaccuracy at SKU level. Nestle Philippines , Manila-Philippines. SAP Logistics Instructor.

SAP Philippines has invited Syafrinal Syarien to conduct SAP training for phd thesis writing, team members of Nestle Philippines in writing, logistics and warehouse management area. Phd Thesis Writing! Syafrinal Syarien was appointed by SAP Philippines because his previous experiences working for SAP project at useful words phrases, Nestle USA . PT. Matahari Putra Prima, Tbk., Jakarta-Indonesia. November 2002 – March 2003. Matahari is the largest retail player with more than 200 stores in Indonesia . Techniques! Their retail outlets can be divided into and contrast, the following group:

Syafrinal involved in a full-cycle SAP logistics implementation at phd thesis writing techniques, Distribution Center of the leading retailer in Indonesia . This implementation uses SAP IS-Retail functionalities and RF devices for mobile data entry. SAP IS-Retail specific functions used at the DC include: o Push method (allocation and replenishment) o Pull method (store orders) - Handling Unit Management. - Interface with POS and Retail System at and contrast 5th grade, stores (RETEK) As a team leader for outbound logistics process, Syafrinal managed all team members in logistics to work together in order to increase efficiency in picking strategy and transportation processes. This project was very challenging since it has to manage huge SKUs and variety of phd thesis techniques products including fashion, FMCG, basic home appliances, and perishable items in a very large warehouse facility. Thai Oil Company Limited, Cholburi-Thailand. SAP Project System Consultant.

Thai Oil has planned to implement SAP Project System (PS) module for their engineering and maintenance process. Prior to implementation, Syafrinal Syarien was invited to conduct a two weeks SAP intensive workshop for professional resume writing service seattle, Project System (PS) module to maintain all activities in crude oil transportation, including building pipeline facilities, maintenance projects, civil works in phd thesis writing, refinery facilities, etc. In the ap english essay, workshop, Syafrinal Syarien also worked together with other consultants to adjust existing modules, which are Material Management, Asset Management, Plant Maintenance, Controlling, Finance, and Asset Management, so that they will be working and integrated properly with PS module. PT. Excelcomindo, Jakarta-Indonesia. SAP PS Consultant. March 2002 – April 2002. Excelcomindo is the leading cellular phone service provider in Indonesia . Syafrinal was responsible for revisiting Project System (PS) Module. The client has been implementing PS module for about 18 months and wanted to improve the performance and techniques functions of dostoyevsky PS module and its integration points to other modules. Upon completion of his tasks, Syafrinal has succesfully redesigned and improved some functions for PS module, such as: - Redesign standard structure of WBS to be more efficient and writing techniques manageable. - Implement logistics function of PS to manage project stocks.

PT. Professional Resume Writing Seattle! Indofood Sukses Makmur, Jakarta-Indonesia. SAP Sales Distribution Consultant. July 2001 – February 2002. PT. Indofood is the writing, biggest food producer in Indonesia . The SAP implementation project was managed directly by SAP Indonesia . SAP Indonesia has hired Syafrinal Syarien to argumentative essay phrases lead SAP implementation in Sales and Distribution module for phd thesis writing, the following divisions of Indofood : - Snack Food Division. - Food Seasoning Division.

- Baby Food Division. - Biscuit and Confectionary Division. Syafrinal Syarien was responsible for Sales and Distribution module, in which requires a highly usage of batch management and Warehouse Management and very fast moving products. Johnson Johnson Indonesia (JNJ) SAP Logistics Consultant. January 2001 – July 2001.

The world wide consumer goods pharmaceutical company. The project covered Johnson Johnson (JnJ) companies in 6 countries and managed by its project office in Sydney , Australia . The project went live at the same time for all six companies in each country Syafrinal Syarien was assigned to lead the implementation activities in logistics area for professional service seattle, JnJ Indonesia including Sales and Distribution and Warehouse Management. Phd Thesis Writing Techniques! This project was awarded by JnJ ASEAN as the best implementation among other the six countries. PT. Supra Sumber Cipta its Subsidiaries (Consumer Product Division of writing and contrast essays Japfa Group) SAP Sales Distribution Consultant. April 2000 – November 2000.

Syafrinal Syarien was responsible for Sales and Distribution Module. Phd Thesis Writing Techniques! This client heavily uses canvass selling where transactions captured in and contrast essays 5th grade, SAP only once a week and this requirement have impact on the credit limit checking – sales order entry processing – delivery (batch managed) – and availability check His activities include collecting user’s requirements; manage workshops and training, coordinating testing cycles and writing customizing. Developed ABAP reports and together with ABAP programmers create and test add-ons sales program for mobile sales task force. California Steel Industries, USA. SAP Sales Distribution Consultant. April 1999 – October 1999. California Steel Industries (CSI) is a steel maker deals with flat steel products: hot rolled, pickled and oil, galvanized, cold rolled, sheet, and electric resistance welded pipe. Syafrinal Syarien was responsible to implement Sales Distribution (SD) module including Transportation functions for CSI.

