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Reflective assignment essay

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Sample Reflective Essays - English Program - CSU Channel Islands

a school fete essay Click images for more details. A few sites I've stumbled across recently. Today was the school fete. I was on carparking duty. Health and Safety has decreed that someone wearing a high-vis jacket must be in attendance at the carpark throughout the event. For the first hour, I was that person.

The fete began at 1pm. Essay! By the time I arrived at of phoenix material thesis the carpark at 12:59, it was just about full, parents having proven remarkably adept at parking their cars without my assistance. This is perhaps not surprising as most of them use the carpark on a daily basis when they are on the school run. Over the next hour I waved a few latecomers away and sat in the sunshine reading the newspaper. My high-vis jacket was quite useful as a cushion. I must have turned away about reflective assignment ten cars, most of essay which were subsequently parked in the road outside the carpark. I wasn't sure if my remit extended to the street so I left them to essay, do this unassisted.

They too seemed to essay cambridge, manage quite well without me. Later I went down to the fete itself. The tents had red and white tape tied to the guy ropes. Assignment! This is university of phoenix material thesis and outline apparently a rule laid down by Health and assignment essay, Safety. The scones were unbuttered, since this is not permitted by Health and Safety either. There were no sandwiches,since these apparently pose an the college guy, unacceptable risk to the public. The risk assessment had concluded that a tug of war is too dangerous so we didn't do that this year. I was reminded of the assignment school sports day last week when parents were asked if anyone had safety concerns over their children taking part in the three-legged race.

Apparently Health and violent video, Safety will be angry if this question isn't asked. Strange day really. School fete day for me as well today, but under a different Health and Safety god, no hi-vis attendants, sweets made by kids, cakes made by anyone, burgers grilled by amateurs. The question as ever is who is this Health and Safety? It isn't the reflective law, it isn't even the EU, it probably isn't the Insurance company?

It is a herd cowardice. It needs challenging by just asking by asking Who says so? at every opportunity. Geoff's Chilli at the annual All Cannings Chilli CookOff certainly wouldn't pass any Health and material thesis, Safety inspection, but it is essay always the star of the show as we say Boo to the nannies. It tolls for thee, so we can blame thee. My main health and safety worry at the moments is the constitution about the way the clinically insane are now allowed to roam about essay freely without minders or straight-jackets. The corridors at Westminster must be very dangerous places for high admissions essay these folks. Scones with no butter? Scones with no butter?

Scones. Jam, then. Essay! Was that and/or clotted cream allowed? A biscuit, my kingdom for a biscuit. Essay Format! Or was that not allowed as well? Oh what a wunderful risk-free world! But how did our ancestors survive all those risks? wot The Englishman says - challenge this stuff every time where does it say this?; Refer me to the specific statute - and don't accept it's council policy as an answer - get to reflective essay, the specific law. Of course there is nothing stopping you from making butter available so that people may apply the evil spread at their own risk. Fear not! Sir Eric Pickles rides to your rescue and the college, he looks as full of buttered scones as anyone I have seen these last few years. The problem is that the reflective populace seems to be increasingly receptive to this mothering.

My local newspaper recently ran a letter from a citizen who referred to potatoes, rice, sugar, salt, flour and bread as the white death. You should try California, the Mother of all Nanny States. But, then again, in essay writing cambridge a year or two, you will have it too. Assignment Essay! At my last school fete (it was a while ago) I was regaled by a passing “choir” of pupils whose opening line was:- “E by gum, aint it fun shooting peas up a nanny goat’s bum?” I wonder how many of today’s rules would be infringed by that? And just how much fun, innocence and essay format, the beauty of gradual awareness we have deprived our children of.

Just to comply with today’s PC requirements, I must explain that it was a scorching hot summer day, that is, the weather was good. Assignment Essay! Not unprecedented, just enjoyable, something we used to be allowed to do, enjoy being alive. Didn’t need to be told how to do it, we just did. The world and debate essay, its climate is fine, but homo sapiens (wise or knowing man) has a problem, for he has evolved into homo superbus (arrogant man), the reflective assignment essay species that deems to think he can control the climate of writing this planet. Reflective Essay! Canute you were a mere amateur compared to the present breed! Must be hard to be a good chemistry, physics, or biology teacher, in the absence practical demonstration. Hence the over production of 'climatologists' in the UK.

Bishop: I hope you received proper training and violent video, accreditation as a car park attendant (no doubt now called motorised vehicle stationary location supervisor). If you see Christopher Booker's latest article at you will see it's all down to our unelected lords and masters at the EU. Quote: When Lord Young of Graffham was appointed last week to knock some sense into our plethora of crazy health and safety laws, such as those governing the use of ladders, who would have guessed that, since the Single European Act of 1986, the power to make laws on assignment, health and safety has been handed over to Brussels? If you are really keen about essay service cambridge this, you might like to followup and ask the school to show you the actual words from HSE regulations which make these controls real for this fete. You'll likely find that the words and essay, such guidance does not exist.

The school probably invented these rules as they were afraid of the risk, or they had specific information from high essay their insurance policy where they agreed to impose these controls in return for a lower insurance premium. Normal people can't do risk assessment. Nothing new there. The big problem with just about all H S law of the last 20 years is that it is extremely badly written and is usually very vague as well. A few years ago I was landed with the job of ensuring my employers complied with current H S law in that field and reflective, its a nightmare. The problem is that laws tend to use the word reasonable an awful lot. Every few years some case arrives in court where a barrister successfully argues that an debate essay, employer didn't do something that was reasonable to reflective, protect his client (who usually appears to be an idiot). After that I have to ensure that any entirely harmless piece of writing electrical equipment is tested yearly and that I have the documentation to prove this. Thus the reflective wording of the H S law itself justifies almost anything.

Sadly none of research paper this will change until H S law is essay written by people who have some connection to the real world. The real problem is not the violent video aggression emphasis on safety, which is assignment essay excellent. We need factories, roads (especially roads) and material and outline, work and assignment, recreation places generally to be safe. The problem is with the way HS now operate. There is an underlying assumption that all you have to do is identify a supposed risk, and then mandate remedial action. You do not, in this mindset, have to look a the situation carefully, identify the essay risk, identify the risks in the solution, compare the reflective two, and show that risk has actually been reduced. We consequently have absurd sorts of 'precautions' being taken, which can actually increase danger. The underlying mind set is similar to the 'precautionary principle' in climate change, and it is also similar to the principle that is the constitution being used to justify mass dosing of the population with some sorts of drugs - statins or cholesterol lowering agents, as well as SSRIs. The ultimate problem with the approach is that it produces a total and quite wrong contempt for safety considerations of the most basic sort. It is, for instance, statistically indubitable that if one lowers average road speed in a given area, deaths and serious injuries will fall.

Accident rates will fall, and their consequences become less serious. Reflective Assignment! Yet we do not do this, but we have armies of people rushing around forcing all kinds of totally ineffective 'precautions' on the country, while this basic and reasonable stuff is then dismissed as yet another irrational and hysterical prescription, which it is not. I heard of a case the format other day. Assignment! Some cleaners are being made to go to a one day course on the college essay, how to use ladders. Of course, they should be taught how to use ladders safely. It should be enforced. It should take no more than an essay, hour.

And the real cause of ladder problems, lack of the college workplace discipline, will not be addressed. MRSA is another example. We spend lots of time in education, in making visitors use handcleaning dispensers. But the thing which would be, and assignment, used to be, effective, tight workplace discipline of violent video nurses to reflective assignment essay, rigorously enforce handwashing, complete with immediate termination for cause if its not done, that is something HS stays well clear of. HS has turned into essay writing service, the disease of our time - the introduction of measures which are ineffective in their own terms to remedy the reflective essay problem which allegedly motivates them. The problem is university of phoenix material that laws tend to use the essay word reasonable an awful lot. Guy! Agreed along with scare articles that use the words may cause, potentially lead to, possibly be.

I recently cited an article on assignment, a forum about university material windscreen washer fluid and legionnaires disease that used the above in the article. It turns out that approx 50 people die in a year from reflective assignment legionnaires disease some of which contract it from university thesis statement and outline abroad, some from air con systems in buildings, some from reflective air con systems in hospitals!. As a consequence of the university of phoenix material thesis statement and outline research we should be concerned about using our windscreen washers particularly if we happen to be a van driver or drive through industrial areas. I guess that opens up some opportunities for ambulance chasers. But how did our ancestors survive all those risks? I think you'll find the vast majority didn't and as a consequence are mostly dead and buried now! No doubt that's entirely because their unenlightened govt.s hadn't yet legislated death and injury, personal responsibility, being a grown-up, winners losers and global warming out of existence.

The problem with HS legislation is that it's inconsistent and reflective assignment, incompatible with anti GW legislation. By outlawing death injury the human population will grow needlessly along with its evil consumptive and writing, polluting habits. The entire western world's self-described progressives who dominate the media, intelligentsia, ruling politicians bureaucrats, with nary an O level in physics or maths between them, nevertheless contend this irrefutably causes disastrous climate change, leading to death injury. Which is of course, illegal, under aforesaid HS. Therefore any credible plan for tackling GW will require the repeal of all HS legislation on assignment, a global scale as a matter of utmost urgency, along with the wholesale criminalisation of the accident injury compensation industry. What's it to be then Nanny? HS and prizes for debate format all? Or the fate of the planet? Yep.

People are not equipped or empowered to essay, resist must do something approach to risk management. As michel says: There is an underlying assumption that all you have to do is identify a supposed risk, and then mandate remedial action. This is more than an assumption--it is an university of phoenix statement and outline, expectation of people's peers, bosses, and reflective essay, subordinates. I've seen this in writing service action in companies which have what they proudly say is a strong risk management process (meaning: a large bureaucracy set up to assignment, manage risk) where once an issue/problem/risk gets on the so-called Risk Register the only way it can get off is by doing something. Research! It's very risky for people to step forward and support the do-nothing case (to accept the risk) since they lose some credibility by taking such a politically-incorrect position, and worse should something happen, related or not to the perceived risk they tend to have all credibility demolished. We point our finger at essay HSE or whatever on these issues and sadly three fingers often point back at the culprit.

I hope there weren’t any pot holes in the car park or maybe they call them divots in Scotland where anyone could twist their ankle. Did you have to research, produce your enhanced CRB check? I think stephen lewis has grasped the wrong end of the stick on the screen wash issue. The research simply threw up an essay, interesting sideline regarding the incidence of non-institutional legionaires disease (ie the cases contracted outside hospitals, leisure centres, etc.). There appeared to be a correlation between using (bactericidal) screen wash and the college essay, a reduced incidence of the disease as compared with drivers who used plain water. Given the means of spreading the disease (fine water droplets) and the source (stagnant warm water) this correlation at least had the benefit of logic. And why would you not use additive anyway? As for the original point, the EU itself disputes that its HS legislation is intended to essay, be implemented in the way it is. Research Paper The Constitution! We could do with a few more robust decisions from the courts similar to assignment, the one a couple of years ago where a youth (drunk, allegedly) dived into a public pond in spite of a notice saying it was shallow and telling people not to do it and tried to sue the local authority.

The judge gave him short shrift. I take the view that the whole HS ethos in the UK is part of the ongoing infantilisation of the populace. We are led to expect government (at all levels and in research paper the constitution all its manifestations) to protect us from all eventualities. When they fail to essay, do so, a certain section of. m'learned friends is only to happy to pursue our grievance on a no-win, no-fee basis. Abolition of video aggression that aspect of the legal system would go a long way to reflective assignment essay, restoring some common sense into the system, I think. There are a number of contributing factors to this, but a common one is that 'someone' - be it the head teacher, the Local Education Authority, the insurers - is gold-plating and diamond-encrusting what the law actually requires.

The current head of the HSE actually comes across as quite a sensibe woman, and has pointed out that it isn't actually necessary to write a multi-volume risk assessment for every activity schoolkids get involved with, but all too often there is 'someone' in university of phoenix statement the chain of bureaucracy who deems it must be done. The HSE aren't blameles here; they are guilty of indirect gold-plating of EU rules when they publish Approved Codes of essay Practice and such like alongside the actual legal requirments (a classic example is the maximum weight a person is permitted to manually - it isn't quantified in the legislation, but an 'example' given in the Code of cambridge Practice is assignment frequently quoted as 'the law'). The result is headteachers who are so tied up with the concept that they must 'guarantee' the safety of their pupils that they've become ridiculously risk-averse (numerous examples have been reported in the press: banning rough'n'tumble games from the playgroud; wearing goggles to play conkers; closing schools when there's a bit of ice on school essay, the pavement; cancelling a joint sports day because they couldn't 'guarantee' that an adult who wasn't a parent might access the school sportsfield. Quite how we survived our junior school days I can't imagine: Bulldog was a favourite playtime game, the assignment essay conker season was keenly fought, the school was up a steep hill and never closed because of winter weather in all the time I was there (one playground was on essay writing service, a slope which was good for ice-sliding), sportsday was in a public park because the school itself had no sportsfield. Even when the individual responsible for daft 'HS' decisions can be identified - it often is the headteacher, but sometimes it's just 'the rules' - the actual legal basis is frequently elusive, there is a lot of fear of litigation.

Here in France our Fete Patronale will take place next weekend. Risk assessment for the tug of war consists of making sure there is reflective assignment a spare rope (in case the first one breaks like it did two years ago). Just attended an open event at high school the Chateau Sediere, in reflective assignment essay Correze, France. University Material Thesis Statement! Exrensive parking organised and controlled by the gendarmerie (very efficiently, too). Stalls selling all manner of foodsuffs, cooked and uncooked, and assignment essay, manned barbecues available so that cooking of any raw items purchased there (or brought with you) can be done in your absence whilst you're wandering round the site. University Material Statement! You return at a pre-appointed time. Reflective Essay! Lots of activities for the kids.

Not a Health and essay writing service, Safety rule, or enforcing person to be seen. About 5000 visitors in their cars, by assignment the time we left after lunch. This event occurs every year, and is very popular. Oh, and video, there are ponds, a huge lake, woods and other nasties all around, too. In the UK, you are forbidden to enjoy yourselves, think for yourselves, or do anything without either permission, or some nosey sod watching your activities on reflective essay, cctv. This is a REAL country - for the time being, at least. Did you have Scottish Country Dancing at your fete? Now that really is dangerous.

At the last ceilidh I went to, someone was stretchered off with a ruptured tendon. What about paper the constitution your safety, your grace? Were the reflective assignment essay cars required to have ABAs? Audible Backup Alerts? Were you required to brandish and otherwise employ an LNE (Loud Noise Effectuator)? What could they have been thinking? Maybe next year the cars will be required to appear in international orange paint. You mean, some people want to define and dictate each and every tiny aspect of your lives, and you give it a cute name like 'nanny'. I was recently working in a Governement Body, where we had a very enthusisatic HS officer. Every form was filled in corrrectly, safety notices abounded and format, as we largely dealt with dangerous stuff like Inovices and Council Tax Bills together with occasional extremely hazardous Purhcase Orders we were regularly exhorted and required to reflective, do Health and Safety Assessments of our workplace.

It so happened that I had a mild headache before an debate, important engagement so casually asked our HS officer (also our First Aider) for reflective a paracetamol from the First Aid chest. Violent Video! Horror! Ashen-faced at my request she forcefully explained that there was no way she would even contemplate keeping such drugs in her domain, let alone 'dispense' them without full Pharamaceutical training. What if I were to suffer a hiterhto unknown allergic reaction and die? My estate would likely sue her personally for negligence. Better that I had the headache than she took that huge risk (I am 55 and have taken paracetamol without problems since I was a nipper) But she did offer some helpful advice. Reflective Assignment Essay! There was a corner shop within 200 yards who sold paracetamol. If I would walk that far, the owner (to whom I was completely unknown) would happily sell me a packet of these dangerous medications over university of phoenix statement and outline the counter in cash, no questions asked. If they subsequently killed me it didn't matter - so long as the HS officer couldn't be blamed in any way. It was apparent to me that the entire HS edifice has nothing to do with Health and little to essay, do with Safety. just the avoidance of litigation. and the employment of those without any talent other than interfering in others' lives.

And the guy Government agency concerned? The Ministry of assignment Defence. Happy to send brave young men to war in inadequate vehicles and without proper equipment. But incapable of providing a paracetamol for a memebr of essays staff for HS reasons. An utterly and completely pathetic organisation. I hope that the new Government will do a lot to reflective essay, bring common sense back into essay cambridge, all these areas. But there are some powerful 'jobsworth' mindsets to change (or preferably remove outright) first. You mean, some people want to define and assignment, dictate each and university thesis statement, every tiny aspect of your lives, and assignment, you give it a cute name like 'nanny'. The College! Well, I agree Naggy would be a better choice, but it isn't funny no matter. Presently, I am living in California, where they have all sorts of silly laws.

One is the so-called safety corridor where you have to drive with your headlights on 24/7 on designated roads or face a $160 fine and essay, one point on research paper, your record. That translates in a 50% increase in your car insurance. This is to prevent people from smashing head on into each other even though there is a double white line (means do not cross!) down the reflective essay center of road. Of Phoenix Material Thesis Statement! The fine for crossing over the double white line is also $160, as is speeding on the road. Thus driving with your lights off is obviously as dangerous and reckless as speeding and reflective assignment essay, illegal passing. The cop who stopped me (wonder why I know the cost of the high school essay ticket?) had issued over 200 tickets that month. I challenged him in court (one of six) and won on a technicality. These rules and their enforcement are major sources of income. Assignment Essay! Let's see -- 200 times $160 is $32,000 per the constitution, cop per month. Not bad.

Bishop I hope you remembered to button your high-vis jacket (or was it Velcro tabs?) all the way up. Assignment Essay! Wouldn't want some young colleen seeing yer manly chest and driving into a parked car while staring at it. :) Out of curiosity, had all the 'elf n' safety twaddle simply been ignored, what would have happened? A swoop by 'elf n ' safety police; everyone hauled off to gaol? Risk assessment: As with all things in life, there be risk.. Latimer - for the same reason, 'first aid' kits no longer contain painkillers or antiseptic, in fact nothing medicinal at all, lest you suffer an material statement, adverse reaction. Reflective Assignment! The thought that lack of treatment is far more likely to exacerbate your injury seems to have escaped the HS police - what we need is for one of essays violent them to be sued for withholding the necessary medication. sam the skeptic.

I wasn't suggesting that washer fluid isn't something you would use .. after all it does a much better job than water alone. However the idea that you can identify less than 50 deaths or approx 800 cases and attribute that PURELY to the screenwash seems unlikely to me particulalrly when mays, coulds and possibles were used in assignment essay the report. I am sure that wash does kill the bacterium, but most people use wash thus it's unlikely to make much of an effect out of 800 cases reported . thus what was the point in. 1. researching it. School Admissions Essay! 2. subsequently reporting it. Assignment! Therefore I suggest that it is part of the health and safety scaremongering. and it seems that many of the quotes used are not actual law but someone interpreting and actioning inappropriately.

Putting wash fluid in your vehicle bottle is simply good for cleaning bugs not because it might prevent legionnaires disease and the college essay, this merely an example of someone (not necessarily Health and Safety Executive but it could be) trying to ensure we remain fearful. I have 4 children and the 2 eldest go to senior school and we get a telephone call if they cough a little too loudly requesting us to possibly collect them from school. Essay! In my day, my parents didn't have a telephone number so I simply got on essays video games aggression, with my school work. My village fete was much more fun, just got back. Walked over to the village hall/green cars parked everywhere. At the reflective assignment essay end the MP Teresa May calling out the raffle prizes. University Thesis Statement! And the assignment essay joy of watching the Home Secretary's personal security office get squirted in the groin with water, from the debate essay children's entertainer's nelly the essay elephant puppet.. I thought about essays violent giving her me spare copy (accidentally got 2 from amazon) of 'The Hockey Stick Illusion', but the security guy looked a bit grumpy. What little I know about essay Legionella is guy that it is a very common organism but no-one knows what triggers off the reflective assignment essay occasional episodes when it goes virulent and can kill a lot of people. Could be a research project for essays violent a REAL scientist. (Hint - mention Global Warming in the grant application).

If you go to somewhere like Turkey or India, their approach to safety is essay radically different. Three meter unprotected drops at the back edge of pavements, tripping hazards everywhere and all the high admissions rest. I can't imagine the blind living long there. But in the UK it has been allowed to get out of hand and reflective essay, now seems much more concerned with arse covering for management than in actually reducing accidents. Writing Service! The problem is, the reflective assignment dangers of the remedial action never seem to be considered. University Material Statement! I knew a lady who, during the BSE scare, would only give her children Argentinian and Brazilian tinned beef.

Her father in discussion offered the view that if there were only the smallest chance that British beef would give his grandchildren JK disease, she was doing the right thing. I asked, what did she know of hygiene, work practices, quality control, in those Argentinian and reflective assignment, Brazilian packing plants? Now, maybe there was a risk. Admissions! Maybe we should all have stopped eating British beef. Reasonable argument. However, whether or not eating third world tinned beef improves the safety of ones diet, that is a quite different question. But the assumption is that any action taken to remediate a risk must lower total risk, and improve total payoff. You cannot assume that, before having done the essay work. I personally attribute failure to realize this, and failure to plan accordingly, to the large scale use of SSRIs, which I believe have a catastrophic effect on people's ability to research the constitution, follow connected chains of reasoning. I also believe that the presence in reflective essay a group of one or two people on SSRIs degrades the effectiveness of the group dramatically. Essay Service! This accounts for most of the assignment essay insanity we can all see in service cambridge recent decision making.

It is this that accounts for the propensity of people in decision making roles in our countries to advocate doing things which will not remedy the wholly imaginary problems they are supposed to fix. We can all see it around us every day. Except, that is, those of us on SSRIs, or working in groups with key people on them. Hey, I just thought of something. Should we, going by reflective assignment essay the precautionary principle, maybe ban all SSRIs at once? If there is essay writing only the assignment essay smallest chance that my theory is correct, after all, surely we should? Bad group decision making, that is research paper the constitution awful, that has led to assignment essay, wars. Video! Quick, ban the stuff! Another anecdote for you. I was chatting with a local resident at a village fair. He runs a business importing high tech automotive servicing equipment.

Business is tough at the moment, but is likely to assignment, improve over the coming year. Why? Because a new EU regulation requires that from 2012 all cars must be fitted with automatic tyre pressure sensors and apparently these take some expensive equipment to test and service. Health and saftey requires it - we can't be personally repsonsible for checking our tyres can we. Oh, and climate change of course - wasting all the patrol.

At the essays video games aggression minute I have one child in a state school and one in a private school (it's a long story). Reflective Assignment Essay! At the high school essay private school they have so much fun - at the school fete someone had brought out an ancient slide/go cart which they were using to hurl themselves across the field. They use bunsen burners and jigsaws in lessons (a primary school). Reflective Assignment Essay! At the state school none of this happens. The school has provided sun hats which they must wear at all times outside - they had to paper, wear these bloody hats while they were doing their races at sports day. They spent all their time trying to make sure these stupid hats stayed on - not on trying to run fast. The Englishman wrote, The question as ever is who is this Health and Safety? It isn't the law. I think this misses the point, busy teachers (and other professionals) are swamped with rules and assignment essay, guidelines - more than they can ever read or absorb - so the net result is that every school implements a different subset of the college essay these rules - resulting in random idiocy. from 2012 all cars must be fitted with automatic tyre pressure sensors The eurocrats seem to have forgotten (if they ever knew) about the Mk.II Renault Laguna, whose tyre pressure sensors failed all the time. The workaround was to replace the reflective assignment valves with ordinary rubber ones and remove the relevant fuse.

The current Mk.III version requires the usual observation on the part of the owner, I believe, which must be a safer option than depending on an unreliable warning light! (Lazier types can purchase a set of indicator caps for any vehicle for ?12.99 - ) Linesman in essay cambridge one Australian State had a booklet stating No ladder shall be climbed until it is firmly fixed at both top and bottom. Re:June 20, 2010 | Green Sand. Assignment Essay! For those with more expansive education, sung to the tune of Dixie I wish I was in the land of research paper cotton. Flickin' peas up a nanny goat's bottom. With a straw, with a straw . Aaah the assignment essay nanny state don't you love it - just makes you want to go bush! (an expression in Australia meaning leaving the city and the rules and regs for research the constitution an extended period and going camping or whatever - just getting away - nothing to do with George Bush!) from 2012 all cars must be fitted with automatic tyre pressure sensors Strange requirement unless they are wired into the ignition and refuse to permit the engine to reflective assignment essay, start unless there is sufficient pressure. You still have to walk around the car and look at the indicators. As for myself -- and I am sure a large number of you -- I use the standard Mark I eyeball. High! Works just great.

I walk around the car looking at the tires (or tyres in ROI) and it warns Looks a bit soft, mate! It is reflective a brilliant bit of engineering. Connects directly to me brain, it does. On second thought, maybe I shouldn't post this -- some idiot in essay format Brussels might see my suggestion that they interconnect the pressure sensor to assignment, the ignition and make it law. I thought about writing that for assignment several minutes and high admissions essay, then realized that if they were (subjunctive mood) reading this blog, they wouldn't be pushing so hard on the Carbon Tax.

So I pressed the Create Post button. Thankfully I already have a leather encapsulated tyre pressure sensor in fact I have two both working what seems to be automatically. made my day. Essay! :-) Wait, these are real rules,or is this a satire post? Oh dear. In Ogbourne St.George, Wiltshire, we must be in a time-warp. We've just had our village fete, attended by essay cambridge the Vicar, the essay Village PC, school governors, parish councillors, Lord of the Manor, and sundry minor nobility. The childrens' races were a riotous success. Egg spoon race, three-legged race, wheelbarrow race, Hopping race and Bean-Bag-On-Head Race. Paper The Constitution! Plus the reflective assignment Wellie Wanging, Pony Rides and Flip-Flop_Flinging. The only thing that deafened the yelling children was their parents screaming at them to GO FASTER. Reports from high school admissions essay a few children about minor cuts and abrasions were generally dealt with by reflective assignment parents who told them that falling over was a silly thing to do, here's a cuddle, nothing's broken, now go and try again.

Perhaps it's the proximity to Stonehenge (Dr Who reference). Or it might be the ancestral links to The Abbey Bec du Hellion in Normandy (French reference). Either way nobody appeared to give a toss for Elfen Safty. A great time was had by all, and the Church Funds are ?2,000 the better. I've always been curious about this: Does the precautionary principle apply to the precautionary principle? You know, like , what if we apply the precautionary principle and it triggers the very thing we are trying to university of phoenix material statement, be precautiously avoid? Or in so many other ways.

I've also wondered about this: Which one wins: Precautionary principle or Murphy's law? Wait, these are real rules,or is this a satire post? We all wish it were, Mike. Oh, how we wish it were.

But that is just a subjunctive wish.

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Reflective Writing Guide | UNSW Current Students

objectstore resume Several introductory and tutorial articles on essay, the Extensible Markup Language (XML) are referenced in the shorter XML Introduction document. Most articles are accessible online. The Extensible Markup Language (XML) is the university material thesis universal format for structured documents and data on the Web. -- W3C XML Web site, 2000-07-06. The Extensible Markup Language (XML) is descriptively identified in the XML 1.0 W3C Recommendation as an extremely simple dialect [or 'subset'] of SGML the goal of assignment, which is to enable generic SGML to be served, received, and processed on the Web in the way that is now possible with HTML, for which reason XML has been designed for ease of implementation, and for interoperability with both SGML and HTML. Note that the HTML referenced in the preceding sentence ( bis ) means HTML 4.0 and 3.2 which were in common use as of 10-February-1998, when the XML 1.0 specification was published as a W3C Recommendation. The next version of 'HTML' is expected to be reformulated as an XML application, so that it will be based upon essay service XML rather than upon SGML. As of assignment, December 1998, 'Voyager' was the W3C code name for essay, HTML reformulated as an application of XML. XML was initially developed by a W3C Generic SGML Editorial Review Board formed under the auspices of the W3 Consortium in reflective assignment essay 1996 and chaired by Jon Bosak of Sun Microsystems, with the very active participation of a Generic SGML Working Group also organized by essays violent the W3C. An XML WG (Working Group) under W3C served initially as an editorial board, which received input from an XML Special Interest Group. As of late 1998, the XML design effort was re-chartered under the reflective assignment essay direction of an XML Coordination Group and XML Plenary Interest Group to be carried out in five new XML working groups: XML Schema Working Group, XML Fragment Working Group, XML Linking Working Group (XLink and XPointer), XML Information Set Working Group, and XML Syntax Working Group.

These working groups were designed to have close liaison relationships with the W3C's Extensible Style[sheet] Language (XSL) Working Group and Document Object Model (DOM) Working Group. Extensible Markup Language, abbreviated XML, describes a class of data objects called XML documents and partially describes the behavior of high school essay, computer programs which process them. XML is an application profile or restricted form of SGML, the essay Standard Generalized Markup Language. By construction, XML documents are conforming SGML documents. XML is primarily intended to essay writing, meet the requirements of large-scale Web content providers for industry-specific markup, vendor-neutral data exchange, media-independent publishing, one-on-one marketing, workflow management in collaborative authoring environments, and the processing of Web documents by intelligent clients. Reflective Assignment Essay? It is also expected to find use in certain metadata applications. XML is fully internationalized for both European and high admissions essay, Asian languages, with all conforming processors required to support the Unicode character set in both its UTF-8 and UTF-16 encodings. The language is reflective assignment essay designed for the quickest possible client-side processing consistent with its primary purpose as an electronic publishing and data interchange format. Debate? [971208 W3C press release]

XML documents are made up of storage units called entities , which contain either parsed or unparsed data. Parsed data is made up of characters , some of which form the character data in the document, and some of which form markup . Markup encodes a description of the document's storage layout and reflective assignment essay, logical structure. XML provides a mechanism to impose constraints on the storage layout and logical structure. A software module called an XML processor is used to read XML documents and provide access to their content and structure. It is debate essay format assumed that an XML processor is reflective assignment essay doing its work on behalf of another module, called the application . This specification describes the required behavior of an XML processor in terms of how it must read XML data and the information it must provide to the application. Format? [adapted from the assignment Proposal] Valid XML documents are designed to be valid SGML documents, but XML documents have additional restrictions. The W3C XML WG has published a technical NOTE providing a detailed comparison of the additional restrictions that XML places on documents beyond those of SGML: see for university thesis statement and outline, the details. The NOTE also includes an SGML declaration which describes the reflective assignment essay constraints of XML applicable to an SGML parser. [local archive copy] [This paragraph is superseded by violent video the technical NOTE 'NOTE-sgml-xml' referenced immediately above.] Features in SGML but not in XML include [as of November 5, 1996]: Tag omission; The CONCUR, LINK, DATATAG, and SHORTREF features; The connector in content models; Inclusions and exclusions in content models; CURRENT, CONREF, NAME, NAMES, NUMBER, NUMBERS, NUTOKEN, and NUTOKENS declarations for attributes; The NET construct; Abstract syntax; Capacities and quantities; Comments appearing within other markup declarations; Public Identifiers; Omission of assignment essay, quotes on attribute values.

For a more recent/complete comparison of features, see the relevant section in the language specification, or What else has changed between SGML and admissions essay, XML? in the FAQ, maintained by Peter Flynn. As of December 1997, the current and reflective assignment, former members of the XML WG are: Jon Bosak, Sun (Chair); James Clark (Technical Lead); Tim Bray, Textuality and Netscape (XML Co-editor); Jean Paoli, Microsoft (XML Co-editor); C. Paper? M. Sperberg-McQueen, U. of Ill. (XML Co-editor); Dan Connolly, W3C; Steve DeRose, INSO; Dave Hollander, HP; Eliot Kimber, Highland; Eve Maler, ArborText; Tom Magliery, NCSA; Murray Maloney, Muzmo and Grif; Makoto Murata, Fuji Xerox Information Systems; Joel Nava, Adobe; Peter Sharpe, SoftQuad; John Tigue, DataChannel. Historically: The W3C SGML Editorial Review Board, as of essay, November 5, 1996, had the following members: Jon Bosak, Sun (, chair; Tim Bray, Textuality (, editor; James Clark (, technical lead; Dan Connolly (, W3C contact; Steve DeRose, EBT (, editor; Dave Hollander, HP (; Eliot Kimber, Passage Systems (; Tom Magliery, NCSA (; Eve Maler, ArborText (; Jean Paoli, Microsoft (; Peter Sharpe, SoftQuad (; C. Debate Format? Michael Sperberg-McQueen, U. of Ill. at Chicago (, editor. XML/XLink/XSL Specifications: Reference Documents. Extensible Markup Language (XML) [Formerly: 'xml-lang'] Extensible Markup Language as a W3C Recommendation.

[February 10, 1998] Extensible Markup Language (XML) 1.0 . Reflective? W3C Recommendation 10-February-1998. Essays Violent Games Aggression? Editors: Tim Bray (Textuality and Netscape), Jean Paoli (Microsoft), and assignment, C. M. Sperberg-McQueen (University of Illinois at Chicago). Reference: REC-xml-19980210. [October 06, 2000] Extensible Markup Language (XML) 1.0 (Second Edition) . Paper? W3C Recommendation 6-October-2000. Reflective Assignment? Edited by school Tim Bray (Textuality and assignment, Netscape), Jean Paoli (Microsoft), C. M. Sperberg-McQueen (University of Illinois at the college, Chicago and reflective essay, Text Encoding Initiative), and Eve Maler (Sun Microsystems, Inc. - Second Edition).

Reference: . [December 13, 2001] XML 1.1 . W3C Working Draft 13-December-2001. University Of Phoenix Material? Edited by John Cowan (Reuters). Version URL reference: Latest Version URL: Abstract: The Extensible Markup Language (XML) is a subset of SGML that is reflective completely described in this document. Research The Constitution? Its goal is to enable generic SGML to be served, received, and processed on the Web in essay the way that is now possible with HTML. XML has been designed for ease of implementation and for interoperability with both SGML and HTML. Sources: [see W3C for additional translations] Other Links: [October 09, 2000] XML 1.0 Second Edition as W3C Recommendation.

The W3C's XML Core Working Group has published a new W3C Recommendation for Extensible Markup Language (XML) 1.0 (Second Edition) . Reference: W3C Recommendation 6-October-2000, edited by Tim Bray, Jean Paoli, C. M. Sperberg-McQueen, and essays games aggression, Eve Maler. This REC specification follows the assignment essay earlier publication of a public Review Version. This second edition is not a new version of XML (first published 10-February-1998); it merely incorporates the changes dictated by research paper the constitution the first-edition errata as a convenience to reflective essay, readers. The errata list for this second edition is available at The document abstract, unchanged from the 1998 first edition, appears to validate the hermeneutical theory that a text's intent escapes from the author and passes immediately into the control of the community upon utterance: The Extensible Markup Language (XML) is essay a subset of SGML that is completely described in reflective assignment this document.

Its goal is to enable generic SGML to research paper, be served, received, and processed on the Web in the way that is now possible with HTML. XML has been designed for ease of implementation and for interoperability with both SGML and HTML. The specification is provided in the following formats: XHTML, XML, PDF, and XHTML review version with color-coded revision indicators. Assignment Essay? See also the (non-normative) Production Notes in research Annex I: This Second Edition was encoded in the XMLspec DTD (which has documentation available). The HTML versions were produced with a combination of the xmlspec.xsl, diffspec.xsl, and REC-xml-2e.xsl XSLT stylesheets. The PDF version was produced with the html2ps facility and assignment, a distiller program. [August 15, 2000] Paul Grosso (Co-Chair XML Core WG) announced that the W3C XML Core Working Group has released a draft of the debate format Extensible Markup Language (XML) 1.0 Second Edition for public review: Extensible Markup Language (XML) 1.0 (Second Edition) Review Version ; Reference: W3C Working Draft 14-August-2000. The second edition is not a new version of XML; it is designed to assignment, bring the XML 1.0 Recommendation up to date with the XML 1.0 Specification Errata (first edition).

Reviewers are asked to report errors to the '' mailing list, which is publicly archived. Paul writes: At this time, we are making two versions of the draft Second Edition available for a four week public review, and the college essay, all interested parties are invited to review the current drafts and submit comments. This review period ends September 11, 2000, and soon thereafter, the XML Core WG plans to make these documents (possibly as amended per comments) the official XML 1.0 Recommendation Second Edition. Reflective? All these public review documents are linked from the W3C TR page. The 'plain' draft Second Edition is at, and this is the version that would become the school official Second Edition.

We have also produced a 'review copy' which highlights changes between the first edition and reflective assignment essay, this Second Edition, and it is at Essay Format? This may be provided along with the official Second Edition if it is deemed useful and appropriate, but the 'plain' version is the reflective assignment official one. Both versions contain embedded [Exx] references/links to the Errata document for each individual erratum that has been applied. (If we decide to maintain the 'review' version, we may decide to delete the [Exx] references from the 'plain' one.) Please note that this review period is to allow everyone a chance to paper, check that the errata that have been applied to the Second Edition are correct and correctly applied. Reflective? Reports of further errata or ambiguities in XML 1.0 are welcome, but they will likely be saved to be considered for possible application to a later edition, not added to this Second Edition. [cache] Annotated Version of the XML specification, from Tim Bray. Games Aggression? See further description below.

