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APA Essay Format: Help with Writing Your Essay Paper. An APA , American Psychological Association, style is a standard of law assignment writing academic papers in huxley complete a variety of subjects relevant to the social sciences. This allows to law assignment, write essays and research papers according to the same generally accepted standard in Sociology, Psychology, Education, Political Science, Business and other disciplines. APA Style is great essay notable for contract, certain requirements related to paper format, font, margins and headings, as well as referencing. We designed this page to guide you through all the peculiarities of formatting a paper in APA style . Learning about APA style will be a very rewarding experience for you, as you will be able to reply it in all of your next writing assignments. Quick Navigation through the APA Essay Format Page: The Fundamentals of an APA Essay Format. What comprises the assign operator, APA style ? Does it provide requirements only to referencing the sources or to whole essay? In their published guide book, the American Psychological Association, provides APA standards on the following issues: Title page. Unlike MLA style which doesn#8217;t require a title page, it is law assignment a must in APA essay format . It usually contains such standard elements as the title of the paper, the student#8217;s name, teachers or course name, and the due date. The APA title page can be easily distinguished by the running header, the page number on the title page and two titles (a short one is followed by the full title). Abstract . Abstract is a single paragraph usually a half page long, and is written on a separate sheet.
An abstract summarizing the entire paper has the devon movies, same copyrights as the contract, whole paper. It should provide the main ideas/results of the paper and mention the devon movies, methodology used to achieve them. Page format . Page format recommendations in APA style concern page numbers, margins, indentation and law assignment, spacing. In-text references . The format of references in APA format is the foremost subject of student#8217;s concerns. You may pick up citations, quotations and summaries from various sources to support your statements. When you use the idea or results that are not yours, they are to be referenced correctly. APA style approves of in-text references.
The author and the year of publication should be included within the parenthesis in the essay. Page numbers also need to be mentioned when picking up lines from a book. Use of tutoring quotations . APA style recommends to contract law assignment, put short quotations in quotation marks. If the argument essay against, quotations used exceed the word limit of 40 words, then the writer should indent 5 spaces from the contract law assignment, margin and it should be double spaced. Argument Essay On Abortion? Also, in case of a long quotation, quotation marks should not be used, instead it should be ended with a full stop. Headings . Though it may be not required for law assignment, an essay, but if you will write a research paper or thesis in APA format you#8217;ll need to essay intros, structure it. Headings are used to separate and classify paper sections. Thus use different heading styles for headings of sections and subsequent subsections. Reference list . Reference list is a must when you use in-text references, for you need to present the full information about the sources used.The reference list includes all sources used in the essay writing and contract law assignment, cited in the paper, and it is arranged according to the alphabetical order by author.
It is also of great importance to know how exactly different sources are cited as books, journals, magazines, and web pages are cited in complete a different way with certain requirements to contract, each type of assign operator a source. You may consider how the basic APA requirements are met in APA Essay sample . APA Essay Template (Cick the Image to Enlarge) When using APA style there are a few standards to keep in mind: double spaced; have all the margins set to one inch; it’s recommended to use the font serif typeface for the text and sans serif typeface for contract law assignment, any labels; use 10-12 for the font size; always have page numbers; a header with the argument essay, title of the paper should also be used. So, you may either format your essay in APA format yourself or download APA Template in law assignment rtf file from P rof E ssays.com . Essay On Abortion? Our expert writers will format your paper for free when you place an contract law assignment, order on assign operator our website. Your essay will come to contract law assignment, you in the APA format with a free bibliography and proper in-text citations. Other free extras that are included are a free outline, free plagiarism report and against, free title page. Try our services and get 15 percent off your first order! Just put the code FPE15OFF in the order form to get the discount, and request the free add-ons that you need.
We know the feeling, it#8217;s like a 300 lb weight on your shoulders. The paper#8217;s due date is fast approaching, you think about the work all the time but haven#8217;t started yet and you spend hours staring at contract, a blank piece of paper waiting for inspiration to strike while your friends are all out having fun. Well, that can all change in an instant. P rof E ssays.com is a reliable academic writing service service providing professional essay help. Our qualified experts genuinely understand how to write an aldous complete vol 2, A+ essay in APA Format. Use our interactive calculator to see how much it will cost you to gain your freedom back. Within 10 minutes, you can be out having the time of your life while we write an A+ paper for law assignment, you and deliver it to your inbox always on time! Learn More.
Why choosing us to help? P rof E ssays.com has been providing custom writing services to students for the past eight years. Thousands of students have benefited from our services, achieving excellence in their courses and assign operator, education. The evident testimony to the excellence of our services and contract law assignment, the trust our customers have in us is college tutoring that 65% of our customers come back with repeat orders. Your privacy is important to P rof E ssays.com , none of your personal information or details, such as credit card or banking details, will ever be compromised or disclosed to any third party. You are always on the save side with P rof E ssays.com ! Click here to place your order. Contract? References are obligatory in a body of the essay if you use some external sources, and especially when you cite them in the APA essay . In-text references are used instead of college intros footnotes in APA format. The sources are indicated by the last name of an author, a year of publication and a page number (if possible). In-text references are put in parenthesis (round brackets) within the sentence.
Thus the standard in-text reference in APA style will have the following format (Author, year) or (Author, year, page) . But there may be variations: 1. If you are referring to an idea from another work, summarize it findings, or tell about the authors viewpoint you are referring to the whole book and should use (Author, year) format. Example : T. E. Lawrence, a British intelligence officer, became regarded as the contract law assignment, man who was in charge of the Arab revolt (Thomas, 1924). Great College Essay Intros? 2. If you are quoting the source or bring in figures provided in it, you need to include the page number in contract law assignment your in-text reference. Like: (Author, year, page). Example : Lawrence was compared to #8220;a caliph who had stepped out from the pages of #8216;The Arabian nights'#8221; (Thomas, 1924, 16) 3. If the author or the year of assign operator publication is already mentioned in the sentence there is no need to repeat this information in the in-text citation again. Examples: With Lawrence in contract law assignment Arabia was published in 1924 (Thomas). Lawrence of Arabia became famous due to on abortion against, the book of contract Lowell Thomas (1924).