To accommodate the essay, complex pricing structures as per requirements, Syafrinal developed pricing with Variant Configuration and writing techniques certain complex pricing formula. Nestle, USA (the world-wide consumer goods company) SAP Project System Consultant. November 1998 – April 1999. Nestle USA needs to manage the sales promotion activities and marketing campaign using SAP Project System as the resume writing, solution Syafrinal Syarien conducted workshop for collecting user’s requirement, translate them into Business Blueprint document and phd thesis writing make the the art of the sparknotes, necessary setting in PS module according to Blueprint. Phd Thesis Writing! By using SAP Project System module, Nestle USA would be able manage all promotional activities, control the budget availability and essays monitor the effectiveness of each marketing and promotion event. Various Projects in writing, Australia.

(mostly for government institutions) December 1997 – June 1998. Syafrinal Syarien was hired by a consulting company in Australia as SAP consultant on a contract basis. He was assigned to various SAP projects in ap english rubric, Canberra , Australia , with major clients are government institutions. The clients are as follows : Australian War Memorial Museum (AWM) Syafrinal Syarien was responsible in design activities, configuration of SD module. One of this museum services is selling documentary video, souvenirs, and reprint of war photo's which has to be booked as revenue.

Orders from customers were processed according to Make-to-Order concept. Australian Parliament House (APH) Syafrinal Syarien participated in preliminary overview of SAP PS implementation, determining the PS project scope, and preparing the proposal. Australian Intellectual Property Organization (AIPO) Syafrinal Syarien supported AIPO for phd thesis writing, post implementation support for SD module. PT. Amoco Mitsui PTA Indonesia, Serang-Indonesia. SAP R/3 Specialist.

July 1996 – November 1997. This project has been recognized as “Success Story” in Petrochemical sector by SAP Asia Syafrinal Syarien was responsible as internal consultant of PT Amoco Mitsui for essays, SD, QM and writing PS modules act as valuable counter part for the implementor. Smoothing the dostoyevsky, business analysis stage and translating Amoco’s requirements into SAP Specific Business flow. His activities includes: performed end user’s training, developed SAP user’s manual, and performed technical supports. July 2008 – Present. Freelancer SAP Consultant. Work as a freelancer SAP Consultant for various companies, including: Soltius Indonesia, Abyor International, Aseta, and SAP Field Services.

January 2006 – June 2008. PT. Soltius Indonesia. (A merger between IMC Consulting and SDI Technologies) An SAP Indonesia National Logo as implementation partner. Position: SAP Senior Consultant. April 2000 – December 2005. PT.

Integrasi Mitra Ciptakarya (IMC Consulting) An SAP Indonesia National Logo as implementation partner. Position: Consulting Manager. October 1998 – October 1999. Metamor Enterprise Solutions, Inc ., Los Angeles , USA. An SAP America National Logo as implementation partner. Position: SAP Consultant. December 1997 – September 1998. Software Consulting Services, Pty. Ltd . Australia.

An SAP Australia National Logo as implementation partner. Position: SAP Consultant, contract basis. July 1996 – November 1997. PT Amoco Mitsui PTA Indonesia. A world-class petrochemical company. Position: SAP R/3 Specialist. August 1995 – June 1996. PT Berlian Sistem Informasi , Indonesia. A subsidiary of Mitsubishi Corporation, Japan. Position: System Analyst.

December 1993 – July 1995. PT Prabu Jaya Persada , Indonesia. The main dealer of Mitsubishi Motors Indonesia. Position: System Engineer. - Certified ASAP Implementation Methodology, 1998, SAP America. - Certified SAP Application Consultant CRM and writing techniques Internet Sales, 2000, SAP Indonesia. - Certified SAP Application Consultant SD Module, 2000, SAP Indonesia. - Certified SAP Application Consultant PS Module, 2002, SAP Indonesia. - Certified SAP Solution Consultant Solution Manager 4.0, 2010, SAP Malaysia. Bandung Institute of Technology, Bandung , Indonesia. BS Degree in Mathematics.

Graduate on professional seattle October 23, 1993 with notation “very satisfactory” Title of techniques thesis: “A Mathematical Model for Production Planning” - English – Very good. - Address: Vila Ilhami C-115, Karawaci, Tangerang 15810, Indonesia.

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Essay on Homosexuality (2012) by D.J. Webb. Essay on Homosexuality. Published on the Libertarian Alliance Blog. Homosexuality is in many ways an awkward subject to write about.

In the phd thesis techniques, old days, such things were not mentioned in polite conversation. Even today, the continual discussion of sexual orientation can grate: surely such things are meant to be intimate and private? However, conservatives do not set the tone of public debate, and for good or ill homosexuality has become a high-profile topic of political discussion. First of all, it is worth pointing out that homosexuality has not been recently invented. There always have been men who were attracted to other men. While strict homosexuality is found among a very small minority of the population, it is likely that the numbers of compare and contrast essays 5th grade, men who have been attracted to some other men, or who have experimented along those lines, is much larger than the core homosexual demographic group. It is difficult to cite accurate figures, as not everyone is sure of his own sexuality, let alone confident in techniques, discussing it with researcher. The Kinsey Report compiled in essay, 1948, entitled “Sexual Behaviour in the Human Male”, claimed that 46% of the men interviewed reacted sexually to another male at some point in their lives (the methodology that informed the report, including the selection of the writing techniques, pool of interviewees, has been questioned by some). Yet a government survey in the UK in 2010 put the “gay” section of the population at essay sparknotes, just 1.5%. This is a long way from being the statistical norm, leading some conservatives to conclude that “abnormality” makes homosexuality a “perversion” or even an illness, but the American Psychiatric Association declassified homosexuality as a mental disorder in 1973.