Bob DuCharme. XML: The Annotated Specification. The Charles F. Goldfarb Series on Open Information Management. The Definitive XML Series from Charles F. Reflective Assignment? Goldfarb. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice Hall PTR, 1999. [January 15, 1999] Michel Goossens (Président GUTenberg) posted an open invitation for assistance in debate essay the creation of a French translation of the XML 1.0 Specification and Peter Flynn's XML FAQ document. Reflective? Alternately, if any readers are aware of the high admissions essay availability of essay, such a translation already, or of a similar initiative, please communicate with Goossens about it so as to avoid duplication of efforts. Press release: The World Wide Web Consortium Issues XML 1.0 as a W3C Recommendation. Key Industry Players, Experts Collaborate to the college essay guy, Develop Interoperable Data Format for the Web. Assignment? [local archive copy] Announcement on essays games aggression, TEI-L, XML 1.0 Is Official.

From TEI Editor, C. M. Sperberg-McQueen. Quotes Allen Renear (ACH President), Susan Hockey, and others in the academic community. XML 1.0 Fact Sheet; ;[local archive copy] XML 1.0 Testimonials, - from ACCESS, Adobe, Agranat Systems, Alis Technologies, ArborText, Bitstream, CNET, DataChannel, IBM, Inso, Junglee, Lotus, Microsoft, Open Market, Open SoftwareAssociates, POET Software, SoftQuad, Texcel, Textuality, Unwired Planet, Vignette, and webMethods. Reflective Assignment? [local archive copy] W3C Endorses First XML Standard for of phoenix thesis, Global Use. By Dana Gardner. In InfoWorld Electric . Posted at 11:40 AM PT, February 10, 1998.

Details on the German translation: Deutsche Übersetzungen der XML-Spezifikationen, von Henning Behme (iX) und Stefan Mintert (Universität Dortmund). Also available in .ZIP format. Extensible Markup Language as a Proposed Recommendation. [December 08 [12], 1997] Extensible Markup Language (XML) 1.0, issued as a W3C Proposed Recommendation. December 8, 1997. Editors: Tim Bray (Textuality and Netscape), Jean Paoli (Microsoft), and reflective assignment, C. M. Sperberg-McQueen (University of Illinois at Chicago).

Reference: PR-xml-971208. Version URL: Announced at the SGML/XML '97 Conference in Washington, D.C. See the school admissions press release, or a press release, alternate source. XML WG Chair Jon Bosak clarified the WG's new work focus in light of the publication of this PR. Assignment Essay? HTML Format Postscript format Postscript, .ZIP compressed RTF format XML format local archive copy (HTML) Japanese translation of the paper XML PR, in HTML format and in reflective essay XML format Associated and referenced NOTE: Comparison of SGML and debate essay format, XML.

By James Clark. Reference identifiers: World Wide Web Consortium Note 15-December-1997, NOTE-sgml-xml-971215. Extensible Markup Language - Other Earlier Working Draft Versions. [November 25, 1997] New draft specification for the Extensible Markup Language (XML), published by essay the W3C. References: W3C Working Draft 17-November-1997, WD-xml-971117, Version 1.0. Essay Format? The version URL:; [local archive copy]. Reflective Assignment? Extensible Markup Language (XML). Version 1.0. University Of Phoenix Material Thesis And Outline? Edited by Tim Bray, Jean Paoli, and C. M. Sperberg-McQueen. W3C Working Draft 07-Aug-97. Essay? WD-xml-970807.

From W3C, HTML format, local archive copy in HTML format In XML format In Postscript format, local archive copy in Postscript format Part 1: Japanese translation Previous version: Draft 30-June-97. Essay Guy? HTML version, Postscript; local archive copy in HTML, or Postscript. Previous version: Draft 31-March-97. from W3C, from Textuality, local copy Previous version: Draft 14-November-96. HTML version, from W3C. Extensible Linking Language (XLL/XLink) [Formerly: 'xml-link'] Note: A separate document xll.html with more complete information on the Extensible Linking Language (XLL) is under construction. Extensible Style Language (XSL) [Formerly: 'xml-style'] Note: A separate document xsl.html with more complete information on the Extensible Style Language (XSL) is under construction. Extensible Style Language Proposal [September 11, 1997].

Submission to the W3C by Microsoft, Inso, and reflective, Arbortext for Extensible Style Language (XSL) based on high school admissions, DSSSL. August 27, 1997. Title: A Proposal for reflective assignment, XSL . The College Essay Guy? Reference: NOTE-XSL.html. Submitted by: Sharon Adler, Inso Corporation; Anders Berglund, Inso Corporation; James Clark; Istvan Cseri, Microsoft Corporation; Paul Grosso, ArborText; Jonathan Marsh, Microsoft Corporation; Gavin Nicol, Inso Corporation; Jean Paoli, Microsoft Corporation; David Schach, Microsoft Corporation; Henry S. Thompson, University of Edinburgh; Chris Wilson, Microsoft Corporation. HTML version from W3C.

XSL proposal local archive copy XSL submission: the reflective essay overview, and Press release from Microsoft, or press release from ArborText; local archive copy XSL submission: from Microsoft [January 23, 1998] Formation of a W3C Working Group for XSL. Essay Guy? See XSL Information from W3C (Chris Lilley) Software implementations supporting the essay Proposal for XSL submitted to the constitution, W3C: XSLJ - Jade-compatible XSL-to-DSSSL translator from Henry Thompson msxsl - Microsoft XSL Processor, Technology Preview XML Styler - ArborText tool for essay, creating and modifying XSL stylesheets docproc - an XML + XSL document processor from Sean Russell ECMAScript is referenced in the XSL proposal. ECMAScript: ECMA-262 JavaScript Language Specification. Essays Video Games Aggression? A general purpose scripting language (GPSL), 1997. Available as PDF, or MS Word, in Win 32 self-extracting binary. Assignment? Alternately, from ECMA Early proposal (mid-1997): Announcement from Jon Bosak for the college essay, a draft document that puts the existing DSSSL Online (dsssl-o) specification in a form that can easily be made into a Working Draft for XML Part 3. Draft for discussion [Postscript]. Part 3 draft: local mirror copy [Postscript] XML FAQ Documents: Answers to Frequently-Asked-Questions See now the assignment essay separate document for references to SGML/XML FAQs. This document cites the of phoenix material statement earlier versions of the XML FAQ (1.5, 1.4, 1.3, 1.2, 1.1) and early translations into Japanese, Spanish, and Korean. XML Information Online: Other WWW Sites.

SGML, XML, and Structured Document Interchange - W3C activity statement Extensible Markup Language (XML) - W3C Overview Overview of SGML and XML Resources - W3C XML at Sun Microsystems - 'Standards and technologies driving the DOT-COM world' XML Resources - James Clark - Seybold, O'Reilly, Songline. Includes an index of XML articles from Seybold Publications. Reflective Assignment? XML Resources from Textuality (maintained by research XML Co-editor, Tim Bray) UNC Sunsite WWW [and FTP] Server, maintained by W3C XML Chair, Jon Bosak XML Community - An Inso XML Forum XML: Some hyperlinks minus the hype. By Philip Wadler (Bell Labs, Lucent Technologies). XML (Extensible Markup Language) is a magnet for hype: the successor to HTML for web publishing, electronic data interchange, and e-commerce. In fact, XML is just a notation for trees, little more than a verbose variant of Lisp S-expressions; and a way to reflective assignment, define tree grammars, a poor-man's BNF. Yet this simple basis has spawned scores of specialized sub-languages: for airlines, banks, and paper, cell phones; for astronomy, biology, and chemistry; for the DOD and the IRS. This note is essay a brief guide to web resources that explain XML. XML Reference Guide - From Web Review InformationWeek XML Toolbox IBM XML Web Site XML Competence Center at GMD-IPSI - 'conducting active research on XML-based information systems' XML - Links from James K. Tauber's XML page XML Files - GCA's XML Magazine.

Edited by Dianne Kennedy, published by high school essay Norm Scharpf. Partially/provisionally online: Issues 1 (September 20, 1997) - 4(March 17, 1998). Website XML Software Guide - WDVL xmlTree - Resource listing for a list of sites and resources which offer data according to XML formatting rules. Essay? By James Carlyle. XML - Links from The Virtual School of of phoenix thesis, Molecular Sciences (VSMS) XML Resources - Links from ArborText - XML Resources collected by Lisa Rein XML School - Jan Egil Refsnes XML/XSL Resources - from essay, Bryan Van Hook Cafe con Leche XML News and Resources - from Elliotte Rusty Harold Content-X. Focused on of phoenix material statement and outline, the application of server-side XML. XML Adam Rifkin's Collection of Links XML Links - From DataChannel. Including DataChannel's XML Technology Demo Microsoft's XML Support: Overview, XML White Paper, XML Parser in Java, CDF, XML-Data. Also: XML Object Model XML Francophone SGML Cafe (Japanese) XML Resources - Italian Language Site.

Paolo De Lazzaro. Korean XML site from Techno 2000 Project Inc. Chinese XML Now! = Chinese XML Web Site. 'A project to help developers of Chinese XML Software.' Chinese XML Site - Open China/Open XML. Korean XML Web site Contact: Kwangmin Lee. World Wide Weave - Weave allows people to publicize new XML-based web sites and assignment, documents Weave contains only sites that provide content in XML-based markup. XML Information in the Document Interchange Standards Page, OII Standards and Specifications List Section on XML Software Tools in the SGML/XML Web Page Internet Toolkit - XML. PC Magazine/ZDNet. XML: Proposed Applications and Industry Initiatives. The XML applications and announced industry initiatives listed below have not been evaluated according to any serious criteria for school essay, quality and genuineness. Since the various specifications documents for reflective assignment essay, XML/XLink/XSL are still in some flux, it would often be unfair or difficult to make such a judgment. And Outline? Obviously, many of these application areas provide exemplary models, having unquestioned integrity and reflective assignment, high quality. The College Essay? Some already play a vital role in reflective assignment essay profitable commercial enterprise.

It is also to be expected that some early XML/XLink/XSL applications may be merely demonstrations, toys, proof-of-concept applications; still others might be naive or ill conceived. It may be necessary to regard some of essays, these ideas 'in draft' like some of the assignment specifications documents themselves. The good news is this: Net users are seeing clearly that a fixed tag set (like HTML) is not the solution. . . Contents Listing for XML Applications and Industry Initiatives. W3C Specifications Documentation aka 'XML Spec DTD' See now the high separate document IEEE Standard DTD. [June 30, 1999] A 'TEI Lite DTD in XML' was made available from the TEI Web site.

See the references for TEI - the XML version in a separate document, and the section 'Academic Applications' for background on the SGML version of the TEI DTD. Channel Definition Format, CDF (Based on XML) Channel Definition Format (CDF) is an application of the Extensible Markup Language designed for push technology. The proposal has been submitted to the World Wide Web Consortium. My Netscape Network (MNN) is a free Netcenter service that lets you create your own My Netscape channel.

Create an RDF Site Summary (RSS) 0.9 file that describes your content. See description and references in a separate document. Assignment Essay? Note 'OCS' below. W3C Document Object Model (DOM), Level 1 Specification. In early January 1999, a W3C Working Draft for the Document Object Model (DOM) Level 2 Specification Version 1.0 (WD-DOM-Level-2-19981228) was released. It defines the essay format Document Object Model Level 2, a platform- and essay, language-neutral interface that allows programs and admissions essay, scripts to dynamically access and update the content, structure and style of documents.

The Document Object Model Level 2 builds on the Document Object Model Level 1. Level 2 adds interfaces for a Cascading Style Sheets object model, an event model, and a query interface, amongst others. On October 1, 1998, the World Wide Web Consortium published the Document Object Model (DOM) Level 1 Specification, Version 1.0 as a W3C Recommendation. The Document Object Model is a platform- and language-neutral interface that will allow programs and scripts to dynamically access and update the reflective content, structure and style of documents. The document can be further processed and the college essay, the results of that processing can be incorporated back into the presented page. The main database entry for the W3C DOM has been moved to reflective assignment essay, a separate document. Web Collections are an application of XML - a meta-data syntax that fits easily within the writing framework of the World Wide Web. Web Collections are an reflective assignment essay application of XML, the Extensible Markup Language. In addition, Web Collections can be expressed inside HTML documents or on their own. In addition they are stylistically similar to high admissions, HTML to enable easy authoring. . . Some of the anticipated applications of Web Collections include Web Maps, HTML Email Threading, PIM functions, scheduling, content labeling, and distributed authoring. [work in assignment progress] Web Collections using XML - March 09, 1997.

By Alex Hopmann, with Scott Berkun, George Hatoun, Yaron Goland, Thomas Reardon, Lauren Antonoff, Eric Berman, and others. [mirror copy] Netscape Communications announced a new proposed XML application. According to the notice on the Netscape Developer's page: The Meta Content Framework, or MCF, provides a standard way to essay service, describe files or collections of information. Assignment Essay? A new Netsape document describes how to apply MCF using XML, the Extensible Markup Language. On January 5, 1998, a new (revised) submission on XML-Data was presented to the W3C by Microsoft, ArborText, DataChannel, and research paper, Inso. Reference: W3C Note 05 Jan 1998. Authors: Andrew Layman, Edward Jung, Eve Maler, Henry S. Thompson, Jean Paoli, John Tigue, Norbert H. Mikula, and Steve DeRose. According to the introduction, XML-Data describes an XML vocabulary for schemas, that is, for defining and documenting object classes. It can be used for classes which as strictly syntactic (for example, XML) or those which indicate concepts and relations among concepts (as used in relational databases, KR graphs and RDF). The former are called 'syntactic schemas;' the latter 'conceptual schemas.' The text of this NOTE thus provides a specification (XML-Data) for essay, describing and exchanging structured and networked data on of phoenix thesis and outline, the Web.

Such exchange is facilitated by schemas defining the characteristics of essay, classes of objects. The objects can be syntactic constructs such as are used in XML instances, or may be more abstract such as are found in databases, information models or directed, labeled graphs. This paper describes an XML vocabulary for schemas. One immediate implication of these ideas is a substantive part of the functionalities of XML document types can now be described using the XML instance syntax itself, rather than DTD syntax. We expect XML-Data to be useful for a wide range of applications, such as describing database transfers or remotely-located Web resources. [Previous draft:] On June 22 1997, Jean Paoli announced a draft specification of an XML application called XML-Data. The specification is documented in a Position Paper from Microsoft, written by Andrew Layman (Microsoft Corporation), Jean Paoli (Microsoft Corporation), Steve De Rose (Inso Corporation), and Henry S. Thompson (University of Edinburgh), with contributions from Paul Grosso, Sharon Adler, Anders Berglund, François Chahuneau, and Edward Jung. XML-Data is an application of XML for exchanging structured data and metadata on the Internet. The paper outlines a number of XML-Data design features which are not in the MCF specification. The position paper has been sent to multiple working groups in the W3C currently dealing with XML and meta-data.

XML namespaces provide a simple method for debate, qualifying names used in Extensible Markup Language documents by associating them with namespaces identified by URI. A W3C Working Draft Namespaces in XML was published on September 16, 1998 (WD-xml-names-19980916). Description of the reflective assignment XML namespace work and references are provided in a separate document. Resource Description Framework (RDF) The RDF section currently provides information and references for both the Resource Description Framework (RDF) Model and Syntax Specification and the Resource Description Framework (RDF) Schema Specification . The Australia New Zealand Land Information Council (ANZLIC) - Metadata. The Environmental Resources Information Network (ERIN) and ANZLIC Working Group on Metadata created a version 1 draft DTD using SGML. The ANZMETA DTD Version 1.1 (19th January 1998) now has been written to conform to the requirements of XML 1.0. The Coastal Atlas Spatial Data Guidelines (ACA-STD-0001) now under development also by ERIN will use the same XML-based metadata language (e.g., metadata records for essays, the 'Blue Pages' of the Marine and Coastal Data Directory of assignment, Australia, [MCDD], which is part of the Australian Coastal Atlas). XML Metadata Interchange Format (XMI) - Object Management Group (OMG) The design of the high admissions XML Metadata Interchange Format (XMI) represents an extremely important initiative.

It has a goal of reflective essay, unifying XML and the college essay, related W3C specifications with several object/component modeling standards, as well as with STEP schemas, and more. Particularly, it would combine the benefits of the web-based XML standard for defining, validating, and sharing document formats on the web with the benefits of the object-oriented Unified Modeling Language (UML), a specification of the Object Management Group (OMG) that provides application developers a common language for specifying, visualizing, constructing, and assignment, documenting distributed objects and business models. Information on XMI is maintained in university material statement and outline a separate document. Educom Instructional Management Systems Project (IMS) Metadata Specification. The IMS project has released XML-based technical specifications for how learning materials will flow over the Internet, and for how organizations and reflective, individual learners will manage the learning process, [which] have broad support among industry and among leaders in higher education, training, government, and K-12 schools. See IMS Metadata Specification. Fighting for Standards in our Browsers is the motto of the Web Standards Project (WSP). The Web Standards Project is a collective effort of web developers and end users whose mission is to stop the fragmentation of the web, by persuading the browser makers that common standards are in everyone's best interest. Its goal is to support these core standards of the World Wide Web Consortium (W3C) and to encourage browser makers to do the paper the constitution same, thereby ensuring simple, affordable access to assignment, Web technologies for statement and outline, all. At the time of WSP's launch (August 10, 1998), standards for the Web included 'Structural Languages' (HTML 4.0, XML 1.0), 'Presentation Languages' (CSS, XSL), 'Object Models' (Document Object Model 1 Core HTML/XML), and 'Scripting' (ECMAScript). HTML Threading - Use of HTML in Email.

On January 27, 1998, the essay submission of a proposal for HTML Threading: Conventions for Use of HTML in Email was made to the W3C by Microsoft Corporation, Lotus Development Corporation, and essay guy, Qualcomm Corporation. Reference: W3C NOTE 05-Jan-1998. Essay? The document editor is Eric Berman (Microsoft), and authors include Pete Resnick (Qualcomm) and Nick Shelness (Lotus). According to the press release, the essay format HTML Threading Proposal outlines how Extensible Markup Language (XML) can be used to assignment essay, enable data-rich features in HTML email applications. The document abstract clarifies: As [email] messages go back and essay, forth between participants in a discussion, it is interesting to be able to track properties of the text in the message and properties of the message itself, such as who wrote what or what message a quoted excerpt is originally from. This proposal defines a mechanism for embedding this information within an email message in a manner that degrades gracefully to downlevel mail clients. Assignment Essay? Appendix B of the NOTE provides some sample mail messages using the HTML Threading. Open Software Description Format (OSD) A joint submission was made to W3C on August 13, 1997 by the college Marimba Incorporated and assignment essay, Microsoft Corporation for a proposed Open Software Description Format (OSD). A document 'NOTE-OSD' written by Arthur van Hoff (Marimba, Incorporated), Hadi Partovi and high, Tom Thai (Microsoft Corporation) bears this abstract: This document provides an initial proposal for the Open Software Description (OSD) format. OSD, an application of the eXtensible Markup Language (XML), is reflective essay a vocabulary used for violent video aggression, describing software packages and their dependencies for heterogeneous clients.

We expect OSD to be useful in automated software distribution environments. The proposed specification has apparently been endorsed by other companies, including CyberMedia, InstallShield Software, LANovation, Lotus Development, and Netscape Communications. Reflective Assignment? [from Net.Com article] And: The goal of the OSD format is to provide an XML-based vocabulary for essay guy, describing software packages and their inter-dependencies, whether it is user initiated (pulled), or automatic (pushed). XML (eXtensible Markup Language) provides a general method of reflective assignment, representing structured data in the form of lexical trees. Using this data model, markup tags in of phoenix statement the OSD vocabulary are represented as elements of reflective essay, a tree. The three basic relationships between elements are parent-of, child-of, and sibling-of. Writing? Distant relationships can be formed from recursive applications of the three basic ones. XLF (Extensible Log Format) Initiative.

This XLF project is [2001-06] apparently no longer active, but see references in the separate document. Essay? See also Log Markup Language (LOGML). WAP Wireless Markup Language Specification (WML) The Wireless Application Protocol (WAP) Wireless Markup Language (WML) is a markup language based on XML, and is intended for use in specifying content and debate, user interface for assignment essay, narrowband devices, including cellular phones and high school, pagers. . . 'A tag-based display language providing navigational support, data input, hyperlinks, text and image presentation, and forms. A browsing language similar to Internet HTML.' HTTP Distribution and Replication Protocol (DRP) On August 25, 1997 a submission entitled The HTTP Distribution and Replication Protocol was tendered to the W3C by representatives of Marimba Inc., Netscape Communications Inc., Sun Microsystems Inc., Novell Inc., and At Home Corporation.

The goal of the essay DRP protocol is to significantly improve the efficiency and reliability of data distribution over HTTP. . . Material Statement And Outline? The DRP protocol uses a data structure called an index, which is currently specified using the eXtensible Markup Language (XML). Because the index describes meta data, we anticipate using the Resource Description Format RDF), which was formerly called the Meta Content Framework (MCF), in a future versions of the DRP protocol specification. XML is used in the interim because the RDF standard was not finalized at the time of writing. . . The DRP defines the following new features: (1) Content identifiers, using the assignment essay existing URI specification, which can uniquely identify a piece of content; (2) An index format which can be used to research the constitution, describe a set of files; (3) A new HTTP header field, Content-ID, which is used to obtain the correct version of a file by specifying a content identifier; (4) A new HTTP header field, Differential-ID, which is reflective assignment used to obtain a differential update for a file. The Chemical Markup Language was documented (July 1998) as an the college essay application of XML and was demonstrated at WWW6 with the Jumbo Java-based browser for XML documents. One of the first interesting XML appliations. See the separate document for references: Chemical Markup Language (CML). Bioinformatic Sequence Markup Language (BSML) Description and references for the Virtual Hyperglossary (VHG) project are contained in a separate document Virtual Hyperglossary (VHG). Weather Observation Markup Format (OMF)

The Weather Observation Markup Format [or: Weather Observation Definition Format] is an application of XML used to encode weather observation reports. The goal of the essay OMF system is to annotate and augment standard weather reports with derived, computed quantities, and to re-cast the debate essay essential information in a markup format that is easier to interpret, yet completely accurate. Reflective? The data formats typically used in weather reports (FM 15-X Ext. Essay Writing? METAR, FM 16-X Ext. SPECI, FM 51-X Ext. TAF, etc. [constituting] KAWN, WMO feeds . . .) are both incomplete and suboptimal for reflective assignment essay, some processing objectives. High Admissions Essay? According to a summary from one of OMF's designers, the OMF application thus uses XML for annotating weather observation reports, forecasts and advisories as issued by assignment essay Weather Meteorological Organization (WMO), the National Weather Center and Air Force Global Weather Center.

Currently, METAR/SPECI observational reports, Terminal Aerodrome Forecasts (TAFs) and SIGMET significant weather aircraft advisories are being analyzed and marked up. The incoming source of debate essay, data are raw bulletins distributed by KAWN/ADWS or National Weather Service'sGateways. The bulletins are parsed, reports are decoded and stored into reflective assignment essay a database, which can then be queried. The results of the paper queries are XML-formatted into OMF documents. It is always possible to reflective assignment, reconstruct original reports by stripping away the XML markup. The designers are also working on adding other types of reports - Upper Air reports, regional SIGMETs, AIRMETS, Bathythermographs, PIREPS, etc.

The markup system is in actual use to distribute the most current annotated weather observations, forecasts and advisories; the games Navy's Joint Metoc Viewer is one application that can ingest OMF documents and display the corresponding data. References for Open Financial Exchange (OFX) are provided in a separate document. Interactive Financial Exchange (IFX) Information on essay, the Interactive Financial Exchange (IFX) is provided in research a separate document. The Internet Open Trading Protocol (OTP) provides an reflective interoperable framework for debate format, Internet commerce. It is payment system independent and encapsulates payment systems such as SET, Mondex, CyberCash, DigiCash, GeldKarte, etc.

OTP is able to handle cases where such merchant roles as the shopping site, the payment handler, the Delivery Handler of reflective, goods or services, and the provider of customer support are performed by essay different parties or by one party. Essay? OTP Messages are XML documents which are physically sent between the high school admissions different organisations that are taking part in a trade. Information on assignment, the [Internet] Open Trading Protocol (OTP) is contained in a separate document. XML Digital Signature (Signed XML - IETF/W3C) The XML-Signature WG is a joint Working Group of the IETF and W3C. The College Guy? References are provided in a separate document. Digital Receipt Infrastructure Initiative. Information on the Digital Receipt Infrastructure Initiative and the Digital Receipt Consortium is referenced in a separate document.

A Network Working Group INTERNET-DRAFT by Hiroshi Maruyama, Kent Tamura, and Naohiko Uramoto (IBM) addresses how digest (hash) values should be defined for reflective, general DOM structures. Essay Writing? The document is intended to become a Proposed Standard RFC. Compare 'XHASH'. Digest Values for DOM (DOMHASH) draft-hiroshi-dom-hash-00.txt, January 1999 Local archive copy Similarly: 'XHASH' - XML canonical digest algorithm proposed by reflective assignment essay GlobeSet and documented in the XHASH proposal. Essay Writing Cambridge? This algorithm has been inspired by the DOM-HASH proposal, but operates closer to the surface string of the document.

Elements and attributes are subject to formalization in a way quite similar to reflective essay, the one proposed by DOM-HASH - XML delimiters are represented by writing service cambridge binary values and assignment, entities are replaced by their actual values. However, formalization happens as elements are acquired. Furthermore, this algorithm has been tailored for explicit support of the of phoenix material thesis statement XML Namespaces and it takes into account some specifics of this specification ( e.g. , dsig:eval attribute). See also: Digital Signatures for XML. By Richard D. Brown (GlobeSet, Inc.). January 1999.

A syntax and procedures for reflective assignment, the computation and verification of material statement, XML digital signatures is reflective specified. [local archive copy] See also (earlier): Digital Signatures for the constitution, XML. From the IETF TRADE Working Group. Richard D. Brown, GlobeSet, Inc. November 1998. - The objective of this document is to propose syntax and procedures for the computation and verification of digital signatures applicable to reflective assignment essay, general XML documents. [local archive copy] Signed Document Markup Language (SDML) Bank Internet Payment System (BIPS) The BIPS specification includes a protocol for sending payment instructions to banks safely over the Internet and cambridge, a payment server architecture for processing those payment instructions. On August 24, 1998, a specification for the Bank Internet Payment System (BIPS) was published: Bank Internet Payment System Specification Version 1.0.

Public Review Draft, August 24, 1998 . Appendix G of the specification supplies the reflective essay 'XML Structure and Document Type Definition (DTD)'. BIPS instruction messages and violent games aggression, their responses conform to the Extensible Markup Language (XML) standard which can be verified and interpreted by freely available XML parsers. The Bank Internet Payment System (BIPS) is a project of The Financial Services Technology Consortium (FSTC). FSTC is a not-for-profit organization whose goal is to enhance the competitiveness of the United States financial services industry; members of the consortium include banks, financial services providers, research laboratories, universities, technology companies, and government agencies. Details: Network Payment Protocol (NPP): BIPS requirements result in a set of reflective, functions that must be carried out in the client software. Essays Video Aggression? In order to assignment essay, ensure that the school client software interfaces with the payment processing systems at each bank in a standard manner, the NPP has been defined and is described in this chapter.

The NPP is a non-proprietary standard that will ensure that any BIPS-enabled client software can initiate BIPS payment instructions. The BIPS model is shown in reflective Figure 4.1. All BIPS messages conform to the World Wide Web Consortium's (W3C's) XML specification. NPP Message Specification, Message Formatting, and essay cambridge, Data Encoding: NPP messages will be specified and formatted according to standards described in the XML Version 1.0 specification. XML is a simplified subset of the Standard Generalized Markup Language [SGML, International Standards Organization (ISO) 8879].

XML provides a standard format to reflective assignment essay, describe different types of data so that the debate format information can be decoded, manipulated, and displayed consistently and correctly. XML also provides a file format for essay, representing data, a schema for describing data structure, and a mechanism for extending and annotating Hypertext Markup Language (HTML) with semantic information. NPP-specific messages are documented in Appendix G, along with the BIPS DTD. Some characteristics of NPP messages are: 1) all messages are in XML; 2) all messages start with a BIPS XML header; 3) all fields are self-identifying; 4) all messages are signed; 5) all messages include the originator's certificate; 6) all request messages include a user-supplied transaction number; 7) all response messages include the format signature of the reflective assignment essay user on the original request, and 8) all response messages include both a bank-supplied transaction number and the user-supplied transaction number. BIPS messages contain blocks that describe the request or response (a block is an high essay XML element or conglomerate of elements). Each BIPS message begins with an assignment essay XML header that includes the of phoenix statement XML version number, document type, a reference to reflective essay, the BIPS DTD file, and the BIPS version number. A sample BIPS message is shown in Appendix G. FSTC Home Page Financial Services Technology Consortium BIPS Main Page [August 24, 1998] FSTC Publishes the Bank Internet Payment System (BIPS) Specification. - FSTC announced today that its Bank Internet Payment System (BIPS) specification has been released for public review and comment. . . University Of Phoenix? BIPS instruction messages and their responses conform to the Extensible Markup Language (XML) standard which can be verified and interpreted by essay freely available XML parsers.

Download BIPS Specification [local archive copy, 980824] XML Structure and Document Type Definition (DTD), from the spec 980824. smartX ['SmartCard'] Markup Language (SML) The goal of SML (smartX Markup Language) is to enable automation of all interactions with XML documents providing general methods to represent a set of smart device functions. Essay Writing Service? XML supports the creation of marker content that preserves data structure and assignment essay, promises web documents to be machine-readable. The SML is an implementation of university material thesis statement and outline, XML for reflective assignment essay, the smart card industry. SML also brings to high admissions, the smart device applications many IDL features that have been implemented in distributed computed and transaction processings.smartX defines a complete framework that encapsulates the development of both the smart card and terminal application. By separating the application process from the reflective assignment application protocol that is card-specific, smartX makes possible to port quickly an application to a new smart card. The innovation of smartX technology relies on essay cambridge, a strong description of the smart device data and attached processes. The semantics and grammar of the description do not equate a programming language with arithmetic and conditions.

On the contrary, the data and protocol description is built upon the familiar foundations of the smart card industry, which simplifies programming for the developer. smartX introduces a new description language to describe the application protocol: SML (Smart Markup Language) that implements the Extensible Markup Language (XML) for the smart card industry. OpenMLS and RELML - Real Estate DTD Design. Information on OpenMLS and RELML (Real Estate Listing Markup Language) is provided in a separate document. Founded in 1992, the Customer Support Consortium is assignment a group of over 70 leading technology companies who work together to significantly improve customer support by university of phoenix and outline developing innovative new strategies, standards, and programs. Its mission is to reflective essay, develop ways to leverage and share knowledge within and among support organizations. The development of open exchange standards is high school admissions essay one of the three principal consortium initiatives. Reflective Assignment? A subgroup is developing a set of mappings from standards specifications to XML. XML for the Automotive Industry - SAE J2008.

In response to requirements from the 1990 US Clean Air Act, The Society of Automotive Engineers (SAE) has adopted a number of standards under the debate essay format 'SAE J2008' family of standards designed to provide easy access to reflective essay, emission-related automotive service information. At the heart of this SGML standard is a relational Data Model for Automotive Service Information rather than any particular document model. The SGML definition set forth within J2008 provides a hierarchical representation of the of phoenix material thesis and outline Data Model. In addition, this standard provides models for common text constructs such as tables, paragraphs, lists, and essay, procedures which are found within automotive service information. Recently, as explained by Dianne Kennedy in university and outline the presentation XML and the Automotive Industry (XML the Conference 98, Seattle 1998), effort has been made to reflective, convert the SGML DTD into a version compatible with XML. The Constitution? The current chairperson of the SAE J2008 Working Group is Dianne Kennedy, founder and principal consultant for XMLXperts. [adapted from Dianne Kennedy's overview] [March 09, 1999] A communiqué from Dianne Kennedy reported on recent efforts by the DTD Working Group for SAE J2008. Assignment Essay? The Society of Automotive Engineers (SAE) J2008 DTD Working Group met on March 3, 1999 in Detroit. Among the work items was the development of an official XML version of the essay format SAE J2008 DTD for essay, posting automotive service information on university material thesis, the Web. The XML version of the DTD can be found at XMLXperts Web site along with a description of how the XML version was created and sample data with a CSS style sheet as a prototype for Web viewing. X-ACT - XML Active Content Technologies Council.

[May 04, 1998] On May 4, 1998, an announcement was issued by DataChannel and OASIS concerning X-ACT: DataChannel Transfers X-ACT Council to OASIS. XML Market Receives Enhanced Services Through Vendor-Neutral Management of Leading Industry Council. According to the press release, OASIS, the Organization for the Advancement of reflective essay, Structured Information Standards (formerly SGML Open), announced today that it will take the helm of the XML Active Content Technologies Council (X-ACT) to provide vendor-neutral management and enhanced industry services. A press release was issued on March 4, 1998 announcing the formation of a new industry technology council, X-ACT - XML Active Content Technologies Council. X-ACT is an industry council formed to provide a communications venue for corporations working to develop real-world XML-based solutions to research paper, meet today's business needs, increase awareness about Active Content Technologies and reflective assignment essay, their benefits, and research, maintain an index to Active Content software. Aligned with all standards bodies, X-ACT specifically focuses on promoting the reflective assignment usage and games aggression, adoption of assignment essay, XML in real-world applications. . . Active Content represents all the possible forms of XML as documents, data and of phoenix material thesis, meta-data, and the new class of reflective essay, information systems that will allow data or objects to be re-used and re-purposed by any application. The College? The new industry group recognizes that XML, a groundbreaking new technology, will spawn a new class of computer applications and transactions (Active Content Technologies) that will enable active content at essay, all levels of networked computing (Desktop, Server, Internet, Intranet, Extranet, VPNs, LANs, WANs).

The eighteen (18) members include, to thesis, date: Allaire, Andersen Consulting, Arbor Text, BTG, DataChannel, Daylight Software, Informix, Inso, NexGen SI, OmniMark Technologies, Online Computing Library Center, PLATINUM Technology Solutions, Poet Software, NC Focus, Sybase, Thomson Corporation, Wall Data and WebMethods. Mathematical Markup Language (MathML) The Mathematical Markup Language (W3C Working Draft) is a specification which defines the reflective assignment essay Mathematical Markup Language, or MathML. MathML is an XML application for describing mathematical notation and capturing both its structure and content. The goal of essay, MathML is to enable mathematics to be served, received, and processed on the Web, just as HTML has enabled this functionality for reflective, text. The document begins with background information on mathematical notation, the problems it poses, and the philosophy underlying the solutions MathML proposes. MathML can be used to encode both mathematical notation and mathematical content. Essays Violent Video Games? About 25 of the MathML tags describe abstract notational structures, while another 75 provide a way of unambiguously specifying the intended meaning of an assignment expression. Additional chapters discuss how the MathML content and presentation elements interact, and how MathML renderers might be implemented and should interact with browsers. Finally, the document addresses the issue of MathML entities (extended characters) and their relation to fonts.

[February 24, 1998] MathML (Mathematical Markup Language) specification issued by service W3C as a Proposed Recommendation. Editors: Patrick Ion and Robert Miner. Reflective Assignment? Reference: PR-math-19980224. Paper The Constitution? Abstract: MathML is a low-level syntax for reflective, representing structured data such as mathematics in machine-to-machine communication over essay guy, the Web, providing a much-needed solution for including mathematical expressions over reflective assignment essay, the Web. In developing MathML, the goal was to define an the constitution XML-compliant markup language that describes the content and presentation of mathematical expressions. This was achieved with MathML.

As an essay effective way to include mathematical expressions in Web documents, MathML gives control over the presentation and of phoenix thesis statement and outline, the meaning of such expressions. Reflective Essay? It does this by providing two sets of markup tags: one set presents the and outline notation of mathematical data in markup format, and the other set relays the essay semantic meaning of mathematical expressions, enabling complex mathematical and scientific notation to be encoded in an explicit way. Writing Service? As an XML application, MathML capitalizes on XML features and benefits from the wide support of XML. Unlike HTML which was intended as a markup language for use by people, MathML is intended to be used by machines, facilitating the searching and indexing of mathematical and reflective essay, scientific information. Software tools that work with MathML render MathML into formatted equations, enabling users to edit mathematical equations much as one might edit HTML text.

Several early versions of essay service, such MathML tools already exist, and a number of others, both freely available software and commercial products, are under development. Assignment Essay? See the press release. Links: [April 07, 1998] Announcement for MathML as a W3C Recommendation Mathematical Markup Language (MathML) specification as Recommendation - REC-MathML-19980407, W3C Recommendation 07-April-1998. Service Cambridge? [local archive copy, .ZIP] Fact Sheet - for reflective assignment, MathML as W3C Recommendation Testimonials - for MathML as W3C Recommendation MathML (Mathematical Markup Language) specification issued by W3C as a Proposed Recommendation. February 24, 1998. Mathematical Markup Language - W3C Working Draft. January 06, 1998. WD-math-980106. MathML DTD (Working Draft 6-Jan-98); [local archive copy] Syntax highlighted version of the MathML DTD (Pankaj Kamthan) 'Htpertext' version of MathML DTD (dtd2html) [June 25, 1998] Mathematics On the Web. Of Phoenix Material And Outline? By Rockford J. Ross [Computer Science Department, Montana State University]. In ACM SIGACT NEWS Volume 29, Number 2 (June 1998) [Education Forum], pages 33-41.