4. Multiple authors reference . College? If the source is written by multiple authors, then you should state last names of contract law assignment all of them, at great intros, least in law assignment the first reference within the essay. Research? Later in the essay, one can use the name of the first author with et al for others. Example: (Morris, Raskin, 1993) first in-text reference. (Morris et al., 1993) subsequent in-text reference. 5. In case of no author . In some cases the author may be an contract, organization or department, so the stating of assign operator their name will complete the APA essay format . Contract? Or else the mention of the book will also fulfill the need. Titles of books in the in-text references should be italicized, titles of articles, chapters, and web pages are in quotation marks. Organization: (ProfEssays.com, 2009) Book: (The correspondence, 1914) The reference list includes all sources used in the course of the essay and cited in the paper. The references should always be organized in alphabetical order . This gives an college tutoring services, organized look to the essay. Law Assignment? It is also important to know exactly how different sources, such as books, journals, magazines, and research, web pages should be shown in contract the reference list. As certain requirements differ for each type of source: Book : Author, A. (Year of tutoring services publication).
Title of contract law assignment work: SUBTITLE. Location: Publisher. College Services? Note: if you have several books by the same author in the reference list, you should list them in chronological order. Article : Author, A. (Year). Title of contract article. Title of Periodical, volume number (issue number), pages. on-line source : Author, A. A. (Year, Month Date if availiable). Title of article. Name of the web-site.
Retrieved from http://www.url/ on Year, Month Date. Readers and writers alike can find headings as a useful tool in writing. Aside from college essay intros providing order, essay headings can function as an ID – in the sense that it can provide identification on the ideas that are presented below. Headings function as a guide for your readers, as it will clue them in on your thought flow. Contract Law Assignment? The APA style allows five levels of headings when writing. Level one is the first category, while the aldous huxley complete essays vol 2, subsequent levels are provisions for succeeding sub-categories. In the APA essay format it is of the utmost importance to use the titles and headings appropriately. APA makes recommendations on the APA essay headings format, where information on contract law assignment font, punctuation and position are provided, all of assign operator which can be viewed at contract, ProfEssays.com : heading level 1: Centered, Boldface, Each Word with a Capital Letter. heading level 2: Left-adjusted, Boldface, Each Word with a Capital Letter. Essays? heading level 5: Indented, italicized, with a period . Note : in APA format headings #8220; Introduction #8221; and #8220; Conclusion #8221; are not required! Only the parts of the law assignment, main body should have headings! Title page should be numbered in APA format. A “running header” should be placed in the right corner at the top of the page next to the page number.
A “running header” in devon movies APA style contains a short title of the essay. The essay title should be placed one-third of the page down from the top. APA styles requires to contract law assignment, write a short title first, put a colon and write the full title underneath. Author#8217;s name is usually several lines underneath. The name of the course, the name of professor, and the date of submission are printed at the bottom of the APA title page. APA regulations on abbreviations, tables and figures.
You may not need it in your APA essay , but there are APA regulations on abbreviations, tables and figures. Abbreviations can be used later in the essay after the full form is mention in the first time. This saves space, but makes a mention of the research papers apa format, author, book or organization each time it is used. In APA papers both tables and figures should be presented on separate pages, with the law assignment, caption at the bottom of the page. What to remember with the research papers apa format, APA essay writing format. The main thrust of documenting guidelines is to avoid plagiarism. To do so, several citing outlines have been created by law assignment, many academics or groups – one of which is the great college essay intros, American Psychological Association or the APA.
As with other documenting guidelines, the APA generally recommends in-text citations. These types are enclosed in a parenthesis and placed immediately after the borrowed thought or idea. When beginning with the APA essay writing format , P rof E ssays.com suggests that the student should always remember to take note of the reference material’s author(s), publication house, publication year and contract law assignment, the page number where the idea was taken from. APA essay format may sound tricky and troublesome to devon movies, some, but is actually an easy way to organize a written work. The APA Essay Format is entirely designed to structure the flow of law assignment thoughts throughout the essay. It is huxley complete vol 2 said that the citing is complicated, but only has a few rules and law assignment, guidelines that need to be followed. The format can be adapted depending on the nature and the topic of a custom essay. It particularly helps in cases where many writers are involved in assign operator the writing process at the same time, giving symmetry and a logical presentation without a miss to the readers. When writing an essay, citing your reference(s) is considered a critical part of the writing process.
This fundamental element of contract writing helps students avoid plagiarism. On Abortion Against? In an academe, plagiarism is a very serious offense that can sometimes lead to expulsion. The American Psychological Association or the law assignment, APA style is the formatting guide that is used when writing a paper on the Social Sciences. As with all documenting styles, the APA has recommendations on college essay essay format, headings and citing references. Information on formatting your APA essay now easier because there are a number of on-line sites, such as P rof E ssays.com , which can provide you with key points in documentation. Anyone and any company can claim to contract, offer its essay help, but not every company can offer high-quality and result-oriented essay help. The appropriate APA format for your manuscript. Many professors recommend strict compliance with manuscript formatting guidelines when writing any type of academic paper. Following the format not only ensures organization for each essay written by an individual student, but it also provides uniformity in devon movies appearance for all students’ academic papers. In writing a paper regarding the social sciences, APA makes several recommendations and guidelines on the format of essays . Though these elements may seem trivialon the use of the contract law assignment, title page, the papers apa format, format of headings, page numbers, margins, indentation and spacing.
Though these elements may seem trivial, P rof E ssays.com believes that compliance remains a must. College essay format: writing effectively in the collegiate level. What differentiates a college essay from a high school or a junior high school essay is the level of law assignment professionalism it exudes. On Abortion Against? As more complex topics are discussed, the law assignment, need for further research becomes a necessity. Another important factor to consider is the format of the essay. APA college essay format requires thorough referencing and citing as well as structuring of the essay . While college academic papers follow the basic essay format of introduction, body and conclusion, it is important to remember that the APA college essay format must be more encompassing and more extensive.
The APA college essay format differs from simple APA style so we provide specific essay help in this type of writing. P rof E ssays.com believes that many academes actually require a five paragraph essay on the college level, where the body consumes 60% of the whole essay. P rof E ssays.com is professional and reliable essay writing service which provides 24/7 customer essay help. Write Effectively With the Right Essay Format. A standard essay format provides order to any academic paper.
Though this is merely a superficial element of essay writing, its importance is undeniable, as many established documenting styles provide recommendations for the format of devon movies any academic paper. The American Psychological Association, APA, also has suggestions for your APA college essay format .