From a strictly psychiatric point of view, a phenomenon often combined with high intellectual ability and otherwise normal functioning in society should not be regarded as a mental disorder. Furthermore, it is fair to say that homosexuality is so widely found in human societies and across the ages that, while not being the statistical norm, it must be described as a natural phenomenon. Societies need to be reproduced, and should not be based purely around sexual urges, and so homosexuality cannot be thought of as a potential building block of society, but homosexuality is a human foible that will always exist in society. Phd Thesis Writing? It is an interesting question whether a more open social attitude towards homosexuality will lead to its greater prevalence, as people who would otherwise repress their urges do not feel the need to do so. The reason why some menand homosexuality seems to be much more prevalent among men than womenare attracted to other men is ultimately unclear.

The “gay” movement seems to have adopted the essay dostoyevsky, line that it must be genetic, backed up by somewhat bizarre arguments about occasional homosexual behaviour among animals. But in fact no one really knows: it is as likely as not that current social policies that encourage marital breakdown lead to confused sexuality among boys, brought up without father figures. Some combination of reasons could also be in writing techniques, play, not least because some men have gone “gay” in later life, raising questions over how stable sexuality is throughout one’s life. The Christian church has long railed against homosexuality, whilst being a notable organisation in the art personal sparknotes, which homosexual activity has always flourished. Before the Christian church embedded itself into the culture of Western Europe, homosexual behaviour was much more widespread in ancient Rome and ancient Greece, tending to show that genetic factors are not the phd thesis techniques, key to understanding homosexuality, and that social and writing service seattle cultural factors are the main drivers of phd thesis techniques, human sexuality. I tend to useful essay phrases believe that the phd thesis writing, genetic instinct gives us the sexual urge, without specifying in essay dostoyevsky, detail the kinds of human beings that are to be regarded as sexually attractive.

Of course, referring to phd thesis homosexuality as a cultural phenomenon fits easily into the prevailing left-wing narrative concerning “cultural diversity”, which attempts to essays in chinese unpick the social and cultural norms of phd thesis writing, Western society to justify multi-culturalism, apparently with the aim of resume service seattle, creating a society of people who no longer have cultural connections with each other, but are in phd thesis, the main clients of the state. If the way things have been done for centuries in the West has not always been the way, or is not the way in all societies, it is argued that our culture is worthless, or its worth is ultimately subjective, and of the personal so the norms of writing, society should be shunted aside in essay, favour of a more generous, “liberal” approach. There are many ramifications of this, but I wish to stick to theme of homosexuality here. Phd Thesis Techniques? Greek and Roman homosexuality appear to have been connected to the warrior culture: homosexual attraction was not seen as unmanly. It would be incorrect to impose modern notions of “gay identity” on the art of the personal essay sparknotes the ancient world.

There was no gay identity, and writing techniques it is interesting to see that the main form that homosexual relations took in ancient Greece was of relations between an older warrior and dostoyevsky a adolescent of 12-17 years of age. Such relationships between people of different age groups are not really the intention of modern laws decriminalising homosexuality, where adolescents under 16 years of age are not seen as capable of writing techniques, giving consent to sexual activity (despite being almost universally engaged in useful argumentative words, it). Clearly, relationships between men and older youths in ancient Greece were not unmanly; neither did they detract in phd thesis writing, any way from masculinity. The Art Of The Essay? There was nothing “camp” or “queenie” about Greek homosexuality. But if it was possible for one society to interpret human sexuality in phd thesis, a radically different way from the present, then couldn’t one argue that all cultural norms are essentially arbitrary? There is a problem for conservatives here, in that England was traditionally a free country in most respects, and so we generally call for argumentative essay words, a restoration of phd thesis writing techniques, our traditional cultural norms, and yet it is undeniable that the Christian narrative on sexuality had a deep impact on English culture. One could argue, however, that despite the rubric, mainstream nature of phd thesis writing techniques, heterosexuality throughout English history, some degree of homosexuality was part of the social norm.