Review of MathML from the ACM Special Interest Group on Algorithms and Computation Theory. See: Mathematical Markup Language (XML) - Main entry [August 14, 1998] Note from Eitan Gurari: work done to configure TeX4ht for XML and MathML. See: gurari/temp/xml/ml.html; [local archive copy] Also, the collected documentation. Reflective Essay? MathML Files: DSSSL style sheet for MathML MathML Files: DSSSL style sheet for MathML. (David Carlisle) MathML in Mozilla (Roger B. Sidje, David Fiddes, P. S. Karthikeyan). The priority of the project will be to essay format, provide a compact and fast engine that will process MathML and enable Gecko to render mathematical expressions. Another goal is to provide a WYSIWYG interface to MathML. This will be a graphical equation editor with an internal representation in standard MathML text. TtHMML, a TeX to MathML translator. See Try out TtHMML. Reflective Essay? NB: 'You need a browser such as Amaya, with MathML support, to see equations.' See: OpenMath Standard.

PICS-NG Metadata Model and Label Syntax (W3C WD-pics-ng-metadata-970514.html), with Appendix A: Correspondence to the XML Web Collection Proposal. One proposal for games, the metadata syntax is assignment essay XML: the Extensible Markup Language . . .is attractive because of guy, its political appeal and the fact that it may find other uses in the Internet arena. The full definition of an reflective XML syntax for PICS-NG will be included in a future version of this document. [mirror copy] CDIF (CASE Data Interchange Format) attempts to address a problem faced by essays video games aggression both users and vendors of Visual Modeling tools and Computer Aided Software and Systems Engineering (CASE) tools: interoperability. Users need to reflective, be able to move information from one CASE tool to essays violent, another in order to reflective assignment essay, develop systems efficiently. They need to move information from a tool to a repository and back. Guy? They need to exchange data between repositories. CDIF is assignment essay a Family of Standards that lays out a single architecture for exchanging information between modelling tools, and between repositories, and defines the interfaces of the components to implement this architecture.

CDIF has been defined by the CDIF Division of the EIA, an industry standards committee. CDIF is also being standardized at an international level through ISO/IEC JTC1/SC7/WG11. Many of the major modeling, CASE and repository vendors, and some large user organizations have pooled their expertise and resources to develop this Family of Standards. Research The Constitution? Currently, the CDIF Family of Standards has 10 standards as members and more will be added in the future. Reflective Essay? The CDIF standards development process is open-ended, and driven by the interests of the CDIF member organizations. Any organization can become a CDIF member and university material statement and outline, thus influence current and future CDIF work. The CDIF Technical Committee is preparing a specification called the CDIF XML-based Transfer Format . The Working Group Chair is reflective assignment essay Woody Pidcock (Boeing Company) and the standards draft editor is Johannes Ernst (Aviatis Corporation). A June 1998 draft (CDIF-DRAFT-XML-V3, EIA-PN-XXX, CDIF XML-based Transfer Format, EIA/CDIF 1998) edited by thesis statement Johannes Ernst outlines the ongoing work of the CDIF Technical Committee on the transfer format.

The CDIF (CASE Data Interchange Format) family of Standards is primarily designed to be used as a description of essay, a mechanism for transferring information between CASE tools. It facilitates a successful transfer when the authors of the importing and exporting tools have nothing in common except an agreement to conform to the college guy, CDIF. The language that is defined for the Transfer Format also has applicability as a general language for Import/Export from reflective essay, repositories. The CDIF Integrated Meta-model also has applicability as the basis of standard definitions for of phoenix material statement, use in repositories. Reflective Assignment? The XML-based CDIF Syntax which allows the exchange of meta-models and models using the emerging XML standard is being provided in addition to the CDIF Transfer Format based on SYNTAX.1 and ENCODING.1. In the video games aggression version 3 draft document, (Section 5.2 of the Transfer Format Overview), the relationship of the reflective CDIF Transfer Format to XML is explained: The primary application of the XML standards is document markup. Compared to the HTML document type definition, XML-based document type definitions allow for a more strict definition of the content and content structure. On the other hand, the essay guy exchange of modeling information according to the CDIF architecture requires an reflective essay even stricter set of essay writing service, rules to be followed than even in a strict application of XML. This has two consequences: (a) any CDIF Transfer file employing the XML-based CDIF Transfer Format is essay also a legal XML file; (b) the rules to be followed by files employing the XML-based CDIF Transfer Format cannot be fully captured in an XML DTD alone; instead, this standard defines rules that are mandatory for such an XML-based CDIF Transfer beyond those defined in the DTD. As an example for the latter, consider the university material statement rich set of data types for meta-attributes and reflective essay, meta-meta-attributes required to exchange modeling information, and compare them to the significantly smaller set of data types provided by XML.

When exchanging models with the XML-based CDIF Transfer Format that employ any of the richer data types, additional rules have to be obeyed. CDIF Man Page Introduction to CDIF. Format? July 1998. By Johannes Ernst, Aviatis Corporation. Draft 3 of XML-based CDIF Transfer Format.

The XML-based CDIF Syntax allows the exchange of meta-models and reflective assignment, models using the emerging XML standard. Violent Video Aggression? This is in reflective essay addition to the CDIF Transfer Format based on SYNTAX.1 and ENCODING.1. XML-based CDIF Transfer Format DTD -- DRAFT 3 [local archive copy] CDIF XML-Based Transfer Format. Draft 'standard' version 3. CDIF-DRAFT-XML-V3, EIA-PN-XXX, CDIF XML-based Transfer Format, EIA/CDIF 1998. [local archive copy, 980622] Draft version 2. Synchronized Multimedia Integration Language (SMIL) Precision Graphics Markup Language (PGML)

On April 03, 1998, a submission was made to the World Wide Web Consortium concerning a proposed Precision Graphics Markup Language (PGML) . Essays Video Aggression? References: W3C NOTE-PGML-19980410, World Wide Web Consortium Note 10-April-1998, URL The W3C NOTE was submitted by representatives of essay, Adobe Systems Incorporated, International Business Machines Corporation, Netscape Communications Corporation, and Sun Microsystems, Inc. The abstract: This document is the specification for the Precision Graphics Markup Language (PGML). PGML is a 2D scalable graphics language designed to meet both the simple vector graphics needs of casual users and writing service cambridge, the precision needs of graphics artists. PGML uses the imaging model common to the PostScript(R) language and Portable Document Format (PDF); it also contains additional features to reflective assignment essay, satisfy the needs of Web applications. The NOTE is characterized as a working document. It is not meant to be a complete definition for PGML. Many sections have been left open or have been labeled Ideas for Consideration so that the working group can develop the strongest possible language specification and ensure that it is fully compatible with other W3C standards efforts. Among the 'Design Principles': PGML should be an XML application and the imaging model is an instance of the RDF data model. . . PGML should be compatible with and fully leverage all related W3C standards efforts. . .in particular, PGML will be an application of XML. . .[provision for ] exporting the imaging model to the DOM. A W3C 'Comment on PGML Submission' asserts: PGML is expressed in guy XML, which allows PGML graphics to be modified with style sheets along with the essay document in which they are contained. Of Phoenix Statement? A sample from Appendix B (minus the pretty-printing): ?XML version=1.0?!DOCTYPE PGML SYSTEM pgml1.0.dtdpgml boundingbox=0 0 300 300path fill=1 fillcolor=100 0 0moveto x=100 y=100/lineto x=200/lineto y=200/lineto x=100/lineto y=100//path/pgml . See the (extracted) Document Type Definition for the Precision Graphics Markup Language, PGML from Appendix D of the document.

On May 28, 1998, the W3C acknowledged receipt of a submission for a proposed Vector Markup Language (VML) from Autodesk Inc., Hewlett-Packard Company, Macromedia, Inc., Microsoft Corporation, and Visio Corporation. References: NOTE-VML-19980513, World Wide Web Consortium Note 13-May-1998. The submission defines the Vector Markup Language (VML), which is an application of Extensible Markup Language (XML) 1.0 which defines a format for the encoding of vector information together with additional markup to describe how that information may be displayed and edited. According to the Introduction in the NOTE, The Vector Markup Language (VML) supports the markup of vector graphic information in the same way that HTML supports the markup of reflective, textual information. Research The Constitution? Within VML the content is assignment essay composed of paths described using connected lines and curves.

The markup gives semantic and presentation information for the paths. VML is written using the syntax of XML just as HTML is written using the syntax of SGML (the Standard Generalized Markup Language, [ISO 8879]) - XML is a restricted form of SGML. University Of Phoenix? VML uses Cascading Style Sheets, Level 2 in the same way as HTML to determine the layout of the vector graphics which it contains. Normative references cited in the NOTE include HTML 4.0, CSS1/2, XML 1.0, XML Namespaces, XLink, IEC 61966-2, PNG, and ISO 10918-1 (JPEG); VML is said to be based on well-established vector graphical techniques. From the reflective assignment W3C Comment on the VML Submission: VML is expressed in essay writing service cambridge XML, which allows VML graphics to be modified with style sheets along with the document in which they are contained. The submitters have clearly given thought to assignment essay, style sheet binding, to the necessary stylistic differences between editors and viewers, and to university thesis statement, containment in HTML; they have also taken care to address the reflective essay points in essay guy the W3C Requirements document. WebBroker: Distributed Object Communication on the Web. On May 12, 1998, the W3C acknowledged a WebBroker submission from DataChannel. DataChannel, Inc. had submitted a proposed specification to the W3C for WebBrokering, governing 'Distributed Object Communication on assignment, the Web.' WebBroker, which falls under the W3C HTTP-NG Activity, represents an attempt at unifying interface technology used in existing distributed object systems like CORBA, DCOM, and RMI but is based on XML, HTTP/1.1 and traditional CGI technology for easier integration into the existing Web model. The submission is composed of five separate documents: WebBroker: Distributed Object Communication on the Web (NOTE-webbroker-19980511, authored by John Tigue and Jon Lavinder) ObjectMethodMessages DTD AnonymousData DTD TerseAnonymousData DTD InterfaceDef DTD. The abstract: This document provides a specification (WebBroker document type definitions, or WebBroker DTDs) for describing and research, exchanging structured messages between software components on the Web.

Such exchange is facilitated by essay the DTDs which describe the structure of the messages (method requests and method responses) and essay, which also describe the interfaces of the software components themselves. The AnonymousData DTD describes a simple way of expressing the data type of structures which works within XML 1.0 and is designed to work with XML-Data. The ObjectMethodMessages DTD describes how to represent, in XML documents, the serialized messages between software components. ObjectMethodMessages uses the AnonymousData DTD and is modeled after DCE RPC Request and Response PDUs. The InterfaceDef DTD describes software component interfaces much like CORBA IDL and Microsoft IDL. One immediate implication of these ideas is assignment that there can now be a unified Web publishing and traditional client/server programming model which work over HTTP 1.1. We expect the WebBroker DTDs to be useful for enabling many organizations to implement a mature yet simple and easy to reproduce model of research paper, distributed computing on the Web. Web Interface Definition Language (WIDL) The Web Interface Definition Language (WIDL) consists of six XML-compliant HTML extenders that define a universal schema for HTML documents based on the Document Object Model (DOM) as it is being defined by the World Wide Web Consortium. Submission of a specification for the Web Interface Definition Language [WIDL] to W3C by webMethods, Inc. According to the abstract, the document provides the specification for the Web Interface Definition Language (WIDL), a metalanguage that implements a service-based architecture over the document-based resources of the World Wide Web.

WIDL is an application of the eXtensible Markup Language (XML); it allows interactions with Web servers to be defined as functional interfaces that can be accessed by remote systems over standard Web protocols, and provides the structure necessary for generating client code in languages such as Java, C/C++, COBOL, and Visual Basic. WIDL enables a practical and cost-effective means for diverse systems to be rapidly integrated across corporate intranets, extranets, and reflective assignment, the Internet. Short Take: WIDL submitted to W3C as standard. By Tim Clark. CNET , October 13, 1997, 2:15 p.m. PT. The College Essay Guy? [August 29, 1997] Announcement from webMethods Inc. that the core of its Web Automation technology has been built around the eXtensible Markup Language (XML). webMethods' Web Automation product suite now uses XML to define automated access to Web data and services, and can be used against reflective, existing HTML or new XML-based Web resources. . . Web Automation technology is essay service cambridge based on webMethods' Web Interface Definition Language (WIDL) 2.0, an XML application that defines Application Programming Interfaces (APIs) to Web data and services. [local archive copy] WIDL Description See also: Building Blocks: Turning the reflective essay Web Into a Data Source, by Leslie Marable.

From Web Week , Volume 3, Issue 11, April 21, 1997. [mirror copy] [March 04, 1998] Free Web Automation Toolkit for XML HTML - from webMethods Inc. Submission - local archive copies. XML and EDI (Electronic Data Interchange). EDI works by providing a collection of standard message formats and essay, element dictionary in a simple way for businesses to exchange data via any electronic messaging service. . . XML/EDI provides a standard format to describe different types of data -- for example, a loan application, an invoice, healthcare claim, project status -- so that the information can be decoded, manipulated, and displayed consistently and correctly by implementing EDI dictionaries. Thus by combining XML and EDI we create a new powerful paradigm! (Dubbed by the designers as An idea almost as good as peanutbutter and chocolate!) In March 1998, the XML-EDI Group become an organization of the Graphic Communications Association Research Institute (GCARI). GCARI, an affiliate of Graphic Communications Association (GCA) in Alexandria, Va. GCA is reflective assignment essay a technical management association in the publishing and printing industries that has supported XML since its creation. XML/EDI Overview Main XML/EDI Page for the XML/EDI Group -- an ad hoc group of professionals and writing cambridge, volunteers in various industries.

Redix XML/EDI Authoring Tool - The XML/EDI Authoring Tool gives you ability to assignment essay, define your own interface between your application software and XML formats, regardless of whether your application format is EDI based or proprietary. Debate Essay Format? Several examples are provided in this tool. These include X12, EDIFACT, HIPAA (Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of reflective essay, 1996), Oracle ERP, and SAP. Admissions? We also provide a tutorial that guides you through the assignment essay steps to interface with the XML/EDI Authoring Tool. Violent Video? Another XML/EDI Home Page XML/EDI Frameworks - The Executive Summary Guidelines for Using XML for Electronic Data Interchange, edited by Martin Bryan.

Contributors: Members of the XML/EDI working group, including Benoít Marchal, Norbert H. Mikula, Bruce Peat, and David R. Assignment? R. Webber. Version 0.04, 23rd December 1997. [local archive copy, version 0.04]; [archive copy, version 0.02] The Role of of phoenix thesis statement and outline, Document Type Definitions in assignment essay Electronic Data Interchange. By Martin Bryan. Violent Video Games Aggression? Internet Explorer 5.0 XML/EDI Demonstration using Intelligent XSL Stylesheets. By Martin Bryan. Guidelines for using XML for assignment essay, Electronic Data Interchange [variant of preceding document] Answers to Frequently Asked Questions, by the college essay Martin Bryan. [archive copy] EDI and XML time for a dual approach?, by reflective essay Bruce Peat; [archive copy] Advantages of including Electronic Data Interchange (EDI) entities with eXtensible Markup Language (XML), by Bruce Peat with XML assistance from Richard Light. [archive copy] Using XML for Electronic Commerce, by Martin Bryan Electronic commerce topic page Contact form [August 29, 1997] Accelerating Electronic Commerce: Making EDI Accessible with XML, by Mary Fletcher Laplante (Director, Document Software Strategies Group, CAP Ventures). Published in essays video aggression Document Software Strategies Analysis 2/29 (August 15, 1997); [local archive copy] [February 02, 1998] XML/EDI XML/XSL Example - Fill-In-Form (Betty Harvey) A form developed as a test scenario for ordering product and creating an assignment essay XML/EDI message. [March 11, 1998] XML-EDI Group Becomes a GCARI Organization. GCARI: Graphic Communications Association Research Institute, and affiliate of the Graphic Communications Association (GCA). [local archive copy] According to a press release of July 27, 1998, the objectives of the working group are to: 1) Develop draft standards on repositories for submission to the World Wide Web Consortium (W3C), Object Management Group (OMG), and UN/EDIFACT working groups; 2) Establish a formal working group to coordinate proposal development; 3) Provide a technical forum for individuals involved in repository development to participate; 4) Offer links among disciplines and standards such as W3C's XML, as well as OMG's UML (Unified Modeling Language) and MOF (Meta-Object Facility); 5) Provide a means for vendors who have announced products based on open standards on this topic to offer their ideas. The first draft is anticipated for an availability date of the constitution, September 30, 1998.

For the purposes of reflective, this discussion group, the term EDI shall include business-to-business, business-to-consumer, and consumer-to-business exchanges of XML formatted and structured data or information. Home Page [July 27, 1998] Press release: New XML Electronic Commerce Repository Proposal Announced. Essay Cambridge? Adapted from the press release in RTF format Announcement - Press release from GCA Project Overview and Focus [local archive copy] Project Goal, Objectives, and assignment essay, Discussion Topics; [local archive copy] Press releases Position Statement on Global Repositories for debate essay, XML. Reflective Essay? - By The XML/EDI Group. Guy? Version: 0.98, July, 1998. Essay? Authors and Contributors: Betty Harvey, Denis Hill, Ron Schuldt, Martin Bryan, Will Thayer, Dick Raman and David Webber. The XML/EDI Guidelines identify the need for writing service cambridge, effective use of Global Repositories and document structure grammars.

This paper discusses the implementation of such technologies and the bringing together of related ongoing efforts in this field. See also Preliminary Findings and Recommendations on the Representation of X12 Data Elements and Structures in essay XML X12C Ad Hoc Task Group on the use of XML with X12 EDI. DRAFT Version 0.03a, July 31, 1998. Essay Service? Editors: Bob Crowley, Rik Drummond, David Webber, Christine Pellar-Kosbar. Contributors: Denis Hill, Ken Steel, Mike Rawlins, Dan Codman, John Hathaway, Martin Bryan, Robert Miller, Betty Harvey, William Kammerer, John Kevlin.

UN/CEFACT/TMWG OO-Edi Compatibility With XML/EDI. The XML/EDI Group. Version: 0.92. Reflective? July, 1998. Authors and Contributors: David Webber, Klaus-Dieter Naujok.

The international EDI community has developed OO-edi over the past three years as an implementation neutral framework for the constitution, the future architecture of EDI. XML/EDI has emerged over the last twelve months as the implementation and deployment method of choice for next generation of electronic business facilitation via the Internet. Reflective Assignment? This paper shows how these two technologies are completely compatible and guy, strongly complimentary. XML/EDI emerges as the implementation method of choice for FVS (Functional Service View) of assignment essay, Open-edi, and Open-edi BOV (Business Operational View) provides the means to underpin the physical implementation methods of XML/EDI with design, process and logic verification to essays violent aggression, ensure robust and efficient systems development and architectures. Two representation methods provide the essay link between the cambridge two: Universal Model Language (UML), and Extensible Markup Language (XML). UN/CEFACT/TMWG OO-edi Compatibility With XML/EDI. From the XML/EDI Group.

July 1998. [local archive copy] The European XML/EDI Pilot Project is being run as part of the Information Society Standardization System within the reflective essay European Committee for Standardization (CEN/ISSS) open workshop on Electronic Commerce. [The objective of the project is] to test the paper applicability of XML for interchanging data, between SMEs and their business partners, of the type currently exchanged using EDI messages. Reflective Assignment? The project will build on format, the findings of reflective assignment essay, existing and proposed European initiatives on the use of high admissions, XML for EDI data interchange. The EEMA EDI Work Group would like to propose to CEFACT the establishment of a Global Repository for the translation of XML tags in reflective assignment UN/EDIFACT and human language on the Internet. The EEMA EDI Working Group is paper prepared to assist in assignment the set up and operation of such a repository, which could be crucial in the advancement of the use of school essay, EDI over the Internet. Reflective Assignment? . . . When the fusion between ANSI X12, EDIFACT and all other EDI standards takes place in a proper way it should be under the auspices of the UN so it is global, public domain, open and high school, available for reflective essay, anyone. Today this is not the case with the the college guy ANSI standards and many other EDI standards that are only available at considerable cost. Of course today the EDIFACT standard is already in the public domain and can easily be obtained through the Internet. . . .there could be a relatively easy fusion between EDIFACT and ANSI X12. Essentially every data-element one can find in ANSI or in EDIFACT could be placed inside the XML/EDI file.

What would be required is to set up a repository in which the reflective assignment tags for the XML files are listed with the corresponding EDIFACT data-element number, the corresponding ANSI X12 element number, and a description. . . By setting up one global repository on the Internet, CEFACT can assume responsibility for the creation of new tags based on a corresponding EDIFACT data-element number and the standard description, while other organizations can assume responsibility for cambridge, a language code or the corresponding element number in different standards. Even if XML/EDI is essay not the ultimate solution, a global repository would be extremely useful for conventional EDI and other forms of essay format, EC, because it would provide an independent Data Dictionary which could be used by applications. As of Fall 1999, there was a proliferating activity of X12-XML initiatives [which] reflects the essential foundation the X12 standard provides to reflective essay, a multitude of emerging e-commerce technologies. Debate Format? See the essay separate document. Information and Content Exchange (ICE) On October 26, 1998, the of phoenix material thesis and outline W3C acknowledged receipt of a submission from Adobe Systems Incorporated, CNET Incorporated, Microsoft Corporation, Sun Microsystems Inc., and Vignette Corporation, in the form of a NOTE: The Information and Content Exchange (ICE) Protocol.

Other information on the Information and Content Exchange (ICE) Protocol is provided in a separate document. In an assignment announcement made today by Patrick Gannon, Executive Director of CommerceNet's Information Access Portfolio, at the XML Developers' Day program being held in Montreal, Quebec, Canada, CommerceNet gave its full support to the World Wide Web Consortium (W3C) development of the Working Draft Requirements for the Extensible Markup Language (XML) and debate essay format, launched its international industry initiative to demonstrate commercial viability of XML in Internet Commerce. The CommerceNet initiative is designed to close the time gap between the development of industry standards and implementation of open, interoperable applications in reflective assignment essay the electronic commerce arena. The multifaceted program involves development of examples, demonstrations and a showcase of member applications. The goal is to accelerate the adoption of statement, XML as a key technology for assignment, the realization of efficient Internet Commerce. . Paper? . The CommerceNet program is essay made up of three strategic projects: (1) XML Catalogs DTDs; (2) iMarkets; (3) XML/EDI. RosettaNet is a global business consortium creating the electronic commerce framework to align processes in thesis statement the IT supply chain. Reflective Essay? See the independent document for references. IETF Internet Draft draft-kristensen-xml-map-00.txt. By Anders Kristensen. Hewlett-Packard Laboratories.

This document proposes an XML encoding for high school essay, sets of named values. The primary application is as a transmission format for form values being submitted to a processing agent over the Web. The main advantage over other form value encodings is that it allows field names to be associated with structured values without resorting to non-XML encodings. The multipart/related MIME type is used for carrying non-XML media. Capability Card: An Attribute Certificate in XML. This IETF INTERNET DRAFT for a 'Capability Card' describes basic ideas and data components of 'Capability Card,' which is reflective assignment a kind of attribute certificates designed from the the college essay standpoint of a secure communication framework on reflective assignment essay, the Internet. Similar to the SPKI certificates, a capability card can be used to grant a person particular access privileges to resources like WWW pages, IRC channels, and message boxes. In addition, it can carry a variety of descriptive information about the issuer, the essay resources, and the privileges specified in it.

A capability card is written in XML, which is becoming a standard format rapidly for the internet data exchange. Consequently, users can handle various information in capability cards visually with an assignment XML viewer. This is a fairly desirable feature for the existing internet services. In this document, following the essay motivation and the basic concepts, the elements of XML DTD of capability cards are described. Telecommunications Interchange Markup (TCIF/IPI)

The recent revision of the TIM DTD toward version 2 has been motivated, in part, by a desire of the reflective assignment essay subcommittee to make this news industry DTD XML compliant. Information Products Interchange (IPI) is a working committee of the research Telecommunications Industry Forum. IPI was established to reflective essay, select standards and guidelines capable of cambridge, allowing the interchange of a variety of information products for the telecommunications industry . . . Most of the IPI Committee's published work has to do with the Telecommunications Interchange Markup (TIM, an SGML DTD) and assignment essay, the Telecommunications Electronic Document Delivery Package (TEDD). The TIM Document Type Definition (DTD) is a specification for the college essay guy, describing the structure of telecommunications and other technical documents . . . based largely on early versions of the reflective DocBook DTD developed by the Davenport Group. TIM 1 was approved as a TCIF Guideline in December 1995, and revisions for TIM 2 were begun in December 1996. As described in the TCIF Information Publication TCIF-IPI-97-004 (Issue 1, 10/24/97), several of the DTD changes were aimed at making the essay TIM 2 specification XML compliant. These included changes to the SGML declaration, removal of inclusion and exclusion exceptions from content models, implementation of external cross-references through URLs, restricting the essay attribute data types to guy, the XML-valid AttType values ('TokenizedType' -- in assignment particular, NMTOKEN for NAME, NUMBER, and NUTOKEN), and restriction of PCDATA to content models having repeatable 'OR groups'. Thus: except for changes to adapt to the not-yet-finished XLL linking specification, TIM is paper the constitution already XML-complaint and ready for the next generation of browsers. Main database entry, with summary and bibliographic references: TCIF/IPI (Telecommunications Industry Forum Information Products Interchange) Telecommunications Industry Forum Information Products Interchange (TCIF - IPI) Committee Home Page TIM DTD Telecommunications Interchange Markup, alias Technical Information Markup DTD [March 06, 1998] Comments from Don Pratt, Technical Team Leader on the XML DTD issues (v. 203, 204).

Version 2.0.4 has introduced all-lower-case names (a decision based upon XML case-sensitivity rules) and implemented other minor changes to allow (optionally) better compatibility with TEDD and XML. [March 06, 1998] See as of this date for TIM DTD draft version 2.0.4. Alternate locations: or The change history describes the `XML compliance' issues in 2.0.4. A PE reference %m-; appears: - mapped to - - for the 'SGML only' DTD marked sections, mapped to nil for XML. The ZIP archive for the DTD. [April 21, 1998] Note from Don Pratt, Technical Team Leader on the Availability of XML-compliant TIM. Dated 1998-03-06.

Further details on reflective assignment, XML-compliant version of TIM (2.1.1) as of April 21, 1998; [2.1.1 local archive copy, 19980421] Electronic Component Information Exchange (ECIX) and Pinnacles Component Information Standard (PCIS) ECIX - 'For Internet and XML-based Component Information Exchange'. The Electronic Component Information Exchange (ECIX) project is dedicated to designing standards for admissions essay, creation, exchange and use of reflective assignment, electronic component information, including ASIC cores. The ECIX architecture and standards are extensible, unambiguous, well documented and are maintained under the direction of Si2. The current ECIX specifications are QuickData (QuickData Protocol and Quick Evaluation Data Specifications), PCIS, CIDS, and TDML. Details on the new ECIX QuickData specifications for real-time business-to-business Internet transactions (based on XML) are accessible [via the Web site]. A new, XML-based version of material thesis statement, PCIS (Version 1.5) was announced in June at DAC '99. ECIX Component Information Dictionary Standard (CIDS)

The aim of the reflective Component Information Dictionary Standard is to provide authors and users of component information with a computer sensible dictionary of characteristic properties of debate essay format, components, allowing for a common and essay, unambiguous understanding of those characteristics. Debate Format? ECIX has created a CIDS dictionary in support of the ECIX Quick Evaluation Data Specification, and is working with NIST, IEC (61360) and JEDEC organizations to realize CIDS dictionaries for reflective essay, those industry standard dictionaries. Research? A new XML-based version of CIDS (Version 1.9) was announced in June at DAC '99. The US Library of Congress and several research level institutions have been engaged in the collaborative work of the EAD (Encoded Archival Description) initiative for several years. These institutions use the EAD DTD, and currently encode their archival finding aids using the Standard Generalized Markup Language (SGML) or in essay XML.

The EAD Document Type Definition (DTD) represents the formal part of essay writing, a standard for reflective assignment essay, encoding archival finding aids using the Standard Generalized Markup Language (SGML) and high admissions, the Extensible Markup Language (XML). This standard is maintained by the Network Development and MARC Standards Office of the Library of essay, Congress (LC) in partnership with the Society of American Archivists. See the dedicated page for information on the Encoded Archival Description (EAD). A communique from essay service cambridge, Junichi Suzuki (The Graduate School of Computer Science, Keio University) describes an XML application proposed as the UML eXchange Format (UXF). The UML (Unified Modeling Language) is an emerging standard modeling language for the description of software systems. Reflective Essay? UXF is a XML-based format to interchange software analysis/design models with UML (Unified Modeling Language), which is an object-oriented analysis/design methodology. According to the description on debate essay format, the UXF Web site, the project addresses how UML (Unified Modeling Language) models can be interchanged and proposes an reflective essay application-neutral format called UXF (UML eXchange Format), which is an exchange format for UML models based on XML (Extensible Markup Language).

It is a format powerful enough to express, publish, access and exchange UML models, and a natural extension from the existing Internet environment. It serves as a communication vehicle for developers, and as a well-structured data format for development tools. Statement And Outline? With UXF, UML models can be distributed universally. UXF is thus expected to support intercommunications between software developers, interconnectivity between development tools, and a natural and transparent extension from the existing Web environment. Several related DTDs are now available or in draft: Parent DTD for all subset DTDs, DTD for class diagrams, DTD for collaboration diagrams, DTD for statechart diagrams, UXF DTD for sequence diagrams.

The designers are using 'XSL' stylesheets for UXF data. Links: UML - Unified Modeling Language Version 1.4 of the UML Documentation set was scheduled for release in April of 1999. Main UXF Page UXF Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ) Making UML Models Exchangeable over the Internet with XML: UXF Approach. By Junichi Suzuki and Yoshikazu Yamamoto. Paper presented at the International Workshop UML'98 (3rd-4th June 98, Mulhouse - France). Available in reflective assignment essay Word97, PDF, and Postscript formats. The College Essay? [local archive copy] Managing the Software Design Documents with XML. By Junichi Suzuki and Yoshikazu Yamamoto, Keio University. Presented in Session 11: 'Working with XML', Thursday, September 24, 1998, Loews Le Concorde Hotel, Quebec City, Canada, ACM SIGDOC 1998. In the software engineering community, Unified Modeling Language (UML) has been widely accepted as an object-oriented software analysis/design methodology, since it provides most of the assignment essay concepts and notations that are essential for essay format, documenting object oriented models. Reflective Assignment Essay? UML, however, does not have an explicit format for interchanging its models intentionally. This paper addresses this lack and proposes UXF (UML eXchange Format), which is an service cambridge exchange format for UML models, based on XML (Extensible Markup Language). [local archive copy] [September 16, 1999] Leveraging Distributed Software Development.

By Junichi Suzuki and Yoshikazu Yamamoto. In IEEE Computer [IEEE Computer Society] Volume 32, Number 9 (September), pages 59-65, with 6 references. Toward the reflective assignment Interoperable Software Design Models: Quartet of UML, XML, DOM and CORBA. By Junichi Suzuki and Yoshikazu Yamamoto. Essays Violent Video Aggression? Second draft, presented to reflective assignment essay, ISESS '99 (Fourth IEEE International Software Engineering Standards Symposium, May 17-21, 1999). This paper addresses a standard-based UML model interchange and presents our effort to make UML interoperable. Essay Writing Cambridge? We developed a XML-based exchange format called UXF (UML eXchange Format) and a distributed model management system for UML. The system leverages the team development, reuse of design models and tool interoperability by interchanging the assignment model information with XML through the Document Object Model (DOM) interface that is implemented on high admissions, top of CORBA (Common Object Request Broker Architecture). DOM provides a platform and assignment, programming language neutral interface to manipulate the content, structure and style of documents. [local archive copy] Making UML Models Interoperable with UXF. By Junichi Suzuki and Yoshikazu Yamamoto.

This paper addresses the UML model interchange and essay format, presents our efforts to make UML highly interoperable. We developed an interchange format called UXF (UML eXchange Format) based on XML (Extensible Markup Language). [local archive copy] Archived Samples (DTDs, instances, stylesheets) in a .ZIP collection, 19980528 Contact: Junichi Suzuki. Email; WWW: suzuki/jsuzuki.html Compare: UML-Xchange from Normand Rivard, 07-09-98. UML-Xchange is a SGML DTD for assignment essay, exchanging data models between CASE tools that use the UML language. All of the six kinds of UML diagrams are supported.

See the DTD, [local archive copy] Compare: Object Management Group (OMG) and XML Metadata Interchange Format (XMI). Related: Pattern Markup Language (PML) - an XML-based format to describe software patterns. . . PML internally uses UXF. Information on the LISA/OSCAR 'TMX' DTD for writing, translation memory exchange is provided in a separate document. P3P Syntax Specification: Platform for Privacy Preferences. [March 23, 1998] Frontier 5 is assignment essay now an XML database with a programming and storage model. Research Paper? . .; see

[January 1998] In one of a series of articles on XML, Frontier 5 and essay, XML: Scripting News in XML, Dave Winer describes how he puts Scripting News in essay guy XML. The [publication] format is regular enough so that with a reasonable script I can also generate a new format called scriptingNews format, that could be read by a new kind of browser, specially designed to carry news items with links, a possible picture, and a rare comment from assignment, my evilTwin. [. ] I also converted all the back issues of Scripting News, dating back to April 1997, each in its own XML file. Through the initiative, SGML Open and essay writing service, its members pledge to promote: (1) open standards; (2) elimination of proprietary extensions; (3) complete interoperability. Assignment Essay? The name '' embodies the concepts of XML and serves as an high school admissions essay abbreviation for interchange, interactivity, interoperability, internet and international. Press Release: SGML Open Launches Initiative in Support of XML. Monday September 22 3:14 PM EDT. Lead paragraph: SGML Open, the international consortium dedicated to promoting structured document and reflective, data interchange based on the SGML family of standards, today announced the essay service adoption of a new initiative,

Serving as a forum and essay, resource center for developers and users of paper, XML tools, will work to reflective essay, bridge the gap between the XML specification and university of phoenix material and outline, tool interoperability. '' represents the concepts of essay, interchange, interactivity, interoperability, internet and essays violent games, international -- together with XML. Information on '' from assignment, SGML Open. NuDoc is a technology for describing, editing, and viewing highly designed pages for print and on-line distribution. NuDoc supports applications for WYSIWYG page layout, online XML browsing, and database driven, variable-data publishing. In NuDoc, a document object is made of style, content, and page layout sub-objects. A style object contains rules that govern the form (or visual appearance) of the document. Content elements such as words, images, movies, etc. are organized into a tagged tree structure that represents the logical organization of the violent video games information (sections, sub-sections, etc.). The W3C's Extensible Markup Language (XML) is the default content data representation. XML files are the default representation for reflective, the structured, tagged content. NuDoc reads and writes XML content files during the authoring process. NuDoc's TSL files are used to define the style sheets.

For rapid saving and restoring of the entire document object's state, NuDoc can save to high school essay, disk (and re-read) the post-composition document containing the style, content, and resulting page layouts (including all user edits and mark-up) to an external XML-format checkpoint file. Finally, if the shared content feature is required, external shared content is stored in yet another XML format file. [from the reflective assignment Technology Briefing, August 1997] PageFlex is writing cambridge a NuDoc-based Application under development as of mid-1998. PageFlex is a high-end solution built from modular components and open standards. Reflective? It is the first solution to use XML as the intermediate data format between databases and school essay, the page composition process. The output formatter is based on Bitstream's revolutionary NuDoc page composition engine, NuDoc offers unprecedented control over the graphic design of page templates while maintaining a strict separation of form from the input XML content. Coins: Tightly Coupled JavaBeans and XML Elements. Coins is a programming project undertaken by Bill la Forge. Reflective Assignment Essay? Description: A coin has two faces, an XML element and an instance of a JavaBean: a) the XML element is the essay guy persistent form, an b) the JavaBean instance is the runtime form.

One of the primary operations of a coins program is the assignment essay binding of XML element types to specific Java classes. In some cases (runtime program composition), an initial set of bindings is assumed and the XML document being processed uses that initial set to specify additional bindings in essay a bootstrapping process. Reflective? The bindings used to process a document are not always fixed, but are often determined by the application or server processing the document. In these cases, the XML document is violent video simply a vehicle for moving information between applications, and the coins technology simply provides the means for processing that document. A particularly interesting feature of assignment, coins is paper the constitution its use of hyper-links. Java serialization has no equivalent capability, forcing the reflective essay .ser files generated by Java serialization to be self-contained. . . Coins Web site: Coins Overview XML-Based Components: Coins.

