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BUSINESS CASE STUDY: PepsiCo - The Vitality Institute
Bankruptcy Organization Research Paper Starter. This essay investigates the topic of bankruptcy as it relates to corporate organization. Pepsico Case? Bankruptcy is a proceeding that is governed by federal law; and offers protection to debtors from creditors under certain guidelines and for chicago university essays a certain period of time. The most common options that corporations have for gaining protection from creditors are to file Chapter 7 (liquidation) or Chapter 11 (reorganization). This article focuses on issues and topics related to pepsico case study analysis, Chapter 11. The term bankruptcy is often used to refer to financial failure in modern dance general.
However, in the U.S., bankruptcy has a specific legal meaning; in fact, bankruptcy is pepsico analysis, federal law. Modern Dance? Congress has the power to enact uniform laws on pepsico study, the subject of bankruptcy and restricts the ability of states to in germany, provide a discharge or collect assets that are not in pepsico study analysis the state. In addition to being federal law, modern bankruptcy law has several other defining characteristics. Bankruptcy is a collective proceeding and all of a debtor's creditors are involved. It provides a pro rata distribution of an insolvent debtor's assets among like creditors, and it provides a discharge to qualified debtors (Hansen Eschelbach Hansen, n.d.). Prior to the 20th Century, bankruptcy laws generally favored the creditor rather than the debtor; debtors were often considered criminals and might be punished with imprisonment or death as a result of the inability to service representative cover letter, re-pay their debt. U.S. Bankruptcy laws were originally modeled after English law, but were enacted as Article 1, Section 8, Clause 4 of the United States Constitution. Article 1, section 8 became known as Uniform Laws on the subject of Bankruptcies throughout the United States. Pepsico Analysis? Throughout the 1800s, legislation and amendments dealing with bankruptcy came about; generally in response to bad economic conditions. There were many reforms and amendments regarding bankruptcy during the 1800s, but it was the Bankruptcy Act of 1898 that ushered in laws that most resemble our modern legislation regarding bankruptcy.
The emergence of a credit economy and the Industrial Age changed the focus to the discharge of debt or liquidation of assets rather than punishment of the debtor (A brief history of bankruptcy in the US, 2007). Today's modern bankruptcy law has its roots in the 1898 Bankruptcy Act. This revised law focused on dance, liquidation of a debtor's property or assets, but it also contained several chapters that dealt with the re-organization of distressed businesses. In 1938, the Chandler Act created further amendments to bankruptcy law with the creation of case study analysis chapters X and strong thesis, XI. These chapters allowed public and private companies to reorganize instead of automatic liquidation of assets. The Chandler Act also introduced the role of the bankruptcy referee who had quasi-judicial powers (A brief history of bankruptcy law, 2002) and served as an pepsico case study analysis, appointed representative to act as an intermediary in the proceedings. Bankruptcy law had been part of federal legislation from the beginning of the 19th Century but it was not until the Bankruptcy Reform Act of 1978 and the introduction of Chapter 11, that the practice of bankruptcy was legitimized as a viable option for businesses in distress to re-organize. Prior to the revision of Chapter 11, bankruptcy had been avoided by businesses as a ghetto and not a viable business tool for re-organization and restructuring. The 1978 Bankruptcy Reform Act introduced a reorganization tool for corporate debtors (A brief history of our country thesis bankruptcy in US, 2007). The Bankruptcy Code has been amended several times since 1978, most recently in extensive amendments in 2005 through the Bankruptcy Abuse Prevention and pepsico study, Consumer Protection Act of 2005 or BAPCPA. The U.S.
Bankruptcy Court handles all bankruptcy cases through the U.S. district court system. Thus, while Federal law procedurally governs bankruptcy cases, individual state laws are applied when determining property rights. State law therefore plays a major role in most bankruptcy cases. When a public company is essay dance, unable to maintain operation because of crippling debt, the pepsico organization may seek protection under federal bankruptcy laws. Bankruptcy laws provide guidance about the phd thesis course of analysis action that a business may take-whether it is to go out of business or to re-organize. When a public company (corporation) files for bankruptcy protection it is generally under one of the essays on girl following two chapters of the Bankruptcy Code: Chapter 11 of the Bankruptcy Code to reorganize its business and try to become profitable again. Case Analysis? Management continues to run the day-to-day business operations but all significant business decisions must be approved by a bankruptcy court. Chapter 7, the lsat essays company stops all operations and goes completely out of business. A trustee is appointed to liquidate (sell) the company's assets and pepsico study, the money is used to pay off the debt, which may include debts to creditors and investors (Corporate Bankruptcy, 2005). Essay Dance? When a business fails there are a number of stakeholders who are likely to have a vested interest in what happens to the organization. Pepsico Case Study Analysis? If a public company files for protection under federal bankruptcy laws, investors in the company will be interested in recouping value of stocks and securities.
Of course, a corporation's creditors or debt-holders will also be seeking reparations if a company needs to liquidate or re-organize. The following list outlines stakeholders in the order that they would typically be able to recover debt or investments during bankruptcy. Our Country Strong Thesis? Investors with the least risk are paid first (Corporate bankruptcy, 2005). Secured Creditors: Typically a bank is paid first. Debt is case analysis, secured by essays assets or collateral. Unsecured Creditors: Banks, suppliers and bondholders fall into the category and have the next claim. Stockholder: Owners of the company (stocks) may not receive anything. Secured and Unsecured creditors have first claim and must be fully repaid before stockholders get anything. Securities Trading for Companies under Bankruptcy Protection. Most companies that are under bankruptcy protection do not meet minimum trading standards to trade on major market indexes. Study? There is no federal law that prohibits the trading of securities of companies in bankruptcy (Corporate bankruptcy, 2005).
There are several alternatives for the trading of securities, and essays child, even an index that trades shares from companies in financial trouble. Pepsico Case Study? The reorganization plan will spell out your rights as an investor, and what you can expect to teller service representative cover letter, receive, if anything, from the company. The bankruptcy court may determine that stockholders don't get anything because the debtor is insolvent. (A debtor's solvency is pepsico case study, determined by the difference between the value of university admission essays its assets and its liabilities.) If the company's liabilities are greater than its assets, stock may be worthless (Corporate bankruptcy, 2005). The Bankruptcy Abuse Prevention and Consumer Protection Act. The implementation of the Bankruptcy Abuse Prevention and Consumer Protection Act (also known as the Act) in October of 2005, signaled the largest change in bankruptcy code in 20 years (Cecil, 2005). The Act, welcomed by proponents and case study analysis, vilified by its detractors, has shifted the focus of the code to the rights of the lsat essays creditor and away from debtors. The Act's creditor-friendly provisions, in contrast to the old law's debtor-friendly provisions, make it much more important for prospective chapter 11 filers to think and plan ahead and significantly easier for case creditors to collect on on girl child, certain types of debt (Chapter 11 then and now, 2006).
The Act came about as a result of pepsico study analysis much lobbying by creditor banks, credit card companies and other's who wanted to curb alleged abuse of the bankruptcy system. There's no doubt that changes to university admission, the code will make it more difficult for companies to restructure and many predict that there will be more filings for Chapter 7 (liquidation) as a result of the code changes. In one article alone, the author makes the study analysis following statements regarding the burden of the Act's new provisions on debtors(Cecil, 2006): There are some businesses that will find it almost impossible to re-organize after October 17th (date of the Acts implementation). New laws make re-organization more difficult. Essay Modern? New rules make it more difficult to restructure and keep companies safe from creditors. Prior to October of 2005, the U.S. Pepsico? Bankruptcy code was much more friendly and teller customer service cover letter, forgiving to debtors (companies in pepsico case study analysis financial trouble).
Financially strapped companies took advantage of leniency in the code and more flexible timelines and schedules to investigate re-organization options. According the Securities and chicago university admission essays, Exchange Comission, the following statement applies in many cases (Corporate bankruptcy, 2005): Most publicly-held companies will file under Chapter 11 rather than Chapter 7 because they can still run their business and pepsico case, control the bankruptcy process. Chapter 11 provides a. (The entire section is 4117 words.) Get Free Access to this Bankruptcy Organization Study Guide. Phd Thesis In Germany? Start your 48-hour free trial to unlock this resource and thousands more. Get Better Grades. Our 30,000+ summaries will help you comprehend your required reading to ace every test, quiz, and essay. We've broken down the chapters, themes, and characters so you can understand them on your first read-through.
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PepsiCo Case Study - Recsolu
2300-320-7 - Intramural Research Training Award (IRTA) Program Automated Fellowship Payment System. Remove: NIH Manual 2300-320-7 dated 8/1/03. Insert: NIH Manual 2300-320-7 dated 2/24/09. PLEASE NOTE: For information on: For information on content of this chapter, contact the issuing office listed above. NIH Manual System, contact the Division of Management Support, OMA on 301-496-4606, or enter this url: http://oma.od.nih.gov/public/MS/manualchapters/Pages/default.aspx.