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How to Make a Resume: A Step-by-Step Guide (+30 Examples) For most people, writing a good resume is tough, and it takes time. And the worst part comes when you finally think that you have a great resume, but you're still not getting interviews. Wouldn't it be wonderful if you could figure out how to make a resume that would get you an interview almost EVERY time you applied for a job? It is law assignment if you follow the devon movies, process that I am about to share with you step-by-step. Contract? And BEST of devon movies, all, this resume writing process is contract quick, and it's proven to land you interviews.
That's true even if you want to write your first resume and have no experience, or if you're a professional who wants to essay on abortion, know how to law assignment, write a resume that stands out. Here's what you're going to find: How to write a resume for a job with examples for every section. Quick but little-known tips to follow to get up to 10x MORE INTERVIEWS. Answers to aldous essays, all of your questions about how to make the best resume for contract, a job. How to create a resume online that you can track and send to get more interviews.
A checklist that will help you make sure you know how to prepare a great resume. Here's an example of how to make a good resume for research, work versus a great resume. What's the law assignment, difference? Is it the aldous complete vol 2, way it looks? Not only. Contract? We've optimized the sample resume on on abortion against, the right to contract law assignment, follow the advice that I will share with you in this article. So how do you make a resume? Let me show you step-by-step: Resume vs.
CV. What's the difference? Hello, blank page. Now, what? A resume is devon movies a document that showcases your work experience, education, and skills so that you can apply for a job. What's the difference between a resume and a CV? Curriculum Vitae (CV) is a Latin phrase meaning course of life and is a document that entails much more than a resume. Not only is a CV longer than a resume, but it showcases accomplishments and experience in contract, much greater detail. It's the ideal document for on abortion, academics.
So, knowing how to write an academic resume is knowing how to write a CV. If you need to know more, read our guide: CV vs. Resume: What is the Difference? When to Use Which (Examples) Once you know if you should write a CV or resume, it's time to contract law assignment, choose the right format. How to Choose a Professional Resume Format. What does a resume look like?
There are three types of professional resume formats: Most job seekers choose the reverse-chronological resume format. Here's what a sample resume looks like written in the reverse-chronological format: Traditional Familiar to Recruiters. Experienced professionals can highlight skills. Career changers can emphasize transferrable skills.
Uncommon and not as familiar to recruiters. On Abortion Against? Not suggested for contract, entry-level job seekers. Entry-level job seekers can emphasize skills instead of experience. Recruiters may think you're hiding something. Still not sure which professional resume format is best for you? Need to see examples of resumes with different layouts? Read our guide: 3 Resume Formats: How To Choose The Best One [Examples] Contact Information Is Not as Basic as It Seems. Despite the professional resume format you choose, your contact information goes at the top. Here is how to write a resume contact section: Adding your address is optional. It is no longer necessary to add it to great college essay, a modern resume.
Plus, it might be better to exclude it if you are applying for contract law assignment, a job that isn’t local. Your email address should be professional which means: Choosing a sophisticated email provider. Not using your current work email. Devon Movies? Instead, create a professional, private email address. Avoiding email addresses from when you were in high school. Law Assignment? It won’t amuse recruiters to see email@example.com or firstname.lastname@example.org . Okay, maybe it will amuse them a little bit, but they won’t call you for an interview. Adding URLs to your personal website or blog directs recruiters to your portfolio or extra work that you want to assign operator, show without cluttering up your perfect resume. Pro Tip: Make sure you review your social media accounts to check for contract, unprofessional content.
When you add a link to research, your social media profiles, make sure they're optimized to give recruiters the contract law assignment, best impression. Devon Movies? Not sure how to optimize your LinkedIn profile to attract employers? Read our guide: How to Optimize Your LinkedIn Profile To Get More Jobs Here’s How the Best Candidates Start Their Resumes. Again, what does a resume look like? Well, you know that contact information comes first. Law Assignment? But what comes next? Education? Experience?
Does it matter where you put things when you're deciding how to make a resume? The short answer is yes, it does matter. Papers? That's because your best stuff should go in the top third of your resume. And the best way to contract law assignment, start any killer resume is with an introduction to research papers apa format, yourself. Think of it like this: The top of your resume is the penthouse - the most important piece of real estate on the document. But why? The average recruiter spends six seconds scanning your resume in between reading Facebook messages from grandma, drinking coffee, and deciding what's for lunch. She is looking for law assignment, very specific information, and she is only going to devon movies, look for it in contract law assignment, the top third of devon movies, your resume. Contract? If you do not grab her attention - game over. That's why a creative resume summary or objective can save the assign operator, day.
Here's a sample resume: What is a resume summary statement? A resume summary is law assignment a short, snappy introduction that highlights your career progress and skill set. Devon Movies? It should also demonstrate why you'll be a valuable hire. Boyfriend Material experienced at laying coats over mud puddles, opening doors, and pulling out chairs. Charming, funny, and law assignment a great conversationalist seeking to leverage 10+ years of experience delivering anecdotes to entertain you through boring social events. Has an MA in hand holding and a license to cook romantic dinners. What is a resume objective statement?
A resume objective achieves the same thing as a resume summary. The difference is devon movies how you write one and who should use it. Experienced Chef interested in becoming a Zoo Keeper. Tons of experience with picky clients who need to be fed with the right food at the right time. Want to apply my patience and understanding of complicated clients to taking care of angry lions at the Zoo.
This candidate chose an effective resume objective over a summary because he is changing his career from contract, chef to zookeeper. Either way, the point is to great, focus on the employer's needs and not your own. Who should use an objective for contract law assignment, a resume? Entry-level Applicants and Students Career Changers Professionals Targeting Specific Positions. You can also choose to aldous huxley vol 2, write something called a professional profile . When considering how to write a resume profile, think of it as a hybrid that crosses elements of the objective and the summary.
A good resume profile lists your qualifications, experience, and education regarding the company’s needs and values. It can be formatted as a paragraph or as a list with resume bullet points. Wouldn't it be nice to have some resume examples of contract, summaries tailored specifically to your profession? Read our guide: A Resume Summary That Will Get You The Job [7 Secret Steps] How to devon movies, Write a Resume Experience Section That's More Than a List. The first section that should appear in the body of an excellent resume is the contract law assignment, section that will best show off your skills and accomplishments. For most of you, that will probably be the experience section.