Presentation to ACM Greater Boston Web Tech Chapter, by the constitution Bill la Forge Source and reflective assignment essay, Documentation Contact: Bill la Forge. [June 21, 1998] Two-faced Coins Catching On. By Jeff Walsh. In InfoWorld Electric (June 19, 1998) Posted at 4:56 PM PT. Video Games Aggression? A new programming paradigm called Coins is gaining momentum with developers as a way to deliver JavaBeans using the Extensible Markup Language (XML) without the need for Java serialization. DMTF Common Information Model (CIM) On October 19, 1998, The Desktop Management Task Force, Inc. Reflective? (DMTF) announced the availability of its XML Encoding Specification for the encoding of the Common Information Model (CIM) schema in XML. Information on DMTF's CIM and service cambridge, WBEM technology solutions is reflective essay held in essays violent games a separate document. Process Interchange Format XML (PIF-XML) On June 12, 1998, Jeffrey Ricker posted an announcement for an initial design of PIF-XML (Process Interchange Format XML). PIF is an interchange format designed to help automatically exchange process descriptions among a wide variety of business process modeling and support system such as workflow software, flow charting tools, process simulation systems, and essay, process repositories. PIF itself is based on paper, the Knowledge Interchange Format (KIF), which is in turn based on LiSP.

Since both LiSP and XML are text-based and nested trees, the translation is relatively straightforward. Reflective Essay? However, PIF also includes an object-oriented design with inheritance, which does not directly translate into XML. The initial work attempts a direct translation of PIF version 1.2, and the college essay, is not optimized for economy in XML; a provisional DTD and example encoded PIF-XML document are available. Ontology and Conceptual Knowledge Markup Languages. QAML is a new language created using XML. The purpose of QAML is to provide a more specific format for reflective assignment essay, documents dealing with questions and answers.

Why use QAML instead of HTML? Because unconstrained HTML is too powerful and essay, loose! In particular QAML is meant for FAQs, or Frequently Asked Questions. QAML was originally meant to be a broader language, but we have decided to focus it specifically on FAQs. We are programming a CGI which will format QAML documents and essay, convert them to HTML, so it will be possible to implement QAML without having to worry about when XML browsers are commonplace. Rick Jelliffe ( has helped us to make QAML fully XML-compliant. We have posted the new, full XML QAML DTD. [October 07, 1999] New version of the DTD.

[February 26, 1999] A recent communiqué from Rick Jelliffe (Academia Sinica Computing Centre) announces a 'Call for cambridge, Comments' on a proposed XML DTD for 'Frequently Asked Questions' documents. The new QAML 2.0X XML DTD is essay based on the QAML 1.0 SGML DTD, with backwards-compatible augmentations for XML, I18N (internationalization), XLL [XLink] hypertext linking, style, accessability and violent games, tracking. Comments on the proposed DTD are solicited by the authors, Justin Higgins of digitalNation Network Services, and Rick Jelliffe. The XML DTD is available online from the website ( and from the 'Chinese XML Now!' website ( LACITO Projet Archivage de données linguistiques sonores et textuelles [Linguistic Data Archiving Project] Boyd Michailovsky (LACITO/CNRS, project coordinateur) forwarded a communique concerning a linguistic data archiving project which uses XML and SGML encoding. Principal investigators include Boyd Michailovsky, John B. Reflective Assignment Essay? Lowe, and Michel Jacobson. The 'Projet Archivage de données linguistiques sonores et textuelles', under the auspices of the larger LACITO programme (Laboratoire de langues et civilisations à tradition orale) and direction from CNRS, concentrates on the encoding, archiving, and distribution of speech data, particularly for rare languages that are researched within the unit. The main source of data for the project is the mass of documents recorded and transcribed in the field by members of the LACITO over the last thirty years. Essays? These unique recordings, mainly of spontaneous speech in unwritten languages, serve as the basis for research on the languages and the cultures concerned. Some of the transcriptions and translations have been published, but the original sound recordings have never been published or properly archived. . . An explicit XML (Extensible Markup Language) markup has been adopted for the text materials.

In many cases, older documents whose structure is implicit are marked up automatically by reflective essay program. The interlinearized text (annotated and glossed) is displayed using XSL stylesheets. Audio portions corresponding to the college essay, the encoded text are aligned using XML linking elements. . .The structure of the XML documents prepared by assignment essay the project is defined by a DTD (Document Type Definition); all project documents are validated using public-domain tools. c/o Boyd Michailovsky. 44 rue de l'Amiral Mouchez.

75014 Paris, FRANCE. GedML: [GEDCOM] Genealogical Data in the college XML. GedML is a way of encoding genealogical data sets in assignment XML. It combines the well-established GEDCOM data model with the new XML standard for encoding complex information. The result is a representation that can easily be converted to and from GEDCOM, but can be manipulated much more easily using standard tools. See now the document Genealogical Data and XML for paper, information on GedML and other specifications using XML for genealogical information. Newspaper Association of America (NAA) - Standard for essay, Classified Advertising Data. The NAA Classified Advertising Standards Task Force was organized by the NAA Technology Department to facilitate the electronic exchange of classified ads. References to the commmitte work and the XML DTD are provided in a separate document. The International Press Telecommunications Council (IPTC) has made an XML version of the NITF (News Industry Text Format) DTD available from essay, its Web site. Description and references are found in a separate document.

As of January 1999, a News Markup Language (NML) was under development through the reflective essay effort of the American Press Institute's Media Center. In a meeting of April 1999, it was decided to incorporate the requirements for NML into the NITF design and development work. Further information is violent video games aggression provided in a separate document. An announcement for a new XML application initiative (Notes Flat File Format Initiative) was posted by Sean McGrath on essay, May 14, 1998. Debate? NFF is an XML based interchange format for the Lotus Notes/Domino platform. Reflective? The NFF DTD supports the majority of the constructs that can occur in high admissions essay Lotus Notes data such as structured fields, rich text, doclinks, import objects and so on. Once data is in XML conforming to the NFF DTD it can be imported using an import filter (NINFF.DLL) into Lotus Notes using a simple 'File-Import'. The download package includes the necessary software along with a sample application - Timon Of Athens by William Shakespeare in reflective essay NFF format.

Java Help API: The structure of a HelpSet is aggression XML-encoded (Extensible Markup Language) data. . . See Byte Magazine (May 1998) page 108, sidebar So, Help Me, Java. The HelpSet formats in XML were presented in: Introduction to the JavaHelp API. By Eduardo Pelegrí-Llopart, Roger Brinkley, and Nancy K. Lee (Sun Microsystems, Inc.) Presented at essay, JavaOne (Sun's 1998 Worldwide Java Developer Conference). So, Help Me, Java. From Byte , May 1998: . . . The new Java Help API, currently in beta testing, is an essay all-Java 'über alles' help system for assignment, JavaBean components, applications, desktops, and HTML pages. . Essays Violent? . [it's] written purely in Java, [which] means you can embed a help system within an application or compress it into a Jar file for transport to another destination. . Reflective Assignment Essay? . Java Help permits a single help system to support varying navigational views of help content. . . The data structure that carries all the information needed to provide a view into a help system is bundled into a HelpSet file. Note that there are two loose terms at use here. First, a HelpSet file isn't necessarily a file, in the same sense as files that you store on your hard disk. A HelpSet file could be bound into high admissions an application, for example. Second, it's probably more accurate to say that the information is rooted in the HelpSet file. Reflective Assignment Essay? The structure of a HelpSet is essay writing service XML-encoded (Extensible Markup Language) data.

The data points to reflective assignment, the URLs from which you can find the violent video games aggression info necessary to build the help system. Cold Fusion is a general-purpose Web development system for rapidly building Web applications that integrate browser, server and database technologies. It consists of the Cold Fusion Markup Language (CFML), the Cold Fusion Application Server (NT UNIX) and reflective, the forthcoming Cold Fusion Studio, a visual tool for building dynamic Web applications. Violent Video Aggression? . . In essence, CFML provides a generalized markup language for handling the richness of programming, logic and integration required to build full-scale applications on the Web platform. It achieves this based on essay, the same inspiration that is driving interest in paper XML -- simplicity and assignment essay, power. . . Syntactically, Custom Tags are XML compliant custom markup language elements that allow developers to build reusable components that can be easily dropped into the college guy a dynamic Web application. These tags are processed by the Cold Fusion server, and can dynamically generate and execute client and server-side code. Press release, September 15, 1997: Allaire Introduces Online Exchange for Cold Fusion Custom Tags. Third-party Custom Tags Extend the Cold Fusion development system with cross platform XML-compatible components. Cold Fusion and Custom Tags FAQ The Allaire Tag Gallery [August 04, 2000] ColdFusion Markup Language. By Mark Cyzyk. In WebTechniques Volume 5, Issue 8 (August 2000), pages 74-77. Consider the selection of essay, server-side scripting languages: The big contenders in debate essay this arena are Active Server Pages (ASP) and assignment, JavaServer Pages (JSP).

Hypertext Preprocessor (PHP) is also starting to edge in on the market. While each is powerful in its own way, neither of the environments is particularly aesthetic by Gelernter's definition. Performing simple tasks with these technologies often requires a lot of overhead, resulting in code-heavy, convoluted programs. Essays Violent Video Aggression? If you're choosing a server-side scripting language, you should consider a fourth option: ColdFusion. Because it acts more like a markup language than a programming language, ColdFusion is an elegant solution for embedding code in HTML files. Allaire, the assignment company that also makes the popular HomeSite HTML editor, has a whole suite of ColdFusion technologies consisting of an application server, an essay writing service cambridge integrated development environment, and of course, the markup language.

It is this ColdFusion Markup Language (CFML) that competes directly with ASP and reflective essay, JSP. Essays Violent Video Aggression? Within CFML you'll find all the usual conditional logic constructs, data structures, and utility functions available in most mature programming languages. Further, CFML provides tags to easily implement email interactions, LDAP integration, and FTP and HTTP agent creation -- functions that other Web application development platforms require third-party modules to support. Finally, the Web application developer can create custom tags in CFML, thereby extending the essay language's power. Contact: Jeremy Allaire.

Document Content Description for XML (DCD) [August 10, 1998] International Business Machines Corporation (IBM) and Microsoft Corporation have submitted a proposal to the World Wide Web Consortium defining a vocabulary for describing constraints upon XML documents: Document Content Description for XML. References: NOTE-dcd-19980731, Submission to the World Wide Web Consortium 31-July-1998. The document proposes a structural schema facility, Document Content Description (DCD), for specifying rules covering the structure and content of XML documents. The DCD proposal incorporates a subset of the XML-Data Submission and expresses it in a way which is consistent with the ongoing W3C RDF (Resource Description Framework) effort; in particular, DCD is an RDF vocabulary. DCD is intended to define document constraints in an XML syntax; these constraints may be used in the same fashion as traditional XML DTDs. DCD also provides additional properties, such as basic datatypes.

The abbreviation 'DCD' is used to describe both the general facility described in this document and individual schema instances that conform to it. Editors listed for the document include Tim Bray (Textuality), Charles Frankston (Microsoft), and Ashok Malhotra (IBM). Other credits: The specification has benefited greatly as a result of input from of phoenix thesis and outline, David Fallside and David Singer, both of IBM, Andrew Layman and Jean Paoli both of reflective assignment essay, Microsoft, and university of phoenix material statement and outline, from Lauren Wood of SoftQuad. We also wish to thank Henry Thompson of the University of Edinburgh and all the authors of the XML-Data specification. XSchema is the name of assignment, a collaborative effort hosted on service cambridge, the XML-DEV mailing list. The principal goal of the XSchema project is to produce an XSchema specification which, when complete, will provide a means for XML developers to describe their XML document structures using XML document syntax. Assignment Essay? The target date for a complete initial XSchema 1.0 proposal is June 30, 1998. As of June 1, 1998, discussion had resulted in the creation of high school, a list of twelve XSchema Goals, as refined through four draft documents. This XSchema work was initiated by reflective Simon St.Laurent with the publication of research, a paper A Proposal for the Representation of XML DTDs as XML Documents and by reflective essay several supportive postings, including a position paper authored by Paul Prescod.

During the initial period of discussion on writing cambridge, XML-DEV, the project proposal went under the name XSD (Extensible or XML Structure Definitions). [November 03, 1998] Simon St.Laurent and Ronald Bourret report that a final draft of the XSchema Specification, Version 1.0 is now available (November 1, 1998). Public comments on the draft should be posted to the XML-DEV mailing list. General information on the XSchema project is available at Note that this borderlands effort is not part of the W3C work (it parallels work already begun within the W3C, e.g. , XML Data). Its authors declare that XSchema is not intended to assignment essay, compete with proposals from the World Wide Web Consortium, and they envision that the results may profitably feed into the W3C activity on XML schemas. Essay Guy? According to Jon Bosak (XML WG Chair), design work by reflective assignment the XML WG on XML schemas using instance syntax is likely to be re-chartered. Of course, it also bears note that concrete proposals for enhanced 'DTD's using instance syntax have been made by many individuals over the past decade or so. See, for paper the constitution, example, references in chapter 8 of The SGML FAQ Book: Understanding the Foundation of HTML and XML by Steve DeRose: SGML: It's 3, 3, 3 Languages in One. Document Definition Markup Language (DDML)

The Document Definition Markup Language (DDML) a schema language for XML documents, and a the successor to XSchema. WEBDAV (Extensions for Distributed Authoring and Versioning on the World Wide Web. WebDAV stands for 'Web-based Distributed Authoring and Versioning. It is a set of extensions to the HTTP protocol which allows users to collaboratively edit and manage files on remote web servers. Essay? WebDAV uses XML. See references in a separate document. Graphic Communications Association - GCA 'Paper' DTD. For several years, the Graphic Communications Association (GCA) has requested (or required) that papers for GCA conferences be prepared according to guidelines in SGML/XML DTDs. Essays Aggression? Conference proceedings volumes, both paper and assignment, electronic, are generated from the essays games aggression SGML/XML source provided by reflective the authors. DocBk XML is an XML version of the debate DocBook DTD.

DocBook is an SGML DTD maintained by the DocBook Technical Committee of OASIS. It is particularly well suited to books and reflective assignment essay, papers about computer hardware and software (though it is by no means limited to these applications). Violent Video Aggression? References are provided in a separate document. SABLE: A Standard for Text-to-Speech Synthesis Markup. SABLE is an XML/SGML-based markup scheme for text-to-speech synthesis, developed to address the need for a common TTS control paradigm.

The SABLE specification evolved as an initiative to combine three existing speech synthesis markup languages: 1) SSML, the Speech Synthesis Markup Language; 2) STML, the Spoken Text Markup Language; 3) JSML, the Java Synthesis Markup Language. The draft SABLE specification is an initiative to establish a standard system for marking up text input to speech synthesizers. Reflective Assignment? The current draft is being circulated for comment by school admissions essay users, developers and researchers of speech synthesis. Java Speech Markup Language (JSML/JSpeech) The JSpeech Markup Language is referenced in a separate document. SpeechML from assignment essay, IBM's alphaWorks Laboratory is a[n XML] markup language for essay guy, building distributed network-based conversational applications. Together with Guillaume Belrose, W3C's Dave Raggett (on assignment from HP Labs) is developing a voice browser to reflective assignment, test out ideas for using context free grammars for more flexible voice interaction dialogs. The applications are written in XML and CSS using a language we are calling TalkML. We plan to extend this work to look at how to deal with existing Web content developed for desktop browsers. Some ideas for this are covered in a W3C NOTE ['Voice Browsers'] I wrote last year with Microsoft's Or Ben-Natan. The goal is to make it easy to essays video aggression, create dual access Web-sites which can be accessed via visual or voice browsers.

See also my talk on essay, Style sheets for essay, Voice Browsers, as presented at the Developer's Day at WWW8. TalkML is an experimental XML language for voice browsers, and reflective assignment, is being developed by HP Labs for use in the following markets: (1) Call centers (IVR++) -- sales and writing service, support services accessed via 800 numbers, adding speech recognition to today's DTMF (touch tone) systems; (2) Smart phones with displays; (3) Access to email, appointments, news and travel services etc. Reflective? while your are on the road (in-car systems); (4) Mobile devices too small for decent displays or keyboards, WCDMA palmtop organizers/pagers with low enough cost to be a must-have (like cell-phones). Guillaume Belrose helped to devise TalkML and develop the sofware. A NIST project cordinated through MEL (The Manufacturing Engineering Laboratory) at paper the constitution, the National Institute of Standards and Technology, under Project Leader Joshua Lubell. The objective of this NIST-sponsored project is to explore the use of XML (eXtensible Markup Language), a standard for structured document interchange on the Web, for exchanging complex data objects between tasks in essay a distributed workflow application. In details: The WebWork workflow application development tool kit, created by research paper the constitution the University of Georgia with funding from NIST's Advanced Technology Program, supports the building of distributed, web-based workflow applications. NIST has demonstrated the benefits of XML for representing highly structured documents such as product data standard specifications and has shown that WebWork can be integrated with an XML repository. Leveraging this implementation experience, NIST will extend WebWork to support the exchange of XML-structured objects between workflow tasks. Reflective Assignment Essay? NIST will demonstrate the efficacy of this approach by building a small application to manage a subset of the essay cambridge workflow in ISO TC184/SC4 (International Organization for Standardization Technical Committee 184, Subcommittee 4), an reflective essay international standards body developing specifications for the representation and exchange of industrial data for which NIST serves as Secretariat. SWAP - Simple Workflow Access Protocol.

The SWAP (Simple Workflow Access Protocol) working group has submitted a charter to video, the ETF Application Area Directors and is expected to assignment essay, become authorized by the IETF. Essays Violent Video Games? SWAP is a protocol designed to allow for interoperability between workflow systems and between workflow systems and other applications. SWAP allows for the programmatic initiation of a workflow process by an application, and the exchange of process data and state information between the the workflow process and application. The proposed SWAP protocol defines four primary interfaces, which are used to manage, monitor, initiate and control the execution of processes on external workflow systems. Assignment Essay? . . The Constitution? SWAP is not intended to assignment essay, overlap with the WebDAV in any way. They are designed to be complimentary, use the same basic encoding (XML), and in the college fact use the same commands where appropriate for the same things (getting object properties). The goals of the two specs are different. WebDAV is for reflective, document management: how to check out check in, handle multiple versions, lock, unlock, and essay service cambridge, move documents. There is nothing in reflective assignment WebDAV about high school admissions, applications. SWAP is for assignment, starting, monitoring, controlling, and receiving notifications from a remote asynchronous service. The idea is that you have some application out there that takes a long time to complete, you want to pass it some data and invoke it. This is all about applications development, and almost nothing to do with document management. [adapted from the FAQ and main Web page, by Keith Swenson]

See: SWAP references in Asynchronous Transactions and Web Services. SWAP Working Group Simple Workflow Access Protocol (SWAP) The Simple Workflow Access Protocol is a proposed way to solve this problem through use of HTTP protocol, and by transferring structured information encoded in XML. A new set of HTTP methods is video games aggression defined, as well as the information to be supplied and reflective essay, the information returned in XML, that accomplish the control of generic asynchronous services. - draft-swenson-swap-prot-00.txt SWAP Main Page SWAP FAQ document SWAP Issues and Action Items. VSI (V-Systems Inc.), an industry 'Leader in games Integrated Fax,' has recently proposed an XML Interface for FAX. XML-F ('XML for FAX'), under VSI's new proposal, would be used for reflective, for connecting fax servers to the college, applications, other fax servers, and fax service providers. VSI has outlined a simple method for reflective, integrating applications to fax servers using XML, the essay service latest Internet technology for data interchange between applications. Launched at a time when both network fax and XML are coming into the mainstream, VSI believes that their proposal, called 'XML-F', has the potential to reflective, solve a major issue facing the fax service community. XML-F Specifications (including DTDs) have been written, and research paper the constitution, are to be released in the near future. The XML-F interface provides a simple framework for software applications to use in employing a network fax service to assignment essay, send an electronic document to a terminating fax machine.

The XML-F interface supports three basic features: 1) Submit a Fax for Transmission; 2) Get Status of a Fax Transmission; 3) Cancel a current Fax Transmission or Request. XML-F employs six XML document types to implement these three features: three requests and three responses. Using a simple request/response model, each feature has a corresponding request and response document. The request/response model lends itself well to internet transports and to applications which might require off-line use. All data is formatted as text and binary data is encoded using Base64 encoding.

XML-F can be coupled with internet transports such as TCP/IP and university material thesis statement, HTTP and security mechanisms such as SSL to provide secure transactions over public networks. XML-F does not imply or require any particular transport, however. XML-F is an open specification that anyone can implement: any fax server or fax service provider, any application software developer, or other party. It is recommended that any public implementation of a server representing this interface fully implement all of the interface, while client systems might opt to implement only those portions which are relevant to the application. [from the 0.1.90 draft] VSI (V-Systems Inc.) Home Page Press release: VSI Proposes New XML Interface for Fax. Fax over reflective assignment essay, XML Could Solve Key Issues in the Fax Service Community. - Announcement for XML-F. University Material Statement And Outline? [also from VSI] Fax Integration using XML. August, 1998. 6 pages. - VSI has created a document that explains how application vendors, fax service providers, and reflective assignment, fax servers can integrate using XML and essay guy, XML-F. [local archive copy] XML-F Specifications. XML-F Preliminary Specification.

Revision 0.1.90, August 1998. 23 pages. - VSI has also created a document that outlines the XML-F DTD's and recommendations for use by application developers, integrated and fax server vendors. [local archive copy] Email discussion forum: VSI Contact: Lydia Loizides (Product Marketing Manager) [January 11, 1999] VSI Announces VSI-Fax Gold Series 3.5 -- Introduces Faxing From Outlook. New Outlook Fax Integration Brings Proven Enterprise Fax Capabilities to Popular Messaging Client -- Allows Faxing Right from the Inbox. Essay? - XML-F Integration: As the first step in VSI's implementation of XML for fax communications, VSI-FAX 3.5 features the ability to use XML Documents to send, receive, and cancel faxes, as well as obtain status information. What is XML? - From VSI. [local archive copy] [February 15, 1999] Fax Integration Using XML Technology. By Dave Droman and Gila Jones [V-Systems, Inc.]. In Computer Technology Review Volume XVIII , Number 1(January 1999), pages 28, 32-33. As it stands today, there is no standard means of communicating between (1) fax servers and the applications that need faxing services and (2) among various fax servers or fax service providers across a network, including the Internet. . . To solve these problems, VSI has created a common faxing interface using XML, called XML-F. As many people now know, XML is a markup language, like HTML, with a vocabulary that consists primarily of 'tags.' HTML was specifically designed for marking up documents to communicate how they should be formatted for school admissions essay, display on the World Wide Web. The purpose of XML is reflective assignment far more open-ended, but in essay format general it is a 'meta-language' intended to be used to define other standard markup languages (known as Document Type Definitions or DTDs) that can be used to allow different systems to reflective assignment, exchange information in a standard, process-readable format. Businesses can define their own vocabulary of XML tags and rules that are embedded within the DTD inside the XML document or made publicly available to any program that wants to comply with the agreed-upon information exchange format. Material Thesis? The use of XML-specific parsers eliminate the burden of reflective essay, parsing and validating XML interchange documents, reducing the work and support required to implement an application reading XML. [local archive copy]

Extensible Forms Description Language (XFDL) The main entry for the Extensible Forms Description Language (XFDL) is essay found in a separate document. Broadcast Hypertext Markup Language (BHTML) The ATSC T3/S17 specialist group is in assignment the process of defining the essays violent games application programming interfaces for a Digital Television Application Software Environment (DASE) compliant receiver. Reflective? As this process evolves, the research elements, attributes, properties, and values of BHTML will solidify. T3/S17 has selected the reflective assignment Java virtual machine (VM) as the the college application execution engine. As specified by T3/S17, the Java VM will be found on all DASE-compliant receivers. Aninda DasGupta, the reflective T3/S17 chairman, proposed [what] he called 'Broadcast HTML' [which] uses Internet technologies favored by many T3/S17 members: it is written in XML, scales back HTML elements and attributes, and integrates synchronization functionality as new elements, attributes, and style properties. Essay? BHTML is an XML compliant language based on a reduced set of HTML 3.2 elements and attributes.

Media synchronization functions from SMIL and style elements from CSS 1 and CSS 2 are added to this base functionality (into Broadcast CSS or BCSS). Appendix C of the August 6, 1998 draft (XML-Data Specifying BHTML using the XML-Data Syntax) represents 'a first pass at defining the BHTML elements and attributes using the XML-Data (XMLD) notation'. xHTML specifies a collection of assignment essay, document type definition (DTD) sets that can be combined to specify an xHTML-based platform. Three such platforms are used as examples throughout this specification: w3HTML, bHTML, and cHTML. xHTML is designed to meet the requirements of consumer electronic and computer manufacturers that wish to produce a broad range of products with various levels of Internet connectivity and product features. xHTML started with HTML 4.0 and HTML 3.2. These elements and attributes were converted to XML, in line with the thesis and outline stated goals of the W3C for future HTML. The XML-based markup language was partitioned into reflective assignment DTD sets that correlated with the needs of platform developers to differentiated based on research, internet connectivity, memory footprint, and power management. xHTML is written in XML, therefore element names are case-sensitive. Digital-TV Application Software Environments (DASE) - Main Page BHTML Draft Specification - BHTML Draft #2. Document Number ATSC T3/S17 092, prepared for ATSC T3/S17 (DASE) by Ted Wugofski, Gateway. A Modular Hypertext Markup Language for Broadcast Applications.. Prepared by reflective assignment essay Ted Wugofski. University? 1 Oct 98, Draft #4. [local archive copy] Synchronization and Transitions in Broadcast HTML.

Ted Wugofski, Over the reflective Moon Productions. Video Games? This is an addendum to reflective assignment essay, the Broadcast HTML (bHTML) Proposal in the area of specifying timing, synchronization, and special effects. The design is based on functional requirements specified in the Advanced Television Systems Committee (ATSC) specialist group (T3/S17) that is defining the digital television application software environment (DASE). [local archive copy] Broadcast HTML Specification - General Information DASE Introduction [August 25, 1998] As Intel-led group sideswipes standards body, Thomson and Microsoft roll spec of their own - Debate rages over how to bring data to research, TV. By Junko Yoshida. In EETimes Issue 1022 (August 24, 1998). Excerpt: The debate over assignment essay, how to bring data and Internet technologies to debate essay format, digital television will bubble up this week, as a key industry group reconvenes here to discuss a set of proposals that has come under fire. . . Where the assignment ATVEF's technology is based on standard Internet specifications such as HTML 4.0, BHTML is written in the emerging Extensible Markup Language (XML), a new language for advanced Web applications. BHTML scales back HTML elements and the college, attributes by using parts of HTML 3.2, while it integrates synchronization functionality. The biggest difference between the two lies in the use of the Java software technology. BHTML is designed to be tightly integrated with the Application Execution Engine, or Java Virtual Machine, and with the Java framework.

See the database entry, Broadcast Hypertext Markup Language (BHTML). [September 24, 1998] Group Seeks Integrated Multimedia, DTV. By Junko Yoshida. In CMPNet TechWeb News (September 20, 1998). With a goal to assignment essay, integrate 2-D, 3-D, and streaming content for digital TV (DTV) programming, leaders from key international technology-development forums gathered [in Leidschendam, Netherlands] last week to launch a new initiative to harmonize the writing various multimedia streams. Taking part in the AIC meeting were representatives from the Motion Picture Experts Group, Virtual Reality Modeling Language organization, and Advanced Television Systems Committee (ATSC). The initiative will 'write an open specification to integrate and harmonize VRML, MPEG-4, and Broadcast HTML BHTML into a seamless stream,' said Rob Glidden, co-chairman of VRML 3-D Integrated Media Working Group and one of 12 founding members of assignment essay, AIC. BHTML, written in essay format the emerging Extensible Markup Language (XML), is reflective assignment designed for tight integration with the Java framework. Pointing to longstanding integration efforts between VRML and XML, as well as between MPEG-4 and VRML, Glidden said, 'This is a natural extension of what we have been doing at each of the essay cambridge groups'.

The International Standard 12083 presents a reference document type definition which facilitates the reflective assignment authoring, interchange and violent, archiving of a variety of publications. This document type definition is deliberately general. It is a reference document type definition which provides a set of building blocks for the structuring of books, articles, serials, and similar publications in print and electronic form. Reflective? This International Standard is intended to provide a document architecture to facilitate the creation of essay service, various application-specific document type definitions. [January 25, 1999] ISO 12083 (AAP, EPSIG) DTDs for article, book, serials, and math are being edited for reflective assignment, XML compatability. [November 06, 2000] ISO 12083 is available free in PDF format from NISO: ANSI/NISO/ISO 12083 Electronic Manuscript Preparation and Markup (The standard specifies the SGML declaration defining the syntax used by the document type definitions [DTD] and debate format, document instances, and a definition for mathematics which may be embedded in other SGML applications). Extensible User Interface Language (XUL) XUL stands for reflective essay, 'extensible user interface language'.

It is an XML-based language for essay format, describing the contents of windows and dialogs. XUL has language constructs for all of the assignment essay typical dialog controls, as well as for widgets like toolbars, trees, progress bars, and menus. User Interface Markup Language (UIML) The User Interface Markup Language (UIML) allows designers to research, describe the user interface in reflective generic terms, and material statement, then use a style description to map the interface to various operating systems (OSs) and assignment essay, appliances. Thus, the universality of UIML makes it possible to describe a rich set of essay, interfaces and reduces the work in porting the reflective assignment essay user interface to another platform (e.g., from a graphical windowing system to a hand-held appliance) to changing the essay cambridge style description. Reflective Essay? See the separate document. Commerce XML (cXML) is an open Internet-based standard for e-commerce. cXML reduces on-line business trading costs by facilitating the exchange of content and transactions over the constitution, the Internet. Developed in concert with more than 40 leading companies, cXML is a set of lightweight XML DTDs -- based on the World Wide Web Consortium's XML standard -- with their associated request/response processes. XML DTD for Phone Books was published as a Network Working Group Internet-Draft (draft-ietf-roamops-phonebook-xml-00.txt) in February, 1999. The authors are Max Riegel (Siemens AG) and Glen Zorn (Microsoft Corporation). In addition to providing a DTD, the document describes the information to be included in the standard phone book for roaming applications.

All data is assignment described in XML (Extensible Markup Language) syntax leading to a concise XML DTD (Document Type Declaration) for the phone book. The goals of and outline, this document include: 1) Creating a flexible, extensible and essay, robust framework upon which to build a standard phone book; 2) Promoting a standard phone book format, to paper, enhance interoperability between ISPs and roaming consortia. XML DTD for Phone Books. Proceedings URL. XML DTD for Phone Books, February 1999. This version expires on August 15, 1999. Local archive copy, draft-ietf-roamops-phonebook-xml-00.txt See also: XML DTD for Roaming Access Phone Book.

IETF RFC 3017. December 2000. Reflective? This document defines the syntax as well as the semantics of the information to be included in the phone book for roaming applications. Essays Violent Games? It comprises the information necessary to select the reflective assignment essay most appropriate ISP and to configure the host to get access to the network of the provider. Of Phoenix Material Thesis Statement? The specification consists of a small set of required information elements and a variety of reflective assignment, possible extensions. All data is specified in writing XML (Extensible Markup Language) syntax leading to a concise XML DTD (Document Type Declaration) for the phone book. The Data Documentation Initiative. The Data Documentation Initiative is a Project to Develop an XML Document Type Definition for Data Documentation [germane to reflective essay, datasets in the social and high school admissions essay, behavioral sciences.] See Data Documentation Initiative: A Project of the Social Science Community. XML General Articles and Papers: Surveys, Overviews, Presentations, Introductions, Announcements.

The document with Current XML Articles/Papers represents a more mixed collection of reflective, references: articles in professional journals, slide sets from presentations, press releases, articles in trade magazines, Usenet News postings, etc. The College? Some are from experts and assignment essay, some are not; some are refereed and others are not; some are semi-technical and others are popular; some contain errors and others don't. Discretion is strongly advised. The articles are listed approximately in the college essay the reverse chronological order of their appearance. Publications covering specific XML applications may be referenced in the dedicated sections rather than in reflective assignment essay the main reference lists. Books on high school admissions essay, XML are referenced only briefly in the following section. They are described more fully in the SGML/XML Books section, and in reflective the main SGML/XML bibliography. Of Phoenix Material Statement? For now, only books already published are listed. See the section on planned and rumored works for books apparently not yet available.

A collection of Introductions to XML is provided in a separate document. A more complete XML book list is maintained by Charles F. Goldfarb in All the XML Books in Print. Henning Behme and Stefan Mintert. Reflective Assignment? XML in der Praxis: Professionelles Web-Publishing mit der Extensible Markup Language. Bonn: Addison Wesley Longman, [June] 1998.

Extent: 328 pages, CD-ROM. ISBN 3-8273-1330-9. Price: DM 69,90. Neil Bradley. The XML Companion . Guy? Harlow, Essex: Addison Wesley Longman, 1998. Extent: 464 pages. ISBN: 0-201-41999-8. Dan Connolly (guest editor).

XML: Principles, Tools, and Techniques . World Wide Web Journal [edited by Rohit Khare] Volume 2, Issue 4. Sebastopol, CA: O'Reilly Associates, Inc., Fall 1997. Extent: xii + 248 pages. ISBN: 1-56592-349-9. ISSN: 1085-2301. Steven J. Reflective? DeRose. The SGML FAQ Book: Understanding the Foundation of HTML and XML . Electronic Publishing Series, Number 7. Dordrecht/Boston/London: Kluwer Academic Publishers, 1997. Extent: xxiv + 250 pages, appendices.

ISBN: 0-7923-9943-9. [Chapter 8. XML: A Simple, Standard Subset.] Bob DuCharme. High Essay? XML: The Annotated Specification. The Charles F. Goldfarb Series on Open Information Management. The Definitive XML Series from Charles F. Goldfarb. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice Hall PTR, 1999. Extent: xx + 339 pages. Reflective? ISBN: 0-13-082676-6. Peter Flynn. Debate Format? Understanding SGML and XML Tools. Practical Programs for Handling Structured Text. . Essay? Foreword by Steve DeRose.

Kluwer Academic Publishers SGML Bookshelf, Electronic Publishing Series. Dordrecht, Boston, London: Kluwer Academic Publishers, 1998. Format? Extent: xxvi + 432 pages, CDROM. ISBN: 0-7923-8169-6. [description] Charles F. Goldfarb and Paul Prescod. The XML Handbook. Foreword by reflective essay Jean Paoli. The Charles F. Format? Goldfarb Series on essay, Open Information Management.

The Definitive XML Series from Charles F. Goldfarb. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice Hall PTR, 1998. Extent: xlvi + 642 pages, CDROM. Of Phoenix Thesis Statement And Outline? ISBN: 0-13-081152-1. Ian S. Graham and Liam Quin. XML Specification Guide . New York, NY: John Wiley Sons, 1999. Extent: xiv + 432 pages; with [technical online] 'Supplementary Material and Resources'. Reflective? ISBN: 0-471-32753-0. Has a supporting Web site.

Elliotte Rusty Harold. XML: Extensible Markup Language. Structuring Complex Content for the Web. Foster City/Chicago/New York: IDG Books Worldwide, 1998. Extent: xxiv + 426 pages, CDROM. ISBN: 0-7645-3199-9. Rick Jelliffe.

The XML and SGML Cookbook. Recipes for Structured Information. Format? The Charles F. Goldfarb Series on Open Information Management. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice Hall PTR, May 1998. Extent: 650 pages, with CD-ROM. ISBN: 0-13-614223-0. Reflective Essay? [provisional description] Michael Leventhal, David Lewis, and Matthew Fuchs; with contributions from debate, Stuart Culshaw and reflective, Gene Kan. Designing XML Internet Applications. The Charles F. Goldfarb Series on Open Information Management. [Subseries:] The Definitive XML Series from Charles F. Goldfarb.

Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice Hall PTR, [May] 1998. Violent Aggression? Extent: xxxii + 584 pages, CD-ROM. ISBN: 0-13-616822-1. Price: $44.95 U.S./$63.00 Canada. Henning Lobin. Informationsmodellierung in XML und SGML . Berlin/Heidelberg: Springer-Verlag, [May] 1999. Reflective? 250 pages. ISBN: 3-540-65356-2. Richard Light, Simon North, Charles Allen ( et al. University Material Statement? ). Presenting XML . Indianapolis, IN: SAMS.NET [Sams Publishing, Macmillan Publishing USA], 1997.

Extent: 400+ pages. ISBN: 1-57521-334-6. Sean McGrath. XML by reflective Example. Building E-Commerce Applications. The Charles F. Essays Violent Video Aggression? Goldfarb Series on Open Information Management. The Definitive XML Series from Charles F. Goldfarb. Reflective Assignment? Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice Hall PTR, [June] 1998. Extent: xlviii + 476 pages, CDROM.

ISBN: 0-13-960162-7. David Megginson. Structuring XML Documents . Charles F. Goldfarb Series on Open Information Management. The Definitive XML Series from Charles F. Goldfarb. Service Cambridge? Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice Hall PTR, [March] 1998. Extent: xxxviii + 425 pages, CDROM.

ISBN: 0-13-642299-3. Murata Makoto, Atsuhito Momma, and Kyoichi Arai. Reflective Assignment Essay? XML Nyuumon [Introduction to XML. Thesis And Outline? In Japanese] . Tokyo: Nihon Keizai Shimbunsha, 1998. Extent: 224 pages. ISBN: 4-532-14610-0. Details: see the abstract in English, or the Fujixerox Web site, or bookseller descriptions (1), (2). Simon St.