This chapter transmits the NIH policy on the use of the NIH Intramural Research Training Award (IRTA) Program. IRTA Traineeships are established for the principal benefit of the participant and to pepsico case analysis, provide opportunities for phd thesis in germany, developmental training and practical research experience in a variety of disciplines related to biomedical research, medical library research and related fields. Traineeships are designed to provide research training “for which fellowship support is not provided under Section 487 of the Public Health Services (PHS) Act, and which is pepsico case study, not residency training of josiah strong, physicians or other health professionals.” Training must be carried out at analysis, a facility of the university admission NIH, but may be supplemented by additional training acquired at another institution which is pepsico case study, found by the Director to be directly related to modern dance, the purpose of the traineeship and necessary to its successful completion. Training outside of NIH must not comprise a majority of the pepsico case training. The IRTA Program encourages the participation of individuals from our country josiah thesis groups who are underrepresented in pepsico study, biomedical research: women, persons with disabilities, and individuals of diverse ethnic and racial backgrounds. Service is a by-product of the IRTA Program unlike Research and Clinical Fellowships where service is a dominant part of the our country strong training objective. NOTE: Trainees may not independently engage in patient care activities (any clinically-related activity MUST explicitly be under the direct supervision and control of an case NIH employee), be assigned official supervisory responsibilities, or sign documents on behalf of the Government (e.g., requisitions). (1) The Director, NIH, may conduct and lsat essays support research training for pepsico analysis, which fellowship support is not provided under Section 487 of the PHS Act and which is not residency training of physicians or other health professionals [42 U.S.C. 282(b)(13)]; (2) the bank customer service cover Directors of the national research institutes may conduct and support research training for which fellowship support is not provided under Section 487, and pepsico case study analysis which is not residency training of physicians or other health professionals [42 U.S.C. 284(b)(1)(C)]; (3) the National Center for Complementary and lsat essays Alternative Medicine, OD, NIH, may conduct research training as described in pepsico case analysis, 42 U.S.C.
287c-21(a); (4) the National Library of Medicine (NLM) may conduct research training as described in 42 U.S.C. 286b-3 (NLM Traineeships limited to Post-baccalaureate students only); (5) the National Center on Minority Health and Health Disparities, OD, NIH, may conduct research training as described in 42 U.S.C. 287c-31. (6) 42 CFR Part 63, Public Health Service Regulations re: Traineeships. See Appendix 10 (Delegations of Authority) Approval by the Deputy Director Intramural Research ( DDIR) is required for all exceptions to program provisions. Requests for university, exceptions to program provisions must be fully justified in writing, describing the pepsico case analysis nature and basis for the exception. Trainees are not Federal employees, are subject to chicago admission, the availability of case analysis, space, funds, and preceptors’ time, and are limited by the number of training assignments available within participating Institutes or Centers (IC). Traineeships are contingent upon submission of acceptable proof of U.S. citizenship or resident alien status, and admission essays a medical evaluation if applicable.
In addition, trainees must meet the study requirements of one of the categories specified below: G. Phd Thesis. Duration of analysis, Program Traineeship Programs. Time spent on a Traineeship program within any IC counts toward the total Traineeship duration, regardless of the bank customer letter number of Traineeships granted by different ICs. The duration of the award period and case analysis the original termination date will be extended due to periods (4-12 months) of excused absence without stipend. All renewals must be in dance, writing and include beginning and termination dates. 1 to pepsico case analysis, 3 year (2-3 year Traineeships must be processed in 1 year increments.)
1 month to essays on girl child, 2 years (2 year Traineeships must be processed in 1 year increments.) 2 years (2 year Traineeships must be processed in 1 year increments.) 1 month to 1 year. Traineeships of pepsico study, less than 1 month or greater than 1 year may not be authorized. 1 or 2-year increments. 1-month to essay modern, 1-year increments. 1-month to 1-year increments. May return for summer and other traineeship periods for as long as trainee remains a student in good standing. A terminal Traineeship period not to exceed 3 months is permitted. Trainees do not incur a service payback obligation.
Provided they meet eligibility requirements, trainees may be considered for, but are not entitled to, employment or other training appointments at the NIH. The automated Fellowship Payment System (FPS) is programmed for full-time schedules. For full-time schedules less than one year in duration, the pepsico case study system will calculate the correct amount of bank teller service representative, pro-rated funds to obligate. However, for part-time schedules, ICs must compute the percent of pepsico, time and enter the annual prorated stipend in the Fellowship Payment stipend screen. Scheduling policy for the different Traineeship programs is essay dance, as follows: NOTE: Part-time schedules of less than 32 hours per week may affect eligibility for health insurance offered by the Foundation for case, Advanced Education in the Sciences (FAES) or other health plans. NOTE: Part-time schedules of our country josiah thesis, less than 32 hours per week may affect eligibility for health insurance offered by the Foundation for study analysis, Advanced Education in the Sciences (FAES) or other health plans.
Stipends are established based on relevant research experience or completed education level. Stipend ranges and/or fixed stipend levels are periodically reviewed by the Office of Intramural Research (OIR) in consultation with the NIH Board of Scientific Directors. See appendices for detailed information. Stipends are established based on 5 or fewer years of relevant postdoctoralresearch experience and lsat essays up to 2 additional years of pepsico case study analysis, experience not oriented towards research (i.e., clinical training for physicians). NOTE: Stipend level must be prorated based on training schedule. Stipends are established based on the number of years of postbaccalaureate education completed upon activation of Traineeship. NOTE: Stipend level must be prorated based on training schedule. Postbaccalaureate education completed upon activation of Traineeship can only include postbaccalaureate training in an NIH laboratory or relevant professional medical or graduate school enrollment. NOTE: Stipend level must be prorated based on training schedule. Stipends are established based on the degree and amount of relevant experience at activation of Traineeship.
NOTE: Stipend level must be prorated based on training schedule. Stipends are established based on the amount of education completed upon activation of Traineeship. NOTE: Stipend level must be prorated based on lsat essays, training schedule. A stipend increase of pepsico, up to $2,000 per annum may be granted based on growth, development, and accomplishments, but where warranted, increments can be larger, provided they do not exceed the our country strong thesis appropriate stipend range (Appendix 1). ICs may approve a one-time merit-based exceptional stipend increase of pepsico study, one stipend step level at the time of renewal for in germany, 10 percent of its trainees, e.g., a trainee with one year of postdoctoral experience could be paid a stipend within the range for the two-year experience level. A stipend increase to pepsico case study, the next higher level in Appendix 2 may be granted per annum, based on phd thesis, progress in academic studies and/or the pepsico study training assignment, for each year the trainee remains in the program . A stipend increase to the next higher level in Appendix 3 may be granted, if the award is renewed for second (and final) year in the program. A stipend increase to the next higher level in Appendix 4 may be granted per annum based on progress in academic studies and/or training assignment, for each year the trainee remains in the program. Eligible for the next higher stipend increase (Appendix 5) based on our country strong thesis, the amount of pepsico, education completed. An additional allowance of up to in germany, $10,000 may be added to study analysis, the initial stipend level of postdoctoral trainees for previous training or equivalent experience in one of the modern dance following specialty categories: Engineer (electrical, chemical, mechanical, biomedical);
Computational Biologist: (informatics, information technology); Chemist (analytical, physical, organic, and pepsico study inorganic); IC Competitive Fellowship, e.g., Kety Fellowship in NIMH; or. Fellow entering the fifth year, for whom the IC wishes to bank teller service cover letter, provide a merit-based stipend higher than the top of the range for the fifth year. Stipends are paid in arrears on a 30-day monthly basis. All trainees are strongly encouraged to immediately establish (or correct) an electronic file transfer in the NIH Administrative Database (ADB) via the Automated Clearinghouse (ACH) Vendor miscellaneous payment enrollment form in the ADB vendor database. An automatic $2,000 advance will be provided for trainees after activation. An amount less than $2,000 may be provided after activation, based on case study analysis, hardship as determined and approved by the IC Scientific Director prior to the award start date that is entered into the FPS. Any advance payment will reduce the annual stipend payment.
The remainder of the customer service letter stipend balance will be paid in arrears in 12 equal monthly amounts. Pepsico. Subsequent monthly stipend payments, for those that have ACH, are direct-deposited, usually within the first 5 business days of each month. Trainees who do not have established electronic file transfers to their bank accounts will receive stipend payments by check on or about the 10th business day of each month. If the trainee leaves within 12 months of the initiation of the bank service representative award, the final check may NOT be for the 1/12th amount because it will have been offset by the balance of the advance. The trainee may owe money to pepsico case study analysis, NIH if the essay modern time served does not offset the balance of the advance. Study Analysis. A personal check covering a stipend overpayment must be hand-carried to the Office of Financial Management “Fellowship Payment Office” with a copy of the FPS-generated termination notice. Any un-recovered overpayment will be treated as a debt owed to the U.S.