There always has been an undercurrent of homosexuality, and any attempt, legally, to create a society where all men adhered to heterosexual norms would in itself be a rejection of the realities of traditional England. Dostoyevsky? Quite apart from homosexual attractions in phd thesis writing, the upper echelons of society (Richard the essays in chinese, Lionheart, Edward II and James I spring to mind), there has for writing, centuries been widespread practice of homosexuality among public schoolboys. Maybe this is useful argumentative essay words phrases, why Roger Scruton in his England: An Elegy spoke of the phd thesis writing, homosexual nature of English culture. It would be a gross misunderstanding to state that homosexuality has always been accepted, but England would not have been England without its undercurrent of relationships or sexual activity between men. Given that the Christian church is ap english language essay rubric, widely seen, even by techniques its supporters, to have erred in many of the details of its teachings (e.g., on the Creation), I am wondering whether an English traditionalist approach could be devised that accepted the niche role of the church, and its architecture, liturgy and music, as a valued part of our culture, while also seeing that prohibitions against harmless private behaviour need to writing and contrast essays be downplayed, especially where state sanctions are involved. Whatever eventually emerges from phd thesis, genetic search on the reasons for homosexuality and and contrast whatever the rights and wrongs of church teaching on the subject, libertarians could not support the criminalisation of homosexual acts, giving the state, as it would, the right to investigate what is going on in private bedrooms and techniques behind closed doors.

Laws against “sodomy” were repealed in writing 5th grade, 1967 in the case of phd thesis writing, participants over writing compare and contrast 5th grade, the age of phd thesis, 21, with the age of consent reduced in useful argumentative essay phrases, 2001 to 16. As far as I am concerned, this gives homosexualsand libertarians objecting to the criminalisation of sex between mennearly everything they want, albeit with a continuing question over the absurd classification of sexual acts with consenting 15-year-olds as “statutory rape”. Another question that libertarians could take a stance on phd thesis writing techniques is laws against dostoyevsky “public indecency” in gay cruising grounds, such as Hampstead Heath in London. In George Orwell’s 1984 , Winston Smith was able to escape the phd thesis writing, eyes of Big Brother by having sex in the woods, and in any free society, unless the state proposed to professional writing seattle place cameras on the branches of every tree, sex in the woods is simply something that is going to phd thesis techniques happen. Essays In Chinese? It is not necessarily something a cultured person would engage in, but we are talking about the laws of a free country here. Sex behind bushes in known gay cruising grounds is not at all the same thing as similar behaviour out in the open in a way that would offend most people. It is interesting to note that England did not always have laws against homosexual acts. Before the 1533 Buggery Act, which criminalised anal sex, but not all homosexual acts, and phd thesis specified hanging as the punishment, cases of “buggery”as it was charmingly knownwere handled by the ecclesiastical courts, with little evidence of any serious attempt to stamp out homosexual acts.

Of course, in mediaeval times, people depended on their children in older age, and in essays in chinese, a largely agrarian society without pensions and other modern financial instruments, homosexuality as a public lifestyle, in contradistinction to furtive acts conducted by people who otherwise adhered to the general norms of family life, was unthinkable. The number of people put to death for buggery was necessarily small, as evidence would generally have been lacking. Techniques? The death penalty for buggery was abolished in of the essay, 1861, and writing an 1885 Act of useful essay words phrases, Parliament extended the techniques, sanction of imprisonment to all homosexual activity between men and not just sodomy. Not all English conservatives seem to realise that homosexual acts (the broader definition thereof) were only illegal for 82 years, and so there is nothing really traditionalist about regretting the writing seattle, demise of the 1885 Act. It is sometimes claimed that one cannot be a libertarian without supporting homosexuality. Is that really so? I don’t think one can be libertarian without opposing the criminalisation of homosexuality, but that is another thing entirely. Surely libertarians should oppose attempts to criminalise homosexuality and vocal opposition to homosexuality in equal measure. The right of others to deprecate homosexuality was mentioned during the Parliamentary debate on writing decriminalisation of homosexuality in 1967, where the Earl of Arran, a sponsor of the bill, said.

I ask those who have, as it were, been in bondage and for language essay, whom the prison doors are now open to show their thanks by comporting themselves quietly and with dignity. Phd Thesis Writing Techniques? This is no occasion for jubilation; certainly not for celebration. Any form of ostentatious behaviour; now or in the future any form of public flaunting, would be utterly distasteful and would, I believe, make the sponsors of the ap english rubric, Bill regret that they have done what they have done. Homosexuals must continue to remember that while there may be nothing bad in being a homosexual, there is phd thesis techniques, certainly nothing good. Lest the opponents of the Bill think that a new freedom, a new privileged class, has been created, let me remind them that no amount of legislation will prevent homosexuals from being the subject of ap english language essay, dislike and derision, or at best of pity. We shall always, I fear, resent the odd man out. That is their burden for all time, and they must shoulder it like menfor men they are. [ Hansard , 21 July 1967 ] Adoption and civil partnerships. Decriminalisation did not mean that homosexuality was to be promoted in all arenas of phd thesis, life, much less than opposition to homosexuality was to be criminalised. Language? Yet the gay agenda has developed along more or less extreme lines that Lord Arran indicated would have made the sponsors of the 1967 Bill regret their actions. Not only can homosexual couplesor, worse, lone homosexual individualsadopt children today, opposition to such adoptions from the biological parents of phd thesis writing techniques, children who have been taken into care is also ignored.

Civil partnerships were a further development that seemed to chip away at social norms, and now the government is talking about rubric introducing “gay marriage”, as if marriage were not originally a religious concept in the first place. Much of phd thesis, this appears to service many to be intent on creating a minority of people privileged by the state by dint of phd thesis techniques, their statistically deviant behaviour. How should libertarians view these matters? As far as the adoption of children is concerned, the forgotten subjects of state intervention are the children. There is little evidence that raising children in novel and innovative household units is good for essays in chinese, them: I am not denying that where one parent dies, the surviving spouse often remains a good parent.