Laurent. Assignment Essay? XML: A Primer . Admissions Essay? Foster City, CA: MIS Press/IDG Books, 1998. Reflective Assignment Essay? Extent: xx + 348 pages. Essays Video Aggression? ISBN: 1-5582-8592-X. Also in Korean, Japanese, and Italian translation. Simon St. Laurent and Robert Biggar. Inside XML DTDs: Scientific and essay, Technical . New York, NY: McGraw-Hill, 1999. Extent: xii + 468 pages, CDROM. ISBN: 0-07-134621-X.

Simon St. Laurent and Ethan Cerami. Building XML Applications. The College? New York, NY: McGraw-Hill, (May) 1999. Extent: 512 pages, 150 illustrations. Reflective Assignment Essay? ISBN: 0-07-134116-1. Ed Tittel, Norbert Mikula, and Ramesh Chandak XML for Dummies. Foreword by Dan Connolly. School Admissions? [Series: For Dummies.] Foster City, CA: IDG Books Worldwide, Inc., 1998. Essay? Extent: xxviii + 367 pages, CDROM. ISBN: 0-7645-0360-X. XML Mailing Lists, Discussion Groups, Newsgroups.

A more complete reference list of discussion groups, mailing lists, and hyer-mailed fora appears in the dedicated document. Discussion groups focused upon high admissions essay style languages are referenced in the main XSL document. XML-DEV, an reflective assignment XML development mailing list, maintained/organized by Peter Murray-Rust and Henry Rzepa. See the text of the announcement. To subscribe to the digest, mailed on Monday of each week, send email to with the message line 'subscribe xml-dev-digest'. [October 3, 1997] The XML-L mailing list was set up on September 30, 1997 as a general discussion of the Extensible Markup Language. The list owner is Peter Flynn, University College Cork. To subscribe to the list, send email to with the command 'subscribe xml-l [your name]' in the body of the message. For questions about the essay writing service list, write to the list owners: XML-L-request@LISTSERV.HEA.IE. [July 15, 1998] [Provisional/planned Usenet Newsgroup], comp.text.xml . Reflective Essay? See the draft RFD (Request for Discussion):, [local archive copy, 980408.] The first call for votes was issued on June 23, 1998.

On July 14, 1998, Neil Crellin published the the constitution results of the Call for Votes (CFV) for a new unmoderated Usenet Newsgroup comp.text.xml . The voting period closed at 23:59:59 UTC, July 14, 1998. The vote passed, 365:22. On December 01, 1998, Ralph Ferris of Fujitsu Software Corporation posted an announcement for a new XLink/XPointer Developer's List. This email forum has been launched in order to promote wide discussion of assignment, XLink/XPointer development issues. To subscribe to the new xlxp-dev list, send an email message to with the following in the body of the message: subscribe xlxp-dev . Essays? Information on the W3C's XML Linking Language is accessible in the XLink/XPointer document. [July 20, 1998] A German language discussion group for XML has been set up: XML-DE. Assignment Essay? The list is hosted by GMD and DFN, two German national research institutes; this host arrangement is meant to help ensure neutrality in commercial questions and professional maintainance.

The goals of this group are to provide a native German language forum for of phoenix statement and outline, general XML discussion, to promote XML in the German industry, and to build a pool of experts for know-how transfer. Topics for essay, discussion include core technologies (XML, XSL, XLink, DOM), related standards (SMIL, . ) and software (browsers, parsers, . ). Essay Writing Service Cambridge? To subscribe to the group, send a mail to with the message subscribe xml-de [firstName lastName] in assignment essay the body of the message. See further information in the main entry: XML-DE. xml-litprog-l: Literate Programming with XML List. A mailing list for games, discussions about how best to use XML/XSL/XLink/XPtr for constructing literate programming frameworks and tools. Organized initially by Anthony B. Coates (Educational Multimedia Services, TEDI, The University of Queensland). As of September 25, 1998, the list moved to reflective essay, an Allette server. See: To subscribe, send email to See [the database entry XML and writing service cambridge, Literate Programming, the list entry xml-litprog-l - Literate Programming with XML List and] the document SGML/XML and assignment, Literate Programming. JXML: Java--XML, the Java and admissions essay, XML mailing list.

This list is intended for discussions relating to Java and XML, particularly with reguard to the following: 1) Java Class and Bean metadata expressed as XML documents; 2) Conversion of reflective assignment, Java Class metadata to bytecodes defining simple, data-only classes; 3) Reversable conversion of Java Object Streams to XML documents while maintaining type safety (JSXML); 4) Description of Jar Resources as an XML document; XML document-driven construction of Jar files (etc.). See the more complete description: Related discussion and development forum: DSSSList, with the DSSSList Archive, sponsored by Mulberry Technologies, Inc. and managed by writing service cambridge Tony Graham. XSL-List is provided by Mulberry Technologies as a service to the XSL user community and the XSL standardization effort. It hosts discussion of XSL (Extensible Style Language) itself, XSL applications and implementation, and XSL user questions. Python XML-SIG: A Special Interest Group for XML Processing in Python. Assignment? The SIG was created to provide a forum for discussion and implementation of tools to make Python an excellent choice for XML processing. The goal of this SIG is to decide what software is paper required for this purpose, and coordinate its implementation and documentation. See the announcement and assignment essay, the main list entry for material statement and outline, details.

The Python XML-SIG Status page describes project deliverables and reflective, the resources page describes some Python Software for XML. See also the of phoenix material thesis statement and outline dedicated database section Python for XML/SGML Processing. Perl-XML list, a mailing list is dedicated to the discussion of enhancing Perl's ability to work with XML and for using Perl with XML documents. Assignment Essay? Send 'SUBSCRIBE Perl-XML' to games, Send list contributions to: XML: Working Groups, SIGS, Design and Development Initiatives. [January 28, 2000] SAX 2/Java (beta). Assignment? David Megginson has posted an announcement for the beta release of research, SAX2-beta. Reflective? SAX is the Simple API for essay service, XML, a very-widely implemented event-based interface for processing XML documents. The beta release of reflective assignment, SAX2/Java is now available for download at

Highlights of the release: (1) Namespace support; (2) Configurability and extensibility through features and school, properties; (3) A new interface and base class for SAX filters; (4) Adapters for using SAX1 parsers with SAX2 and vice-versa; (5) Way too much JavaDoc documentation; (6) Public domain (even less restrictive than Open Source). SAX2 adds standard methods to reflective assignment essay, query and set features and properties in an XMLReader. It is now possible to request an XML reader to essay, validate (or not to validate) a document, or to internalize (or not to internalize) all names, using the getFeature , setFeature , getProperty , and essay, setProperty methods. There is no fixed set of features or properties available for SAX2: implementors are free to university thesis and outline, define new features and reflective assignment essay, properties as needed. All feature and property names are fully-qualified URIs (often URLs), such as; as with Namespace URIs, people should always define feature and property names based on URIs that they control. All XML readers are required to recognize the and essay, the features (see below), and to support a true value for the namespaces property and a false value for the namespace-prefixes property: these requirements ensure that all SAX2 XML readers can provide the essay minimal required Namespace support for guy, higher-level specs such as RDF, XSL, XML Schemas, and XLink. XML readers are not required to recognize or support any other features or any properties, even the core ones. [. ] WRT SAX version 1: Of the essay core classes and interfaces, only Parser, AttributeList, DocumentHandler, and HandlerBase (which is the college essay guy really a helper anyway) are deprecated. Reflective? All of the rest -- InputSource, Locator, EntityResolver, DTDHandler, ErrorHandler, SAXException, and SAXParseException -- are left untouched. [June 01, 1999] David Megginson has announced that an alpha version of SAX2 for violent video aggression, Java is assignment now available for download. SAX2 is an update to guy, the widely-implemented SAX 1.0 interface for XML parsers. SAX2 consists of two parts: (1) a new, extensible mechanism for querying and setting features and properties in SAX parsers in a standard way; and (2) a set of recommended core feature and reflective assignment essay, property names.

SAX Home Page, and Microstar mirror site [May 12, 1998] Announcement for the public release of SAX 1.0. See: [May 14, 1998] SAX Parsers and Applications Quick Start for SAX Application Writers [September 25, 1999] SAX C/C++ Implementations: I have just successfully completed a C++ implementation of SAX/SAX2 and DOM, based upon expat. Currently I'm in the process of testing the whole thing ;). Research Paper The Constitution? Eventually I will make it available to the public; however, some parts of the implementation use my company's proprietary C++ class library, so certain things need to be sorted out first. Feel free to contact me for more information. Reflective? Guenter Obiltschnig, Sat, 25 Sep 1999 20:11:21 +0200, XML Developers' List. Update 2000-08-10: the XML class library for C++ is now available as open source at saxlib, a Python version of SAX, with drivers (Lars Marius Garshol) [April 27, 1998] For developers only: SAX 1.0 beta, almost ready for announcement. [April 10, 1998] For developers only: test re-release beta version of SAX, and demo which does the violent video aggression identity transform What is an Event-Based Interface? By David Megginson. Draft Interface Specification for SAX [March 20, 1998] , per the posting from David Megginson SAX - Simple API for XML.

The SAX API was developed collaboratively during a month (December 1997 - January 1998) of discussion on assignment essay, the XML-DEV mailing list. SAX is the college a simple, common, event-based API for XML parsers written in object-oriented languages like Java, C++, or Perl5 (the reference implementation is in Java). SAX is similar in philosophy to JavaSoft's JDBC -- it allows you to reflective assignment essay, write an application once, then plug in any XML parser that has a SAX driver, just as the JDBC allows you to plug in any SQL database that has a JDBC driver. See the main database entry, the announcement from material thesis, David Megginson [980112], or the Microstar Web site. References for 'XML and Literate Programming' have been moved to a separate document under the title SGML/XML and Literate Programming.

This document provides a collection of references for literate programming techniques and style in the context of descriptive markup languages, e.g. , SGML, XML, DSSSL, HyTime, etc. Numerous researchers have observed that the goals of essay, information re-use and data normalization embraced by debate essay both literate programming and SGML-based markup languages provide the basis for using the two technologies together. GNOME (GNU Network Object Model Environment) XML Library. References for 'XML and Python' are provided in a separate document, XML and Python. XML in Microsoft Internet Explorer. A press release of October 13, 1998 clarified Microsoft's plans for XML support in reflective the MS Windows operating system and in Microsoft Internet Explorer 5. Paper The Constitution? 'XML 1.0, XSL, XML DOM, and XML Namespaces'. Essay? Support features as announced include: Direct viewing of XML; High-performance, validating XML engine; Extensible Style Language (XSL) support; XML Schemas; Server-side XML; XML document object model (DOM). Description of Microsoft's XML support is provided in a collection of research the constitution, references accessible from reflective essay, a separate document.

[December 17, 1998] Sun Microsystem's Java Project X: Java Services for XML Technology is the format new name for the Java services formerly released as the Sun XML Library. On December 01, 1998, this development project was renamed Java Project X, and moved to Early Access 2 with API updates, some speedup, and minor bug fixes. Reflective? Java Project X is the codename for high school, a set of core XML-enabling services written completely in the Java programming language. With Java Project X's extensible Java services, developers can build robust yet flexible XML-oriented network services and applications that are internet-ready. This release requires JDK 1.1.6 or later or JDK 1.2, and approximately 3.5M bytes of disk space. Sun's Java services in this new release provide full XML processing capabilities, including a fast XML parser with optional validation, an reflective essay in-memory object model tree that supports the W3C DOM Level 1 recommendation, and basic support for JavaBeans integration with XML. The development tools in the Java Project X are freely available, but one must register through the Java Developer Connection. The second early access release is addressed to Java developers who want access to debate essay, Sun's fast and reflective essay, fully conformant core XML software for their development. The library supports an optional in-memory object model tree for manipulating and writing XML structured data. The library is 'core' in research the sense that significant XML based applications can be written using only this functionality, and that it is intended that other XML software be layered on top of it. That is, it is a building block for developers.

According to reflective assignment essay, the Release Notes, the Java Project X library conforms fully with open standards: 1) the of phoenix thesis parsers conform to the W3C's XML 1.0 recommendation; 2) the assignment essay parse tree supports the XML (core) part of format, W3C's DOM Level 1 recommendation; 3) in combination, the two also support the current W3C XML Namespaces proposed recommendation; 4) the parser supports the SAX 1.0 API; 5) the entity resolution used within the parser normally conforms to the IETF's RFC 2376 registration for XML-related MIME content types, [but] this can be overridden as required. [September 25, 1998] On September 16, 1998, Sun Microsystems, Inc. released an 'Early Access 1' version of The Sun XML Library. As described by assignment David Brownell at the Montréal XML Developers' Conference, the XML Library is a highly modular XML library that has been developed by the Java Software Division of Sun. The XML library is debate written in the Java programming language and provides support for assignment, the latest version (July) of the W3C DOM APIs and for debate format, the SAX 1.0 API. The XML package includes fast validating and nonvalidating XML parsers, preliminary support for XML Beans , and reflective, examples, including an XML Validation Service . Research Paper The Constitution? The September 16th version is the first early access release, addressed to assignment, Java developers who want access to Sun's fast and fully conformant XML library core for writing service, their development of extensible, conformant XML-enabled services and applications. That library supports fast parsing of XML documents, including optional validation, and supports an optional in-memory object model tree for manipulating and writing XML structured data.

In addition, the reflective essay core functionality supports an implementation of the W3C DOM APIs and the XML Namespaces proposal. The library is 'core' in the sense that significant XML based applications can be written using only this functionality, and that it is intended that other XML software be layered on top of it. High School Admissions? All classes are written exclusively in the Java[tm] language, and accordingly may be used with any JDK 1.1 conformant system, including JDK 1.2 conformant systems. Developers have expressed strong interest in assignment essay seeing XML enabling technology emerge from Sun because of the key role Sun has played in developing the XML specification and in essays violent video creating the Java platform. The Java technology's 'portable code' along with XML's 'portable data' are valuable complements in creating truly platform-independent applications. Assignment Essay? Through the early access release, developers have an unique opportunity to participate in defining and evolving the XML Library. [adapted from the XML Library 'README' and 'FAQ' documents] References: Java Project X Early Access 2 Release Notes Introduction README document FAQ Document. [local archive copy, 1998-09-25] Library Installation Developer feedback: The Sun XML Library. Presented by David Brownell at the Montréal XML Developers' Conference. How fast is statement Sun's XML parser included in the core toolkit? In Sun's testing using JDK 1.1.6, the validating parser (doing lots of error testing) was significantly faster than the assignment essay majority of the non-validating parsers tested and was an order of magnitude faster than other validating parsers.

Of course, Sun's non-validating parser is faster still. [December 08, 1998] XML and Java Technology - An Interview with Dave Brownell. Paper The Constitution? [Part One] From ['The Source for Java Technology']. December, 1998. XML, the eXtensible Markup Language, is the universal syntax for describing and structuring data independent from application logic. Reflective Assignment? This past February, XML 1.0 became a Technical Recommendation of the World Wide Web Consortium (W3C). From this milestone, numerous applications of XML are popping up far and wide - and more often than not they're using Java technology. We asked David Brownell, designer of Sun's Java Project X, for some perspective. [Excerpt:] Q: Is there some special, natural affinity between Java technology and paper, XML? A: You bet. Java software is portable code . XML is portable data.

By themselves, neither of these technologies provides such a solution. To get portable data, you need to pick a representation that is essay usable in most programming languages . like XML, which is structured text. To get portable behavior, you need a maintainable program standard that runs on most computer systems . like Java language class files. Use Java and XML together, and you get both. . Video Games? . A Standardized XML API in Java (Xapi-J) Collaborative project for A Standardized XML API in reflective Java (Xapi-J). Research? Includes: (1) Statement on reflective essay, Informal Work on guy, a Standardized XML API in Java (Xapi-J), and (2) Collected Suggestions -- ideas for post XAPI-J 1.0 W3C XML/XLL/XSL Working Groups and SIGs. Generally, documents produced by W3C editorial boards, working groups, and SIGS are available only to W3C members. See, however: XML Development: Technical Documents and Development Resources.

Comparison of assignment essay, SGML and XML. By James Clark. Reference identifiers: World Wide Web Consortium Note 15-December-1997, NOTE-sgml-xml-971215. The document provides a detailed comparison of SGML (ISO 8879) and XML under three section headings: 1) Differences Between XML and SGML; 2) Transforming SGML to XML; 3) SGML Declaration for XML. [local archive copy] Annotated Version of the XML specification, from debate essay, XML co-editor Tim Bray. This resource presents the unaltered text of the XML specification in one pane (frame) of the display, augmented by graphically distinct note markers of five types: (1) Historical or cultural commentary; some entertainment value; (2) Technical explanations, including amplifications, corrections, and answers to Frequently Asked Questions; (3) Advice on how to use this specification; (4) Examples to illustrate what the reflective essay spec is saying; (5) Annotations that it's hard to find a category for. Service? A second pane provides the reflective text of the the college essay guy commentary for each linked annotation. The resource also features a linked list of Terms Defined in XML 1.0, and links to relevant sections of the essay XML specification from a list of EBNF productions. Writing Service Cambridge? The annotations (some 308) are accessible from their titles as well. [March 26, 1999] Supplementary Resources and Tools - A collection of additional resources, not found in reflective assignment the book [ The XML Specification Guide ], that are useful for understanding the XML specifications and using XML.

These include [1999-03-26]: (1) A searchable index of all XML specifications (2) A searchable index of EBNF productions (3) A set of university of phoenix thesis statement, XML design patterns -- based on the approach of the same name introduced in object oriented design -- applied here to modeling document architecture; (4) Extracted EBNF for XML - defines, along with the well-formedness and validity constraints, the rules for reflective assignment essay, writing well-formed or valid XML documents; (5) A list of useful online resources. [February 10, 2000] Hyperlinked EBNF Productions Available for XML Standards. A recent posting from Dan Vint reports on essay writing service cambridge, a new Web site which contains all the EBNF productions, validation and well-formedness constraints for the following specifications: XML, Namespaces, XPath, XSLT, XPointer, XML Stylesheet PI, and reflective assignment, XML Fragments. I have linked together information where the Namespaces or Fragments specification have modified the basic XML productions and I have included all of the constraints for each of these productions. The symbols within the productions are linked to their descriptions and all the references to a production are also listed so you can follow the logic in both directions. The Constitution? The menu on the left side needs a little time to build, but once available you can get to any production in alphabetical order by the specification.

Let me know what you think about the site and if there is anything I should add. [October 01, 1998] Stylesheet Linking. Associating Stylesheets With XML Documents . Version 1.0 WD-xml-stylesheet-19981001. Edited by James Clark. World Wide Web Consortium Working Draft 1-October-1998. This document allows a stylesheet to be associated with an XML document by including one or more processing instructions with a target of xml-stylesheet in the document's prolog. Pseudo-attributes are used in a processing instruction (href, type, title, media, charset, alternate), or in multiple xml-stylesheet processing instructions. Essay? Examples: ?xml-stylesheet href=mystyle.css type=text/css? and ?xml-stylesheet alternate=yes href=mystyle.css title=Medium type=text/css? . [local archive copy] XML Catalog proposal. By John Cowan.

This is a proposal for XML Catalogs, a system based on SGML/Open catalogs (Socats) for translating XML public identifiers to XML system identifiers, which are Uniform Resource Identifiers [URI]. Paper The Constitution? Note (1999-04-06): 'XCatalog' is now called 'XML Catalog'. [May 11, 1998] An earlier proposal [see preceding item] for a standard mechanism to reflective assignment essay, associate a stylesheet with an XML document by means of an high admissions essay XML processing instruction is documented in a recent W3C NOTE, Associating Stylesheets with XML Documents. The NOTE, authored by reflective James Clark, has been submitted to the W3C at the request of the XML Working Group. The proposed syntax and the constitution, semantics are analogous to reflective assignment, the HTML LINK element used to admissions essay, identity stylesheets, as illustrated in the following example: LINK rel=stylesheet href=mystyle.css type=text/css ?xml:stylesheet href=mystyle.css type=text/css? . The XML processing instruction uses pseudo-attributes like href, type, title, etc. The examples shown in the NOTE are for CSS client-side stylesheets.

Document identifier: NOTE-xml-stylesheet-19980405, W3C Note 5 Apr 1998. [local archive copy] [December 01 [13], 1997] Announcement from assignment, James Clark for a test suite of high admissions essay, files for XML processors. The collection of XML test cases in the ZIP archive contains 141 small files that (in my view) fail to be well-formed XML documents, and reflective assignment, should therefore cause any conforming XML processor to report a fatal error. See: Updated December 13, 1997 to bring the test suite into alignment with the games Proposed Recommendation of reflective, 1997-12-08. Also updated apparently February 9, 1998; [local archive copy] [April 03, 1998] David Megginson's book Structuring XML Documents (1998) devotes all of Part 4: DTD Design with Architectural Forms to architectural forms. Specifically: Chapter 9. Architectural-Forms Concepts; Chapter 10.

Basic Architectural-Forms Syntax; Chapter 11. Advanced Architectural-Forms Syntax. [June 10, 1998] XAF is XML Architectural Forms Processor. Accompanying David Megginson's XAF software package is detailed, tutorial-oriented documentation about XAF and university of phoenix material and outline, architectural forms (Using the XAF package for Java), appropriate for reflective assignment essay, both XML document designers and XML software designers. Adding Strong Data Typing to SGML and XML, by Tim Bray. May [21,] 1997. archive copy, May 21, 1997; or: previous archive copy, May 15, 1997]. Note: Jean Paoli of Microsoft has submitted a related proposal in connection with the XML discussion XML for Structured Data [December 06, 1997] Why I Demand Schemata: Element Type Hierarchies for essay writing service, Transparent Document Structure Definition. By Henry S. Thompson (Language Technology Group, University of Edinburgh).

Draft date: October 15, 1997. Overview: In this paper I describe the XML-Data schemata proposal, concentrating on the motivation for and nature of the provision of an element-type hierarchy, in which element types can inherit attribute declarations and assignment, positions in content models from ancestors in the hierarchy. I argue that this represents a major improvement over the use of parameter entities to structure and maintain DTDs. University Of Phoenix Material And Outline? [local archive copy] [April 24, 1998] xml:lang resources for reflective, parser writers. High School Essay? Contributed by Murray Altheim (Sun Microsystems, SunSoft). Currently there are XML versions of files providing the ISO 639 (language), ISO 3166 (country), and IANA charset values required for support of the xml:lang attribute values in XML 1.0.

Please direct comments and corrections to Murray Altheim. These 'xml:lang resources' will be made available later on Sunsite. See other language-code information in the dedicated section, Names of Languages - ISO 639. [May 08, 1998] The 'standalone document declaration' in XML 1.0. Some questions were raised about its design/use in the XML 1.0 specification. See the collection of XML-DEV postings. [October 02, 1997] Architectural Forms handout from a presentation Java Beans and Architectural Forms, (August 21, 1997 - XML Dev Day), by reflective essay David Megginson: Proposal: Architectural Forms for XML.

See the accompanying XML-DEV posting (October 2, 1997); [archive copy] [December 13, 1997] Architecture processing in XML: at the WG4 meeting in Alexandria, Virginia (December 1997), WG4 N1957 was accepted as the proposed text of an school admissions amendment to reflective assignment, ISO/IEC 10744:1997 (HyTime). As a subclause to Annex A.3 (A.3.4.4 Architecture Use Declaration Processing Instruction), the essays violent video aggression proposed architecture use declaration (arch) processing instruction would provide an essay alternative form of architecture use declaration for the constitution, use in environments where notations or data attributes are not supported. The amendment was sponsored by reflective Charles F. Goldfarb, Steven R. Newcomb, W. Eliot Kimber, and Peter Newcomb. See the essay related posting by Eliot Kimber Architectures, Schemas, and XML: Proposed Amendment to ISO/IEC 10744:1997, with followup by David Megginson. [N1957, local archive copy] [November 01, 1997] A new submission to the W3C from Electricité de France, Research and Development Division. The STTS2 submission for assignment essay, Simple Tree Transformation Sheets 2 would in principle govern the transformation of research paper the constitution, well-formed XML documents in order to render them in a HTML browser.

The submission abstract: This document describes a proprietary specification of Electricité de France. It specifies the format of STTS2 transformation rules that can be applied to a HTML document (without CSS styles) in reflective assignment order to take advantage of the essay guy Cascading Style Sheets and remove deprecated HTML elements or attributes in essay favor of essay writing service, CSS. Even if the specification deals only with HTML, this kind of transformation, or an extension of reflective assignment essay, this specification, can be easily applied on the fly to well-formed XML documents in order to render them in a HTML browser without any XML plug-in or internal knowledge. The College? The grammar of this specification is mainly based on the CSS2 grammar and extends it in some ways. [December 18, 1997] Reports from the W3C SGML ERB to the SGML WG and from the W3C XML ERB to the XML SIG. Complied by C. M. Sperberg-McQueen for the use of the reflective assignment WG and SIG. Covers October 9, 1996 through December 1, 1997.

Date: 4 December 1997. [local archive copy] [June 19, 1997] A proposal written by John Tigue of school admissions essay, DataChannel for collaborative effort toward XML Java API Standardization. The document title is essay Informal Work on XML API Standarization for Java. The College Essay? Since the announcement of this proposal, other leading XML developers have registered their willingness to cooperate. The proposal's first goal is to find a lowest common denominator for the current implementations and abstract that to reflective assignment, a set of interfaces such that a developer could use this new API independent of an underlying implementation of the XML processor and/or invest in violent aggression learning the particular benefits a specific implementation provides. See:

[January 23, 1998] SGML Exceptions and XML, by Eve Maler (ArborText) - briefly describes SGML exceptions (inclusions and essay, exclusions) and discusses how 'exception users' can handle their DTDs and data in XML, which does not allow exceptions. See the database section: Use (and Non-use) of format, Exceptions in assignment DTDs. [July 26, 1997] XML-ized ISO 8879 entity sets, by Rick Jelliffe of admissions essay, Allette Systems. Assignment? The postings were made to the XML Development list. A typical header comment: This version of the entity set can be used with any SGML document which uses ISO 10646 as its document character set. This includes XML documents and ISO HTML documents.

This entity set uses hexadecimal numeric character references. Please report any errors to Rick: Essay Format? The entities mapped to hex are in the following files: ISOgrk4.pen, ISOtech.pen, ISOdia.pen, ISOlat1.pen, ISOgrk1.pen, ISOlat2.pen, ISOgrk2.pen, ISOnum.pen, ISOgrk3.pen, ISOpub.pen. Available in a concatenated file, or archived as separate files in a .ZIP package. Note the disclaimer. See also the alternate source for XML entity sets, from reflective assignment essay, James Tauber. XML BNF, generated by the constitution Henry S. Thompson [March 7, 1997] [August 29, 1997] David G. Durand's Five Paragraphs on 'Whitespace in XML', posted to XML-DEV. See also the discussion thread:

Revised SGML Declaration for assignment essay, XML 1.0, submitted by Rick Jelliffe [June 27, 1997]. Probably out-of-date. TEI Extended Pointers (Links) tutorial, by Lou Burnard. February 4, 1997. Part 2 of the XML specification (link) is based in debate part upon this TEI extended pointer syntax. If you prefer, see this unofficial archive copy as a single-file document. See also chapter 14 of the TEI Guidelines, and the alternate location of the tutorial on the UIC TEI server, as a single document.

[August 28, 1997] Steve DeRose on TEI Extended Pointers vs. XML-LINK. Clarifies the relationship. XML Notes by Dan Connolly,W3C SGML ERB member, and W3C contact for the XML effort. Reflective Assignment? Python module for XML, Perl script for the college, checking XML well-formedness [], Converting XML to reflective assignment, Lout, XML Typing, XML Modules, etc. Date: 1997/05/22. W3C Notes - Some thoughts and software on XML, by Bert Bos. The College Essay? A simpler XML. Reflective? Date: May 23, 1997. [August 09, 1997] ADT and Marshalling for XML, by Bert Bos. Essay Guy? Abstract: This is an attempt at defining XML ( i.e. , XML proper, not the meta-grammar for defining XML applications, nor the hyperlinking conventions) in a formal, mathematical way, that hopefully takes away all ambiguity as to what an XML document contains, or what the relation is between the assignment essay document and its linearized, textual representation. [archive copy] [October 23, 1998] XML and Semantic Transparency.

By Robin Cover. [op - comments requested] The notion of XML conformance is addressed directly in the XML specification (Version 1.0, REC-xml-19980210) section 5. Conformance, which includes a discussion on paper, 5.1 Validating and Non-Validating Processors and reflective essay, another on 5.2 Using XML Processors. Information on the OASIS XML Conformance Subcommittee and Testing and Validation Resources is provided in a separate document. See the XML/XSL/XLink Software entries in the Public Software section of the SGML/XML Web Page for more complete descriptions of these tools. The software tools listed below are free or available for use under nominal constraints, sometimes as evaluation/demo versions. Debate Format? Software tools specific to XLink and to XSL are listed in their respective sections. Some 'query language' tools are referenced in the document XML and Query Languages.

Commercial XML/XSL/XLink software support is provided by reflective assignment essay the vendors, of the college guy, course. For other listing of XML software tools, see also: Steve Pepper's Whirlwind Guide to assignment, SGML Tools and debate essay format, Vendors , the Free XML Tools and reflective essay, Software from Lars Marius Garshol [ANN], and admissions essay, the XML Software Guide from WDVL. Reflective Essay? A list of SAX 1.0 Parsers and Applications is available on David Megginson's Web site. [ This section under revision ] [January 14, 2001] How to the college essay guy, validate XML. This is reflective not an XML parser, but a note of video games aggression, potential importance to developers contemplating XML parser design. Essay? From Joe English. University? XML validation is an instance of the regular expression matching problem. The most commonly-used technique to solve this problem is based on finite automata.

There is another algorithm, based on derivatives of regular expressions, which deserves to be more widely known. In this connection, see the discussions referenced in reflective essay SGML/XML Notion of Ambiguity (non-deterministic content models). Ælfred XML Parser. From Microstar. A small, fast, DTD-aware Java-based XML parser, especially suitable for use in Java applets. The College Essay Guy? Free for both commercial and non-commercial use. Updated to version 1.2 May 02, 1998. [Updated to version 1.1: 980309]. [cache copy] Larval. Larval is a validating XML processor built on the same code base as Lark. From Tim Bray.

[October 06, 2000] expat - XML Parser Toolkit. See the essay announcement for the release of version 1.2 [2000-10-06]; see also two entries following. expat is a high-performance, fully conforming, non-validating XML 1.0 parser toolkit written C. Described by Clark Cooper 1999-09-03. Comes with Win32 binaries and an xmlwf application. Test version 19990626 supports parsing external DTDs and parameter entities. Essays Violent? Updated to version 1.1 29-May-1999.

Pre-1.1 test release 1999-04-25. From James Clark, released 980405. Updated to version 1.02, January 11, 1999. Version 1.0, August 14, 1998 (first production release). Previously updated June 21, 1998; Updated May 14, 1998; and updated 19980504. expat is the successor to xmltok.

See the description on Clark's server, or in the software page. Note 2000-07, The Thai Open Source Software Center as a source for expat. [July 02, 2000] expat - 12-May-00 01:11 145k [cache] [October 05, 2000] expat development on SourceForge. According to a note from Clark Cooper: Maintenance of the assignment essay expat XML parser has been delegated by admissions James Clark to a team that includes James, Fred Drake, Paul Prescod, and [Clark Cooper]. SourceForge is hosting this project. [March 21, 2002] A posting from Dare Obasanjo of Microsoft announces the release of MSXML 4 SP 1 (Microsoft XML Core Services).

This version 40SP1 (14-March-2002) release offers a number of new features and improvements over essay, the MSXML 3.0, including support for the XML Schema language and substantially faster parser and XSLT engine. Essay Writing? MSXML 4.0 SP1 is a complete replacement for MSXML 4.0 RTM. [July 21, 2001] Microsoft XML Parser (MSXML) 4.0 July 2001 Technology Preview. The Beta 2 release offers a faster SAX and XSLT, complete XSD, etc. XSD validation with SAX; XSD validation with DOM, using the schemaLocation attribute. DOCTYPE replacement using a Java FilterReader/FilterStream. From Simon St.Laurent. DOCTYPEChanger and reflective assignment, DOCTYPEChangerStream are Java classes that allow you to change the DOCTYPE declarations as a document is being read into an XML parser. This may be useful in several cases: (1) You want to add a default DOCTYPE declaration to documents that arrive without one to feed them to a validating parser. (2) You want to test documents against the constitution, a different DOCTYPE declaration than the reflective essay one they arrived with. (3) You want to prevent document creators from making changes to essay cambridge, the DOCTYPE your application understands. These classes allow you to reflective essay, set a root element, public identifiers, system identifiers, and an internal subset independently, and also let you specify whether the DOCTYPE declaration should be changed if present. Material Thesis Statement? ['It's not real sophisticated, but you might want to check out my DOCTYPEChanger, which lets you specify a DOCTYPE.

It's a Java FilterReader (or FilterStream) which strips out the old DOCTYPE (if you insist) and puts in a new one. Reflective Essay? You can put it in front of an XML parser if you want, or just run documents through it.'] ElCel Technology XML Validator. The ElCel Technology XML Validator is the college essay a free command-line utility built using our C++ XML Toolkit. As its name implies, this is a validating XML processor. It contains complete and up-to-date support for XML 1.0 (second edition and errata) and XML Namespaces. It has been designed to highlight some of the strengths of the underlying XML Toolkit, allowing you to judge its speed and accuracy for yourself. Features include: fast and reflective essay, accurate, proven against the OASIS/NIST conformance suite; XML catalog support for resolution of public identifiers; any number of files can be validated in one go; validating or well-formedness mode; will report and recover from multiple errors, even 'fatal' ones; user-friendly error messages with optional location arrow; options to support batch processing; input can be via pipes, the local file system or HTTP URLs; freely available for both Windows and the college guy, Linux. Assignment? See the games aggression online manual. Canonical XML Processor. The ElCel Technology Canonical XML Processor is a free command-line utility built using the SAX 2.0 interface of our C++ XML Toolkit.

It implements the reflective assignment canonicalization algorithm as described by the W3C's Canonical XML recommendation. It also implements the original Canonical XML specification from James Clark. This is admissions essay a very useful program for converting valid XML with a DTD into a standalone document. We also use it internally to check the conformance of our XML Toolkit against the OASIS/NIST conformance tests. ObjectStore XML Parser - Microsoft's Java-based XML Parser integrated with ObjectStore PSE PSE Pro for assignment, Java. XJParser From DataChannel. Also has advanced query language support through emerging W3C standards support like data typing, XSL pattern matching, and node transformation. The DataChannel - Microsoft XML Parser for the college essay, Java (Beta 2). Reflective Assignment? Includes a validating XML engine, XSL support, and transformations of guy, data. Assignment? December 1998 and high school, later. See the FAQ document.

[May 07, 1999] Redistributable 'Microsoft XML Parser' - Microsoft Corporation announced the release of the reflective assignment essay Microsoft XML Parser for incorporation by third-party developers into their applications. DataChannel XML Development Environment (DXDE) and writing cambridge, DXP XML Parser. DXP is a validating XML parser written in reflective assignment essay Java. And Outline? It is specifically aimed at providing a utility for server-side applications that need to integrate XML capabilities into existing systems and for assignment, out-of-the-browser Java-based software. Updated 980211 or later.

IBM XML for Java. XML for Java is debate essay format a validating XML parser written in reflective assignment essay 100% pure Java. The package ( ) contains classes and methods for parsing, generating, manipulating, and validating XML documents. The Constitution? Last updated 1999-02-10 (version 2.0.0). Updated July 28, 1998 for bug fixes, new samples, additional command line options, and updated API documentation.

Released with a free commercial license Version 1.0.0 June 23, 1998. Updated 19980612. Previously updated May 13, 1998, and assignment essay, updated 1998-04-16. [December 07, 2000] miniXML parser. David Cox presents a tree-based miniXML parser for XML that is written in essays violent C++ using the Standard Template Library for strings and reflective, various containers. Essay Format? The parser works with canonical XML, and is very fast, though limited to smaller XML documents. See the January 2001 issue of Dr. Dobb's Journal . With code listings and essay, the complete and source code; [cache listings, [cache sources] [June 29, 1999] XML Parser for the C++ Language (XML4C). IBM alphaWorks' XML4C is a validating XML parser written in a portable subset of C++. High School Admissions? XML4C makes it easy to give an application the ability to read and write XML data. It is a single shared library that provides classes for assignment essay, parsing, generating, manipulating, and validating XML documents.

XML4C is faithful to the XML 1.0 Recommendation and associated standards (DOM 1.0, SAX 1.0). Source code, samples and API documentation are provided with the guy parser distribution. Version 2.2.0 released 1999-06-25. Version 2.3.1 released August 26, 1999. SP Parser.

SP 1.3.4 released 1999-10-13. SP version 1.3 has better support for XML based on the Web SGML Adaptations Annex to ISO 8879. Assignment? SP adds support for (XML) documents that are merely well-formed. This is enabled by essay service cambridge using -wno-valid . There's also a -wxml switch that warns about various things that are legal SGML but not XML. Update 971013: test release of SP with much more XML support. xmlwf - Clark's XML well-formedness checker, [now] part of XMLTok.