Government. Stipends will be made in equal monthly payments. Stipend payments will be certified monthly and authorized in the FPS by the IC Designated Program officials between the chicago essays 20th - 25th of the study month so the Office of Financial Management (OFM) may authorize payments each month. If the IC does not certify and authorize payment for a trainee, no stipend payment will be issued for that month until certification is received. Supplemental funding should be granted to Trainees who wish to come to NIH for a period of research training under the auspices of traineeships or grants awarded by outside (non-Federal) organizations or institutions, when the funding provided is insufficient to support the Trainees during research training in NIH laboratories. Supplemental Funding should be granted: ONLY to Trainees who have already been approved for or currently receive outside (non-Federal) support; ONLY to Trainees NOT receiving support under the National Research Service Award (NRSA) Program; ONLY to Trainees that have NO employment relationship with the outside (non-Federal) sponsor: other issues, e.g., potential conflict of interest, intellectual property, etc., must also be addressed. The amount of the NIH IRTA supplement will be determined on a case-by-case basis and will vary depending on the level of support provided by the outside (non-Federal) sponsor. The supplement will be fixed at modern, such a rate that the combined level of support will match the stipend rate for a similarly qualified Trainee.
Supplemental funding that would result in a combined amount from NIH and the outside (non-Federal) sponsor that is either less than or in excess of the case study authorized stipend rate for the relevant trainee level and Traineeship program may not be approved. Supplemental funding must be terminated when outside (non-Federal) support ceases. An IC cannot provide a supplement solely to provide health insurance coverage – a stipend of at least $1 per year must also be authorized. Applicants may apply directly to a specific Principal Investigator or may apply online at the NIH Office of Intramural Training and Education (OITE) website. Dance. Designated IC Program Administrative Officials receiving application documents should determine candidate's eligibility.
Traineeship preceptors and Laboratory/Branch Chiefs will review applications, evaluate and recommend candidates, and develop individualized training plans for approval by the IC Scientific Director or delegated approving official. Candidates may not be excluded from consideration or evaluation on the basis of pepsico study, race, color, religion, gender, disability, age, national origin, political affiliation or any other non-merit factor. Teller Service Representative. Appropriate documentation should be routed through the designated IC Program Administrative Officials. Curriculum Vitae (CV), bibliography (if applicable), 3 letters of case analysis, reference, applicant's statement of research goals, official copy of transcript. In addition, applicant must provide official copy of doctoral degree and brief summary of doctoral dissertation (if applicable). CV, bibliography (if applicable), 3 letters of customer representative letter, reference emphasizing research potential, applicant's statement of research goals, official copy of undergraduate, graduate, and/or medical school transcript.
Verification from the university that the applicant is in good academic standing; is enrolled in a doctoral degree program; and that the school is agreeable to the student's participation is pepsico case analysis, required. CV, bibliography (if applicable), 3 letters of reference emphasizing potential, applicant's statement of research goals, and strong official copy of undergraduate school transcript. Pepsico Study. Applications must be made online at http://www.training.nih.gov/student/pre-irta/previewpostbac.asp. Resume or CV, 2 letters of reference, statement of career goals, and official copy of undergraduate transcript. Applications must be made online at lsat essays, http://www.training.nih.gov/student/pre-irta/previewtechnical.asp. Resume or CV, 2 letters of reference, official copy of school transcript, letter from school verifying academic standing, information on honors and case achievements, and statement of josiah thesis, interest in biomedical research. Applications must be made online at http://www.training.nih.gov/student/sip/ The principal responsibility rests with training preceptor; other assistance is available from pepsico analysis IC Lab/Branch Chiefs and Scientific Director. The NIH Office of josiah thesis, Intramural Training and Education Career Services Center and NIH Work/Life Center staff are available for career counseling. All trainees may receive training or tuition assistance to pepsico analysis, the extent that it is directly related to the NIH research experience.
Individual Development Plans (IDPs) are required for all trainees and phd thesis in germany they must complete all NIH mandatory training. When Trainees will be working with animals, exposed to hazardous situations, or in contact with patients, ICs are responsible for study, assuring that Trainees receive instruction, as appropriate, including but not limited to, safety, use of equipment, handling hazardous materials, patient privacy, human subject protections and proper animal care and treatment. Trainees may not engage independently in any patient care activities. Essays. Any clinically related activities MUST be explicitly under the direct supervision and control of an NIH employee. A rotation in a science policy office, generally only one rotation of three months or less, is permitted when such activity can be justified as an integral part of the NIH research experience. All training, regardless of duration or type, must be documented in the training plan and/or other appropriate administrative training databases and should be offered to all similarly situated trainees, regardless of whether they receive supplemental or sole NIH funding. In addition to the above: ICs are expected to fund training directly related to the purpose of the Traineeship, generally consisting of two courses per year at an accredited academic institution. Case. In addition, trainees are expected to attend one FAES BIO-TRAC course or equivalent per each 6-month period and teller customer representative other seminar series designated by the IC.
Travel cost to NIH for pepsico analysis, trainee, dependents, movement of household goods, and temporary storage of household goods not to exceed (NTE) $3,000 is permitted at the discretion of the IC; no allowance for return travel is essays on girl child, authorized. Payment of travel to scientific meetings or training at a remote site is at the discretion of the IC and pepsico case is subject to availability of josiah strong thesis, funds. IRTA trainees may accept payment only on an “In Kind” basis to cover travel and per diem expenses from an outside entity while attending an “official duty” type event for the purpose of teaching, speaking or writing (such as presenting a paper at a scientific meeting), provided there is no conflict of interest in the source of the funds. Case Study. No honorarium, or compensation for services rendered, may be accepted. Reimbursement must be from nonfederal funds. IRTA trainees must request, and josiah strong thesis receive, advance approval, in writing, from the analysis IC Scientific Director in order to accept outside travel reimbursement. Josiah. The HHS Form 348 is not to be used since Postdoctoral Trainees are not Government employees. However, IC administrative staff, on behalf of an IRTA Trainee, must complete an Acceptance Letter and a Certification Checklist indicating that the funding source is case analysis, non-federal.
For additional information, see NIH Manual 1500, Chapter 08-00(F)(3)). When a separate travel allowance is available through an outside sponsor, at its discretion, an IC will supplement that allowance only to the extent that outside funding is insufficient to pay authorized travel costs. A personal check covering a travel advance overpayment must be hand-carried to the Cashier’s Office attached to modern, a copy of the travel voucher. Analysis. Any un-recovered overpayment will be treated as a debt owed the U.S. Government. Use the FPS to process terminations of all trainees immediately. Termination of the traineeship may be made prior to essays child, specific expiration date for scientific or other forms of misconduct or failure to comply with terms of the traineeship or to carry out or satisfy the purpose for pepsico, which it was made. Lsat Essays. All termination proposals for cause must be in pepsico case study, writing and provide the trainee with an opportunity to make a reply before a decision is rendered. In the case of personal incompatibility or any unforeseen programmatic circumstances, and admission essays absent any conduct issues, the IC should arrange for case study, transfer of the lsat essays trainee to another laboratory.
Fiscal considerations should not be the basis for early termination within the pepsico case NIH Intramural Research Program. Trainees must reimburse Office of Financial Management (OFM), NIH for any and all stipend overpayments prior to OFM clearance. A personal check must be hand-carried to the OFM “Fellowship Payment Office” with a copy of the FPS-generated termination notice. Any un-recovered overpayment will be treated as a debt owed the U.S. Government. In addition, if the bank teller customer service representative cover Foundation for Advanced Education in the Sciences (FAES) (301-496-8063) is handling the trainee’s health insurance, it must be provided a “Notification of Termination” form, obtained from the analysis IC’s Administrative Officer.
The FPS-generated “Notification of Termination” form must be hand-carried to lsat essays, FAES, which will provide advice and answer questions on Consolidated Omnibus Budget Reconciliation Act (C.O.B.R.A.) benefits. The form must be signed by pepsico case study analysis an FAES representative before the our country josiah end of the month in case study analysis, which the fellowship is terminated to avoid overpayment. If a trainee is transferring to phd thesis in germany, another IC within NIH, the case study analysis losing IC must indicate this in lsat essays, the FPS module and notify the gaining IC. The gaining IC must accept and retrieve the trainee’s record. The effective date of transfer must be the first day after the original award has ended or the first day of the case subsequent month.
Trainees, because they are not employees, do not earn annual or sick leave. However, they may be excused for: 1) Federal holidays, 2) illness, 3) personal emergencies, and 4) vacations when awards are for more than 90 days. For vacations, trainees receive a minimum of two weeks excused absence per year and the number of days should be prorated for Traineeships of 90 days or less. Phd Thesis. Preceptors may exercise discretion in case study analysis, granting additional short absences (less than a week per year) as they deem appropriate. More extended absences must be approved by chicago university the IC Scientific Director. Eight weeks of pepsico case study, excused absence will be granted for the birth or adoption of a child or other family health care.
In addition, ICs must excuse absences to accommodate a trainee’s military obligations, e.g. active duty, active duty training, and our country inactive duty training Not to Exceed (NTE) six weeks per year. Z. Excused Absence without Stipend. Absence without stipend may be approved by the preceptor with concurrence from the respective IC Scientific Director and OIR. Through the FPS, the IC must enter the effective date to temporarily stop payment and must reactivate the award in the FPS to resume payment. For absences of 4-12 months, the case appointment clock will be extended to reflect the period of the absence without stipend. Absence without stipend for greater than 12 months will require a new appointment upon return. FAES Elected Health Insurance: Should a trainee with FAES health insurance plan to be absent without stipend for essay, less than 3 months, FAES requires the trainee to maintain continuous health insurance coverage. Specifically, trainees must personally complete a Consolidated Omnibus Budget Reconciliation Act of study analysis, 1985 (C.O.B.R.A.) Application through FAES and begin to pay health insurance coverage premiums on the 1st day of the month following the start date of the unpaid absence and continue to pay for any month when trainee is not in essay modern, a pay status on the first day of the month.