Let's say you're learning how to make a student resume, or have little or no work experience. In that case, lead with your education or skills section. But do you know how to write a resume employment history? When you start writing a resume experience section you will want to keep a few things in mind: Write your job history in reverse-chronological order - start with your current position. Include around six bullet points describing the scope of your responsibilities. Tailor each of these bullets points to reflect the skills listed in the job description. Aldous Vol 2? Follow the bullet point format (see below), and include facts and figures. You should try to include achievements that show your professional impact.
Tell a career story that reinforces your professinal persona. Sample Resume Experience Entry: Spearhead a global brand strategy for our top performing product. Analyze market trends and contract law assignment recommend solutions resulting in a 10% upswing in sales annually. Prepare Portfolio Deployment Plans. Head up a team of 10+ marketing specialists. Organize marketing materials.
Responsible for brand strategy. Responsible for analyzing market trends. Responsible for a team of marketing specialists. Now, what if you have career gaps in your job history or a habit of job hopping? Let’s face it. Not all of us have a pristine job history.
And it's difficult to know how to create a resume that addresses career gaps without cheating. One approach is to include a brief explanation next to each job. By briefly stating that your stay became short lived due to downsizing or relocation, you will reassure the recruiter that you're not a risky candidate. Chronic career hoppers may be tempted to tamper with dates, leaving only the years in their experience section: Excluding the months makes it look like you worked a year instead of three months. But it's a dirty trick that employers know well, which makes it a big no, no. Pro Tip: Feel free to list “non-traditional” work in your experience section - like volunteer jobs or freelance work. Is Your Education Section Underperforming? It Might Be.
You should also write your education section of your resume in intros, reverse-chronological order, with your most recent degree appearing first. Usually, you will want to include the type of contract law assignment, degree, your major, your university, and argument against any honors or awards you received. You can skip your GPA. But if you're a recent college graduate who's making a student resume, it's okay to add your GPA if it's 3.5 or higher. You can also include a coursework narrative. Contract? For professionals, the college, inclusion of contract law assignment, a coursework narrative is college tutoring services another way to contract law assignment, reinforce a professional persona. Do you know how to make a resume when you have a GED or didn't graduate? Not sure how to write a degree on a resume? We can help with that. Check out our article: How To Put Your Education On A Resume [Tips Examples] Why You Need to Focus on argument essay on abortion, Your Skills Section. When you consider how to contract, make a good resume that stands out , it has everything to do with sprinkling your skills throughout your resume.
But, it also makes sense to have a big section labeled “ SKILLS .” Use the key skills listed in the job description. This will also help you create a modern resume for assign operator, a job that will pass through Applicant Tracking System (ATS) software. More about that later. Recruiters should be able to see two things when they look at contract law assignment your skills for a resume:
You have the skill set they want and requested in the job post. You have extra skills that prove you are a valuable worker. Do you want to know how to argument, make a great resume for a job that showcases the contract, best resume skills? I thought so. College Services? Read our guide: What Skills To Put On a Resume [Examples + 6 Proven Tips] How to Add Other Resume Sections While Making an Effective Resume. Here are some additional resume sections you can consider adding if you don't feel the traditional resume sections are doing it for you. Students and fresh graduates - you may want to consider adding a separate section for awards or honors, or a section for extracurricular activities. If you've got a technical background - you might want to contract law assignment, consider an extra section for certificates, licenses, or software. Some professionals who have opted for tutoring services, making a resume for work over an academic CV might still want to contract, add a section for publications or conferences. Others may want to add a section that shows off their command of great, languages or other achievements and projects.
Whatever you decide to law assignment, add, just make sure that your additions don't overwhelm your resume. You still want everything to fit onto one page if possible. No One Adds a Hobbies Section, But It Works So Well. The hobbies section of a resume is optional. But, I recommend adding one if you have space. Adding your interests shows off extra skills for a resume, makes your resume stand out, and essay on abortion against gives the hiring manager a fuller image of you. Your interests are also a way to make yourself more attractive and memorable to your potential employer. You can always cut this section later if your resume is law assignment too long. Not convinced? Well, it's true. Adding a hobbies and interests section can boost a contemporary resume.
Find out how: Best Examples Of Hobbies Interests To Put On A Resume (5 Tips) How to Write a Perfect Resume Tailored to the Job Description. Did you know that R2D2 might run a scan on your resume before a human does? On average, a corporate job offer attracts up to 250 resumes . Of those, 4 to 6 candidates will get invited for an interview. And only one person will get the job. With that many resumes to complete essays vol 2, sift through, recruiters are using something called Applicant Tracking System (ATS) software. The software compares your resume to the job description based on keywords. How to contract, prepare a resume that will make it through ATS? You need to tutoring, tailor your resume. Tailoring a resume to the job description is law assignment adding keywords and assign operator information from the contract law assignment, job offer. For starters, you're going to college, want to make a master resume. A master resume is an updated version of all your work experience, skills, and law assignment accomplishments.
When you sit down to write a tailored version of your resume, you will pick and choose material from your master resume to match the specific job for which you are applying. To further tailor the research apa format, content to the job description, you're going to contract law assignment, add keywords that you find in the offer. Let's say you want to apply for huxley complete, a job as a copywriter. The job description says: Able to law assignment, work on several campaigns at once, sometimes under pressure and often to assign operator, tight deadlines. To tailor your basic resume, you will want to add some of the phrases verbatim to your experience section. Contract? For example: Work on several campaigns at once.
To make it more powerful, you can add details such as the great essay, number of law assignment, campaigns you can juggle at apa format once. Here is an contract law assignment, example of a resume job description with all of the huxley essays vol 2, keywords highlighted along with a resume sample that we've tailored to match. Need more in-depth information about law assignment how to make a resume that's tailored to the job description? Need more resume samples? Read our guide: 6 Proven Tips On How To Tailor Your Resume To The Job Description How to argument, Prepare a Resume That Will Attract ANY Recruiter. If you're struggling with how to make a good resume stand out, all you need to do is make things quantifiable. Contract Law Assignment? Wherever possible. College Services? Everywhere. Because using numbers gives the recruiter some tangible proof of an achievement. Here are some basic resume examples of achievements:
The hiring manager now sees quantifiable, specific proof of your achievements. Using numbers also improves the readability of the text, and draws the eye of the recruiter. No One Adds Achievements, But It Works So Well. Adding achievements to your resume is an extremely effective way of selling your skills and experience. All you have to law assignment, do is add your achievements as resume bullet points in your experience section. You will want to use the PAR ( Problem Action Result ) Approach to writing your achievements: Here're a few right and wrong resume examples of how to huxley, write achievements: Problem : My previous employer wanted to contract, increase revenue.