But to go out of our way to techniques create family units where adopted children have a lone parent seems quixotic in terms of public policy. Of The Personal? Given that men and women are different, and fathers and mothers bring something different to the family and the child-rearing process, I pity the child who is adopted by order of the state by two men or two women, simply to make a political point. Many of these children will grow up with no ill effects, but it seems more sensible to writing give all adopted children the natural family environment of a father and a mother. There is nothing libertarian about extremist policies to the contrary. As far as civil partnerships are concerned, it is argued that taxation and inheritance systems treat married couples differently from single people, and so men in long-term relationships need ways of avoiding being treated as single people. I think libertarians can be sympathetic to essay dostoyevsky the idea that any committed peopleincluding two sisters and communes of many individualsshould be able to writing register as “fiscal units”, although our main approach is to eliminate personal taxation, which resolves most questions of ap english language essay rubric, this type. Phd Thesis Techniques? Consequently, the civil partnership arrangement should stay, although “ceremonies” organised by the state that appear to mimic marriage should end: civil partnership should be a simple application form in the post, and if the individuals concerned wish to have a party, then it would be up to them to organise it. The problem is partly the state’s view of essay, marriage. Writing Techniques? Once marriage was taken out of the hands of the church and made a preserve of the statewhich is what civil marriages in registry offices amount toarguably, heterosexual marriage was downgraded to the status now occupied by civil partnerships. For marriage is not about becoming a “fiscal unit” for the purposes of state revenue collection; in Christian theology, a man and a woman become “one flesh”.

Although not originally related to each other, matrimony makes them one flesh, relatives of each other, a suitable state in which to writing and contrast essays approach the bearing of children. Two men cannot become “one flesh” in this way, precisely because they cannot have children together. Phd Thesis? Similarly, marriage is a vow in the sight of God. Whatever one’s views on the existence of God or otherwise, the nature of a vow is that it cannot be revoked, whether by the church or by the state. A solemn vow binds the individual for ap english, life (and I include here the writing, Coronation Oath and judicial and political oaths of office). To claim that the state can “divorce” a couple makes a mockery of the useful argumentative words phrases, vow, and means the couple were not really “one flesh” all along: civil marriage is therefore just civil partnership. The reason why I oppose “gay marriage” is that the state cannot make anyone “one flesh”. Phd Thesis Writing Techniques? It is a detail of Christian theology that the sacrament of matrimony does accomplish this in the case of a man and useful argumentative essay words phrases a woman, and this theology is backed up by phd thesis the biological reality that a man and a woman do become related to each other (“one flesh”) by their joint relationship to and through their children. Even if the state hands out certificates saying two men are “married”, they cannot be married, any more than UK passports handed out to Africans make them truly British. I would like to in chinese abolish divorce too and go for a dual-track approach: if you wish to get married in church, to take solemn vows, which may or may not mean anything to any Supreme Being that may exist, then the state cannot declare those vows defunct; but if you wish merely to get married “in the eyes of the state”, then a man and woman should be able to send a civil partnership application form to the government in the way I outlined above or enter a civil partnership at writing techniques, a registry office, in the same way that two men can.

Such civil partnerships should not contain solemn vows, and could therefore be dissolved by the state. Essay Dostoyevsky? I will later in phd thesis writing techniques, this article argue, however, that libertarians should not officially take a position against gay marriage for tactical reasons. One area where libertarians must take a clear view is the use of state power to crush opposition to dostoyevsky homosexuality, which seems many times more determined than the rare use of the law against homosexual acts before 1967. People must be free to express their views on homosexuality. Yet the phd thesis, spread of notions of political correctness appears to turn people into “tolerance machines”, people whose views have all been decided for and contrast, them by the state, and who have no business other than to repeat the views intoned in the media and the education system. Techniques? For this reason, I am reluctant to say that libertarians “should” feel favourably or unfavourably disposed to the art essay sparknotes homosexuality.

People, including libertarians, who are instinctively averse to homosexuality, as I am to lesbianism, should feel no compunction about saying so, although, as stated above, support for state sanctions for writing, homosexuality is essay, another issue entirely, well beyond any reasonable turf for any real libertarian. All laws designed to “enforce” acceptance of homosexuality should be abolished. Not only do people have to be careful at work nowadays how they express themselves on the subjectthe authorities are only too eager to destroy the careers of those who step out of linelaws against writing freedom of association are also being used to crush dissent. In 2011, two gay men won £3,600 in damages after being turned away from a bed and breakfast guesthouse in Cornwall and a number of similar cases have come to light . Such “discrimination” is illegal, and it seems gay men have a licence to cash in where they know the owners of a BB are Christians. Anti-discrimination laws are a fundamental plank in a coercive approach to creating a multi-cultural society. Nevertheless, particularly in the case of family-run businesses, the owners have the rightthe moral right, not the useful argumentative phrases, legal rightto offer their services to customers on whatever basis they choose. It is undoubtedly more than a little petty for BB owners to lay down rules on who can sleep in double beds, but their religious or political beliefs may be strongly held, and it is not for anyone else to phd thesis tell them they may not act upon them. In the case of large hotels or other non-family-run businesses, I think the principle still applies, that the and contrast 5th grade, owners of the phd thesis techniques, business have the right to specify who they will serve.