For example, if the case study analysis trainee is absent without stipend effective June 15th through August 15th, the trainee must pay health insurance premiums beginning July 1st (1st day of the month following the start date of unpaid absence) and pay the josiah strong thesis premium for the month of August (any month when trainee is not in a pay status on the first day of the month) Should the trainee plan to be absent without stipend for more than 3 months, the trainee may choose to pepsico study analysis, stop coverage and not pay the essays on girl child premium. Upon return to NIH, the trainee may then re-enroll as a new subscriber. Should the analysis trainee prefer to continue health insurance coverage during this period of absence, the lsat essays trainee must complete a C.O.B.R.A. application through FAES. Generally, C.O.B.R.A. Pepsico. coverage is limited to 18 months. Regardless of essays, total time spent in study analysis, unpaid absence, respective ICs must provide to FAES written notification generated from the FPS to include start and end date of unpaid absence. In addition, upon trainee’s return, ICs must provide a written notification generated from the FPS to FAES and OFM. All trainees may use the Occupational Medical Service for injuries sustained and emergency care on the training assignment. Workers' compensation and benefits under the Federal Employees Compensation Act, 5 U.S.C. 8101(1)(B) may be applicable in the event of a work-related injury.
All trainees must have adequate health insurance coverage to receive training in NIH facilities. This requirement may be satisfied by a policy held either in the Trainee's name or in modern, another's name with the Trainee identified as a family member. Verification of health insurance enrollment is pepsico case study analysis, required. An approved plan of health insurance is available through the our country thesis Foundation for Advanced Education in the Sciences (FAES). FAES coverage requires that Trainees be on a training schedule of at least 32 hours per week and a minimum duration of pepsico case analysis, 90 days. Should trainees elect FAES health insurance, they are responsible for enrolling in FAES health insurance within the first 30 days of the award. Health insurance enrollment will be effective the date the trainee meets with FAES and all required forms are signed. Enrollment data that reflects the FAES effective date must be entered into the FPS . Trainees must maintain an existing policy or purchase a personal policy until they have met with FAES and elected health insurance. Funds for individual or family FAES' fee-for-service Preferred Provider Option health insurance are provided to phd thesis in germany, FAES by pepsico case study analysis the sponsoring IC at the direction of the trainee. For a non-FAES policy, NIH will pay or reimburse for essay dance, a policy issued in the Trainee's name in case study, an amount not to exceed that of the FAES' fee-for-service Preferred Provider Option, individual or family coverage, as appropriate.
Alternatively, NIH will reimburse for any additional health insurance cost, if incurred, as a result of being covered under a spouse's plan and identified as a family member in an amount not to exceed the cost of the FAES' fee-for-service Preferred Provider Option. Sufficient documentation verifying health insurance coverage and josiah documenting health insurance costs are required when using a non-FAES policy. When the outside sponsor provides insufficient funding for the purchase of health insurance coverage, the IC may provide supplemental funding to permit the purchase of a policy equivalent in cost to the FAES' fee-for-service Preferred Provider Option, individual or family coverage, as appropriate. An IC cannot provide a supplement solely to provide health insurance coverage – a stipend of at least $1 per year must also be authorized, even when the outside funding is greater than the applicable stipend. See Section Z, “Excused Absence without Stipend” if applicable. In cases where: 1) the case study analysis duration of the Traineeship is less than 90 days and; 2) the personal purchase of a Health Insurance Policy would result in undue financial hardship for the student, the IC may pay the total associated cost. Trainees are not employees and therefore not eligible for on girl child, Federal retirement benefits. Stipends are subject to Federal, state, and local income taxes; however, NIH does not withhold taxes from the Trainees' stipends.
The OFM annually prepares and sends appropriate income information to the IRS and to Trainees. Study Analysis. Trainees may be required to phd thesis in germany, file quarterly estimated Federal and State income tax returns. Since interpretation and implementation of the tax laws are the responsibility of the Internal Revenue Services (IRS) and courts, Trainees should consult their local IRS office and/or tax advisor if they have questions about the applicability of the current tax code to the taxability of Traineeships, the proper steps to case study analysis, be taken regarding tax obligations, and concerns regarding their own situations. Trainees are likely to cover, be eligible for coverage under the Federal Tort Claims Act (28 U.S.C. 2671 et seq.) for case, damages or injuries that arise from actions occurring within the scope of essays on girl, their assignment and while under the direct control and supervision of a Federal employee. However, the ultimate decision on issues of pepsico, liability is essays on girl child, made on a case-by-case basis by the courts. Should claims arise from the actions of Trainees acting within the case scope of their assignments under the direct control and supervision of a federal employee, NIH would ask that they be defended by the Department of Justice as if they were Federal employees. Outside employment for Trainees must be approved in accordance with NIH Ethics Office policies http://ethics.od.nih.gov/. The NIH Office of Intramural Training and lsat essays Education will periodically evaluate the case study analysis IRTA Program for representation of dance, women, minorities, and disabled persons; to analysis, assess its relationship with other NIH Traineeship Programs; and to determine whether it is functioning effectively and accomplishing the purpose for which it was designed.
The results of these evaluations and any recommendations for changes to the Program will be presented to the Office of Intramural Research (OIR), NIH, and the NIH Board of Scientific Directors (SD) for consideration. OIR will periodically review stipend ranges and/or schedules in consultation with the NIH Board of Scientific Directors. Recommended adjustments by OIR and the SD subcommittee on trainee stipends will be submitted to the Scientific Directors for review and concurrence and then to the Director, NIH for final approval. The publication and child presentation of scientific research by case study Trainees are governed by phd thesis in germany the same policies as applied to other scientists, either employed by or in training at NIH, as described in NIH Manual 1183 “NIH Publications and Audiovisuals: Preparation, Review, Approval, and study Distribution.” Trainees, like employees and others working at NIH, are bound by lsat essays all provisions of Executive Order 10096, as amended, 45 C.F.R. Part 7 and any orders, rules, regulations or policies issued thereunder for inventions conceived or first actually reduced to practice while at the NIH, as well as by HHS Technology Transfer Procedure Manual, Chapter 203.1, NIH Procedures Related to Disposition of Rights in Inventions by Non-Employees Working at NIH, Receiving NIH Intramural Training Support or Working On-Site under Research Collaborationshttp://ottintranet.od.nih.gov/Policy/203-1-Procedure.pdf (NIH-Access only). Trainees will disclose promptly, to the appropriate NIH officials, all inventions which they conceive or first actually reduce to practice during their assignment, and will sign and execute all papers necessary for pepsico case, conveying to the government the rights to which it is entitled by teller service virtue of Executive Order 10096, as amended. Records must be maintained in pepsico case analysis, accordance with Privacy Act System Notice: 09-25-0158, Administration: Records of Applicants and Awardees of the NIH IRTA Program, HHS/NIH/OD/OIR/OITE (Office of Intramural Training Education) for 5 years. AK.
Retention and Disposal of our country strong thesis, Records. Records Retention and Disposal: All records (e-mail and non-e-mail) pertaining to case, this chapter must be retained and chicago university disposed of under the authority of the NIH Manual Chapter 1743, Keeping and Destroying Records, Appendix 1, NIH Records Control Schedule, Section 2300 Personnel, 320 Staff Fellowship Programs (all items that apply). NIH e-mail messages: NIH e-mail messages (messages, including attachments, that are created on the NIH computer systems or transmitted over the NIH networks) that are evidence of the activities of the agency or have informational value are considered Federal records. These records must be maintained in pepsico case study, accordance with current NIH Records Management guidelines. Essays. Contact your IC Records Officer for additional information. All e-mail messages are considered Government property, and if requested for a legitimate Government purpose, must be provided to the requester.
Employees' supervisors, the NIH staff conducting official reviews or investigations, and the Office of pepsico case study analysis, Inspector General may request access to or copies of the e-mail messages. E-mail messages must also be provided to the Congressional Oversight Committees, if requested, and are subject to the Freedom of chicago admission essays, Information Act requests. Pepsico Case Study. Since most e-mail systems have back-up files that are retained for significant periods of time, e-mail messages and attachments are likely to be retrievable from a back-up file after they have been deleted from an individual's computer. The back-up files are subject to the same requests as the original messages. The purpose of this manual issuance is to provide policies and procedures for the implementation of the NIH Intramural Research Training Program. The Office responsible for bank teller service representative cover, internal controls relative to study, this manual issuance is the Office of Intramural Research (OIR).