Action : I created a new marketing campaign on Facebook. Result : We saw an increase in sales by 15% and an increase in tutoring services, revenue by 10%. Not sure how to quantify your achievements? Want more examples of accomplishments to put on a contemporary resume? Read our guide: Examples of Professional Achievements To Put On A Resume [3 Tips] Turn Boring Words Into Action Words - Here’s How. How many times have you used the phrase responsible for in your experience section? More than once?
You may want to consider mixing up your vocabulary. Overusing words and phrases like “responsible for” or “manage” is boring. Now, while you should avoid jargon and empty words, action verbs can spice up your resume and contract law assignment make it stand out. Also, be sure to use the present tense when describing your current role. Here're a few before and research papers apa format after resume examples:
Pro Tip: Don't overdo it. Law Assignment? You don't want to aldous complete essays vol 2, sound like a freshman English major flexing a large vocabulary. And avoid resume buzzwords like synergy. Trust me. The Best Candidates Know How to Show Their Career Progression. What makes a good resume?
CEO, Director, Manager - all you need is a big, impressive title, right? At this point, you probably figured out that knowing how to build a resume goes far beyond listing fancy titles. What really matters, is contract whether those titles are backed up by devon movies a story of career progression. For example, describing yourself as a social media manager won’t be credible if all you did was the contract law assignment, marketing for assign operator, your parent’s pizza place. You have to show a steady progression into contract law assignment, a management position.
Each former role should reinforce your place in the next one. Rather than repeating duties when you describe previous roles, write about the new tasks you took on when you advanced. Responsible for the creation of a global brand strategy for a major category. Prepare Category and Portfolio Deployment Plans. Analyze market trends and recommend solutions. Team Management (10 marketing specialists). Marketing Specialist / Senior Marketing Specialist: Planned and implemented promotional campaigns. Cooperated with interactive agencies. Managed project budgets and college tutoring timeline control.
Researched information. Assisted during promotional campaigns. See how these responsibilities evolve? What if you're a student and need to know how to make a resume with no experience. Read our dedicated guide on how to write a resume for students: The Complete Guide To Writing A Student Resume [13 Tips, Examples] How to contract, Create a Resume That Draws Attention to Promotions. Highlighting your promotions shows potential employers that your previous supervisors valued your work performance. Even lateral moves suggest that you were able to handle diverse responsibilities. Here are a few ways to assign operator, describe your promotions while writing a resume:
Repeatedly recognized for top performance through fast-track promotions and selection for contract law assignment, high-priority initiatives. College Tutoring Services? Earned promotion following a superior performance, and demonstrated ability to contract law assignment, quickly learn and master complex concepts. What if you moved up within the same organization? You don’t have to mention the name of the same company more than once. It will make even the best resume look messy. Here’s what to do instead:
COMPANY NAME City, State, 2001 to Present. Describe responsibilities and achievements. Describe responsibilities and achievements. Describe responsibilities and achievements. Here's a Quick Tip on essay on abortion against, How Make Your Resume Easy to Read. Need to know how to make a resume easy for a recruiter to contract, read? It's as simple as aligning your text to argument, the left. To make your text even more skimmable use the same resume font and font size, and make strategic use of bold, italics, and caps. The bulk of law assignment, your resume will consist of bullet points. Here's how to construct them:
Spearheaded a targeted email campaign that resulted in a 15% upswing in assign operator, newsletter registration. You might also want to consider how to create a resume using templates. Professional resume templates can make your documents cleaner and easier to contract law assignment, read. They also save you time and college services energy. Contract? Let's face it. No one likes trying to control one-inch margins in huxley essays, Word. Is a Font Ruining Your Awesome Resume? While choosing a basic resume font may seem like a silly chore - it's not.
A good font will ensure that your resume is law assignment readable. What is the best font for a resume? The best font for assign operator, a resume is contract law assignment one that a recruiter can read with no effort. Stick with fonts that sound like hipster baby names - Arial, Helvetica, Calibri, and Verdana. What is the best resume font size? The Goldilocks font size is huxley essays vol 2 10-12 points - not too big and not too small. Keep it uniform. The bottom line is making sure you don't sacrifice resume margins, white space, or font size in an attempt to cram everything onto one page. Still not sure about what font to choose while writing a resume?
Read our guide about the contract, best resume fonts: What Is The Best Font For A Resume (+10 Examples Tips) Here Is the Best Way to Save Your Resume. When you're done writing your perfect resume, it's time to consider how to devon movies, make a resume file. And that's not as obvious as it sounds. The best advice is to save your resume as a PDF and give it your name. When you save your resume as a PDF, there is no chance that the contract law assignment, formatting will glitch and get messed up when a recruiter opens the argument essay on abortion, file. Do keep in mind that if your resume has to pass ATS software, Cylons don't like special formatting or graphics. Read the instructions explaining how to send your resume, because you may need to send something other than a PDF.
How should you name your files? The recruiter won’t have to contract law assignment, search for apa format, that crazy space smuggler’s resume when they want to contract law assignment, refer to it. Not sold on saving your file as a PDF document? Need to see some pros and research papers apa format cons about different file formats? Read our guide: Word VS PDF Resume: What Is The Best Resume Format? Here Is an Easy Way to law assignment, Keep a Resume Short. How long should an ideal resume be? One page or two? Most contemporary resume guidelines will tell you that while making a resume, you should do your best to keep it to one page. But you don’t want to great essay intros, force it, and that isn't true for everyone. The best thing to do is to law assignment, go through at against the end and law assignment trim as much fat as possible without losing the college tutoring services, value.
Here are three tips on how to contract law assignment, make a resume for a job shorter: If you aren't sure how long your resume should be or need more advice on essay on abortion against, how to make a resume shorter, read our guide: How Long Should a Resume Be? Everything You Need To Know Little Known Tools That Will Proofread Your Resume for You. One of the law assignment, worst things you can do is send out a basic resume that is full of grammar and vol 2 spelling mistakes. You need to law assignment, proofread your resume. It doesn’t matter if you already know how to write a resume that stands out. Even the best resumes need to essay, be proofread by a second person. Whoever you chose can also give you an objective opinion about how you’ve presented yourself.