But in the case of large companies, it should be the shareholders, at an annual general meeting, who decide, and not some little Hitler of a manager who doesn’t even own the company. I think it highly unlikely the shareholders of any company would demand discriminatory policies, as companies have an essay phrases interest in expanding their customer bases, and so the writing techniques, issue only really crops up with small family-run businesses, giving the lie to the claim that laws against essay phrases discrimination are required to techniques enable gay men and essay other favoured minorities to function in society. Finally, equality before the law should be re-established. This means that laws labelling certain crimes as “hate crimes” and imposing stiffer penalties on them should be abolished. This is not the same thing as supporting hate crimesI don’t support thembut surely it makes sense for the law to criminalise assault and battery of all members of society to an equal degree, without distinction. An interesting question is writing, homosexuality in personal, the armed forces. As male-dominated organisations, the armed forces are, like the church, a historic focus of homosexual employment. Homosexual activity between sailors is nothing new. What should the phd thesis, official policy on homosexual employment in the armed forces be? Firstly, I think it important to state that, in extreme situations, such as wartime, all members of society have to be prepared to defend that society. That is what membership of society means.

Maybe some libertarians would claim that conscription should not be implemented in a free society. However, by the time war breaks out, social freedoms are the last thing on the government’s mind. Warfare, especially when the nation is under attack, and not attacking other countries, is an extreme event, and many of the social niceties disappear overnight. Consequently, I am opposed to allowing conscientious objectors to absent themselves from the essays, armed forces while others are being conscripted. But, by techniques the same token, homosexuality cannot be a sufficient reason to of the personal sparknotes avoid the draft either. It is absurd for any society to hold that gay man cannot fight for the country: in wartime, there may be little choice.

However, I see no reason why military discipline should not require decorum of members of the armed forces, and “camp” behaviour or constant ribald discussion of gay sex in army barracks in a way likely to give rise to offence, should be deemed to contravene military discipline. Army officers should be in a position to insist that public decency is maintained at all times and that the issue doesn’t become a cause for strife between soldiers. I will address ecclesiastical homosexuality in passing here. As the church, if it is to be a church, and not just a conveyor belt for political propaganda, has to be faithful to its teachings dating back millennia, I see no why priests should publicly proclaim their homosexuality without being defrockedif they are gay, why are they trying to writing techniques subvert the church by joining it in order to flout its commands? The preaching of homosexual rights from the pulpit should lead to the rapid defenestration of the vicar. Nonetheless, a realistic acceptance that many priests are gay is appropriate in the art of the essay, the context where many of the church’s teachings are no longer sustainable as historic or scientific truth. Writing Techniques? This means we shouldn’t poke around in a vicar’s private life to find out if he is gay, and if it becomes known that he is gay without his seeking to flaunt himself, then a logical approach would be to essay sparknotes ignore it. As with the armed forces, if public decorum is maintained, there is little reason to launch witch-hunts.

Interestingly, as sexuality becomes politicised, it has also become more fluid. The women of England seem to be getting less feminine as the men of phd thesis writing, England become less masculine. One example of this is the metrosexual phenomenon, of which the football player, David Beckham, is one example. Young “straight” men today worry about their appearance more than before, have more creams and essay potions in writing techniques, their bathroom cabinets, and even engage in what I regard as the unmanly habit of shaving their body hair. Essays? When I was a teenager, such things would have been seen as effeminate. Looking around my local gym, it is clear that many of the younger men are rather feminine, or even effeminate, in appearance.

The days when heterosexuality meant raw masculinity are long gone. Writing? One could argue that a supine population that allows the ap english, state to determine their views on race, culture and sexuality is less manly that what went before. For this reason alone, I think libertarians could lament the decline of masculinity. Would “real men” have allowed their primary-school-age children to be bombarded with propaganda on anal sex? Intriguingly, and with an eye on ancient Greece where homosexual relationships were not seen as diminishing one’s masculinity, this opens up the phd thesis, prospect of a redefinition of masculinity. If many of the “straight” lads are a good deal more effeminate than some of the gay men, then who are the real pansies? It was while I was thinking along these lines that I came across Jack Donovan’s website , where his books on “androphilia” and personal masculinity are listed. Apparently, Jack Donovan is an American androphilea man who likes menwho does not identify with the phd thesis techniques, “gay” culture. The “gay” word is problematic for me, as it is ap english language essay, politically loaded as an earlier attempt to “rebrand” homosexuality, and the gay culture that has been created around it seems to categorise gay men as soft, soppy, sissyish, something that homosexual acts were not associated with in ancient Greece. But a glance at the gay club scene also turns up dungeons, leather and chains, and one could also question whether anal sex (not the phd thesis techniques, only form of writing, gay sex, it should be added) is really sissyish at all: arguably, it is phd thesis techniques, sex at its most primeval, sex in the animal sense; not really effeminate at language, all. Jack Donovan explained his ideas thus : The word gay has never described mere homosexuality.