Through this issuance the OIR is accountable for the method used to ensure that internal controls are implemented and working. Frequency of Review: Periodic review of the fellowship process will be completed to determine if ICs are in compliance with policy. Reviews will be conducted every 3-5 years. Method of Review: The OIR will initiate and lead reviews consisting of a random sampling of lsat essays, fellowship files/documentation using a checklist that will monitor the pepsico case study analysis ICs’ compliance with various important aspects of the phd thesis in germany policy. Review reports are sent to case study analysis, the Deputy Director for Intramural Research and to the Deputy Director for Management, NIH. Reports should indicate that controls are in place and bank teller customer cover working well or indicate any internal internal control issues that should be brought to the attention of the report recipient (s). Questions on how to obtain these forms should be directed to study, the designated IC Program Administrative Officials. Fellowship Request (FPS-generated) Fellowship Activation (FPS-generated) Election of Health Insurance Choice 1, 2, or 3 (FPS-generated) Absence without stipend and reactivation (FPS-generated) These documents (or copies) (in printed paper version) should be retained by chicago university admission the ICs as official system records for the IRTA Program.
Fellowship Termination Notice (FPS-generated) Since all IRTA Traineeships are considered awards for training and not wages for service or employment, neither Social Security nor Medicare is deducted from stipends. Although definitive determinations regarding Social Security obligations and coverage must be made by the Internal Revenue Service and the courts, it is the opinion of the NIH Legal Advisor that Trainees are not self-employed but in training for purposes of coverage under the Social Security Act and pepsico study therefore, can not make Social Security or Medicare payments on their own behalf. Trainees are encouraged to discuss this with their tax advisors. * If you require a 508 compliant PDF version of a chapter please contact email@example.com.
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anchorpoint essay Get via App Store Read this post in our app! How do I adjust the anchor point of case study analysis, a CALayer, when Auto Layout is being used? Note : Things have moved on since this question was asked; see here for essays, a good recent overview. Before auto layout, you could change the anchor point of case, a view's layer without moving the view by storing the frame, setting the anchor point, and restoring the child frame. In an auto layout world, we don't set frames any more, but constraints don't seem up to the task of adjusting the position of a view back to where we want it to.
You can hack the analysis constraints to reposition your view, but on rotation or other resizing events, these become invalid again. The following bright idea doesn't work as it creates an bank teller representative letter Invalid pairing of layout attributes (left and width): My intention here was to pepsico set the left edge of layerView , the teller view with the case study adjusted anchor point, to half of its width plus 20 (the distance I want inset from the left edge of the superview). Is it possible to change the anchor point, without changing the location of a view, in a view that is laid out with auto layout? Do I need to use hardcoded values and edit the constraint on every rotation? I do hope not. I need to chicago university admission change the anchor point so that when I apply a transform to the view, I get the correct visual effect. [EDIT: Warning: The entire ensuing discussion will be possibly outmoded or at least heavily mitigated by iOS 8, which may no longer make the pepsico case mistake of triggering layout at josiah thesis, the time that a view transform is case study applied.] Autolayout does not play at all well with view transforms.
The reason, as far as I can discern, is that you're not supposed to mess with the frame of a view that has a transform (other than the default identity transform) - but that is exactly what autolayout does. The way autolayout works is that in layoutSubviews the runtime comes dashing through all the constraints and setting the frames of essay modern dance, all the views accordingly. In other words, the constraints are not magic; they are just a to-do list. layoutSubviews is where the case to-do list gets done. Bank Customer Cover Letter? And it does it by setting frames. I can't help regarding this as a bug. If I apply this transform to pepsico case study a view: I expect to see the view appear with its center in the same place as before and at half the size. But depending on its constraints, that may not be what I see at all. [Actually, there's a second surprise here: applying a transform to a view triggers layout immediately. Modern? This seems to me be another bug. Pepsico Analysis? Or perhaps it's the heart of the first bug.
What I would expect is to be able to our country strong thesis get away with a transform at least until layout time, e.g. the device is rotated - just as I can get away with a frame animation until layout time. But in fact layout time is immediate, which seems just wrong.] One current solution is, if I'm going to pepsico study analysis apply a semipermanent transform to a view (and not merely waggle it temporarily somehow), to remove all constraints affecting it. Unfortunately this typically causes the view to vanish from the screen, since autolayout still takes place, and now there are no constraints to tell us where to josiah thesis put the view. So in addition to removing the constraints, I set the view's translatesAutoresizingMaskIntoConstraints to YES. The view now works in the old way, effectively unaffected by autolayout. Pepsico? (It is affected by autolayout, obviously, but the implicit autoresizing mask constraints cause its behavior to be just like it was before autolayout.) Solution 2: Use Only Appropriate Constraints. If that seems a bit drastic, another solution is to set the lsat essays constraints to work correctly with an case analysis intended transform. If a view is sized purely by its internal fixed width and height, and positioned purely by its center, for example, my scale transform will work as I expect. Modern Dance? In this code, I remove the existing constraints on a subview ( otherView ) and replace them with those four constraints, giving it a fixed width and height and pinning it purely by its center. After that, my scale transform works: The upshot is that if you have no constraints that affect a view's frame, autolayout won't touch the view's frame - which is pepsico study just what you're after when a transform is involved. The problem with both the above solutions is that we lose the benefits of constraints to position our view.
So here's a solution that solves that. Start with an invisible view whose job is phd thesis solely to case act as a host, and use constraints to position it. Inside that, put the real view as a subview. Use constraints to teller cover letter position the subview within the host view, but limit those constraints to constraints that won't fight back when we apply a transform. Here's an pepsico case analysis illustration: The white view is host view; you are supposed to pretend that it is transparent and hence invisible. The red view is its subview, positioned by pinning its center to essay modern the host view's center. Pepsico Case Study Analysis? Now we can scale and rotate the red view around its center without any problem, and indeed the illustration shows that we have done so: And meanwhile the constraints on the host view keep it in the right place as we rotate the device. Solution 4: Use Layer Transforms Instead. Instead of our country josiah strong thesis, view transforms, use layer transforms, which do not trigger layout and thus do not cause immediate conflict with constraints. For example, this simple throb view animation may well break under autolayout: Even though in the end there was no change in the view's size, merely setting its transform causes layout to happen, and constraints can make the view jump around. (Does this feel like a bug or what?) But if we do the pepsico study same thing with Core Animation (using a CABasicAnimation and applying the animation to the view's layer), layout doesn't happen, and lsat essays it works fine: I had a similar Isuue and just heard Back from the Autolayout Team at Apple. They Suggest to study analysis use the Container View Approach matt suggests but they create a Subclass of lsat essays, UIView to overwrite layoutSubviews and apply custom layout Code there - It works like a charm.
The Header File looks like that so that you can link your subview of choice directly from Interface Builder. and the m File applyes the special Code like that: As you can see, it grabs the center point of the View when first called and pepsico case reuses that Position in customer service representative letter, further calls in pepsico case study analysis, order to child place the View accordingly. This overwrites the Autolayout Code in that sense, that it takes place after [super layoutSubviews]; which contains autolayout Code. Like that there is no longer any need to avoid Autolayout, but you can create your own autolayout when default Behaviours are no longer appropriate. Of course you can apply way more complicated stuff than what is in that Example but this was all I needed since my App can only use Portrait Mode. I find a simple way.
And it works on iOS 8 and iOS 9. Like adjust anchorPoint when you use frame-based layout: When you adjust view's anchor with auto layout, you do the same thing but in constraints way. When anchorPoint change from pepsico study analysis (0.5, 0.5) to (1, 0.5), the essays child layerView will move left with a distance by half the length of view width, so you need to case compensate for strong thesis, this. I don't understand the constraint in the question.So, assume that you add a centerX constraint relative to pepsico study superView centerX with a constant: layerView.centerX = superView.centerX + constant. If you're using auto layout, then I don't see how manually setting position will serve in the long run because eventually auto layout will clobber the position value you've set when it calculates its own layout. Rather, what's needed is to modify the layout constraints themselves to compensate for lsat essays, the changes produced by setting the pepsico case study anchorPoint. The following function does that for untransformed views. I admit this is probably not everything you were hoping for, since usually the only reason you'd want to modify the anchorPoint is to set a transform. That would require a more complex function that updates the layout constraints to reflect all the frame changes that could be caused by chicago admission the transform property itself.
This is tricky because transforms can do a lot to the frame. A scaling or rotation transform would make the case analysis frame bigger, so we'd need to phd thesis in germany update any width or height constraints, etc.. If you're only using the transform for a temporary animation, then what's above may suffice since I don't believe auto layout will prevent the in-flight animation from pepsico case analysis presenting images that represent purely transient violations of the constraints. tl:dr: You can create an outlet for one of the constraints so that it can be removed and added back again. Lsat Essays? I created a new project and added a view with a fixed size in the center. The constraints are shown in the image below. Next I added an outlet for the view that is pepsico going to rotate and for the center x alignment constraint. Later in viewDidAppear I calculate the new anchor point. Then I remove the constraint that I have an outlet for, create a new one that is offset and add it back again. After that I tell the view with the university changed constraint that it needs to update the constraints. Finally I just add the rotation animation to pepsico case the rotating view.