Start by contract proofreading your resume with the help of essay, apps like Grammarly, Language Tool, or other language tools. Next, ask your mom, your partner, your best friend, your neighbor - whoever - to read over your resume for you. How to law assignment, Clean Up Your Online Image. Before sending your resume, you will want to check your online presence. That's because 59% of recruiters research candidates online after reading their resumes. Let's say you're sure you know how to write a resume and you follow all of our advice. That won't matter if you skip this step. Start by entering your name into Google to argument against, see what comes up in the results.
Most of you will find links to your social media profiles. As long as you cleared your profiles of unprofessional content, you should be good to go. If you have a more common name like Jane Smith, for example, you may not find much about contract yourself at all. Some of you might be disturbed to devon movies, find extremely personal content such as your bank account number, an image of your signature, or sexually explicit images that have been posted without your consent. If this happens, you can ask Google to remove the information from the Internet for contract law assignment, you. If you find some embarrassing content on a web page, Google suggests that it is best to research, contact the webmaster (owner) to law assignment, have the image or content removed. Here’s the Most Common Myth About Cover Letters. A cover letter is still needed when you send a resume to a potential employer. Essay On Abortion? Up to contract, 45% of recruiters will reject resumes without cover letters. So, even if you know how to write a resume, you can forget about landing the job if you don't send a cover letter.
Your cover letter or application letter is where you can expand upon things that you need to keep brief on argument essay on abortion against, your resume. It also needs to be tailored to the job for which you are applying. As for law assignment, resume references, they're the one thing you truly don't need anymore. So, lose the phrase references upon request. Okay, so you need a cover letter. But do you know how to write an application letter? And better yet, how do you write a convincing one? Read our guide: How To Write A Cover Letter [Complete Guide With Examples] Why Sending a Personal Message Can Be a Big Win. When you send your resume to a general email address like email@example.com , your resume is entering a swamp of tutoring services, identical messages from other candidates. One thing you can do to differentiate your message is to law assignment, try to find out the name of the person who will be reading your resume and send them a personal email. This is not the best solution in devon movies, every case.
You will need to decide if a hiring manager will see the gesture as clever or creepy. Pro Tip : If you use our resume builder, ( create your resume here ) you have the option to publish your resume and send a link to contract, employers. Sending a link will allow you to track views and downloads so that you know how well your resume is performing. Want to send a personal message but can't find the hiring manager's email address? Need to know how to assign operator, write a resume email?
We've got you covered: How To Email Your Resume To Get More Replies From Employers Once you've sent your resume, it's a good idea to track it. Contract? You can install a free sales tool like Mixmax or YesWare to help you. Knowing if recruiters have opened and read your email will enable you to tutoring services, follow-up promptly or find different email addresses. Your resume is your passport to job interviews. And knowing how to make a resume for a job is the first step on any career path. So, take the contract law assignment, time and essay intros energy to think about how to contract, write a resume well and how to tailor it to the job description. Papers Apa Format? If you can do that, you're well on your way to law assignment, the next level - the interview.
Bonus: Check out college tutoring our ultimate checklist of 56 things you need to contract law assignment, do before you send your resume. How many have you missed? Download: “Resume 101 Checklist.” Are there any great resume writing tips we need to include in devon movies, the article? Do you have any questions about contract law assignment how to make a resume for your position?
Add a comment. I’ll be happy to answer. Natalie is a writer at college essay Uptowork. She loves writing about resumes and eating tacos more than life itself. Contract? She spends her free time reading complicated novels and binge watching TV series.
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resume tilde You’ve reached one of the law assignment, best sources for resume information anywhere. The discussion below, about the surprisingly intricate question of research papers apa format how to spell “resumé,” is just one example of how deeply I’ve gotten into every aspect of resumes. There’s a lot of information on contract, this site that you won’t find put together in one place anywhere else. (Be sure to add it to your favorites.) Some of that information will change the way you think about devon movies resumes—and make your job search a lot more successful and a lot less worrisome. I don’t settle for the myths that the majority of resumé writers and advisersincluding some so-called “experts”have repeated endlessly for years without ever thinking to contract law assignment, check them. Some of those mythslike the “functional resumé” or the one-page resumé for assign operator experienced peoplecan wreck your job search all by themselves.
Read more about law assignment these “Killer Myths” on the Tips F.A.Q. page. You’ll find the assign operator, #1 Resume Tip on that page especially helpful, too. The FAQ section of the Tips FAQ page takes you right to answers to some commonly asked questions. Law Assignment? Look through the Resumé Glossary, with definitions and in-depth information about resume terminology and technology. There’s also a unique guide to Shopping For Resume Services. Check the Testimonials page for comments from argument essay on abortion my clients about the difference my expertise makes.
And then take a look at the home page to start finding out how I work. This expertise means that I can give exceptional value for your money, even compared to contract, other resume services in essay, the same price range. Contract? And the payback to you for that extra quality can be immense. All factors considered, I think “resumé” (one accent), though it has no historical basis, is the best spelling for this word when used as an English word to refer to a summary of someone’s qualifications for assign operator employment. This spelling has, in contract, fact, become increasingly accepted over the last twenty or thirty years. Devon Movies? “Resumé” in this sense is an English word, not a French one. It’s not pronounced like the contract law assignment, French word.
And it doesn’t even have this meaning in papers, FrenchFrench, like British and International English, uses the Latin term “curriculum vitae,” or “CV” for short. (Both terms have a narrower sense in contract, the U.S.) With both its pronunciation and its meaning changed, “resumé” can well be said to have become completely assimilated to English. Tutoring? Many other French words went the same route centuries ago, with the accents usually dropped. Since it’s not a French word (in this sense), the accents can be dispensed with unless they are necessary to show pronunciation. But in this particular word, the contract law assignment, accent over the final -e is still necessary, to indicate pronunciation and to distinguish “resumé” from the verb “resume.” (In addition, the spelling with two accents is awkward in English because, in the English pronunciation, the first “é” stands for a different sound than does the second.) This is not a question the average job-seeker needs to sweat over. “Resumé” and “résumé” are always acceptable. “Resume” is very widely accepted too, though it should be avoided in fields where language skills are highly valued. Whichever spelling you prefer, make sure you use it consistently (except in the case of e-mailssee below).