Gay is a subculture, a slur, a set of gestures, a slang, a look, a posture, a parade, a rainbow flag, a film genre, a taste in phd thesis writing techniques, music, a hairstyle, a marketing demographic, a bumper sticker, a political agenda and philosophical viewpoint. Gay is a pre-packaged, superficial personaa lifestyle. It’s a sexual identity that has almost nothing to do with sexuality. Androphilia is a rejection of the overloaded gay identity and a return to a discussion of homosexuality in terms of desire. The gay sensibility is dostoyevsky, a near-oblivious embrace of a castrating slur, the non-stop celebration of an age-old, emasculating stigma applied to men who engaged in homosexual acts. Gays and phd thesis writing radical queers imagine that they challenge the status quo, but in appropriating the stigma of effeminacy, they merely conform to and confirm long-established expectations. Essay Dostoyevsky? Homosexual men have been paradoxically cast as the enemies of writing techniques, masculinityslaves to the feminist pipe dream of a ‘gender-neutral’ (read: anti-male, pro-female) world. Androphilia is a manifesto full of truly dangerous ideas: that men can have sex with men and retain their manhood, that homosexuality can be about championing a masculine ideal rather than attacking it, and that the “oppressive construct of masculinity” despised by the gay community could actually enrich and improve the lives of professional resume writing, homosexual and bisexual men.

Androphilia is for those men who never really bought what the phd thesis writing techniques, gay community was selling. It is language rubric, a challenge to leave the gay world completely behind and to rejoin the writing techniques, world of men, unapologetically, as androphiles, but more importantly, as men. I don’t know how far Jack Donovan’s ideas on writing and contrast 5th grade masculinity and writing androphilia will spread, but I think it is at least possible that the relationship between homosexuality and effeminacy (or, conversely, between heterosexuality and masculinity) is breaking down, and it would be interesting to see the outcome. As sexuality seems more fluidI could well believe that 46% of useful phrases, men have felt attraction to a man at some point (the unattractiveness of the phd thesis, average British female may play a role in this)more young men may be interested in an androphile alternative than in becoming gay per se . And a resurgence of masculinity in society would be a good thing. I haven’t yet had chance to buy Donovan’s book, so I don’t know if AIDS is mentioned therein.

But I would argue that turning the gay “community” into a vehicle for in chinese, AIDS propaganda and phd thesis the distribution of condoms represents part of the effeminate culture of gayness. Real sex, whether between men and women or between two men, is without intervention of rubber. Another point I don’t know whether Donovan makes is that in order to become masculine, gay men must stop sliding into a kind of gingerbread group for resume writing service, political correctness. Phd Thesis Writing? Real masculinity includes applauding the expression of real views by real people. Calling on the state to compare and contrast essays 5th grade solve your battles is unmanly, and it would tend to paint all gay men as a group of extremists lobbying for more intervention by the technocracy. Phd Thesis Writing? In fact, prejudice against homosexuality would appear to writing be largely justified in writing, England today on political grounds, given the way that leading gay activists appear on our television screens calling for more laws against discrimination and for the art of the sparknotes, sterner punishment of dissenters. Techniques? Libertarians may well feel inclined, if not to support criminalisation of homosexuality, then to see the official gay movement and its spokesmen are enemies of a free country. Yet, curiously, most gay men I have ever met have opposed gay marriage and useful words phrases the adoption of children by homosexuals. Phd Thesis Writing? Jack Donovan has also spoken out against gay marriage in an interesting article on the Alternative Right website : Same-sex marriage, however good its proponents believe it might be for homosexuals, is essentially an attempt to subvert the cultural primacy of the professional service, reproductive family. Techniques? Gays will not allow themselves to consider the fact that this spells death for in chinese, civilizations, and that society has a rational interest in promoting big, patriarchal families above all other arrangements.

The idea that somehow, without any cultural apparatus to encourage or foster it, men and women will naturally take on the burden of raising a large family at any cost is simply absurd and proven wrong by below-replacement-level birth rates in Europe. Cultures that don’t place the highest value on phd thesis reproductive families die out, and their numbers are replaced by cultures that do. It’s happening in Europe, and it’s happening in the US. While alternative relationships need not be openly scorned, and they may deserve some sort of the art of the personal, reasonable accommodation, it isn’t in the best interest of Western Civilizationor any civilizationto morally or institutionally equate reproductive and non-reproductive sexuality. Reproductive sexuality is an indispensable building block of techniques, civilization; it serves society as a whole. Non-reproductive sexuality is, in words, the big picture, basically a “feel-good”. There is some truth in the idea that homosexuality was symptomatic of the downfall of ancient Rome. There is phd thesis, no direct connection between the two, but Romans lolling about in bath-houses engaged in sex were leading too soft a life, and unsurprisingly fell at the hands of the barbarians. Bread and circusesand sexcreated an image of of the personal, debauchery that Christians have down the centuries condemned. Arguably, our societies today have fallen victim to the same effete, effeminate social trends.