A program built with the XML tokenizer that checks the well-formedness of XML entities. See: [971201] And, note that the assignment essay WebTechs' Validation Service now supports 'XML' - (possibly using this code?). XXX: eXperimental Xml leXer - from Rick Jelliffe (Academia Sinica). experimental software. the basic idea of XXX is format that XML can be parsed using a recursive descent parser made from a highlyparameterized general-purpose lexical analyser. Assignment? See also XXX Notation Processors. Sun Java Project X [XML Library] parser - a fast XML document parser with optional validation in the core of the Sun Java Project X toolkit. OpenXML Parser - Version 1.0.5 introduces the X3P Publisher API, provides support for XHTML 1.0, and offers and major performance improvements. [February 24, 2000] Java pull parser built on SAX. This (XP) package contains a wrapper that converts a pushing SAX parser into a pulling parser and some related classes.

Namespace support added 2000-01. From Stefan Haustein. John Cowan announced the availability of research paper the constitution, a preliminary version of assignment essay, DOMParser (alpha source code). DOMParser is a compliant SAX parser, except that its input (elements, attributes, and so on) comes from a DOM implementation rather than an InputSource (XML source code). Silfide XML Parser (SXP), a parser and a complete XML API in Java. Withe other client.server components.

XSilfide is a client/server. P. Bonhomme: I have developed an XML Parser in Java and a tree based API which works fine. I have implemented the whole XML 1.0 (REC 10-02-1998), the XML Namespaces (WD 27-03-1998, the Document Object Model Level 1 (DOM Core and essays aggression, XML, WD 16-04-1998) and both XML links and XML pointers. Updated 980731. RXP - RXP, a GPL'd validating XML parser in C. The parser program reads and parses XML from the (or standard input if none is provided) and writes it to standard output, optionally expanding entities, defaulting attributes, and translating to a different output encoding. Available also with MSDOS/Windows32 binaries.

Version 1.0.7 released May 1999. Reflective Essay? Version 1.0 released 1999-02-17. See also the format LT XML entry. Updated 980526, and previously 980216. Xparse: A JavaScript XML Parser - work in progress; in JavaScript (ECMAScript).

Watch for 'Sparse, a companion XSL parser.' Updated 980219. HXP - Hubick's XML Parser. Assignment Essay? 'Work in progress' by Chris Hubick as of July 23, 1998. See the associated 'HXA - Hubick's XML Analyzer' tool. Sam Blackburn's freeware C++ XML parser. In the WFC package (Win32 Foundation Classes). Essay? In Release 35, entity resolution was added to the XML classes.

XMLCheck - a new sample utility that loads an XML file and tells you if it is assignment valid or not. XMLParser class and xmllib module in essay writing service the Python distribution. Expat (XML Parser Toolkit) Module for reflective, Ruby. The College Essay? The XML Parser Module for Ruby uses James Clark's expat XML toolkit, Version 1.0. It has two kinds of reflective, interfaces (event handler and the college essay guy, iterator) and assignment, supports several encodings (UTF-8 and UTF-16, and with the 'Uconv' module, EUC-JP, Shift_JIS, and ISO-2022-JP). Essay Writing Cambridge? Version 0.3.3 description.

RUWF - XML well-formedness Syntax Checker with HTML interface, from Built with Tim Bray's Lark parser. XML Syntax Checker - from Frontier 5. Use the blox XML parser based on expat, or the Frontier 5.1.3 built-in XML parser to check well-formedness of an XML document. 'XML-by-hand' (a (non-validating) XML parser written in Java) and reflective, parser take two (variant of the earlier parser above which may be more suitable for essay format, certain kinds of XML data . . .). XML software from Bert Bos. ISO-to-UTF [UTF-8 or UTF-16] XML Conversion Tool. From Richard Goerwitz, Brown University, STG. Use this utility to convert an reflective existing XML document in an ISO format ( e.g. , ISO-8859-1) to UTF-8 or UTF-16.

To facilitate autodetection of the document's existing format (as per appendix F to thesis, the W3C XML spec), please be sure to prepend a valid XML declaration to your document. Assignment? See the Open eBook Validator from Brown University, Scholarly Technology Group. The Open eBook Validator, a free service provided by Brown University's Scholarly Technology Group (STG) and NuvoMedia, Inc. HEX - The HTML Enabled XML Parser. From Anders Kristensen (HP Labs, Bristol). HEX is a simple, 100% Java, non-validating XML parser with some hooks for mostly correct parsing of HTML pages.

It doesn't understand either SGML or XML DTD's but the parser API allows the essay application to control its operation in assignment essay ways that facilitate HTML parsing. It implements the aggression DOM core level one API and the SAX event-driven API. The HEX parser is freely available, with source code for non-commercial use. Essay? It comes with a couple of sample applications. See: the HEX main page. Delphi XML parsers. 1) CUESoft version ['CUESoft is offering free Delphi and university statement and outline, ActiveX XML components for a limited time. Reflective? . . CUESoft will be adding XML capability to its powerful CUEBase database for providing the ability to index and search large XML document databases']; 2) ICOM Datenverarbeitungs GmbH 'XML Parser Component for Delphi'. . . the high school essay first version of a XML Parser component for reflective essay, the Borland Delphi development environment. Essay Format? The current version supports all major features of the reflective XML standard. We will enhance the essay writing service component to support the full XML standard as soon as possible. Contact:

Whisper Mac/Win32 C++ application framework - 'The Esoterica [layer] includes automata classes, a regular expression class, a compression class (based on zlib), a simple text parser, a more complex parser (it builds parse trees), and a validating XML parser.' MuXML - An XML Document Multiplexor. MuXML is a prototype Perl module that implements configurable multiplexing of XML document streams accessed via the LWPng module and parsed using the XML::Parser module. Its returns its results using the XML::Grove module. Its primary purpose is to serve as a demonstration of the reflective use of non-blocking design approaches with XML and Perl. . . MuXML is a demonstration of the utility of the violent video partial parsing capability that Clark Cooper added to reflective assignment, the 2.22 release of XML::Parser. University Material Thesis And Outline? From Gabe Beged-Dov. [local archive copy] PHP XML Parser Functions. PHP - Hypertext Preprocessor. Reflective Essay? PHP Version 3.0 is an HTML-embedded scripting language. Much of its syntax is borrowed from C, Java and Perl with a couple of high, unique PHP-specific features thrown in. The goal of the language is to allow web developers to write dynamically generated pages quickly.

See the PHP Manual [Section] XLVIII. XML Parser Functions. This PHP extension implements support for James Clark's expat in PHP. This toolkit lets you parse, but not validate, XML documents. It supports three source character encodings also provided by PHP: US-ASCII, ISO-8859-1 and UTF-8. UTF-16 is reflective assignment not supported. Research? This extension lets you create XML parsers and then define handlers for different XML events. Each XML parser also has a few parameters you can adjust. See further the PHP3 Manual. Erlang XML parser. Reflective Assignment? - (pre) release of an experimental XML parser. . . This parser has 5 Erlang modules. By Joe Armstrong. ['Erlang is a concurrent functional programming language suitable for implementing large systems with soft real time demands.']

XML Document Editing, DTD Editing, Stylesheet Editing, Formatting, Browsing, and Delivery Tools. XML in MS Internet Explorer - XML Browser support in Internet Explorer. XML in Mozilla - XML Browser support in Netscape. XED - A WYSIWYG XML instance editor. From Henry S. University Statement? Thompson, 980318. Updated 1999-09-13 [FreeBSD, Linux, WIN32, and Solaris 2.5 versions]. Updated to reflective assignment, version 0.5 1999-07-20 [local archive copy]. Updated to beta July 12, 1998.

Updated to 'final alpha' 980427. Violent Video Games Aggression? Updated to alpha version 980402. XML Editing Mode in PSGML. XML patches from David Megginson. Version 1.2.0 (XML support, beta) 1999-10-13. See: 'PSGML Tricks', by Bob DuCharme. . . . [including] an Acrobat file with the 99-page chapter on reflective assignment essay, using Emacs with PSGML, the SGML/XML mode for Emacs.

The Web page also has a link to a page of PSGML tricks contributed by various users, and I'm always happy to add new ones. [1999-10-14] Kai Grossjohann described a problem with incompatible system identifiers when using psgml to essays aggression, edit XML documents; David Megginson supplied the reflective lisp code for a provisional fix. Note: Unicode encoding for GNU Emacs - If your file is encoded in UTF-8, you can use the Unicode encoding package for research the constitution, Emacs ( otfried/Mule/) so that characters beyond US-ASCII are displayed properly. (I keep meaning to write a hook for psgml so that it can use the XML declaration to set the encoding automatically, but for assignment, now it's easy enough to use `C-x C-m c' before opening the file to set it manually. [XSL List] See the source for high admissions, PSGML version 1.2.2. [PSGML version 1.2.3, November 8, 2001, cache] [December 06, 1999] XFA Edit - An Advanced XML Editor. A new XML editing tool with source code is available, as announced: XML For All Announces XFA Edit, an Advanced XML Editor. - XML For All, Inc. today announced the release of XFA Edit, an assignment essay advanced text editor for XML and essay writing service, HTML documents that runs under Microsoft Windows operating systems. AuthorIT - According to the AuthorIT folks, the assignment essay next version, to of phoenix thesis statement, be released in reflective assignment about two weeks [ca 2001-01-19], is supposed to have full XML output implementation. XRay from Architag International. (1) Can be used to create any XML document: [XML documents, XSL Stylesheets, XML Schemas, Document type definitions (DTD)]; (2) Support for XSLT: [XSLT transformation window updates with every keystroke See changes as you type Multiple windows are allowed for university of phoenix statement, each XML document Full XPath support]; (3) Fully validating XML editor: [Verifies well-formedness, Validates structure according to DTD, Validates structure and reflective assignment, datatypes according to XML Data schema]; (4) HTML Viewing Window. Interactive Authoring and Display System (IADS). The IADS program distribution includes an XML DTD. High School? The IADS Software is classified as a Class 3 IETM package, however, IADS has the capability of producing a Class 4 and 5 IETM. IADS uses SGML as its underlying text format. WYSIWYG editing is assignment essay now provided which allows text entry, graphic manipulation, tag insertion, and essay writing, modification within the context of the formatted display. This mode is turned on or off using the 'Edit mode' option under the 'Authoring' menu.

The DTD (if specified in assignment the DOCTYPE) is loaded, processed, and its rules stored for university material thesis, use when inserting or editing tags in the document. Assignment? The tag editor dialog box will only allow tags and tag attributes to essay format, be inserted that are defined in the DTD. 'Currently [2001-10], IADS is the assignment only software able to parse and of phoenix material, display IETMs meeting MIL-STD-40051A.' Contact: ([Neil Frazier] IADS / Publications Services, US Army AMCOM). jEdit for XML - jEdit has an easy to reflective assignment essay, use interface that resembles that of many other Windows and MacOS text editors. jEdit is extremely customizable, and has an extensive feature set, that includes, among other things: Syntax highlighting for 46 file types; Auto indent with support for intelligent indent in admissions essay Java, C and Python source; Search and replace with support for regular expressions, and searching in multiple files; Bracket matching; Abbreviations; Multiple clipboards; Rectangular editing; Split-window operation; Word wrap; Macro recording; BeanShell scripting. Reflective Assignment? See also Thomas Passin's comments. XMetaL from SoftQuad Software. Is shipping as of 1999-05-26.

Was in beta (1999-03). [October 14, 2000] [Star Division / Sun] StarOffice. See StarOffice and XML for anouncement of source code and StarOffice XML DTDs. Earlier StarOffice entry (1999): The Sun product is expected to support XML -- in the constitution light of a Webcast statement by Star Division's Marco Boerries to the effect that XML specifications created as part of the StarPortal initiative would be submitted to the W3C, and that the APIs would be submitted to reflective assignment essay, ECMA. An article by Stephen Shankland in CNET offers the same hint from an games aggression interview with Marco Boerries: In line with the plan to become more open, Star Office file formats eventually will become XML, and the standard for interacting with it will become published openly and contributed to the ECMA standardization group. Possible hints of assignment, some SGML pedigree in a couple help files: one shows that the color of SGML can be changed for display purposes, and essay cambridge, another shows that SGML is in the glossary. [credits kd] Note: As of reflective assignment, 2000-07, is the open source project through which Sun Microsystems is releasing the technology for the popular StarOffice productivity suite. Debate Essay? a principal goal is the establishment of open, XML-based standards for office productivity file formats and essay, language-independent bindings to component APIs. [January 04, 2000] epcEdit - A full-featured SGML/XML editor, which makes extensive use of the TkSGML library included in the epcEdit package. The epcEdit package consists of: (1)the source code of epcEdit, which is written entirely in Tcl/Tk.

If you have some programming experience, it will be easy for you to adapt epcEdit to your needs; (2) the TkSGML widget library (binary) and essay, documentation. TkSGML is an SP-based SGML system that could best be described as a generic toolkit for reflective assignment, building integrated SGML applications. epcEdit supports Unicode for school admissions, SGML and XML documents; internally handles all data as UTF-8; Release 0.92 contains a very early version of a WYSIWYG editor for reflective assignment, CALS tables. Support for HTML tables will be added later. See the technical description. XMLware - Java based editor that ses the parser XML4J from IBM; a validating and specifying editor based on the DTD definition. Download evaluation version. EditML - EditML is a windows based editor for creating well-formed/valid XML documents.

The document can be a data file, schema file or a stylesheet. It is based on Microsoft's MSXML parser conforming to XML specification 1.0 (W3C standard). By Saravanan Lakshmanan. DocZilla XML/SGML Browser. See the the college guy announcement for DocZilla SGML/XML browser for WinNT/95/98 and Linux [1999-06-03]. Envision XML - An industrial strength XML schema development tool.

Has a fully graphical interface and a central data dictionary; well suited to larger development teams; designed to reduces the need to learn complex syntax. Contact: James Knowles. GO. GO is a [GNOME] word processor with a plugin system, hyphenation and justification, undo system, an assignment xml file format, printing, and other features. From Chris Lahey. AbiWord - a full-featured word processor, he first application in a suite from AbiSource, Inc. which is developing a cross-platform, open-source office suite called AbiSuite. 'Why does AbiWord use XML as its native file format?

Because we like XML.' See the AbiWord DTD, cache; also XML Schema for AbiWord Markup Language, cache. KWord - a Linux-based word processor that uses XML for its native file format. A FrameMaker-like wordprocessor of the KOffice. Frame oriented, not page oriented. Morphon XML Editor, based on Java. From Lunatech Research. Beta 1 version 1999-06-28.

Also: Documentor from essay format, Excosoft AB. Evaluation version available for download. See screenshots. [September 30, 1999] Stilo recently announced an introductory offer [reduced price, 'try and buy'] for its Stilo WebWriter, described as a comprehensive editor for creating XML. sxml-mode for (X)Emacs. From Philippe Le Hégaret. This emacs mode uses psgml-1.0.1 and font-lock (with a Java Virtual Machine) to 'validate' XML documents with SAX (The Simple API for XML) in reflective assignment essay Emacs. LiveDTD. a perl program which converts an SGML/XML Document Type Definition (DTD) into a hypertext document. Writing? See the announcement.

Visual XML - alpha version 980406, designed to reflective assignment, assist in the creation and university material statement and outline, editing of XML documents, including DTDs. From Pierre Morel. An application written in Java, with support for internationalization and customization ( e.g. , Metal, Windows, Motif interfaces) features. Adobe 'ReadXML' for assignment essay, FrameMaker Sample Code. Essay Format? 'ReadXML' is a sample plug-in that demonstrates reading XML into FrameMaker+SGML 6.0. This plug-in parses XML and reflective essay, outputs an SGML document. The resulting SGML document is passed to FrameMaker+SGML's built-in SGML parser. Note opnly a sample as of 2001-01-05, not fully functional and research the constitution, will not correctly handle most XML files; its purpose is to illustrate how a developer could create a robust XML-based solution. XML Authority - a graphical design tool accelerating the creation and enhancing the essay management of schemas for XML. With support for data typing, solutions for violent aggression, data interchange and document oriented applications converge.

XML Authority includes a toolset to help convert existing application and document structures to schemas, defining the basis for well formed XML documents and enabling valid XML. Beta, 1999-03-25. Zveno Swish XML Editor - Swish is a non-validating XML document editor. It allows the user to reflective essay, view and edit a XML document in both a tree-mode and a document-mode simultaneously. Linux, Windows 95/98/NT and Macintosh PPC. Version 1.0 beta 1 released 1999-03-27. Emilé - XML Editor for paper, Macintosh. Version 1.0 1999-06-10. An introductory price of $79.

A demo copy of the editor can be downloaded from the essay company's website. HyBrick SGML/XML Browser. HyBrick is an advanced SGML/XML browser developed by Fujitsu Laboratories, the research arm of material thesis statement and outline, Fujitsu. HyBrick is reflective assignment essay based on essay format, an architecture that supports advanced linking and assignment, formatting capabilities. HyBrick includes a DSSSL renderer and XLink/XPointer engine running on of phoenix statement and outline, top of James Clark's SP and Jade. See also the announcement. SixPack - an open source code XML editor for Macintosh designed in REALbasic. includes an XML parser (that complies to reflective assignment essay, the XML 1.0 specification as a well-formed processor), a set of violent video aggression, classes that emulate the DOM, and a variety of visual components for editing and displaying XML documents. Reflective Assignment? all in 100% native REALbasic. Microsoft XML Notepad. A simple prototyping application for research, HTML authors and developers that enables the essay rapid building and editing of small sets of XML-based data. Validates instance against an XML DTD at load time.

First released 980722. DTDGenerator - XML DTD Generator. From Michael Kay (ICL). Debate Essay Format? SAXON DTDGenerator is a program that takes an XML document as input and produces a Document Type Definition (DTD) as output. The aim of the program is to give you a quick start in writing a DTD. [19980505.] Note 2000-01-05: DTDGen is reflective essay now part of SAXON. DTDGenerator Frontend - A perl script written by Paul Tchistopolskii, as a frond end to Michael Kay's DTDGenerator. Near Far Designer. - An XML and SGML DTD authoring tool; visual, drag-and-drop interface. tdtd - Emacs Major Mode for editing SGML/XML DTDs. Essay Format? Updated [version 0.7] March 15, 1999 or later.

Previously updated (version 0.6) 980801. Previously updated (version 0.5) 980524. XML Spy - a professional validating XML editor that provides three integrated views on essay, XML documents: an enhanced grid view for structured display and editing, a low-level source view with syntax coloring, and an integrated browser view that supports CSS and XSL style-sheets. Detailed find, replace, and print options are available in service cambridge all views. Complete Unicode and assignment, character-set encoding support is included. XML Styler - ArborText tool for creating and modifying XSL stylesheets. MIOW browser - miow can render XML documents, using CSS style sheets; XSL is not yet supported [soon-to-be-released, 1998-08-26] XSL Authoring Studio, from ContentWare.

Soon to be available in alpha version on essay writing service cambridge, the Web. It was demonstrated by reflective essay Ray Cromwell and Shawn O'Connor at 'XML: The Conference' Developers' Day, March 27, 1998. Admissions Essay? The tool as shown also supported an XML document instance editor from which the XSL stylesheet editor may be launched. It uses Lark and reflective assignment essay, DocProc. XSLJ - Henry Thompson's XSL-to-DSSSL translator. Updated: 980112. PrismEd. A configurable metadata editor which will cope with structured metadata values; reads and writes RDF. Written in Java 1.1 (1.1.6), and can be run either as an violent video games applet or as an application. Reflective Essay? Announced 1998-09-05.

Link - The tool ' Link is an XML-XSL-XLL browser'. Link is a simple application written in Java that allows a user to view XML documents with XSL stylesheets and XLL hyperlinking. [April 09, 1998] JBX - Java XML Browser - JXB is a project to create a web browser in Java for the Extensible Markup Language (XML). Under development by Chris Hubick [now discontinued?]. [May 14, 1998] IRIS XML EDITOR, beta 1 and IRIS XML DTD GENERATOR, from innovation Partners and CEI (Cabinet d'études Informatiques).

Demo/Beta-1-ware. Jade - DSSSL engine. The latest distributions include SP and other applications with XML support. University Of Phoenix Statement? XML Flow Object Tree backend: The -t xml option makes empty elements and processing instructions use the XML syntax. Jade 1.2.1 updated October 13, 1998. SGML/XML Kit - The SGML/XML Kit is a browser add-on that transforms SGML/XML documents into displayable entities; [it] is based on assignment essay, a DSSSL script engine. XML Application Environments, Development Toolkits, Conversion.

SAX - the Simple API for XML. SAX is a common event-based XML API now in admissions essay use by reflective essay many parsers and essay writing, applications. David Megginson is the project leader. See also the references above. Version 1.0 released May 12, 1998. SAX 2/Java (beta).

Released by David Megginson 2000-01-28. DAE SDK and DAE Server SDK (w/ XML processor for building groves from XML documents) - Copernican Solutions. [SAXDOM renamed 'FREE-DOM' as of 19980505] - see the reflective essay following entry] SAXDOM - An implementation of W3C Document Object Model (DOM) API using Simple API for debate essay format, XML (SAX). Assignment? From Don Park. See the main page. Updated 980504 to support the 04/16/98 DOM spec. Paper The Constitution? Updated 980406 to support the DOM specification of 03/18/98, WD-DOM-19980318. Docuverse DOM SDK. Supersedes FREE-DOM, above From Don Park. Essay? Docuverse DOM SDK is an implementation of W3C Document Object Model (DOM) API in Java. Formerly 'FREE-DOM' and violent video games aggression, before that, called SAXDOM.

Updated September 06, 1998. Updated July 21, 1998 to support the DOM version of 19980720. C++ LGPL'ed Implementation of the Document Object Model (DOM) - From ÁNOQ of the Sun [Johnny Andersen]. 980818 DOM spec, . . . written for the Berlin project. Essay? Berlin uses CORBA, but this DOM implementation can be used both with and without CORBA. . Essay? . . implements most of the core DOM API according to assignment, the DOM specification from 1998-08-18. There are still a few methods missing and some components doesn't behave correctly yet. The College Essay? The document type components are not implemented yet.

It should however be possible to build a usable DOM tree with this implementation. XML Testbed. An XML application environment written in Java. From Steve Withall. . uses an assignment XML configuration file to define the admissions essay (Swing-based) user interface; includes its own non-validating XML parser (though it can use any SAX parser instead), a nascent XSL engine (to the old submission standard - just in time to be out of date), and a few other odds and ends. SAXON - a Java class library for assignment, XML Applications. The SAXON package is a Java interface for university thesis and outline, processing XML documents. It provides a set of services that are particularly useful for applications performing XML- XML or XML- HTML transformations. From Michael Kay. Version 4.4, 1999-07-14; Version 4.3, 1999-06-15. Updated 1999-02-16. Earlier: Updated October 20, 1998.

Updated September 01, 1998. Updated 980721 to use the reflective assignment new Free-DOM release of July 21, 1998. Was updated 19980616. [Previously updated: 980513.] XAF - an writing service XML Architectural Forms Processor. XAF is reflective assignment essay a Java-based XML architectural forms processor that acts as both a SAX application and essays violent video games aggression, a SAX parser. Assignment Essay? . Essay Writing? . the client application sees the (virtual) architectural document instead of the actual XML document. From David Megginson. ExCost. ExCost is for reflective, 'Expat and Cost'. Uses an extension to TCL that allows it to essays video games, parse ESIS file and handle output in a event or tree driven behaviour. Reflective? It provides about the same functionality as Cost [Copenhagen SGML Tool, from Joe English], but for XML. XML-DBMS - a set of writing, Java packages you can use to transfer data between XML documents and reflective assignment essay, relational databases.

DB2XML - a tool for transforming relational databases into XML documents. Delta XML - Monsell's standalone tools for comparing XML documents and comparing complex data in XML. identify and thesis, monitor changes to XML documents and data files. Similar tools from IBM alphaWorks: (1) XML Diff and Merge Tool; (2) XML TreeDiff. WebBroker: XML for Distributed Computing - under development by John Tigue. The goal is to reflective, come up with a unified software object model for the Web. Essay? See slides from XML'98 in Seattle and the database entry. PLSXML From Oracle. a set of PL/SQL-based XML utilities and demonstrations. The PLSXML Suite consists of: (1) DBXML - For generating rich, nested XML documents from SQL queries; (2) DBDOM - For creating, parsing, traversing, and searching XML Documents using the Document Object Model API; (3) DBXSL - For generating a database-driven XSL stylesheet for a tree-rendering of data.

LT XML - XML toolset. Assignment? LT XML is a set of guy, C programs for reflective essay, manipulating XML files and a C application program interface (API) designed to ease the writing of C programs which manipulate XML documents. Updated to version 1.0 980624. Previously updated 980508. OmniMark LE 4.0 Preview - a special early release (for Windows 95/NT only) that previews the enhanced XML functionality in the new, soon-to-be-launched full version of OmniMark 4.0; LE is a free product. XML Script - an XML compliant language designed to handle XML with a minimum of overhead. The College Guy? X-Tract is a freely available XML Script processor. Reflective Essay? From DecisionSoft Ltd. Contact: Paul Warren. [Notice posted for] a [script] conversion from RTF to 'XML' [viz., SGML] that uses OMLE, rather like Rainbow, plus CALS tables support. The RTF2XML filter, formerly RTF2SGML, has been enhanced in version 0.4 for handling XML, including built-in support for Unicode RTF.

Requires OmniMark or OmniMark LE from OmniMark Technologies, Inc. See RTF2XML, or the local archive copy. MajiX - Java compliant tool from Tetrasix, automatically transforms RTF files (Microsoft Word files) into debate essay XML. Reflective Assignment? converts RTF styles and some document characteristics into debate a XML file conforming to assignment essay, a document type definition DTD. Writing? The names of the reflective tags may be changed by the user. Majix version 1.1 is the third release; it corrects some bugs from version 1.0 and provides support for XSL through James Clark's XT. With online documentation. xtr2any - 'configurable filter, easy-to-use XML transcoder for prepress departments.' A Linux command or as a Win32 console application. Download the (restricted) demo version. masterplan - a convertor generator; you'll need gcc, bison and flex or equivalents to build both the of phoenix material thesis statement executable and the convertors.

Version 0.0.1 (1999-03-29). From: Paul Janssens. XML Enabler - a Java Servlet that converts XML-tagged data into HTML using different stylesheets for different browsers. From IBM. See the white paper, Accessing XML on the Client.

XTAL (XML Translation for AntLr) is a general conversion tool for XML and SGML. ANTLR and Java serve as basis and description language. From Oliver Zeigermann. MetaMorphosis - SGML/XML Tree Transformer. Essay? MetaMorphosis is a target-driven SGML/XML tree transformer that uses a declarative language. Ace utility program. University Material Thesis Statement? Ace is a freely available scripting language which allows powerful manipulation of reflective essay, SGML and XML documents.

XTL - A C++ XML toolkit with DOM SAX support. OpenXML - An open source, pure Java, commercial-grade, fully featured framework for XML-based applications. OpenXML covers the debate essay format entire cycle of XML documents production, processing and delivery for dynamic content publishing and application to application communication. Updated 1999-04-01. Latex to XML Converter - This converter takes a latex file (*.tex) from your directory and outputs an XML file (*.html) to the browser.

The math modes in latex are converted to MathML (Mathematical Markup Language). To view the output, you will need to download the W3C test-bed browser Amaya. From Ashes Dhanna Ganguly. Extensible Protocol (XP) - a bidirectional protocol on which XML documents are exchanged between two endpoints. The com.thinlink.xp package implements XP draft 00 using stream sockets and the IBM xml4j processor.

It uses an event-listener interface and the Document Object Model to send and receive XML documents. Essay? From Tom harding. University Of Phoenix Thesis Statement And Outline? Implements IETF 'draft-harding-extensible-protocol-00.txt'; [local archive copy]. See: Extensible Protocol. See also: XML tools in Steve Pepper's Whirlwind Guide to SGML Tools and Vendors , SGML TOOLS - By Tool Category Main entry for reflective essay, W3C Recommendation 'Namespaces in XML' (REC-xml-names-19990114) and format, its commentary: Namespaces in XML

A Proposal for Namespaces in XML, by Henry S. Thompson. Language Technology Group, HCRC, Edinburgh. May 27, 1997. Overview: . Essay? . .a quite simple proposal for research paper the constitution, namespaces, lighter weight than those seen heretofore, but admittedly NOT valid SGML as things stand. I think its light weight, flexibility and functionality commend it. See also a free-form XML version submitted to the W3C SGML WG list. [HTML mirror copy] [June 06, 1998] A Proposal to Introduce 'Module' Structures into SGML.

By Toru Takahashi. ISO/IEC JTC1/WG4 N1987. 98-05-15. Supersedes WG8 N1873. From the Introduction: Designing a large, complex DTD is a very difficult job. One reason of this difficulty comes from SGML's restriction on namespaces. For element type names, SGML allows only one name space throughout a document.

This restriction means, that if you intend to design a new DTD, you have to be familiar with all the element types you wish to use to construct the DTD, and have to select their names very carefully to avoid name conflicts. Reflective Assignment? This lack of modularity makes difficult to use separately designed declaration sets (DTD fragments) in essays video aggression mixture to build up a complete DTD. For example, if you want to use pre-defined declaration sets for 'tables' and 'math expressions' together to construct your own 'report' DTD, you have to examine whether there are any name conflicts between them or not. If there are any such conflicts, you have to modify several declarations. This restriction in name space makes impossible to reflective assignment, treat these declaration sets as public (read only) texts. Similar problems may occur on the parameter entity names. Service? To solve these problems, I propose to introduce the assignment essay concept of essay writing service cambridge, 'Module' into reflective SGML. [local archive copy] [See preceding entry] Relative (also) to 'namespaces' in XML: A Proposal to Introduce 'Module' Structures into university material statement and outline SGML [namespaces], by Toru Takahashi.

12 November 1996. From the Introduction: Designing a large, complex DTD is essay a very difficult job. One reason of this difficulty comes from SGML's restriction on name spaces. For element type names, SGML allows only one name space per document. . . [mirror copy], also available as Web Architecture: Extensible Languages. W3C Note 10 Feb 1998. NOTE-webarch-extlang. Essay Service? By Tim Berners-Lee and Dan Connolly (W3C). Reflective? This document is meant to be a fairly explanatory synthesis of the research paper requirements for reflective assignment, namespace extension in languages on the web, and in particular for the general language planned to be the common basis of many future applications, XML. It was originally written as part of the 'Design Issues' series of notes.

Whilst technically the personal opinion of the authors, it their best attempt as technical coordinators at outlining common architectural principles for material statement and outline, W3C development. [local archive copy] xml-bind - XLinks from Types and Names. By Rick Jelliffe. Reflective? Reference: Note 13 March, 1998 (Note-xml-bind-19980313). This document is a NOTE for discussion by the W3C XML-related groups. High Admissions? It is primarily an alternative to the namespace proposal and a contribution to defining XLink requirements. RDF and reflective assignment, XML-data designers may also find it relevant. [Abstract:] Current linking systems are based on links from elements ( i.e. , instances of element types in a document). This paper holds that several of the technologies under development by school essay the W3C working groups are better characterized as links from types and reflective assignment essay, names. Suggestions are made for a general architecture to essay guy, handle this, and for how this can be integrated into XLink. Namespaces, parts of RDF, and SGML Open Catalogs are re-characterized as XLinks from assignment, types and names. [local archive copy]

A Cut and Paste Infrastructure for XML. By Rick Jelliffe. Reference: Note-xml-cnp-19980131, Note 1-February-1998. This document is a NOTE for discussion by the college the W3C XML-related groups. It is a personal critique of XML 1.0 PR, especially in the light of the namespace proposal, RDF and XML-data. It may be seen as a contribution to user requirements for reflective essay, an XML 1.1. XML Cut'n'Paste is a proposal for various conventions which address many sophisticated uses in Extensible Markup Language (XML) while retaining true to its underlying model, as an application of SGML. [local archive copy] Comparison of research the constitution, SGML and XML. Reflective? By James Clark. Reference identifiers: World Wide Web Consortium Note 15-December-1997, NOTE-sgml-xml-971215. The document provides a detailed comparison of SGML (ISO 8879) and XML under three section headings: 1) Differences Between XML and SGML; 2) Transforming SGML to XML; 3) SGML Declaration for XML, in two variants: (a) one which takes advantage of the Extended Naming Rules Technical Corrigendum to ISO 8879, but does not make use of the Web SGML Adaptations Annex; (b) one which takes advantage of the Web SGML Adaptations Annex to ISO 8879. [local archive copy]

The new (informative) ISO 8879 Annex L: Added Requirements for XML illustrates the relationship of SGML declarations to 'added requirements' by means of essay, a real-world example, XML. The annex has a prose application summary and sample SGML declaration. Some of the Recent Changes to assignment, ISO 8879 (Annex K, Web SGML Adaptations; also Annex L, Added Requirements for XML) are motivated by the goal of bringing SGML and XML into alignment. See Bob DuCharme, SGML: Changing to paper, Accommodate XML. [July 19, 1998] Converting an SGML DTD to XML. By Norman Walsh [ArborText]. Norm Walsh itemizes the steps in SGML-to-XML DTD conversion in reflective essay a couple categories: Many of essay service, these changes are straightforward and, for a large number of SGML DTDs, they will be fairly easy to accomplish. . Reflective Assignment? . There are also some changes that may have a large impact on the semantics of the essays violent video aggression DTD. Luckily, these are mostly infrequently-used SGML features so they don't turn up often in reflective essay most DTDs. Also at [XML QA] (July 08, 1998). [September 17, 1999] XML/SGML: On the Web and high school admissions essay, Behind the Web.

By Alfred Attipoe and Philippe Vijghen [The SGML Technologies Group]. In InterChange: Newsletter of the International SGML/XML Users' Group Volume 5, Issue 3 (July 1999), pages 25-29. There is some confusion as to reflective, when [to] use SGML and when to use XML. Admissions Essay? In this paper we argue that both have their rightful place in assignment essay publishing systems. We discuss the impact of the new Web technologies on publishing systems by clarifying the relationship between XML and SGML. We describe available features of both markup languages and paper the constitution, evaluate them empirically, taking into reflective essay consideration several distinct points of view. Our analysis should help you decide which (SGML or XML) to use where (behind or on the Web). . Paper The Constitution? . we argue that XML, devoid of SGML complexity, is assignment ideally suited for the exchange and publication of documents/information on the Web. However, XML lacks some features which are very useful when creating behind-the-Web systems where reqirements stress the debate essay format need for assignment, expressive information models and data-processing functionality. SX , a converter from SGML to XML.

Part of James Clark's SP parser toolkit; new in the distribution of essay guy, SP version 1.3 [980309]. Assignment? SX converts SGML to XML. SX parses and format, validates the SGML document contained in sysid. . . and writes an equivalent XML document to the standard output. SX will warn about SGML constructs which have no XML equivalent. [local archive copy] Using an XML Audit to Move SGML Data towards XML. By Charlie Halpern-Hamu, Incremental Development, Inc. Reflective Assignment Essay? Presented at XML'98 in Chicago. This paper describes, at a technical level, how to assess the XML-readiness of your SGML data as a first step towards moving it towards XML. This paper suggests an 'XML audit': a technical review of current markup practice with eye towards simplification. The goal of an XML audit is to understand which portions of your current SGML application are not XML. The next step might be to start deemphasizing your use of those features. The Constitution? . . [November 06, 1998] Automating SGML-to-XML DTD Conversion (Part 1).

By Bob DuCharme. In TAG Volume 11, Number 10 (October 1998), pages 9-10. DuCharme introduces his serialized article by noting that a DTD conversion might not be just a one-time affair, and by categorizing DTD editing/conversion tasks into ranked groupings. [December 09, 1998] Automating SGML-to-XML DTD Conversion (Part 2). Reflective Assignment Essay? By Bob DuCharme. In TAG Volume 11, Number 11 (November 1998), pages 5-7. In this second part of a two-part TAG article, the author discusses SGML-XML DTD conversion in the case of mixed content models, RCDATA, CONREF, and SUBDOC.

SGML, XML, and HTML Document Components Compared. From a poster session, by Dennis J. O'Connor, Consultant, Mulberry Technologies, Inc. MicroStar Ltd. is developing a set of debate essay, heuristics (and software) for automatic conversion of SGML DTDs to XML DTDs. Steph Tryphonas presented a paper on DTD Conversions at the Seattle XML '98 conference. TCIF/IPI (Telecommunications Industry Forum, Information Products Interchange) has provided a record of its recent efforts to XML-ize the TIM Telecommunications Interchange Markup DTD, version 2.0.4. Reflective Assignment Essay? See provisionally the March 06, 1998 entries. One now also encounters the phrase XML-compliant HTML . University Of Phoenix Material Statement And Outline? . . [May 13, 1998] W3C published a NOTE entitled XML in HTML Meeting Report.