The rotating layer looks like it stays centered (which it should) even when rotating the device or otherwise causing it to update the constraints. University Admission Essays? The new constraint and the changed anchor point visually cancel each other out. My current solution is to manually adjust the pepsico case analysis layer's position in viewDidLayoutSubviews . This code could also be used in on girl, layoutSubviews for a view subclass, but in my case my view is pepsico study analysis a top-level view inside a view controller, so this meant I didn't have to make a UIView subclass. It seems like too much effort so other answers are most welcome. Inspired my matt's answer, I decided to try a different approach. A container view, with constraints applied appropriately, can be used. On Girl Child? The view with the modified anchor point can then be placed within the container view, using autoresizing masks and explicit frame setting just like in the bad old days. It works a treat, for my situation anyway. The views are set up here in pepsico study analysis, viewDidLoad: It doesn't matter that the frames for the red view are zero at this point, because of the autoresizing mask on in germany, the green view. I added a rotation transform on an action method, and pepsico this was the result:
It did seem to lose itself during device rotation, so I added this to our country strong thesis the viewDidLayoutSubviews method: tl;dr Let's say you changed the anchor point to (0, 0). The anchor point is now top left. Anytime you see the word center in auto layout, you should think top-left . When you adjust your anchorPoint, you just change the semantics of AutoLayout. Auto layout will not interfere with your anchorPoint nor vice versa. If you don't understand this, you're going to pepsico case study have a bad time . Figure A. No anchor point modifications. Figure B. Anchor point changed to top left. Figure A and Figure B look exactly the same. Nothing changed. Just the lsat essays definition of what center refers to changed. Study Analysis? I think you are defeating the purpose of dance, autolayout with that method. You did mention that the width and right edge depends on the superview, so why not just add constraints along that line of thinking?
Lose the anchorPoint/transform paradigm and case study try: The NSLayoutAttributeRight constraint means exactly like anchorPoint = CGPointMake(1.0, 0.5) , and the NSLayoutAttributeWidth constraint is roughly equivalent to your previous code's NSLayoutAttributeLeft . This question and answers inspired me to our country thesis solve my own problems with Autolayout and scaling, but with scrollviews. I created an case analysis example of my solution on github: This is an example of an UIScrollView with custom paging completely made in AutoLayout and is scalable (CATransform3DMakeScale) with long press and tap to our country zoom. iOS 6 and 7 compatible. It is pepsico a big topic and strong I have not read all of the comments but was facing the pepsico case same issue. Essay Modern Dance? I had a view from XIB with autolayout. And I wanted to update its transform property.
Embedding the pepsico case view into a container view does not solve my problem because the autolayout was acting weirdly on the container view. That's why I just added second container view to contain the container view that contains my view and lsat essays was applying transformations on it.
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SAT / ACT Prep Online Guides and Tips. The personal statement might just be the hardest part of your college application. Mostly this is because it has the pepsico case least guidance and dance is the most open-ended. One way to understand what colleges are looking for pepsico study when they ask you to essay modern, write an essay is to pepsico case analysis, check out the essays of students who already got in—college essays that actually worked. After all, they must be among the strong thesis most successful of this weird literary genre. In this article, I’ll go through general guidelines for what makes great college essays great. I've also compiled an enormous list of case study analysis, 100+ actual sample college essays from 13 different schools. Finally, I’ll break down two of these published college essay examples and explain why and how they work. With links to 125 full essays and essay excerpts , this article will be a great resource for learning how to craft your own personal college admissions essay! What Excellent College Essays Have in essay modern, Common. Even though in analysis, many ways these sample college essays are very different from modern one other, they do share some traits you should try to emulate as you write your own essay.
Building out from a narrow, concrete focus. You’ll see a similar structure in many of the essays. The author starts with a very detailed story of an event or description of a person or place. After this sense-heavy imagery, the essay expands out to make a broader point about the author, and study connects this very memorable experience to the author’s present situation, state of mind, newfound understanding, or maturity level. Knowing how to tell a story. Some of the experiences in these essays are one-of-a-kind. But most deal with the stuff of essay modern dance, everyday life. What sets them apart is the way the author approaches the topic: analyzing it for drama and humor, for its moving qualities, for pepsico analysis what it says about the author’s world, and for how it connects to the author’s emotional life. A killer first sentence. You’ve heard it before, and chicago university admission you’ll hear it again: you have to suck the reader in, and the best place to pepsico case study, do that is the first sentence. Great first sentences are punchy.
They are like cliffhangers, setting up an exciting scene or an unusual situation with an unclear conclusion, in essays, order to make the reader want to know more. Study Analysis. Don’t take my word for it—check out these 22 first sentences from Stanford applicants and tell me you don’t want to read the rest of those essays to find out what happens! A lively, individual voice. Writing is for readers. In this case, your reader is an admissions officer who has read thousands of lsat essays, essays before yours, and case study will read thousands after. Your goal? Don’t bore your reader.
Use interesting description, stay away from cliches, include your own offbeat observations—anything that makes this essay sounds like you and not like anyone else. Enchanted Prince Stan decided to stay away from any frog-kissing princesses to retain his unique perspective on ruling as an amphibian. Technical correctness. On Girl Child. No spelling mistakes, no grammar weirdness, no syntax issues, no punctuation snafus—each of study, these sample college essays has been formatted and proofread perfectly. If this kind of essay dance, exactness is not your strong suit, you’re in luck! All colleges advise applicants to have their essays looked over several times by parents, teachers, mentors, and anyone else who can spot a comma splice. Your essay must be your own work, but there is absolutely nothing wrong with getting help polishing it. Links to Full College Essay Examples. Some colleges publish a selection of their favorite accepted college essays that worked, and pepsico analysis I've put together a selection of over phd thesis in germany 100 of case study analysis, these (plus some essay excerpts!). Please note that some of bank teller customer cover, these college essay examples may be responding to prompts that are no longer in use.
The current Common App prompts are as follows: 1. Some students have a background, identity, interest, or talent that is so meaningful they believe their application would be incomplete without it. If this sounds like you, then please share your story. 7. Share an essay on any topic of pepsico case study, your choice. It can be one you've already written, one that responds to customer service representative letter, a different prompt, or one of case analysis, your own design.
These essays are answers to past prompts from either the Common Application or the Universal Application, both of which Johns Hopkins accepts. Essay Examples Published by Other Websites. 7 Common Application essays from applicants admitted to Stanford, Duke, Connecticut College, NYU, Carleton College, Washington University, and the University of Pennsylvania 2 Common Application essays (1st essay, 2nd essay) from applicants admitted to Columbia. Here is a smaller collection of essays that are college-specific, plus 22 essay excerpts that will add fuel to our country josiah strong, your essay-writing fire. The University of Chicago is well known for its off-the-wall, often wacky supplementary essay prompts. These seven sample essays respond to a variety of thought-provoking questions. Sometimes it's helpful to see how others managed to get over the difficult first-line hump. We're guessing all these monkeys would write different first sentences. Analyzing Great Common App Essays that Worked. I've picked out two essays from the analysis examples collected above to examine in more depth so that you can know exactly what makes a successful college essay work.
Full credit for these essays goes to the original authors and the schools that published them. Example #1: Breaking Into Cars, by Stephen, Johns Hopkins Class of '19 (Common App Essay, 636 words long) I had never broken into chicago admission essays, a car before. We were in Laredo, having just finished our first day at a Habitat for Humanity work site. Pepsico Analysis. The Hotchkiss volunteers had already left, off to lsat essays, enjoy some Texas BBQ, leaving me behind with the college kids to clean up. Not until we were stranded did we realize we were locked out of the van. Someone picked a coat hanger out of the pepsico case dumpster, handed it to chicago admission, me, and took a few steps back. “Can you do that thing with a coat hanger to unlock it?” “Why me?” I thought. More out of amusement than optimism, I gave it a try. I slid the hanger into the window’s seal like I’d seen on crime shows, and spent a few minutes jiggling the apparatus around the inside of the frame. Suddenly, two things simultaneously clicked.
One was the analysis lock on the door. (I actually succeeded in springing it.) The other was the realization that I’d been in this type of situation before. In fact, I’d been born into this type of situation. My upbringing has numbed me to unpredictability and chaos. With a family of seven, my home was loud, messy, and spottily supervised. Essay. My siblings arguing, the dog barking, the phone ringing—all meant my house was functioning normally. My Dad, a retired Navy pilot, was away half the time. When he was home, he had a parenting style something like a drill sergeant. At the study age of nine, I learned how to clear burning oil from the surface of water. My Dad considered this a critical life skill—you know, in case my aircraft carrier should ever get torpedoed. “The water’s on fire! Clear a hole!” he shouted, tossing me in the lake without warning.
While I’m still unconvinced about essays that particular lesson’s practicality, my Dad’s overarching message is unequivocally true: much of analysis, life is unexpected, and you have to deal with the twists and turns. Living in my family, days rarely unfolded as planned. A bit overlooked, a little pushed around, I learned to roll with reality, negotiate a quick deal, and give the improbable a try. I don’t sweat the small stuff, and I definitely don’t expect perfect fairness. So what if our dining room table only has six chairs for seven people? Someone learns the importance of punctuality every night. But more than punctuality and university a special affinity for musical chairs, my family life has taught me to thrive in situations over which I have no power.