Welfarism, family breakdown and divorce, the writing techniques, compensation culture and the sexualisation of mainstream culture all form part of our social decline and I don’t see how libertarianism can accomplish any of its goals by supporting these trends. These trends all lead to greater social intervention to repair the inevitable social problems thrown up. One could argue that homosexuality has degraded the wider culture, by creating the goal of no-strings-attached sex. Now nightclubs are full of men and women in their 30s and 40s trying to play the field still, where once they would have been looking after their children at home. Clearly, this is an option for gay men, with no children, but for ap english, men and women with children to attempt to behave in the same libertine manner has many negative social consequences. I would respond by removing all government subsidies for family breakdown, including welfare for unmarried mothers.

If people have children, they must accept the responsibility that entails. However, just as Roman debauchery was only phd thesis writing techniques a problem in the closing days of the Empiresex between men was hardly the direct cause of the fall of the Empire, and was at one point a factor in strengthening society by professional resume service seattle promoting relationships between older and younger members of the warrior classso it would be inaccurate to see homosexuality as always leading to the decline of a society. Our societies are too soft. Phd Thesis Writing Techniques? The decline of words phrases, masculinity has many causes, but homosexuality per phd thesis techniques se is not emasculating. So libertarians should broadly support the right to gay sex, while focusing their condemnation on sparknotes the illiberal attempts to close down dissent and enforce acceptance of homosexuality. Phd Thesis Techniques? I have made clear my distaste for gay marriage, and indeed my preference for abolition of divorce and other policies designed to writing seattle prevent family breakdown. Phd Thesis? However, there is always a hierarchy of policies of greater or lesser importance to ap english language rubric political movements, and laws that impinge on 1.5% of the population, with the numbers taking up the writing techniques, chance to “marry” in registry offices likely to be only in the hundreds, need to writing service seattle be seen in perspective. Consequently, libertarians need to adopt a strategic approach. The really big issue for libertarianism is the panoply of multi-culturalism that is the real driver behind the writing, loss of our freedoms. There is a distinct possibility that appearing obsessed on the gay issue would prevent a wider hearing for our ideas on social freedom.

For this reason, while libertarians will have a range of opinions on the subject of gay marriage, the libertarian movement itself should adopt a neutral stance on the issue. Oddly enough, just as many gays, feeling, as they are in many ways, like social outsiders, became a Trojan Horse for political correctness, there are a number of well-known homosexuals, including the British historian, David Starkey, who will push the boundaries of what can be said on the race issue. Ap English Language Essay? Homosexuality, until the late 1980s at least, used to have a considerable aura of daring about it, bringing down social taboos and transgressing social norms. The reinvention of homosexuality as just another strand of the state’s attempt to create a cowed population has taken the audaciousness out of the homosexual experience: is it any wonder that men who like men sometimes take the lead in a politically correct society by phd thesis techniques saying the unsayable in essay, other areas? Clearly people like David Starkey have something to contribute to writing the advance of the useful argumentative words phrases, libertarian movement in the UK, and so the phd thesis writing techniques, contours of masculinity and support for state intervention have become confused and could become even more so in the future. Let’s have fewer young men depilating their groins and putting gel on essay their hair, and phd thesis writing techniques more young men of all sexual orientations insisting on their right to say and think what they like. Writing Compare And Contrast Essays 5th Grade? A free country would be a country for real men! By Keir Martland.

Conservative Party Politicians. Into the Cannibal's Pot: Lessons for America from Post-Apartheid South Africa. The University Outside State Control. Arnold Harris Mathew and the Old Catholic Movement in England 1908-52. Joseph-Rene Vilatte (1854-1929): Some aspects of his life, work and succession. Going Galactic (Novel) Honest Common Sense: A Brief Philosophy for Honest, Civil Human Beings. Fiction by Sean Gabb. The Churchill Memorandum. The Column of Phocas. Non-fiction by Sean Gabb.

Acts of the Apostles: A Greek, Latin and English Parallel Text, Being an Aid for Adults to the Easier Learning of the Classical Languages. Freedom of Speech in England. Cultural Revolution, Culture War. Smoking, Class and phd thesis writing techniques the Legitimation of Power. War and the National Interest: Arguments for a British Foreign Policy.

Dispatches from useful words, a Dying Country. The Land Question in Classical Liberal Thought and the Georgist Contribution to phd thesis writing Classical Liberalism: A Bibliography. The Eurosceptical Directory: Being a selected annotated bibliography of the best critical writings on the European project. Freedom, Healthcare and Welfare Policy: A Selected Bibliography: A Resource Guide for Policy Makers, Politicians, Researchers, Academics, Healthcare Workers and Businessmen. The Works of Arthur Seldon (1916-2005): A Bibliography. Novels by Richard Blake. (Coming again Soon!) Books Partly by Sean Gabb. Down with Power: Libertarian Policy in a Time of Crisis (L.

Neil Smith, Introduction by Sean Gabb) Economy and useful essay Virtue. Truancy in English Secondary Schools. Don't Fence Me in: Essays on the Rational Truant.