This report, edited by Dan Connolly (W3C) and Lauren Wood (SoftQuad), addresses a number of issues relating to the use of XML encoding within HTML documents. At a meeting of February 11-12, 1998 (San Jose, California, Sun Microsystems), participants from a variety of W3C working groups met to discuss these issues, and in particular, concerns relating to the support of MathML and assignment, RDF written in XML and intended to be used in HTML documents. The W3C NOTE (NOTE-xh-19980511, W3C Note 11 May 1998) summarizes the discussion and conclusions of this meeting. [local archive copy] [July 27, 1998] IBTWSH (Itsy Bitsy Teeny Weeny Simple Hypertext) DTD - from John Cowan. This is an service XML DTD which describes a subset of HTML 4.0 for embedded use within other XML DTDs. Reflective Assignment Essay? It is by intention equivalent (within its scope) to of phoenix material statement and outline, -//W3C//DTD HTML 4.0 Transitional//EN, but is not a derived work in assignment essay the copyright sense. [local archive copy, 980727]

The development of new vocabularies and essay format, the design of namespace syntaxes have increased public interest in registration authorities and authentication services which could be set up to manage name conflicts. Facilities are needed for support of globally-unique names, persistent links and resources, name (public identifier) resolution, mapping between public and system identifiers, etc. Online libraries/repositories with public text resources also present a strong desideratum. Several initiatives for registries and repositories have been announced. A few of the early initiatives which have been publicized are referenced in a separate document. References to literature on reflective assignment, XML Media/MIME Types are held in essays violent video a separate document. In the following lists of reflective assignment, XML Examples and Non-Examples, a certain number of items in material thesis statement the former category undoubtedly will (come to) belong to the latter category, given the evolution of the XML specifications and other factors. Note also that most of the proposed XML applications also contain sample XML documents and DTDs in the documentation. The XML Recommendation 1.0 (February 1998) in XML format. The corresponding XML specification DTD (-//W3C//DTD Specification::19980323//EN) is available online, as well as commentary: Design Report for the W3C XML Specification DTD . Essay? Version 2.0 of the XML Spec DTD 1999-07.

See the updated XML Specification DTD and corresponding XML Spec DTD - Data Modeling Report, Version 1.2, 1998-09-10. See the XML versions of the XLink and XPointer specifications ( i.e. , 3-March-1998). XML source files for the college essay guy, PR-DOM-Level-1-19980818. The DOM specification serves as a good example of the assignment power of using XML: all of the HTML documents, Java bindings, OMG IDL bindings, and ECMA Script bindings are generated from a single set of XML source files. [local archive copy] See the Production Notes for details. [July 1999] Updated Shakespeare XML documents, from Jon Bosak. See:, and Also: and university material thesis, Note 2001-01: URLs are now Four Religious Works '(1958896-byte zip file,' and reflective essay, The Plays of Shakespeare '(2195143-byte zip file,'; I do not know if these are identical version 2 document sets. [October 12, 1998] See above.

Jon Bosak (Sun Microystems)) announced the availabilty of a major revision to the XML-tagged religion set. The collection includes a group of four religious works (The Old Testament, The New Testament, The Quran, and The Book of Mormon) marked up for electronic publication from university of phoenix material thesis and outline, publicly available sources. The texts were originally marked up (1992) as an exercise in reflective essay SGML DTD and style sheet design, and in 1996 were released along with a companion Shakespeare set as the earliest examples of debate essay format, real documents marked up in assignment essay XML. The current distribution conforms to the XML 1.0 Recommendation released February 8, 1998. Verse numbers for the referencing systems are now generated by style sheets, which are included in essay service cambridge the distribution.

These texts are used as benchmarks for reflective essay, XML parsers by some developers. Source:; [local archive copy]. Sample XML documents with DTDs ( e.g. Debate? , Bible, Shakespeare), for the benefit of anyone developing XML tools; provided by Jon Bosak. See the updated announcement of January 30, 1998. [See also the earlier announcement for other details.] Example XML documents in Japanese are available. They are encoded in UTF-16 (big endian and little endian), UTF-8, iso-2022-jp, shift_jis, and euc-jp. One document is the translation of the XML PR, and essay, it will soon be replaced with that of the XML recommendation. . . From Murata Makoto. [local archive copy/snapshot, 19980603] [April 09, 1999] xmlTree. - a list of sites and resources which offer data according to XML formatting rules collected by James Carlyle.

[February 18, 2000] We have approximately 160,000 XML documents indexed in the GoXML XML Search Engine. Many of these are in XML with XSL format. THe url is: We believe it is the essays video aggression largest repository of reflective essay, XML (and subsequently XSL) documents on the Internet. Grab a copy of Microsoft's IE 5.+ and have a blast. University Material Statement And Outline? [Duane Nickull; Fri, 18 Feb 2000] XML served by the Sun Microsystems corporate document server, . The service from Sun stores information in a compiled SGML format and can deliver either XML or HTML data dynamically, according to requests from reflective assignment, a client. See, for essay cambridge, example, the XML documents for display with Mozilla source: TocView.xml and essay, disability.xml. [See also the database entry for the docs.sun AnswerBook Documentation.] [January 19, 1998] W3C NOTE Name Spaces in XML: NOTE-xml-names in XML format from the college, W3C; [local archive copy] [March 06, 1998] Sample chapters 'in XML format' from Richard Light's book, Presenting XML . Presented on assignment essay, the companion Web site. [October 06, 1998] XML test data from Simon North's book Presenting XML , available from the Macmillan Web site. The author says: The material was written in Author/Editor using the TEI-lite DTD (freely available on the Web) and converted to guy, Microsoft Word, via RTF, for printing using jade. The XML and HTML code was created from the SGML sources.

The text is copyright, of course, but for experimentation it's got a very rich mix of elements (including copious CDATA sections). [XML-L 6 Oct 1998] [December 07, 1998] XML release of the assignment essay TEI Lite DTD (personal work, from Patrice Bonhomme, not an official release of the TEI Lite.) See also reference to work on preparation of an XML Version of the full TEI DTD. [October 05, 1997] XML Scenarios, sponsored by high admissions essay Microsoft and participating companies. This part of the Web site features a collection of articles that describe how industry leaders are using XML-based applications today to increase sales and productivity, improve customer satisfaction, and lower costs. The companies represented are top ISVs who have built XML-based, three-tier Web applications. Reflective Essay? Each brief scenario demonstrates the the college essay solution to a real business problem. It includes: 1) the specific business problem that was impacting mission-critical processes; 2) the role XML played in the solution; and 3) a discussion of assignment essay, how the problem was solved through the use of specific XML-based tools, with a behind-the-scenes look at exactly how the software components handled a typical user scenario. As of October 5, 1998, nine articles were available. [January 27, 1998] XML Auction Demo from debate format, Microsoft. [January 25, 1998] XML Weather Station Demo - part of XML Online from insideDHTML. University of assignment essay, Oregon Virtual Laboratory, serving HTML from the XML source.

Behind what you see, there is thesis and outline a Java servlet based on Lark that pumps out HTML. The applets at this site have been programmed by Sean Russell. [December 13, 1997] James Clark's test suite of reflective assignment essay, files for XML processors. The collection of XML test cases in the ZIP archive contains 141 [now 164] small files that (in my view) fail to university material thesis statement and outline, be well-formed XML documents, and should therefore cause any conforming XML processor to report a fatal error. See: Updated December 13, 1997 to bring the test suite into alignment with the Proposed Recommendation of 1997-12-08. OASIS XML Conformance Subcommittee (under the OASIS Technical Committe) will be working on an XML Conformance Test Methodology, etc.

Contact G. Ken Holman for additional information, and see the dedicated entry. For online WF checking via HTML-forms, see above: well-formedness checking of documents by URL and by reflective assignment essay pasted-up text. Format? Provided by Tim Bray (Lark, and James Clark (XP, WebTechs). XML Conferences, Seminars, Workshops. Since XML is a subset of SGML, most 'SGML' and events now prominently feature XML. The Conferences section of the SGML/XML Web Page contains the full entries, often with pointers to conference reports or proceedings volumes.

Summary information for special XML events is provided below. XML '99. December 6 - 9, 1999. Pennsylvania Convention Center, Philadelphia, PA. XML One - The International Users Conference. Increasing Your Productivity with XML. May 24 - 27, 1999. Austin Marriott at the Capital, Austin, Texas. XML Europe '99. April 26 - 30, 1999.

Granada, Spain. XML/SGML '99 Sweden. March 16-17, 1999 in Stockholm, Sweden. XTech '99. XML Application Developers Conference XIO Expo March 7 - 11, 1999. San Jose Convention Center, California. Markup Technologies Conference. Reflective? November 19 - 20, 1998. University Of Phoenix Thesis And Outline? Chicago, Illinois, USA. . . .technical issues relating to the design, development, and deployment of a variety of assignment essay, markup technologies including but not limited to SGML, XML, HyTime, and DSSSL. XML '98.

November 15 - 18, 1998. Chicago, Illinois. TAG '98. November 4 - 6, 1998. Washington, D.C. SGML/XML BeLux '98 Conference. Fifth Annual Conference on the Practical Use of *ML.

October 21, 1998 - Antwerp, Belgium. SGML, XML, and Databases. Tuesday, October 20, 1998. Format? The Brunei Gallery Lecture Theatre, School of Oriental and African Studies (SOAS), Russell Square, London. SGML/XML Asia-Pacific '98. Reflective Assignment? October 12 - 15, 1998. Sydney, Australia and Tokyo, Japan. SGML/XML Japan '98. September 30 - October 3, 1998. Nippon Convention Center, Makuhari Messe, Chiba, Japan.

XML World Conference and essay writing cambridge, Exposition. Assignment? September 14 - 17, 1998. Palais des Congrès de Hull, 200 Promenade de Portage, Ottawa/Hull, Québec, Canada. XML-seminar 98 Göteborg. Essay Service Cambridge? September 8 - 9, 1998. At the Novotel in Gothenburg, Sweden.

A two-day XML workshop and seminar, sponsored by the Swedish Chapter of the International SGML Users' Group. Seybold San Francisco/Publishing '98. August 30 - September 4, 1998. Moscone Convention Center, San Francisco, CA. Reflective? With XML Day. Metastructures 1998 Conference. August 17 - 19, 1998. Le Sheraton Hotel, Montréal, Québec, Canada.

Proposals for the XML-related metastructures, such as XLink, XPointers, Resource Description Format, SMIL, and high school essay, XML-EDI, are welcome. . . SGML/XML Europe '98. From Theory to New Practices. May 17 - 21, 1998. Hotel Sofitel - Forum Rive Gauche, Paris, France. W3C Workshop - Shaping the reflective assignment Future of HTML. May 4 - 5, 1998. San Francisco Airport Hyatt Regency, California. Several position papers address XML, architectural forms, and related matters. Electronic Publishing '98. The Seventh International Conference on games aggression, Electronic Publishing, Document Manipulation and Typography. Assignment? April 1 - 4, 1998.

Palais des Congrès, Saint Malo, France. Tutorials on SGML, XML, DSSSL, XSL, TEI-SGML. Conference presentations on high admissions essay, SGML. SGML UK. March 31, 1998. Assignment Essay? Putting on the Style! - DSSSL, CSS, XSL, . Wiltshire Hotel, Swindon. Slide sets and sample stylesheets (CSS, XSL, DSSSL) are available from some of the presentations. XML Developers Day within XML: The Conference (1998).

Enabling Intelligent Content on the Web. March 23 - 27, 1998. Seattle, Washington. The 'XML Developers Day' in essay service cambridge this conference, chaired by Jon Bosak, is on March 27, 1998. Proposals for XML DevDay should be sent to Jon Bosak, W3C XML WG Chair. Essay? See the XML DevDay Call for video games aggression, Presentations, and the XML Developers' Day, Preliminary Schedule. Seybold Seminars New York / Publishing '98. Event and assignment, Exposition, March 16 - 20, 1998. Writing Service? Jacob K. Javits Convention Center, New York NY.

Includes XML Xposed and XML Tutorials. Documation '98 West. Exposition The Document Software Conference. Reflective Assignment? March 10 - 12, 1998. Santa Clara Convention Center. Santa Clara, California.

See the essay separate document which extracts the relevant listing of XML/XSL sessions. INRIA XML Workshop. The Potential of reflective essay, XML for Web-based Applications. October 23 - 24, 1997. INRIA Sophia Antipolis, (Nice), France. SGML UK October Meeting: The eXtensible Markup Language (XML). October 23, 1997. Wiltshire Hotel, Swindon, UK. Published agenda. Other details in games the announcement from Francis Cave (Pira International), to whom inquiries should be directed. Seybold San Francisco '97.

September 29 - October 3, 1997. Mosconi Center, San Francisco, CA. The conference included an XML tutorial, XML tools survey, and reflective, a dedicated XML session, XML: Publishing on the Web Just Got Easier. SGML Open for Business. September 17, 1997. Research The Constitution? Clarion Hotel, Millbrae, California. [management and essay, implementation information on SGML and and outline, XML. ] XML Developers Day. Assignment? August 21, 1997. Montreal, Canada.

In connection with the 1997 International Conference on the Application of HyTime. Note also that Tim Bray will offer an XML Tutorial on research the constitution, Sunday and Monday, August 17-18 as part of the HyTime/XML/DSSSL tutorials programme. European Conference on XML. XML Ready for Prime Time? London, UK. April 22, 1997. WWW '97: Sixth International World Wide Web Conference.

April 7 - 12, 1997. Santa Clara Convention Centre, Santa Clara, California, USA. GCA XML Conference: XML SGML INTRANET. The New Publishing Business Case: XML, SGML, and the Intranet. March 10 - 12, 1997. The Mission Valley Marriott, San Diego, California. XML: Demos and reflective assignment essay, Miscellaneous Uncategorized. A separate document contains references to XML-related sites or documents for which I have had insufficient time to make investigation, or which are evidently tangential. Readers are invited to paper the constitution, send email re: appropriate disposition.

Some are [or will become] serious applications; others may be interesting demos; others may be clearly experiments and 'just for fun'. XML: Of (Possible) Historical Interest. A separate document contains references to early draft versions of reflective, XML-related proposals, and writing, so forth. 'Early' means about reflective assignment, 1996-1997. It's not a maintained collection of links, but you might find what you're looking for. . School Admissions Essay? .

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Tom Clarke, a nursing home owner, concocted a strategy to cut carbon emissions by gaining control of reflective assignment essay millions of paper the constitution tons of coal reserves and multiple mines. FAIRVIEW, W.Va. — The coal was piled about as high as it could go, spilling down to the railroad tracks and towering over the elevator shaft. A yellow bulldozer pushed the mound to make room for more. From a distance on this rainy day, the reflective assignment essay black heap looked like a giant whale about to swallow the mine whole. The word underground was that Federal mine No. 2 would soon have to close. It was early April, and the mine was running out of storage space. High School Admissions! There were not enough buyers for all the coal. A few months earlier, this problem would have belonged to Patriot Coal, one of the reflective assignment nation’s largest coal companies, which used to operate the Federal mine, built near a meandering mountain stream called Miracle Run. But this was not Patriot’s problem anymore.

Nor was it the problem of the hedge funds and other investors that had lent the violent video games aggression company millions. When Patriot filed for bankruptcy in 2015 — its second time in three years — environmentalists and regulators were prepared for the company to reflective assignment essay, figure out ways to shunt liabilities and maximize returns. Material Statement And Outline! But no one could have envisioned what happened next. Patriot handed over essay, millions of guy dollars of environmental obligations to reflective assignment essay, a nonprofit company run by a man named Tom Clarke, who owned a chain of nursing homes and a tourist attraction that had fallen behind on its bills. Until that day in April, Mr.

Clarke, 61, had never been in a coal mine. Patriot sold not only the troubled Federal mine to Mr. Clarke, but also several other mines that were no longer in operation, including a sprawling surface mine carved from the top of a mountain in southern West Virginia. Mr. Paper The Constitution! Clarke’s new company agreed to clean up the shuttered mines and reflective assignment essay, reclaim the land that had been ravaged. As part of the deal, the miners’ union invested $10 million in the Federal mine operation, which was supposed to keep producing coal for Mr. Clarke to the college essay guy, sell. But the mine has struggled from low coal prices. “It was a spectacular deal for assignment essay, Patriot,” said Patrick McGinley, a law professor at West Virginia University who has been involved in cases against coal companies since 1970s. “This company has had complete success in divesting itself of all liabilities of every kind, including environmental liabilities, which are the hardest to shed.”

Why then, would someone like Mr. Clarke want to take over a troubled mine and the environmental obligations that Patriot Coal was seeking to get rid of? As improbable as it may seem, Mr. Clarke said the Patriot deal had played to the constitution, his advantage — helping start his grand plan to remake coal mining into a greener industry. He is not only reclaiming Patriot’s mines that are no longer in use. He has come up with a model, he said, for how the industry can keep producing coal, while reducing its impact on the climate. The plan involves creating pollution credits by reflective assignment essay, planting or preserving trees around the world to offset the guy carbon emitted from burning coal.

For every ton of coal he sells, Mr. Reflective Essay! Clarke attaches some of the essay guy credits. Mr. Clarke has had trouble, however, persuading buyers of his coal, like utilities and steel companies, to reflective assignment, pay extra for the credits. Mr. Clarke hoped electric utilities would be able to count his green-coal credits toward the carbon-emissions goals that the paper Obama administration has set for states in its Clean Power Plan, now before a federal court.

But administration officials have effectively ruled that out. That hasn’t stopped Mr. Clarke’s company from acquiring more mines. In addition to Patriot, Mr. Clarke has made deals over reflective assignment essay, the last 11 months with several other struggling coal companies, gaining control of multiple underground mines, millions of tons of high coal reserves and thousands of acres of surface mines. He has even tried bidding on reflective assignment steel mills to create a captive buyer for his coal bundled with carbon credits. Now he is in the market for utilities, for the same reason. While the Federal mine has cut back on production, some of his other mines are poised for a rebound. Writing Cambridge! Demand for metallurgical coal — which is used for making steel — has roared back in recent months.

One of the companies he founded with a longtime coal executive, ERP Compliant Fuels, is reflective essay now one of the largest producers of metallurgical coal in North America. “I am the guy that is trying to work from university statement, within,” Mr. Clarke said. Reflective Assignment Essay! “The goal is to have a big enough footprint to debate essay format, drive our environmental philosophy home.” If this were a movie about the American coal industry, Mr. Clarke would be the character who goes completely off script. For decades, the battle lines around coal have been clear.

The companies are fighting to reflective, protect their diminishing business. Many environmentalists, meanwhile, are trying to limit coal production permanently and force the industry to clean up the damage it has inflicted on forests, rivers and lakes. The debate over coal on the campaign trail is also predictable — Donald J. High School Essay! Trump has vowed to bring back lost mining jobs and roll back overzealous environmental regulations, and Hillary Clinton is promising to reflective assignment, help mining communities transition out of format coal and into new industries. Environmental groups can almost smell victory. Many of the nation’s largest coal companies have filed for assignment, bankruptcy. Writing Service! Natural gas is pulling even and assignment, may surpass coal as the top power source in the United States. The industry’s decline is forcing states to deal with how to clean up the mines and essay writing service cambridge, who should pay for it. In West Virginia alone, 300,000 acres of forest — an area half the size of Rhode Island — have been damaged by mountaintop mining, by one estimate. After some challenges, Mr. Clarke’s reclamation work has been meeting regulatory standards and even exceeding expectations by reflective essay, some measures, one West Virginia official said.

In January, Gov. Earl Ray Tomblin of essay West Virginia lauded Mr. Clarke in his state-of-the-state address for helping develop “new and innovative ideas.” Mr. Clarke is donating a reclaimed former Patriot mountaintop mine to the state to essay, build an debate essay industrial park. “Tom is a real visionary,” said Robert McAtee, one of several coal industry veterans who have come to work with Mr. Clarke. “He stepped in when no one else would.” Mr.

Clarke says he relies on the expertise of reflective essay several seasoned coal executives to run his mining operations. But environmentalists worry that Mr. Clarke is breathing new life into a polluting industry and that he is incapable of handling the huge mess the paper coal companies have handed him. In August, several environmental groups granted Mr. Clarke an assignment extension on a court order to debate essay format, treat polluted runoff from assignment essay, a former Patriot mine, saying his “start-up capital was less than expected.”

A miner explained how longwall coal mining works. Luke Sharrett for The New York Times. Should Mr. Clarke’s company run into financial trouble, environmentalists worry that the cost of reclaiming the mines could fall to West Virginia taxpayers. Unlike Patriot, Mr.

Clarke has few deep-pocketed Wall Street investors that the state could pressure to cover the costs, they say. “These are strange days,” said Peter Morgan, a lawyer for the Sierra Club, who has been challenging the coal industry over water pollution issues for years. “I don’t know what Tom Clarke’s intentions are. But I am skeptical he can pull it off.” Bankruptcy is university material thesis and outline like a chess game in which companies seek to minimize liabilities and creditors look to maximize profits. Over the years, Patriot has played like a grandmaster. The company was founded in October 2007 from reflective, a spinoff of the writing service coal mining giant Peabody Energy.

From the start, Patriot was loaded with liabilities. Peabody gave Patriot 13 percent of assignment its coal reserves but 40 percent of its obligations to pay for health care for thousands of retired miners. In short, Patriot took over many of the company’s unionized mining operations in Appalachia, while Peabody kept its nonunion operations in the West. “The legend in the coal fields is that Patriot was set up as a liability dump,” said Kevin Barrett, a lawyer at Bailey Glasser, who represents the West Virginia Department of Environmental Protection in the coal bankruptcy cases. “It was destined to fail.” In a statement, Peabody said: “Patriot Coal was highly successful when it became an independent, publicly traded company nearly a decade ago,” adding that its market capitalization quadrupled in less than a year. But in July 2012, Patriot failed as predicted. A few weeks before it filed for bankruptcy, the company, which is based in St. Louis, took steps to improve its chances in court, according to the union. Essays Video! Patriot created two subsidiaries in New York City, allowing its case to be heard there. The United States Bankruptcy Court in Manhattan was viewed as favorable to corporations looking to cut their debts.

After the coal miners’ union objected, the case was moved to St. Louis. On that first trip through bankruptcy, Patriot was able to deal with its health care obligations after a separate fund was created to administer the benefits. Health care was not Patriot’s only issue, though. The company faced huge costs for cleaning up selenium — a harmful coal byproduct — that was seeping into water sources downstream from its mines. While industries readily used bankruptcy to shed labor and pension obligations, it was unclear whether coal companies could do the same with reclamations and water remediation. In 1986, the assignment essay Supreme Court blocked a New Jersey company from research paper the constitution, abandoning its oil waste processing plants in assignment essay, bankruptcy, citing a threat to public health and safety. But it was unclear whether the judges in the coal bankruptcy cases would rule that defunct mines posed the same pressing health threat. In the end, Patriot was able to emerge from its first bankruptcy without dealing with most of its environmental liabilities. By 2015, the American coal market was in a deep slide, as utilities and essays video games, manufacturers increasingly turned to natural gas and reflective assignment, demand from China cooled. One after another, mining companies, including Patriot, declared bankruptcy.

“Everybody knew what to expect in Round 2,” Mr. Barrett said. The College Essay Guy! “They would try to sell their best assets and reflective assignment, leave their biggest environmental problems behind.” The Natural Bridge is the college essay guy a rocky arch towering 215 feet above a small creek in southwestern Virginia. Thomas Jefferson bought the property from King George III of England for assignment essay, 20 shillings. Today, it is owned by a nonprofit company started by Mr. Clarke. He bought the bridge in 2014, using a $9.1 million loan from the State of Virginia. Mr.

Clarke planned to revitalize flagging ticket sales to the bridge, then hand over the property as a state park. But his plans ran into trouble early on. Visitors dwindled, and he defaulted on his state loan. University Of Phoenix Material Thesis! He had to use proceeds from selling coal and land to help get caught up on his bills. In September, Mr. Clarke handed over management of Natural Bridge to the state. His nonprofit group, called the Virginia Conservation Legacy Fund, will still own the property until it pays back the loan. Some state officials praised Mr. Reflective Essay! Clarke’s work preserving the property but also had to give him more time to pay back his debt. Mr. Clarke compares his struggles to those of the former president, who also ran into financial trouble at school essay one point. “I sort of felt like I am having my Jeffersonian moment,” Mr.

Clarke said. Relentlessly upbeat, with a near permanent smile and the soothing voice of reflective essay a public radio announcer, Mr. Clarke has spent a career trying to university thesis statement, turn around an eclectic assortment of essay companies. Essays Games! He has bought troubled nursing homes, a forest preserve in Belize and reflective essay, a restaurant in Roanoke, Va. — a “philanthropub” that was supposed to dedicate its profit to Africa until it closed down in high school essay, March 2015. In the reflective 1990s, he turned one of his companies, Lenox Healthcare, into a $400-million-a-year business — one of the research paper largest nursing home chains in the country. His former business partner at reflective assignment Lenox, Lawrence B. Cummings, called him a master at bolting together impossible business transactions. “He showed again and debate essay format, again an ability to reflective assignment essay, put together deals that other people couldn’t.” Lenox was a juggernaut, Mr. Clarke said, until it went bankrupt in 1999. Mr. Clarke said he began to rethink his life’s goals.

He went hiking in South America, where he met his wife, Ana, a native of essay service cambridge Venezuela. They moved to Virginia, converted his remaining nursing homes to assignment, nonprofits and placed them under a new company, Kissito (pronounced kiss-E-tow) Healthcare. He became interested in poverty issues in Africa and began raising money and building a maternity hospital in Ethiopia. Mr. Clarke said he realized that many of the problems like drought and extreme floods in paper, Africa were caused by climate change. Back in Virginia, Mr. Reflective! Clarke said, he decided to take aim at the coal industry’s contribution to carbon emissions. Too often, Mr.

Clarke said, the debate over essays violent, the future of coal is essay infected with what he called tribalism — a conviction that you are either with the mining industry, or against it. He said he was trying to find some middle ground. Mr. Clarke’s first foray into the college, the coal industry came when he took a job in late 2014 with Jim Justice, a wealthy West Virginia businessman who had built a fortune partly on coal. Mr. Clarke’s job was to assist Mr. Justice and his Southern Coal Corporation in dealing with hundreds of environmental violations at mines across Appalachia. While results are difficult to track, some environmental groups acknowledge that Mr. Clarke’s work had an appreciable impact on the Justice properties. A Democrat, Mr. Justice is running to become West Virginia’s next governor.

Through a spokesman, he declined to comment. One of Mr. Clarke’s believers is Chandler Van Voorhis, a founder of C2I, a company outside Washington. C2I’s business is planting trees. The trees soak up carbon dioxide, converting it to wood and leaves. An acre of trees can convert 156 tons of carbon over a 20-year period, Mr. Assignment! Van Voorhis said.

Mark Bartkoski, a miner, underground at the Federal mine No. Of Phoenix Material Thesis And Outline! 2 near Fairview, W.Va. Luke Sharrett for The New York Times. C2I plans to reforest a million acres in the southern Mississippi River Valley and sell the carbon offsets to companies to reach pollution-reduction goals. Together, Mr. Assignment Essay! Clarke and paper the constitution, Mr. Van Voorhis sketched a plan to bundle C2I’s carbon offsets with coal. Their plan faced some steep challenges including this one: There was no natural market for coal bundled with pollution credits because of its higher cost. Undaunted, Mr. Assignment Essay! Clarke hired an investment banker and lawyers to hatch his idea.

“Wall Street’s a pretty cynical place,” said Tim Hess, a real estate developer in admissions, Virginia, who introduced Mr. Clarke to his banking contacts. “But when you see somebody with that kind of reflective passion and integrity, if there’s a way to make business sense out of it, I think people lean forward.” Patriot Coal’s executives and advisers first met Mr. Admissions! Clarke around the start of the company’s second bankruptcy case in reflective assignment, May 2015. For this second bankruptcy filing, Patriot chose to file in Richmond, Va., where restructuring experts say some judges are eager to move large bankruptcy cases through quickly.

The choice turned out to be a fortunate one. During the first day of bankruptcy hearings, Mr. University Of Phoenix Thesis! Clarke said he happened to be in Richmond for a meeting with state officials when he wandered over to the federal courthouse. “It just amazed me how quickly they rushed through everything,” Mr. Clarke recalled of the proceedings. The best mines would be sold to Blackhawk Mining, a coal company in Kentucky, which would run the properties with financing from reflective, some of debate essay format Patriot’s lenders.

The less valuable mines would be placed in a separate “liquidating trust.” The sole purpose of that trust would be to clean up water pollution and reclaim the mines. West Virginia officials felt comfortable with this arrangement because they could pressure Patriot’s hedge fund lenders to contribute money to the trust for reclamation work, said Mr. Barrett, the assignment lawyer for of phoenix material thesis and outline, West Virginia’s environmental protection agency. Equally important, regulators could hold Patriot’s top executives liable for completing the reflective assignment essay mine cleanup. If they failed, the government could deny them mining permits until the work was completed. “It was incredibly important to them personally, because these liabilities would follow them,” Mr. Barrett said. But Mr. Clarke was proposing something else entirely.

His nonprofit company would assume Patriot’s environmental and reclamation obligations. And ultimately, the of phoenix thesis deal would release former executives from assignment essay, liability. At first, regulators and paper the constitution, advisers to reflective assignment, Patriot didn’t know what to make of Mr. Clarke. Cambridge! He had no experience. Essay! He had no traditional bank financing. When he came to meet Patriot’s management for the first time, he brought his young daughter with him. A company secretary watched her while he met with the executives for hours at the Charleston airport. Many people involved in the negotiations assumed that Mr. Clarke had the financial backing of Mr.

Justice, but that wasn’t the case. Initially, state regulators did not consider Mr. Clarke a realistic option. So when Patriot signaled last summer that it was going to high school admissions, make a deal with Mr. Clarke, Mr. Barrett said, “we were floored.” Shortly before a crucial court hearing, a major piece of Mr.

Clarke’s financing fell through. Patriot’s lawyer and investment bankers scrambled to keep the deal from falling apart. Supporters of Jim Justice, a wealthy West Virginia businessman who won the assignment essay Democratic primary for governor this year. Tom Clarke got his start helping Mr. Justice and his company deal with hundreds of video games environmental violations. Erica Yoon for The New York Times. In the end, Patriot agreed to effectively lend Mr. Clarke $5 million, and the coal miners’ union also stepped in with money.

Surety companies that had insured Patriot’s reclamation obligations agreed to essay, release millions in cash so Mr. Clarke could start the work. Regulators and environmental groups worried that if the state held up the deal, Patriot could threaten to liquidate its properties, leaving no money for of phoenix material thesis and outline, reclamations. “It was the least bad outcome,” Mr. Morgan of the reflective assignment essay Sierra Club said. Even if Mr. Clarke’s venture proves short-lived, Mr. Morgan said, he has already completed a good deal of reclamation work. Mr. Clarke said his fund has spent about $28 million on the work to date.

As insurance, Patriot’s lenders contributed $12.5 million to backstop the reclamation work in case Mr. Clarke failed. The state also has some control over the account that Mr. Research! Clarke uses to reflective assignment essay, pay for reclamation work. For Mr. Clarke, the Patriot agreement opened the the college essay door to other deals. He took over reclamation obligations from assignment essay, Walter Energy, another mining company that had declared bankruptcy. He also picked up more viable mines and a coke processing plant from Walter. This spring, his company vied to take over an entire coal company, Alpha Natural Resources, but the bid was not accepted in the bankruptcy case. “For someone with zero experience to come into this complex and troubled industry proposing the essay writing service cambridge sort of reflective things he is proposing is astonishing,” said Mr.

McGinley, the law professor. Writing Cambridge! “I give him the benefit of the doubt. But I don’t see where it is going.” It was raining when Mr. Clarke and a clutch of miners rode a cavernous elevator 734 feet down to the dank shafts of Federal mine No. 2 last spring. At the bottom, the reflective essay men boarded trains that clanked and jerked along wooden tracks through a maze of silent tunnels, empty except for essay writing service, the occasional mouse scurrying. The trains passed emergency shelters and ventilation shafts pumping cool air from above. This is the miners’ 45-minute commute to the coal seam, where they shave off thousands of tons of black rock each week. “I am proud of you,” Mr. Clarke told some of the miners. As part of the deal with Patriot, the coal miners’ union invested $10 million and took a 20 percent stake in the Federal mine, which Mr.

Clarke says he is doing everything he can to keep open even though it doesn’t break even. When he bought the Federal mine from Patriot, Mr. Clarke said he expected to sell its coal for at assignment least $50 a ton. Recent shipments have sold for just above $40 a ton, he said. On some weeks, the mine has had to high admissions, operate on a three-day schedule because of the low demand for thermal coal, which is used to produce electric power. Phil Smith, a spokesman for the United Mine Workers of America, said the reflective assignment essay union expected production to improve at the mine when the broader coal market recovered. Still, Mr.

Clarke’s company has shifted away from the college essay guy, thermal coal and is hunting for mines that produce the much more valuable metallurgical coal used in reflective, steel production. Last month, an ERP-affiliated company acquired a set of huge surface mines in British Columbia out of bankruptcy. Unlike many of the Patriot mines that Mr. Clarke acquired to clean up, these new mines are capable of pumping millions of tons of essays violent video new coal onto the market each year and reflective assignment, he’s projecting big profits next year. Ultimately, Mr.

Clarke hopes to offset all of the expected emissions from the coal he is producing with pollution credits. But right now, he is research offsetting only 10 percent. That worries environmentalists. “It’s all I can afford,” he said. Mr. Reflective! Clarke says he has been absorbing the video games costs personally until he can persuade utilities and reflective assignment, steel mills to agree to pay for credits.

He is hoping that states, led by West Virginia, will allow utilities to pass through the costs of his credits to ratepayers. Those discussions are continuing, he said. “Coal isn’t the villain,” he said. Essay Service Cambridge! “The villain is excess carbon dioxide in the atmosphere, and we have to find ways to deal with it.” An article last Sunday about the businessman Tom Clarke’s plan to assignment essay, cut carbon emissions by selling pollution credits with each ton of coal misstated the amount of time it takes an acre of trees to convert 156 tons of carbon. The process occurs over a period of university of phoenix material thesis statement 20 years, not in one year.

The White House has highlighted the benefits of assignment its proposed tax cuts, while leaving it to Congress to find revenue to pay for them. Three basic moves could make the math work. New rules announced Thursday by debate, the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau could largely eliminate short-term, high-interest loans to working-class Americans. Jeremiah Cottle has made millions with his bump stocks, a rifle accessory that all but removes the “semi” from reflective assignment, semiautomatic.

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A First Draft of 2012 Admissions Decisions at essay, Dozens of Universities. Now that acceptance letters are out and video games seniors are finalizing their college decisions, we thought we would start to put this year#8217;s admissions season in a broader context. To that end, we present our third annual listing of college admissions statistics at a range of institutions #8212; a listing based on figures supplied by those colleges and universities that responded to assignment essay, a survey from The Choice over cambridge, the last few weeks. This year, for the first time, we have included the number of students who were placed on waiting lists, as well as a more in-depth look at acceptance rates. For each entry, the overall acceptance rate provides an reflective, overview of school essay how many students were accepted, based on the total number of applicants. Reflective Essay! This year, however, we are also including the acceptance rates of early admissions and regular admissions. Early admissions refers to those students who applied early action or early decision. (Students who were deferred during early admissions and material accepted via regular admission are included in the regular admissions rate; an empty box indicates that an institution did not provide a response.) It should be noted that this list represents a rough draft, based on essay early figures, and video aggression that it is hardly comprehensive. There are more than 2,000 colleges and universities in this country; only a fraction are listed here. Our aim is to provide a sense of the essay admissions decisions made around the country, based on debate the statistics that we have received so far. Some admissions officers are still compiling their data, so please refer back to this post for updates. (Admissions officers: If you have data for you wish to reflective assignment, have published on the college The Choice, please contact us at reflective, This year#8217;s data may provide some comfort for students who were rejected or added to a waiting list.

Just by looking at the sheer number of applications #8212; there were 46,030 at the University of Southern California this year, and research more than 36,400 of them were rejected. With statistics like that, it is easy to see how a seemingly qualified candidate could be denied entry to reflective essay, the freshman class. Essays Violent Video Games Aggression! Many colleges have also been more selective this year. As we#8217;ve noted, many Ivy League schools are boasting of acceptance rates lower than 8 percent. Reflective Essay! If students (or parents) would like to share your admissions decisions, please join the round-table discussion we began in late March. University Of Phoenix Material Thesis! As always, we also welcome your thoughts on reflective essay this year#8217;s admissions data in the comment box below. Comments are no longer being accepted. Can make chart more printer Andorra iPad friendly. Do you intend to post results for seven sisters colleges such as Wellesley, Smith, Mount Holyoke, Barnard and aggression Bryn Mawr? Useful information!

Please provide a link so that we can see the reflective assignment entire table. Also, the format table would be easier to read if it were formatted so that the reflective assignment top row with the headings does not scroll up. Thank you. Secondary schools need to do a better job counseling students toward a reasonable number of appropriate applications. Kids who apply to 20+ schools artifically inflate the pool and make everything more complicated. There#8217;s no reason any student should be applying to more than 8-10 schools. Research Paper! I say this as a college counselor at reflective assignment, a Title I (i.e., high poverty) school in East Harlem, so I#8217;m not ignoring the importance of financial aid. I think this chart should be a real wake-up call for families as they go through the college planning process.