But make sure you read the following important technical note: IN PLAIN TEXT IT’S SPELLED DIFFERENTLY . . . At least in the U.S., accented characterslike the “é” in resuméshould never be used in plain-text documents, such as e-mails and Web forms. Since accented characters are not part of the ASCII character set that is still a standard for much software in the U.S., they sometimes get converted to other characters or combinations of characters, and show up as nonsense characters on the recipient’s end. In these documents, “resume,” without accents, is safest. It’s also best to avoid using accented characters in filenamesespecially if you’re sending the files to someone else. HOW TO TYPE THE ACCENT. In Windows: In Word, you can type Ctl-' (that is, hold down the Control and apostrophe keys at the same time) and college tutoring services, then press the ‘e’ key. Law Assignment? In other Windows applications, use Alt-130 (that is, hold down the Alt key while typing 130 in college, the numeric keypad the contract, all-numbers section on the right of college intros most full-sized keyboards). On a Mac: Press Option-e and then press the ‘e’ key. Unix systems are less standardized in this respect. Try Compose-e-'.
If your keyboard doesn’t have a Compose key, you can probably map that function to an existing key, such as right-Alt. By the way, it’s an accent, not an apostrophe these are two completely different things. There’s one way to spell it that’s always totally wrong: with an apostrophe instead of an contract law assignment accent, like this: resume’. If you spell it with no accents (resume), well, that’s the only way to spell it in plain text, and in other cases, the reader will assume that you can’t be bothered to type the essay, accent. Contract? They may or may not downgrade you on that score. But if you spell it with an apostrophe instead of an accent, they’ll see that you don’t even know what the accent is. You don’t have to sweat over the spelling of “resumé.” But as a professional writer I have to make a considered decision about which spelling to essay on abortion against, use, and contract, want to choose the best if one is even a little better than the others.
When you start looking closely at the question of argument against how to spell the name of that vital piece of paper, it gets rather more complicated than most spelling questions are, because there are an unusual number of factors involved. In this case, sorting out those factors, weighing them, and working out the best balance between them is contract a matter for painstaking thought by experienced professional language mechanics with some specialized linguistic knowledge. I’ve had my shot at it, and the conclusions above are based on devon movies, that effort. Contract? In case you’re interested, I’ve written down the details below. THE WHOLE THING.
The spelling with two accents follows the French spelling, but in the case of “résumé,” that spelling is problematic when used by English-speakers, for reasons given below. Omitting both the accents follows the normal English practice with assimilated foreign words, but this, too, is problematic in the case of this particular word. The spelling with one accent, which offers a solution to both problems, seems to be a recent development that is increasingly accepted in English usage. Good English dictionaries in the past generally gave “résumé” as the reference spelling, and recognized “resume” (no accents) as well. For instance, “resumé” isn’t found in the first edition of the great college, Random House Dictionary (unabridged, 1966) or the full Oxford English Dictionary (2nd ed., 1989). More recent editions of authoritative dictionaries ( Random House Dictionary , 2nd ed., 1987; American Heritage Dictionary , 3rd ed., 1992; and the Shorter Oxford English Dictionary , 5th ed., 2002) also recognize “resumé.” The fourth edition of the American Heritage Dictionary (2000) gives “resumé” as the reference spelling.
The Shorter Oxford notes that the spelling “resumé” (one accent) is particularly associated with the sense of contract a summary of employment qualifications, which sense is “chiefly North American.” The pronunciation “REH-zoo-may” is standard in English regardless of spelling or sense. (French also places the tutoring services, primary stress on the first syllable, though the stress is not as noticeable as it is in English.) Good writers don’t depart from historical spelling without some strong reason that is widely recognized, and then only in those rare cases where there is contract law assignment no stronger reason for retaining the historical spelling. The development of a consensus about such changes takes time, even when the questions are simple enough to be decided by the accumulation of decisions made on the fly by knowledgeable writers. In the case of the aldous complete essays vol 2, word “resumé,” however, there are an unusual number of conflicting factors bearing on the question.
This complicates and slows down the evolutionary process. Conscious, detached thought, and law assignment, a bit of research, are required to sort out the issues decisively. At the same time, it’s not an urgent matter even for most language specialists. So it’s likely that few qualified people have ever sat down and tried to weigh all the factors and find the best resolution to the conflicts. And in any case, it would take time for word to get around. This, perhaps, is why “resumé” is only shown in recent dictionaries. (The article on “résumé” at http://en.wiktionary.org/ is a good one. The postings I’ve seen on Web discussion forums only demonstrate the devon movies, inadequacy of casual opinions on this particular questionwhether they come from laymen or, worse, from the second-rate professionals who are the source of most of the writings on law assignment, language and grammar seen by assign operator, the public. This includes some books that pass for style guides in some offices.) In the case of “resumé,” there is a strong reason for making a change from the contract law assignment, historical spelling.
As an English word, the spelling “résumé” seems inescapably awkward, given the actual English pronunciation of the word. That’s because writing two accents here gives conflicting cues to an English-speaker. Great College? With the English pronunciation, if the word is law assignment spelled with two accents, the same sign represents two different sounds in the same wordin the first syllable, ‘é’ is pronounced like the assign operator, short ‘e’ in bet, in the third syllable it is pronounced like the long ‘a’ in “may.” (That sort of ambiguity, of law assignment course, is devon movies notoriously common with English spellingbut not within the same word, and not with written accents. “Résumé,” as far as I know, is the law assignment, only word used in English that presents an ambiguous case with written accents, so there is devon movies no group of similar cases that can constitute a generally accepted rule for pronunciation. A native familiarity with English spelling doesn’t help us in law assignment, the case of relatively recent foreign borrowings like this.) Furthermore, there is college tutoring no strong reason for law assignment retaining the first accent in tutoring, the English word. Except in foreign words and phrases (which are normally italicized in contract law assignment, print), English never writes accents unless they are absolutely necessary to indicate pronunciation. The first accent in intros, “résumé” is not reflected in the English pronunciation.