Growing up, I never controlled my older siblings, but I learned how to pepsico case, thwart their attempts to essay dance, control me. I forged alliances, and realigned them as necessary. Sometimes, I was the poor, defenseless little brother; sometimes I was the omniscient elder. Different things to different people, as the situation demanded. I learned to adapt. Back then, these techniques were merely reactions undertaken to pepsico study, ensure my survival. But one day this fall, Dr. Hicks, our Head of School, asked me a question that he hoped all seniors would reflect on teller service representative letter throughout the year: “How can I participate in a thing I do not govern, in the company of analysis, people I did not choose?” The question caught me off guard, much like the modern question posed to me in case study analysis, Laredo. Then, I realized I knew the phd thesis answer.
I knew why the coat hanger had been handed to me. Growing up as the case analysis middle child in my family, I was a vital participant in a thing I did not govern, in the company of people I did not choose. It’s family. It’s society. Lsat Essays. And often, it’s chaos. You participate by letting go of the small stuff, not expecting order and perfection, and study facing the unexpected with confidence, optimism, and preparedness. My family experience taught me to face a serendipitous world with confidence. It's very helpful to take writing apart in order to see just how it accomplishes its objectives. Stephen's essay is josiah strong thesis, very effective. Let's find out why! An Opening Line That Draws You In.
I had never broken into a car before. In just eight words, we get: scene-setting (he is pepsico case, standing next to a car about to break in), the lsat essays idea of crossing a boundary (he is pepsico study, maybe about to do an teller service representative cover illegal thing for the first time), and a cliffhanger (we are thinking: is he going to get caught? Is he headed for a life of study analysis, crime? Is he about to be scared straight?). We were in essay, Laredo, having just finished our first day at a Habitat for Humanity work site. The Hotchkiss volunteers had already left, off to enjoy some Texas BBQ, leaving me behind with the college kids to clean up. Not until we were stranded did we realize we were locked out of the van. Someone picked a coat hanger out pepsico case study analysis, of the dumpster, handed it to me, and took a few steps back. “Can you do that thing with a coat hanger to modern dance, unlock it?” “Why me?” I thought.
More out of case, amusement than optimism, I gave it a try. Chicago Admission Essays. I slid the hanger into the window’s seal like I’d seen on pepsico case analysis crime shows, and spent a few minutes jiggling the apparatus around the dance inside of the frame. It’s the pepsico case study analysis details that really make this small experience come alive. Notice how whenever he can, Stephen uses a more specific, descriptive word in place of a more generic one. The volunteers aren’t going to get food or dinner; they’re going for “Texas BBQ.” The coat hanger comes from “a dumpster.” Stephen doesn’t just move the coat hanger—he “jiggles” it. Details also help us visualize the emotions of the people in essay dance, the scene. The person who hands Stephen the coat hanger isn’t just uncomfortable or nervous; he “takes a few steps back”—a description of movement that conveys feelings. Case. Finally, the detail of actual speech makes the scene pop. Instead of essay, writing that the other guy asked him to unlock the van, Stephen has the pepsico guy actually say his own words in a way that sounds like a teenager talking. Coat hangers: not just for crows' nests any more! (Gotz/Wikimedia) Turning a Specific Incident Into a Deeper Insight.
Suddenly, two things simultaneously clicked. One was the lock on bank customer service cover the door. (I actually succeeded in springing it.) The other was the realization that I’d been in this type of situation before. In fact, I’d been born into this type of situation. Not only does Stephen make the locked car experience a meaningful illustration of pepsico case analysis, how he has learned to be resourceful and ready for anything, but he also makes this turn from the specific to the broad through an elegant play on the two meanings of the word “click.” Using Concrete Examples When Making Abstract Claims. My upbringing has numbed me to unpredictability and chaos. With a family of seven, my home was loud, messy, and spottily supervised. Lsat Essays. My siblings arguing, the dog barking, the phone ringing—all meant my house was functioning normally. “Unpredictability and study chaos” are very abstract, not easily visualized concepts. Not only that, but they could mean any number of things—violence, abandonment, poverty, mental instability.
By instantly following up with highly finite and unambiguous illustrations like “family of seven” and “siblings arguing, the dog barking, the phone ringing,” Stephen grounds the abstraction in something that is easy to bank teller service representative cover, picture: a large, noisy family. Using Small Bits of Humor and Casual Word Choice. My Dad, a retired Navy pilot, was away half the time. When he was home, he had a parenting style something like a drill sergeant. At the age of nine, I learned how to clear burning oil from the surface of water. My Dad considered this a critical life skill—you know, in pepsico case analysis, case my aircraft carrier should ever get torpedoed. Obviously, knowing how to clean burning oil is not high on the list of things every 9-year-old needs to know. To emphasize this, Stephen uses sarcasm by on girl, bringing up a situation that is clearly over-the-top: “in case my aircraft carrier should ever get torpedoed.” The humor also feels relaxed. Case Analysis. Part of this is because he introduces it with the colloquial phrase “you know,” so it sounds like he is talking to us in admission, person.
This approach also diffuses the potential discomfort of the reader with his father’s strictness—since he is making jokes about it, clearly he is OK. Notice, though, that this doesn’t occur very much in case, the essay. This helps keep the tone meaningful and lsat essays serious rather than flippant. Mr. President? There's been an oil spill! Then I want our best elementary school students on it, STAT. An Ending That Stretches the Insight Into the pepsico Future. But one day this fall, Dr. Hicks, our Head of School, asked me a question that he hoped all seniors would reflect on chicago throughout the year: “How can I participate in pepsico case, a thing I do not govern, in the company of people I did not choose?” The question caught me off guard, much like the question posed to me in Laredo.
Then, I realized I knew the answer. I knew why the coat hanger had been handed to me. Growing up as the middle child in my family, I was a vital participant in a thing I did not govern, in the company of people I did not choose. It’s family. It’s society. And often, it’s chaos. You participate by letting go of the josiah small stuff, not expecting order and study analysis perfection, and facing the unexpected with confidence, optimism, and preparedness. Our Country Josiah Strong. My family experience taught me to face a serendipitous world with confidence. The ending of the essay reveals that Stephen’s life has been one long preparation for the future. He has emerged from chaos and his dad’s approach to parenting as a person who can thrive in case analysis, a world that he can’t control.
This connection of past experience to current maturity and self-knowledge is essay, a key element in all successful personal essays. Colleges are very much looking for mature, self-aware applicants. These are the qualities of pepsico, successful college students, who will be able to strong, navigate the independence college classes require and the responsibility and quasi-adulthood of college life. What Could This Essay Do Even Better? Even the best essays aren't perfect, and even the world's greatest writers will tell you that writing is never finished—just due.
So what would we tweak in this essay if we could? Replace some of the case study cliched language. Stephen uses handy phrases like twists and turns and don’t sweat the small stuff as a kind of lsat essays, shorthand for explaining his relationship to chaos and unpredictability. But using too many of these ready-made expressions runs the risk of pepsico case, clouding out your own voice and replacing it with something expected and phd thesis boring. Use another example from recent life.
Stephen's first example (breaking into the van in Laredo) is a great illustration of being resourceful in an unexpected situation. But his essay also emphasizes that he learned to adapt by study, being different things to different people. It would be great to see how this plays out outside his family, either in the situation in Laredo or another context. Example #2: By Bridget Collins, Tufts Class of bank representative cover letter, '19 (Common App Essay, 608 words long) I have always loved riding in cars. After a long day in first grade, I used to fall asleep to the engine purring in my mother's Honda Odyssey, even though it was only case study, a 5-minute drive home. As I grew, and graduated into the shotgun seat, it became natural and enjoyable to look out the window. Seeing my world passing by lsat essays, through that smudged glass, I would daydream what I could do with it.
In elementary school, I already knew my career path: I was going to be Emperor of the World. While I sat in the car and watched the miles pass by, I developed the plan for analysis my empire. University Essays. I reasoned that, for case analysis the world to run smoothly, it would have to look presentable. I would assign people, aptly named Fixer-Uppers, to customer service representative cover, fix everything that needed fixing. Pepsico Analysis. That old man down the phd thesis street with chipping paint on pepsico his house would have a fresh coat in no time. The boy who accidentally tossed his Frisbee onto the roof of the school would get it back.
The big pothole on Elm Street that my mother managed to hit every single day on the way to school would be filled-in. It made perfect sense! All the people that didn't have a job could be Fixer-Uppers. I was like a ten-year-old FDR. Seven years down the phd thesis in germany road, I still take a second glance at the sidewalk cracks and think of my Fixer-Uppers, but now I'm doing so from the driver's seat. Pepsico. As much as I would enjoy it, I now accept that I won't become Emperor of the josiah World, and that the Fixer-Uppers will have to remain in my car ride imaginings.
Or do they? I always pictured a Fixer-Upper as a smiling man in an orange T-Shirt. Maybe instead, a Fixer-Upper could be a tall girl with a deep love for Yankee Candles. Maybe it could be me. Bridget the Fixer-Upper will be slightly different than the imaginary one who paints houses and fetches Frisbees.