I have seen too many good students with a 4.0 or better and essays violent games perfect test scores get rejected from many of the most competitive colleges. Reflective Assignment Essay! Students need to have a list of schools to essay writing service, which they apply that include at least three where their chances for admission are good and where they feel they would be happy to attend. College admissions is essay a pretty unpredictable process. High School Admissions Essay! #8220;Unpredictable#8221; is a mild word! Our son got into reflective essay most of the schools he applied to, including one Ivy and a smaller school that he#8217;s decided to attend on the west coast. The College! But until the essay letters came back we had no clue as to where or whether he might get in. it was a blind lottery: send out the apps, shell out the the college guy fees, cross fingers, and then wait#8230;. Kids send out multiple applications due to assignment, the high degree of randomness and almost total uncertainty in essay format, the process. Good data. I found it difficult to reflective, search through however. Debate Format! The column and row headers should have been locked so that I wouldn’t have to scroll all over to find my alma mater’s data points. Assignment Essay! And can you link to an Excel spreadsheet version that allows me to manipulate the data to essays violent video games, show best and assignment essay worst extremes for each column?

Thanks! With so many rejected I wonder how much the average school charges for application fees. We went through this last year, and I can only say a year later that my son has found attending college to be much less stressful than applying to essay format, college which is sad. And in answer to a previous comment, many schools charge $50 to essay, $100 per application. No wonder they are encouraging applicants as one of the help books we read pointed out, #8220;Have your son or daughter who scored 800 on the math SAT calculate 20,000 applications times $75.#8221; I think, regarding student counseling and admissions, students and the college guy parents would be well served to broaden their options from just the nation#8217;s top 30 (or so) universities. I was a student both at assignment essay, a small liberal arts university in Minnesota, and at an Ivy League school. I had an video aggression, extraordinary education at the small university, easily equal to other schools I took classes and sought degrees at. More importantly, I found a degree of interaction and support from professors (thanks to a 9:1 student:faculty ratio) that I know my friends in the Ivies never enjoyed. My undergraduate university falls well off the first page of the U.S.

News listings for liberal arts colleges, and wouldn#8217;t probably be a first choice for students/parents obsessed with those ratings. That#8217;s a shame as the school offered a great education, produced great men and women, and is still a good deal cheaper than a good portion of its competitors. I think there are plenty of essay great institutions that don#8217;t focus even ignore the rating systems game that good students miss as they scramble for a #8220;name#8221; institution. Had ratings been such a big deal in 1990, I may have looked elsewhere, and university material thesis and outline I believe I would have been worse off for it. While these numbers reflect one aspect of the admissions process and results, it is hardly the whole picture. In fact, I actually think it reflects the basic background information. Using the Harvard freshman book of Class of 2015 and going over profiles of hundreds of randomly selected students (this was not a scientific study), I am impressed by reflective, the sheer diversity of the backgrounds they represent. For a highly selective school like Harvard, they are definitely looking for and admitting students who bring #8220;something#8221; different to the student body. While certain level of academic proficiency and accomplishments are necessary (students after all have to be able to paper, survive four years of Harvard), beyond certain basics, unique features of assignment essay students seem to far outweigh pure academic prowess. My suggestion at least for people who endeavor to get into Harvard and the like put more emphasis on #8220;uniqueness#8221;.

A few examples: A Chinese student who grew up in essays violent, Kenya and Thailand who knows Swahili. A Bulgarian Math Olympiad champion. Reflective! A New Zealand math whiz who spent a couple years growing up on a medical missionary boat off the coast of the college essay guy Africa. A first student to attend from Zambia. A NJ student who spent some time teaching English to reflective assignment, Palestinian kids in university material thesis and outline, refugee camps in Lebanon under tense security conditions.

While not everyone comes such backgrounds, these are specific examples of those who are current freshmen at Harvard based on personal contacts. These are some of the #8220;competitors#8221; that the applicants are being compared to. Thanks for the data. I#8217;m glad to see that so many colleges are willing to essay, be as transparent as they have been with you. Hopefully students and their families can use the information the right way. Ok, Peter, #9, what#8217;s the school essay name of this great small school? Another vote for a reader-friendly and printer-friendly format. Assignment Essay! Would be nice to see this chart on a single page. If you click the #8220;view our admissions data in a new window#8221; you can copy and paste the resulting data into an Excel spreadsheet for sortability. Admissions are a crock!

I entered college with a high school GPA of 2.23. Stupid as I was, I graduated from a top ten public university, with honors. I also discovered that where you attend is almost irrelevant at the under grad level if what you want is to educate yourself and not create a pretty resume or improve your connections. I#8217;ll be going to university of phoenix material thesis statement, UChicago next year. Reflective! College admissions is terrible because of how they#8217;re forcing kids to think less about enjoying their childhood and essays violent games focusing on being pre-professional as soon as they are 14 years old. Of course, this is assuming that you#8217;re shooting for a top school- I honestly believe that whatever happens happens and that people end up finding their best fit. That school isn#8217;t always one ranked in the top-10 of USNWR or the lowest admit rate or whatever. But the way we mindlessly seek prestige, parental/societal approval, and believe that the only way to be successful is by going to reflective essay, a #8216;top school#8217;, it#8217;s no wonder that more and more bright and talented high schoolers are burning out before they even reach college.

I do hope you add more liberal arts colleges, such as Williams, Swarthmore, and essay guy Wellesley, to essay, this list. Although these schools see a significantly smaller amount of applicants, they are just as important as the larger universities. This was a heart-breaking process for our daughter. She was among those with near-perfect test scores, high grades in the most challenging classes from a top private high school who was closed out of the Ivy League. Her essays were personal, funny and well-written. She had 12 consistent years of extracurricular activity and service with multiple community performing arts groups, and video games more than 500 service hours.

It seemed like she had the entire package that all the most selective universities say they are looking for, and yet she was either rejected or wait-listed at all but three of the universities she applied to. She ended up at an excellent university closer to assignment essay, home that has everything she wants and is giving her a full-ride. Still, it#8217;s frustrating. Essays Violent Video! I#8217;d like to know who DOES get into reflective assignment the Ivy League. University Of Phoenix Material Thesis! Always great to see this information.

Can someone explain to me how a school like Washington and Lee, with an average class size of 450 students, can have over 2,000 applicants on the wait list? That is not a wait list it is a #8220;so sorry, but you were close though#8221; rejection letter. The problem for students applying to the very highly selective schools is how to know the chances of admission are #8220;good#8221;. I had thought that doing graduate work as a 16 year old high school senior would make my son a #8220;good#8221; candidate for admission to any university. This turned out to be incorrect as he was rejected by 5 out reflective of the 6 universities to university of phoenix material, which he applied. I am still amazed that my son can successfully take graduate classes at the University of Chicago as a first year undergraduate, but not be admitted to assignment essay, any other university.

One question on the number for guy denies and assignment essay waitlist. Were both numbers provided or are you just deducing from the accepts and other group? There tends to be a lot of students who withdraw after being accepted ED to admissions, another school and others who don#8217;t complete an application, but are counted as an app. I think this group is being added to the waitlists or denies. Vicki #8212; Your daughter sounds accomplished but not distinguished in these applicant pools.

Being #8220;good enough#8221; is not good enough. In the end, it#8217;s important to find the right fit for your son/daughter. Reflective Assignment Essay! My son was just accepted to his first choice. Essay Writing! It wasn#8217;t his first choice based on prestige (although it happens to reflective essay, be a top 10 school), but he could really see himself there. Research! They had his major, his sport and a small school environment where he will thrive. He was rejected from 4 other schools, some not as prestigious. I do believe admissions officers take a lot of time to see if kids fit their school community. You can#8217;t be everything to reflective assignment essay, everyone. I would counsel high school kids to university of phoenix statement, work hard but focus on what they love.

There is a place out there for everyone and you#8217;ll be lots happier if you aren#8217;t trying to be something that you are not. I have a simple solution: Common Application needs to limit students to no more than ten colleges. Sure, students can still apply to other colleges directly, but not many are going to complete more than a few other applications. The UK limits the reflective number of programs students can apply to on UCAS; the debate essay US needs to follow suit. College Counselor in reflective assignment essay, Massachusetts. Violent Video Aggression! It would be very very helpful if the admissions officials would reveal the criteria they use to decide who #8220;fits#8221; into their institutions community.

I think this single act could reduce the number of applications to Harvard by half, saving Harvard staff from reading 15,000 uncompetitive applications and the uncompetitive applicants a combined total of $1,125,000.00 in assignment essay, application fees.

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For And Against Homework Essays and Research Papers. ##$%%'(%)')$)*$%+$,)-./*0012%2%10034%305600578039: The Case Against Homework : A Fact Sheet WHAT THE RESEARCH SAYS c . c c According to reflective assignment essay, a 2001 review of essays, more than 120 studies of homework and its effects by Professor Harris Cooper of reflective, Duke University, the country’s leading homework researcher, and his updated 2006 review of an additional sixty studies, there is very little correlation between the amount of homework and achievement in elementary school and only a moderate correlation. American Diabetes Association , High school , National Education Association 763 Words | 4 Pages. Homework or Not? That is the (Research) Question. By: Alison DeNisco District Administration, March 2013 Woe unto the administrator who . Research Paper The Constitution? ventures forth into the homework wars. Assignment Essay? Scale it back, and parents will be at your door complaining about debate format a lack of academic rigor. Dial it up, and you’ll get an earful from other parents about interference with after-school activities and assignment family time. Research The Constitution? If you’re looking to bolster your particular position with research results, you’re in luck, because there. Education , High school , Homework 1672 Words | 5 Pages. ? Demand on No Homework Homework one of life’s struggles for students from the starting of reflective, school until the day they graduate. . It makes kids hate learning since they know they have to do homework once they get home.

Pressure is just one of the things that lead to essay, stress in students because of homework and the need to stay awake all night to finish their homework . In order to reflective essay, get people to help abolish homework one should look to the reasons why homework should not be assigned such as it would. Anxiety , Education , Homework help service 1053 Words | 3 Pages. your work done on time. Essay Format? Homework takes up a lot of time. Essay? A reason why homework takes up too much time is you go to essays violent video games, bed too . late. You are up late if you have a lot of homework you are up late.

If you go to bed at an unreasonable hour then the next day will be hard. I think that children go to reflective essay, bed too late because of homework and that makes them not do the best in school. People also get frustrated in school because they are so tired. The last reason I think homework takes up too much time is. Coursework , Education , Homework 871 Words | 3 Pages. tests. Now imagine that you have to essay, lug a heavy book bag home just to sit there and do homework for one to three hours. I know how this feels . and I'm sure this is what kids my age have to go through every single day at school. Homework is annoying, boring and just downright hard. Unfortunately, every kid our age has to do it and that's why I think that there should be no homework . There should absolutely be no homework what's so ever because it's too much work, it's completely unfair to kids, and afterschool. 2008 singles , American films , English-language films 1011 Words | 3 Pages.

Try also to bring arguments against the opposite assignment, point of view. Debate Essay Format? Try to use one or more of the ethical theories discussed (rule utilitarianism, . Reflective Assignment? act utilitarianism, deontological ethics, Kantianism, enlightened self-interest etc.) and to essays video, discuss the different results of using one or other of these theories. The homework deadline is May 30 (in electronic format by e-mail at or your last seminar (in paper format). For those who will send their homework by reflective essay e-mail, the file name (not. Employment , Ethics , Morality 2555 Words | 7 Pages. latest Business Week best seller's business books list. How many introduce a “quick-fix?” You are to decide whether to implement “teams” in this course. Admissions? . Describe the costs and benefits of reflective essay, having teams of students work together on papers, exams, and homework . Would you implement teams? Why or why not?

Some costs of having teams of students work on cambridge, assignments together are as follows. Some members may be unreliable in getting work done. Reflective? As a result others will have to pick up the slack that unreliable. Cost , Costs , Economics 1076 Words | 4 Pages. Homework Assignment – Chapter 1 1. Prepare an analysis of the essay format, automobile manufacturing industry using Porter’s five forces framework. For . each component force provide support for your conclusion. In addition, at the completion of your analysis provide a conclusion, along with support, of whether you expect the automobile industry to report high or low profitability in the near future. Assignment? 2. Tremble Company manufactures outdoors wear for women. During 2009, the company reported the following. Accounts receivable , Asset , Balance sheet 348 Words | 3 Pages.

Daniel Whalen 02/18/2013 Cost Accounting: Professor Joseph Homework Chapter 4 20 1) Indirect Cost Pools Machining Department . Assembly Department Manufacturing Overhead Manufacturing Overhead Cost Allocation Base Machine Hours Direct Manufacturing Labor Costs Cost Object: Product Indirect Costs Direct Costs Direct Costs Direct Materials Direct Manufacturing Labor Budgeted Manufacturing Overhead Rate: Machining Department=$36 per hour. Accounts receivable , Cost accounting , Generally Accepted Accounting Principles 729 Words | 4 Pages. organizations. Essays Violent? increases business costs. requires special software, other than a browser, to be installed on each computer. Essay? | 9. Benchmarking . Research Paper The Constitution? (Points : 1) | compares the efficiency and effectiveness of reflective assignment essay, your business processes against strict standards. allows industry participants to influence industry-wide standards. is used to measure the speed and responsiveness of information technology. synchronizes the business processes of customers, suppliers, and trading. Cost , Costs , Economics 750 Words | 3 Pages. ? Homework Assignment 6 Chapter 7 1. (6 points, 2 points ea) Contrast the research paper the constitution, following terms: a. base table; view b. Reflective Essay? dynamic view; . Essays Violent Video Aggression? materialized view c. Essay? catalog; schema 2. (6 points, 2 points ea) Distinguish among data definition commands, data manipulation commands, and data control commands. 3. (4 points) Describe the components and structure of a typical SQL environment. 4. (6 points, 2 points ea) Drawing on material covered in prior chapters, explain the games, factors to be considered.

Data Control Language , Data Definition Language , Data Manipulation Language 548 Words | 3 Pages. f. A 12% increase in nominal wages (with no change in productivity). Assignment Essay? AS curve would shift to the left, a decrease in high aggregate supply. Assignment Essay? g. A sizable . depreciation in the international value of the debate, dollar. Assignment? When the dollar declines in value against debate foreign currencies, it takes more dollars to buy foreign goods. So foreign goods become more expensive in dollar terms, and Americans reduce their imports. Reflective Assignment? On the other hand, the depreciation of the of phoenix thesis statement and outline, dollar means that other currencies rise in value. Aggregate demand , Aggregate supply , Economics 780 Words | 3 Pages. documents that the car that is reflective essay being sold is owned by high the person who is trading.

As per my knowledge, when you trade a car, a title or any other . supporting documents are needed for dealership to own a car. Another way is that we can file case against Carl for selling the property that is not his. According to the law, “Larceny of reflective assignment, goods of the value of more than one thousand dollars ($1,000) is a Class H felony. The receiving or possessing of stolen goods of the value of more than one thousand. Concurrent estate , Deed , Eminent domain 1111 Words | 3 Pages. less - homework revolution How fed-up parents are changing the way sehools think—and how you can, too By Nancy Kallsh Photographs by Brooke . Slezak used to be extremely pro- homework . In fact, I once wrote an article for this very magazine telling readers how to essay format, get kids to stop whining and essay knuckle down to work. Paper? Back then, I could afford to be smug; My second-grader was happily zooming through her ten minutes a night. But a few years later, Allison started coming home with four hours of assignment essay, homework each.

Educational stages , Elementary school , High school 2392 Words | 7 Pages. Research Spotlight on Homework NEA Reviews of the Research on Best Practices in Education Some researchers are urging schools to take a . Research? fresh look at homework and its potential for engaging students and improving student performance. The key, they say, is to take into reflective account grade-specific and high developmental factors when determining the amount and kind of homework . So, what's appropriate? What benefits can be expected? What makes for good homework policies? Research doesn't have all the answers. Education , Educational stages , Grade 1828 Words | 6 Pages. Homework is reflective assignment a way of life for essays violent games many students in reflective assignment essay public or private schools, from kindergarten to graduation. Often students are overwhelmed with . the pressures of school, each night students are required to do homework after completing school each day. Is there a reason or need for debate students to come home from reflective 7 hours of writing service, school and then have hours of homework . Is it essential that students have homework , are they gaining anything by practicing the skills they learned at school. Or are students harmed.

19th century , College , Education 1139 Words | 3 Pages. The Burden of reflective, Homework: Stressed for Success. ?‘ Homework is a burden our kids don’t need.’ Language analysis The new proposal of a beneficial school curriculum made . by the UK Government, including a change in school hours and the number of school homework distributed to students, have sparked much debate in the UK as it has in Australia. In her opinion piece published in thesis statement and outline the Herald Sun on February 17th this year, Rita Panahi actively discusses the reflective, issue regarding the violent video games aggression, corrupt educational purpose of homework for school children. Curriculum , Education , Homework 865 Words | 2 Pages. The Great Homework Debate Over the last several years, many educators have had strong opinionated discussions about whether or not . homework for school-aged children is reflective assignment beneficial to their learning and achievement. University Of Phoenix Material Statement? Many have researched the topic through various surveys and have reported their findings.

Some researchers believe homework helps students grow academically to achieve higher test scores and better grades. Reflective Essay? An article written by the NC Board of Education supports how homework does help. Achievement test , Alfie Kohn , Education 1323 Words | 4 Pages. With homework being the debate topic since the cambridge, 1940s, research shows that with the formulation and results of the Common Core and reflective essay ACT . assessments American people are questioning where they stand in terms of education. The ongoing debate on education has been misinterpreted by American society and admissions essay since Americans realize that they are falling behind on educational ranking, a controversy on the amount and quality of assignment essay, homework given to high school admissions essay, students compared to essay, the amount of learning that are shown through. Alfie Kohn , College , High school 1428 Words | 4 Pages.

Research Paper: the Misuse of Homework. Homework : Perhaps the most touchy education subject of of phoenix thesis statement, them all. Teachers say it greatly improves test scores, but students hate it. But even . more important, research today shows that the amount of reflective assignment, homework given is writing service cambridge very counterproductive to reflective, the learning process. While homework may reinforce the things taught in paper class, too much becomes busy work, and doesn’t benefit the child much at all in the long run. Essay? If homework assignments do not see a reform, the American people will begin to see international. Dropout , Education , High school 1369 Words | 4 Pages. Homework : Helpful or Harmful? Recently there has been a wave of interest in the subject of homework . Parents, students and even . teachers are starting to question the research, hours of stressful and excessive amounts of homework that is plaguing the essay, lives of university of phoenix statement, middle school children in reflective the U.S. Some believe that homework should be eliminated in the college its totality, while others believe that a less radical solution can be reached. I have collected my research from different books and essay articles to try to get the full.

Alfie Kohn , Education , Elementary school 2541 Words | 6 Pages. Persuasive Essay The issue of homework has long been a hot topic amongst teachers, students and parents alike.The evidence of the actual, . real, proven benefits of university thesis statement, homework is reflective assignment negligible and essays violent video with such focus on achieving better grades, it is time to assignment essay, shine the spotlight on paper the constitution, the subject. Is homework of essay, actual benefit to students, or just a waste of time? School students have always been heard complaining about writing having too much homework which, they feel, is a waste of reflective essay, time and debate essay format not beneficial. The.

Adolescence , Education , Homework 972 Words | 3 Pages. ? Homework -“Such a Frustration” Have you ever wondered why kids come home so stressed and frustrated? Well that’s pretty much what you . are going to read about in this essay. Both children and parents SHOULD pay close attention because this will be helpful for you in reflective assignment the future. For instance from the article “Is Too Much Homework Bad for Kids’ Health” by Sandra Levy, it talks about high how students who spend way too much time on homework have more stress and health problems.

According to this. According to Jim , Bad , Child 848 Words | 6 Pages. Essay Less Homework , More Family Time How much homework is too much? How much homework is ok? Nothing? One hour . per day? Two hours? Everyday students stay up very late to finishing their homework . After a stressful day in assignment essay school, after hard practice for school or another sports team and the college essay maybe some hours of work, they come home and the only reflective assignment essay thing they want to do is going to bed.

But they can't because they have to do a bunch of homework . The homework given in schools is too much. The homework assigned. Education , High school , Homework 1066 Words | 3 Pages. English 2B March 3, 2013 Negative Effects of Homework Homework has historically been given to research paper the constitution, students to reinforce what they . learn at school, and ultimately to help them learn the material better. However, too much homework is not helpful, and can be counterproductive. Excessive amounts of time spent on completing homework can take away from assignment a student's social life, family time, and limits participation in sports or other activities. The amount of homework a teacher can give to a student should be.

College , December 10 , Extracurricular activity 849 Words | 3 Pages. Surviving Homework Surviving Homework How to get motivated? 1. Set goals for essay . Reflective Essay? yourself. 2. Set schedule for studying and write it down. 3. Do the homework you dislike the most first. 4. Ask for help from your parents. 5. Use rewards to essay writing service cambridge, mark your progress. 6. Find a way to reflective essay, turn your homework into something that interests you. How to speed your progress 1. Remember that everyone works at different pace.

2. Writing? Work in assignment essay your. Study skills , Time 356 Words | 3 Pages. HISTORY HOMEWORK FOR FURTHER INVESTIGATION p 417 1. Research? WHY WAS JULIUS CAESAR ASSASSINATED? In 44 B.C. the Roman Republic was at its height of . its power. Gaul, Greece, Spain, and even Egypt were under Rome's control. The Senate gave the title of dictator for reflective assignment essay life to the man who had won Rome its victories, Gaius Julius Caesar. But immediately, a plot to assassinate Caesar was hatched. A dictator for life was a threat to the college, the senate, and to the ideals of the reflective essay, republic which had started 450 years. Ancient Rome , Augustus , Cicero 984 Words | 3 Pages. Most kids don't love doing homework , but it provides many benefits that will linger long after the lesson is learned.

GLENDA FAYE . PRYOR-JOHNSON The Basics Your child is gaining several simple skills each time she sits down to do work at home. All four will help her as she matures. Service? Responsibility. The homework assignment is reflective essay your child’s responsibility (not yours). When students assume responsibility for their homework and university of phoenix material thesis complete an assignment, it is only then that they learn to be accountable. Coursework , Education , Homework 981 Words | 3 Pages. ? Against School John Taylor Gatto Against School is an article that represents the writer’s view and his . experience in essay the American schooling system .This articles were written by John Taylor Gatto. He is an games American teacher who spends thirty years in good and bad schools in reflective assignment essay Manhattan. He found out that boredom was his specialty as teacher. Also he was not the only one who was bored as an the constitution instructor and assignment if we ask the teachers about their boredom they will blame kids. Whereas kids blame.

Education , Education in aggression the United States , Harvard University 785 Words | 3 Pages. Why Kids Should Not Get Less Homework. The Amount of Homework Should Not Be Lessened A study conducted in 2004 shows 17-year-old students' average reading scale scores increase with . the amount of reflective assignment, time spent on homework (Average). Debate Format? Students who spend more time on assignment, homework receive higher test scores than those who do less homework ; therefore proving that homework should not be lessened. The amount of research, homework students receive should not be lessened for many reasons. The many reasons that the amount of homework students receive should not. Better , Education , Homework help service 1059 Words | 3 Pages. ?Arguments for homework Introduction As you may not be aware of homework is all out of class or at home . activities/assignments that teachers give to students. Homework is an reflective assignment extension to schoolwork. It could be practicing skills learnt during the university statement and outline, school day, preparing some information for a presentation or studying for tests.

I believe that homework is helpful and necessary in order to make the school day learning efficient. Reflective? Not to mention that we would be in school very much longer to. College , Extracurricular activity , High school 1023 Words | 4 Pages. Week 7 Homework Mohamed E. Abdelrahman Prof: James Glenn International Finance FIN: 535 Strayer University Spring 2013 15. DFI . Strategy: A. Guy? What comparative advantage does JCPenney have when establishing a store in a foreign country, relative to an independent variety store? B. Assignment? Why might the overall risk of JCPenney decrease or increase as a result of research, its recent global expansion? C. JCPenney has been more cautious about reflective entering China.

Explain the potential obstacles associated with. Canadian dollar , Currency , Dollar 936 Words | 6 Pages. ? Homework #1 Group homework Professor: Stathis Tompaidis Team: Jessica Janeth Padilla Torres A00952287 Arturo Sanchez Gomez . A00952008 Diego Ramos Leon de la Barra A01530381 Oscar Chavez Chavez A01530382 Oscar Daniel Lechuga Perez A01530442 Jose Ricardo Reyes A00454161 Problem 1 Explore the paper the constitution, relationship between the selling prices (Y) and the appraised values (X) of the 150 homes in the file hw1_1.xlsx by reflective estimating simple linear regression model. Also, compute the standard error of estimate se. Econometrics , Errors and residuals in statistics , Linear regression 790 Words | 3 Pages. Homework should be reduced Homework are like pills you need it, but it's are not necessary. Even though . Guy? homework could give you valuable information it should be reduced because it is not necessary sometimes. Essay? In my argument I believe homework should be reduced because it takes much time, cause stress, and essays violent reduce our time of sleep. The purpose of this paper is to show readers what less homework causes and how it could be modified. Homework is like a resource you need, it's necessary, but should. Childhood obesity , Homework , Hypertension 816 Words | 2 Pages.

Homework ! My God! Back when I was a middle school, I struggled when it comes to reflective, turning my homework in, even if it was a small . amount. Debate Essay Format? Now seeing how high school is like, I'd have to put more effort into turning in homework . Whenever I failed to turn in my homework , my grade percentage dropped slowly. Reflective? It didn't matter to me till it stacked up and dropped my grade by a letter or two. That's when it hit me that I have to shape up and turn things around. By doing so, I eliminated part of my. 2005 albums , College , High school 4540 Words | 10 Pages. ?Chapter 40 Homework Packet Putting Things in the college guy Order Put the following events in correct order by reflective essay numbering them from 1 to paper the constitution, 6. 0 10. . __________ Reagan easily wins reelection by overwhelming divided Democrats. 20. __________ The United States and its allies defeat Iraq in the Persian Gulf War.

30. __________ President Jimmy Carter loses in a landslide to former actor and California governor Ronald Reagan. 40. __________ Reagan’s “supply-side” economic programs pass through Congress, cutting. 2003 invasion of Iraq , Cold War , George H. W. Bush 582 Words | 4 Pages. BIO 341 Homework #2 Questions: 1. A chromosome about to start mitosis is made of two sister chromatids. In what stage of the reflective assignment, cell cycle . were those sister chromatids made? When do they become visible and distinguishable by light microscopy? 2. For each of the events in mitotic phase, give the stage of mitotic phase in high school which it occurs The nuclear membrane breaks down during _______________________. Chromosomes have reached the assignment essay, equator of the cell during _______________________.

The connection. Cell cycle , Cell nucleus , Centromere 696 Words | 4 Pages. Geography Homework - Landforms homework Monument Valley- UTAH, USA • Monument valley is a desert area, which means that . temperatures are very high in the day time and very cold at night. • Temperatures can fall below freezing. High Admissions? • It can be very windy. Essay? • Note- there are some vegetation. Geographical Narrative Monument Valley is located in the USA in the state Arizona. This phenomenal desert area is extremely windy; temperatures can even sometimes fall below freezing! The monument valley.

Chalk , Cliff , Desert 663 Words | 3 Pages. Homework is important because it is at the intersection between home and school. Material Statement And Outline? It serves as a window through which you can observe your . children?s education and express positive attitudes towards your children and reflective assignment their education. As children grow older, homework and the amount of time engaged in homework , increases in importance. For teachers and administrators, homework is a cost effective way to provide additional instruction in high admissions practice. Assignment Essay? Lets examine the six constructive purposes for material thesis statement homework. Better , Education , Improve 377 Words | 2 Pages. ask yourself if your homework was really helping you in the long run? B. Homework is found to be extremely unnecessary and must . be eliminated completely or lessened to an hour or so per week. Essay? C. Main Points: 1. Homework is found to lower test scores 2. Students already spend 8 hours or so in school, they don’t need to spend more time doing homework at home.

3. Homework is found to be extremely stressful for both students and parents of the debate, students. Transition: Homework is assignment only lowering students. Education , Eight-hour day , Homework 555 Words | 3 Pages. I believe that homework is important to all grades as it not only helps to review and expand on what we are being taught but it also prepares . new information we will need in upcoming classes or activities I believe that homework , even for kinder garden is important and beneficial. If prepares them for the world of primary and guy secondary life. Homework is important even more so in the higher grades especially years 1-9 and 10-12 as it helps us to understand and adsorb new information it prepares for. High school , Homework , Homework help service 691 Words | 2 Pages. Against School The article Against Schools is a very intriguing article or could case great debate and reflective essay concern about university of phoenix material thesis public . schooling systems in America today.

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It doesn’t really have a good purpose and there is service cambridge . more of a negative side to it than a positive side. Homework causes kids to get very stressed out, it causes stress in their families, and studies show that it doesn’t improve test scores. It actually shows the opposite: Duke University’s Harris Cooper found out that, “doing more than 60 to 90 min. a night in middle school and more than 2hr. in high school is. High school 758 Words | 2 Pages. IMSE 5655 Homework #1 and Case Study #1 Due: February 11th, 2013 Homework #1 1- Page 18, #5. Reflective? Consider . the supply chain involved when a customer orders a book from Amazon. Identify the push/pull boundary and two processes each in the push and pull phases. Push/pull view: processes in a SC are divided into two categories depending on debate essay, whether they are executed in response to a customer order (pull) or in reflective assignment essay anticipation of a customer order (push) A customer orders a book. Customer , Inventory , Microeconomics 853 Words | 4 Pages.

immigration legislation, that state racism is born. And it is the racism of the state – in legislation, in research paper the constitution government, and in the criminal justice system – . Reflective? that put the imprimatur on the college guy, institutional racism and reflective assignment essay gave a fillip to guy, popular racism. The fight against that institutional racism, which maims and kills and blights the lives of young African-Caribbean and Asian peoples and reflective essay other minority groups, continues. School Admissions Essay? But there is a new racism abroad in the land, even more virulent and devastating than the ones. Canada , Capitalism , Globalization 1317 Words | 4 Pages. Homework is bad for you. Researchers say it is reflective assignment essay excessive and counterproductive(Current Events 10/27/06.) The U.S.A has one of the lowest test . scores in the whole world because the teachers give high amounts of homework . Homework in high quantities doesn’t pay off. “First, they say, the government now requires schools to meet higher-than-ever achievement goals for students. If students don't succeed, the school faces penalties. Debate? Second, many parents want their children to be able to get into the nation's. Education , Homework , School 404 Words | 2 Pages.

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Cancer , Decriminalization , Drug addiction 818 Words | 3 Pages. CMIS102 Homework Assignment 1 (Worth 13% of essay, your grade) Student Name: Heather Elliott Class/Section: 1202CMIS1026391 Professor . Name: Nicolae Tapus Assignment due date: 1/29/12 Problem definition: Calculate the usable area in square feet of house. Reflective Assignment Essay? Assume that the house has a maximum of four rooms, and that each room is rectangular. A. Problem Analysis – Following the directions in debate essay the assignment, clearly write up your problem analysis in this section. Area , Bedroom , English-language films 386 Words | 3 Pages. Homework 1 Unit 1 Chapter Exercises (NT1430.U1.GA1) Unit 1 ? Chapter 1, pp. 20-21, Exercises 1, 4 ? Chapter 2, p. 53, . Essay? Exercise 1 ? Chapter 3, p. 86, Exercises 1, 4, 8 ? Chapter 11, p. 498, Exercises 1, 3, 7 ? Grading: Answers to the end-of-the-chapter exercises can be found in format the text instructor guide.

To access the guide, follow the steps outlined in the Instructor Guide for accessing the Pearson IRC. Unit 1 Lab 1: Linux Installation (NT1430.U1.LA1) . GNOME , Graphical user interface , Init 435 Words | 3 Pages. OPRE 301 Homework 1 Due 9/4 in class For each of the problem below, develop only the mathematical model – precisely define your decision . variables. Do not try to solve these problems - -yet! Your answers should be typed or clearly written. Problem 1 (15 points) Agri-Pro mixed four feeds for farm animals to meet nutrient requirements on corn, grain, and mineral. Assignment Essay? The percentages of writing service, corn, grain, and minerals contained in one pound of each feed are given in the table below. The last row of the table. Bond , English-language films , Imperial units 548 Words | 2 Pages. Against Abortion Lisa Wilson Political Science December 5, 2012 I am strongly . against abortion and feel that no one has the right to take away another's life. I do, however, feel that if the essay, mother's life is in danger that all of the precautionary steps should be taken to prevent having to use abortion, but if that is the service, only way to save the mother's life, then an abortion should be performed.

I do not believe in the selfish reasons of taking another's. Abortion , Fetus , Intact dilation and extraction 1326 Words | 4 Pages. PART: Challenge other members of your lab group to the . Your First Score:_______lvl__ Your Best Score:________lvl__ Your Lab Group's Best . Score:________lvl__ You may take this lab home to help you with the post-lab homework sheet, due next time. Reflective Assignment Essay? Basic Stoichiometry Post-Lab Homework Exercises 1. Load the debate essay format, Reactants, Products, and essay Leftovers simulation and work through each of the levels of the Game! At home, you can find the simulation by service cambridge going to or googling phet.. Carbon dioxide , Chemical reaction , Chemistry 821 Words | 5 Pages. Against Alienation Alienation is reflective a being isolated and discriminated by essay the majority. Society alienates people who seem to be . different in a way or another. Alienation also means the separation a person feels from things that naturally belong together.

In “Letter from Birmingham Jail” by reflective assignment Dr. Martin Luther King Jr, “Why the M Word Matters to Me” by Andrew Sullivan, and “How It Feels to be Colored Me” by Zora Neale Hurston, the authors illustrate the alienation they have experienced at essay writing service cambridge some. African American , Black people , Homosexuality 1718 Words | 5 Pages. ?Chapter 1 Homework 1. Find a recent copy of BusinessWeek and read the essay, “Corporate Strategies” section. Statement? Was the main decision discussed . strategic? At what level in the organization was the key decision made? The article Tesla Speeds Past Texas Red Tape to Park Its Battery Plant in Nevada from BusinessWeek website shows the main decision determined to build its giant battery factory in reflective assignment essay Nevada. Of course it’s a strategic decision based on writing service, production requirements. Reflective? Upper-level managers or directors. Business , Business terms , Goal 1085 Words | 4 Pages. Is Homework Beneficial to Student?

Nowadays, the view of homework has become the topic that people argue about. According to researchers England and Flatley (1985) states, . “survey of teachers conducted in 1966 found that 89 of 90 teachers favored homework ; another survey in 1989 found that teachers did not strongly believe homework was beneficial”. In this topic, there are some adherents who think that they can encourage students to take the high school admissions, initiative to do their homework , and can train them to have independent study skills. They. Education , Homework , Homework help service 1657 Words | 5 Pages.

Finance Capstone Advanced Topics Homework Three AIJIA ZHOU The general information of the two bonds are shown below: Coupon | 10.625% | . 4.25% | Coupon frequency | Semi-annual | Semi-annual | Coupon type | Fixed | Fixed | Day count | Act/Act | Act/Act | Issue date | August 15, 1985 | August 15, 2005 | Maturity date | August 15, 2015 | August 15, 2015 | Amount issued | 7.15 billion | 32.47 billion | Amount outstanding | 4.02 billion | 32.47 billion | Modified Duration Method . Bond , Finance , Financial markets 671 Words | 3 Pages. cotton percentage affect breaking strength? Draw t is shown below. Fill in assignment the comparative box plots and perform an analysis of he P-value. variance. Use . a P-value approach. Research The Constitution? (b) Plot average tensile strength against reflective assignment cotton percentage IE5002 results. and interpret theSpring 2012: Homework 3 5-8 (c) Which speci?c means are different? SAMPLES? WHAT IF WE HAVE MORE THAN TWO 289 5-77 We study an experiment of the tensile strength of a synthetic ?ber. It is suspected that (d) Perform residual analysis. Analysis of variance , Deformation , Nozzle 1651 Words | 16 Pages.

Math 5067 001 Homework 1 Due 9/11/13 1. Read Chapter 1 in the DHW text (sections 1.1 – 1.3 are mandatory) and answer the following: a. List . at the college essay guy least three incentives for an insurance company to develop new insurance products. Assignment? b. (Exercise 1.1 in debate DHW) Why do insurers generally require evidence of reflective assignment essay, health from a person applying for life insurance but not for an annuity? c. (Exercise 1.3 in DHW) Explain why premiums are payable in advance, so that the first premium is due at issue, rather than in. Cumulative distribution function , Expected value , Moment 463 Words | 3 Pages. MDH INTERNATIONAL SCHOOL DWARKA LAST WORKING DAY – SATURDAY, 18 MAY 2013 SCHOOL REOPENS ON – MONDAY, 1 JULY 2013 [pic] HOLIDAY . HOMEWORK CLASS –IX ENGLISH 1.Read the novel ‘Three Men in a Boat’(TERM-I).Make a book jacket on essay guy, a hand made sheet and essay write the summary of the novel.Also write the aggression, critical analysis of the novel throwing light on essay, the themeof the plot. 2.Take any three characters from the novel and write their character sketch. 3. Find out 40 new words from essay the.

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