I was lucky enough to pepsico case, discover what I am passionate about when I was a freshman in high school. A self-admitted Phys. Chicago Admission. Ed. addict, I volunteered to help out with the Adapted PE class. On my first day, I learned that it was for developmentally-disabled students. To be honest, I was really nervous. I hadn't had too much interaction with special needs students before, and wasn't sure how to case analysis, handle myself around them. Long story short, I got hooked. Three years have passed helping out in APE and eventually becoming a teacher in modern, the Applied Behavior Analysis summer program. I love working with the pepsico case study students and watching them progress. When senior year arrived, college meetings began, and my counselor asked me what I wanted to modern, do for a career, I didn't say Emperor of the World. Case Study. Instead, I told him I wanted to become a board-certified behavior analyst.
A BCBA helps develop learning plans for students with autism and other disabilities. Basically, I would get to do what I love for lsat essays the rest of my life. He laughed and told me that it was a nice change that a seventeen-year-old knew so specifically what she wanted to case, do. I smiled, thanked him, and left. Phd Thesis In Germany. But it occurred to me that, while my desired occupation was decided, my true goal in life was still to pepsico study, become a Fixer-Upper.
So, maybe I'll be like Sue Storm and child her alter-ego, the pepsico study analysis Invisible Woman. Bank Service Cover. I'll do one thing during the day, then spend my off-hours helping people where I can. Instead of pepsico analysis, flying like Sue, though, I'll opt for a nice performance automobile. My childhood self would appreciate that. Bridget takes a somewhat different approach than Stephen, but her essay is just as detailed and engaging.
Let's go through some of the strengths of her essay. A Structure That’s Easy to josiah, Follow and pepsico case study analysis Understand. The essay is arranged chronologically. Bridget starts each paragraph with a clear signpost of where we are in time: Paragraph 1: “after a long day in first grade” Paragraph 2: “in elementary school” Paragraph 3: “seven years down the road” Paragraph 4: “when I was a freshman in high school” Paragraph 5: “when senior year arrived”
This keeps the reader oriented without being distracting or gimmicky. I would assign people, aptly named Fixer-Uppers, to fix everything that needed fixing. That old man down the street with chipping paint on phd thesis in germany his house would have a fresh coat in pepsico case study analysis, no time. The boy who accidentally tossed his Frisbee onto the roof of the school would get it back. Seven years down the road, I still take a second glance at the sidewalk cracks and think of my Fixer-Uppers, but now I'm doing so from the driver's seat. As much as I would enjoy it, I now accept that I won't become Emperor of the World, and that the Fixer-Uppers will have to university, remain in my car ride imaginings. Or do they? I always pictured a Fixer-Upper as a smiling man in an orange T-Shirt.
Maybe instead, a Fixer-Upper could be a tall girl with a deep love for Yankee Candles. Maybe it could be me. I wanted to become a board-certified behavior analyst. A BCBA helps develop learning plans for students with autism and other disabilities. Pepsico Case Study. Basically, I would get to do what I love for our country thesis the rest of my life. …But it occurred to me that, while my desired occupation was decided, my true goal in life was still to become a Fixer-Upper. What makes this essay fun to read is that Bridget takes a child’s idea of a world made better through quasi-magical helpers and turns it into study analysis, a metaphor for the author’s future aspirations.
It helps that the essays metaphor is a very clear one: people who work with students with disabilities are making the world better one abstract fix at a time, just like imaginary Fixer-Uppers would make the world better one concrete physical fix at pepsico case a time. Every childhood Fixer-Upper ever. Ask your parents to explain the essays child back row to you. (JD Hancock/Flickr) This essay uses many techniques that make Bridget sound genuine and make the reader feel like we already know her. Technique #1: humor. Notice Bridget's gentle and relaxed humor that lightly mocks her younger self’s grand ambitions (this is different from the more sarcastic kind of pepsico case study analysis, humor used by Stephen in the first essay—you could never mistake one writer for the other). In elementary school, I already knew my career path: I was going to be Emperor of the phd thesis in germany World.
I was like a ten-year-old FDR. Technique #2: invented terminology. The second technique is the pepsico study way Bridget coins her own terms, carrying them through the whole essay. It would be easy enough to simply describe the people she imagined in childhood as helpers or assistants, and to simply say that as a child she wanted to rule the world. Instead, she invents the capitalized (and thus official-sounding) titles “Fixer-Upper” and lsat essays “Emperor of the World,” making these childish conceits at once charming and iconic. What's also key is that the titles feed into the central metaphor of the essay, which keeps them from case study analysis sounding like strange quirks that don’t go anywhere.
Technique #3: playing with syntax. Essays On Girl. The third technique is to pepsico analysis, use sentences of varying length, syntax, and chicago university structure. Most of the case study essay's written in standard English and uses grammatically correct sentences. However, at key moments, Bridget emphasizes that the reader needs to sit up and pay attention by teller customer cover, switching to short, colloquial, differently punctuated, and sometimes fragmented sentences. The big pothole on Elm Street that my mother managed to hit every single day on the way to school would be filled-in.
It made perfect sense! All the people that didn't have a job could be Fixer-Uppers. When she is narrating her childhood thought process, the sudden short sentence “It made perfect sense!” (especially its exclamation point) is basically the essay version of analysis, drawing a light bulb turning on over someone’s head. As much as I would enjoy it, I now accept that I won't become Emperor of the World, and that the Fixer-Uppers will have to remain in my car ride imaginings. Or do they? Similarly, when the essay turns from her childhood imagination to her present-day aspirations, the turn is marked with “Or do they?”—a tiny and arresting half-sentence question.
Maybe instead, a Fixer-Upper could be a tall girl with a deep love for Yankee Candles. Maybe it could be me. The first time when the comparison between magical fixer-upper’s and the future disability specialist is made is when Bridget turns her metaphor onto herself. Bank Teller Service Cover. The essay emphasizes the importance of the moment through repetition (two sentences structured similarly, both starting with the case study word “maybe”) and the use of josiah, a very short sentence: “Maybe it could be me.” To be honest, I was really nervous. I hadn't had too much interaction with special needs students before, and wasn't sure how to handle myself around them. Long story short, I got hooked. The last key moment that gets the case analysis small-sentence treatment is the emotional crux of the essay. As we watch Bridget go from nervously trying to lsat essays, help disabled students to falling in love with this specialty field, she undercuts the potential sappiness of the moment by relying on changed-up sentence length and slang: “Long story short, I got hooked.” The best essays convey emotions just as clearly as this image. What Could This Essay Do Even Better?
Bridget's essay is very strong, but there are still a few little things that could be improved. Explain the case study car connection better. The essay begins and ends with Bridget's enjoying a car ride, but this doesn't seem to be related either to the Fixer-Upper idea or to her passion for working with special-needs students. It would be great to either connect this into the essay more, or to take it out lsat essays, altogether and create more space for something else. Give more details about being a teacher in the Applied Behavior Analysis summer program. Case Study. It makes perfect sense that Bridget doesn't want to university admission essays, put her students on display. Pepsico. It would take the focus off of essay, her and pepsico possibly read as offensive or condescending. But, rather than saying long story short, maybe she could elaborate on in germany her own feelings here a bit more. What is it about this kind of teaching that she loves?
What is study analysis, she hoping to bring to the lives of lsat essays, her future clients? 3 Essential Tips for Writing Your Own Essay. How can you use this discussion to better your own college essay? Here are some suggestions for pepsico case ways to bank representative letter, use this resource effectively. #1: Take Apart the Other Essays in the Links. As you go through the essays we've compiled for you above, ask yourself the following questions: Can you explain to yourself (or someone else!) why the opening sentence works well? Look for the essay's detailed personal anecdote.
What senses is the author describing? Can you easily picture the case study analysis scene in your mind's eye? Find the chicago university admission place where this anecdote bridges into a larger insight about the author. Pepsico Study Analysis. How does the essay connect the lsat essays two? How does the anecdote work as an example of the author's characteristic, trait, or skill?
Check out the essay's tone. Study. If it's funny, can you find the places where the humor comes from? If it's sad and moving, can you find the imagery and description of teller customer service, feelings that make you moved? If it's serious, can you see how word choice adds to this tone? When you figure out how all the pepsico case study analysis cogs fit together, you'll be able to build your own . um . whatever this is. All of these essays rely on connecting with the reader through a heartfelt, highly descriptive scene from the author's life. Phd Thesis In Germany. It can either be very dramatic (did you survive a plane crash?) or it can be completely mundane (did you finally beat your dad at Scrabble?).
Either way, it should be personal and revealing about you, your personality, and the way you are now that you are entering the pepsico case study analysis adult world. Let me level with you: the best writing isn't writing at bank customer service representative cover letter all. It's rewriting. And in order to study analysis, have time to modern dance, rewrite, you have to study, start way before the application deadline. My advice is to write your first draft at least two months before your applications are due. Let it sit for bank service representative a few days untouched. Study. Then come back to lsat essays, it with fresh eyes and case study analysis think critically about what you've written. Lsat Essays. What's extra?
What's missing? What is in the wrong place? What doesn't make sense? Don't be afraid to take it apart and rearrange sections. Do this several times over, and your essay will be much better for it! Want to improve your SAT score by 160 points or your ACT score by 4 points? We've written a guide for each test about the case study top 5 strategies you must be using to have a shot at improving your score. Download it for free now: Have friends who also need help with test prep?
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