If it were, I’d say “ray-zoo-may,” not “reh-zoo-may.” (If I were speaking French, I’d say “hray-zoo-may.”) Someone reading “résumé” knows, of course, how the contract, word is pronounced. But there’s still a hitch in college tutoring, the reading while the contract law assignment, signs are interpreted. Great? If there are too many little hitches like this, they add up to a document that is difficult to read, which distracts the reader from the law assignment, content and creates a bad impression. Good writing eliminates such hitches wherever possiblebecause if they aren’t eliminated wherever possible, they quickly add up to bad writing. Therefore, when “resumé” is used as a fully assimilated English word, with a meaning it doesn’t have in French, we should feel free to dispense with the college services, first accent. Law Assignment? The second accent, however, is still highly desirable for tutoring services the purpose of law assignment distinguishing “resumé” from the college services, verb “resume,” and more generally for the purpose of contract law assignment indicating that, unlike most words in English with a final -e, the final syllable is pronounced. (That’s why proper English spelling requires that we keep the French accent on in words like “café.”) Used in English for this purpose, “resumé” is not a partial (and therefore incorrect) preservation of the French spelling. It is an assign operator ad hoc, unhistorical improvisation of the sort that has long been used in a few exceptional cases where historical spellings and contract, normal spelling conventions yield results that are consistently felt as awkward even by practiced English-speakers. Another instance of such unhistorical improvisation that is sometimes seen is the argument essay against, spelling “uncoordinated” (with a diaeresis over the second ‘o’). Regular English spelling conventions call for “uncoordinated,” which, as with “coordinated,” suggests a wrong pronunciation (and makes an American think of law assignment light beer).
The usual device of a hyphen (as in “co-ordinated”) yields “unco-ordinated.” This looks even worse than “uncoordinated” since, especially if one is being historically conscious, only prefixes allow the option of hyphenation, because they are grammatically distinct. But unlike “co-,” “unco” is not a prefix. (As readers of Robert Burns know, it can stand alone as an adjective or adverbbut that’s Scots, not standard English.) “Unco-” in “uncoordinated” is, to be sure, a joining of research apa format two prefixes. Contract Law Assignment? But since combinations of two prefixes are somewhat unusual, and their separation from the main word by hyphens quite rare, “unco-,” when first seen, prompts the mind to try to interpret it as a single prefix, which leads to a dead end. To avoid this hitch, the spelling “un-co-ordinated” would be required, which is carrying things much too far. Aldous Huxley Complete? So the contract law assignment, diaeresis is assign operator brought in instead, to signify that both the first and second ‘o’ are pronounced. Lest I carry this treatise unco far, I will stop, and place further discussions in the following appendix, if anyone wants to go farther. It could be argued that, because English does put the law assignment, primary stress on the first syllablein contradistinction to the verb “resume”the first accent therefore has some use for indicating this pronunciation. I believe, however, that there is no real necessity for this. Subject to correction by specialists in English phonology, it seems to me that it’s natural for someone starting to read the word “resumé” to put the essay intros, primary stress on the first syllable. Contract? That’s because in English, a three-syllable word with a secondary accent on research papers, the last syllable, normally (again, as it seems to me) gets the primary stress on the first syllable.
Stressed syllables within a word are normally separated by one or more unstressed syllables, making for law assignment a sort of assign operator underlying rhythm. (It’s on the basis of this rhythm that everyday speech improvises more subtle nuances of intonationjust as formal poetry does with its more rigorous rhythmic schemes.) In “resumé,” it would be contrary to habit to contract law assignment, have the argument essay, primary stress on the second syllable, immediately followed by the secondary stressand the accent on the final syllable definitely indicates some stress there. Contract Law Assignment? So there’s no need to write an accent to indicate the primary stress on huxley essays vol 2, the first syllable. English-speakers (or at least, American-speakers) only contract law assignment, rarely use the borrowed French word in its original, general sense, to mean “a brief summary” of whatever is being spoken of. If you do use it in this sense, I think it’s best to avoid ambiguity by treating the word as a foreign borrowing: spell it résumé , and perhaps italicize it as a foreign term. The anglicized pronunciation (“REH-zoo-may”), however, is still correct for this sense when used in English speech. Using the Frenchified English “RAY-zoo-may” is also an option, especially if it’s being thought of as a borrowed French word.
Like most English “French,” it’s really a half measure. However, pronouncing the assign operator, ‘r’ à la française would be going too far, if you’re speaking English. Contract Law Assignment? English-speaking listeners who don’t know French well will think you have something wrong with your throat. Those who do know French well will think, quite correctly, that the hypercorrect pronunciation is an argument affectation. Office hours: MondayFriday, noon6 Central Time.
Evening and weekend telephone availability by appointment or chance. Outside office hours, leave message: I’ll respond ASAP. Toll-free number available on law assignment, request, for devon movies customers in U.S. states outside Minnesota. Fax number available to customers on request. All contents copyright 2017, Dezhnev Co., Inc. All Rights Reserved.
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20 Examples of Creative Graphic Designers’ Resumes. Law Assignment. We all know the creative industry is a special one, characterized by more competitiveness than any other industry. Especially since the use of the Internet has broken down the geographic boundaries, making possible the collaboration between the customers and the designers worldwide. But with so many creative graphic designers around the world, just getting noticed is extremely difficult, not to papers apa format, mention getting customers – if you work as freelancer – or being hired – if you want to work in a company. Just having a brilliant portfolio is not enough anymore to stand apart from your competitors. You need something extra, in order to get the full attention of your potential customers or employers. Therefore, the designers around the world have found and have been coming up with unusual and creative resumes to stand out contract law assignment of the crowd and gain an assign operator, edge in the hunt for getting hired. Contract Law Assignment. We searched around the internet and compiled for essay intros you twenty great examples of graphic designers’ creative resumes you can get inspiration from, and that will help you to reinvent your resume. Livia Natalie ( www.behance.net/livianatalie ) is an Indonesian multimedia graphic designer, with expertise in branding, illustration, motion graphic, and UI/UX. Maybe for some people an contract, animated CV could be a little bit risky proposition, but she really did a great job with her resume.
It’s funny, playful, beautiful animated and it covers all the argument against, essential points the employers need to know about her. Law Assignment. And the best part is great essay intros that it takes just one minute to see it, making him more likely for contract people to go through the whole thing. Benjamin Benhaim ( www.behance.net/benjamin-benhaim ) is a Paris-based art director and motion designer whose resume was inspired by the Jimmy Raheriarisoa’s flat CV. Being created using Cinema 4D, Octane and After Effects, this resume covers all his bases skills and assign operator, has a plenty of playful touches. Not just the renderings, but also the combination of bright, light and lambent colors are the elements that draw the viewers’ eyes and contract, makes them look for more. Robby Leonardi ( www.rleonardi.com/interactive-resume ) is a New-York based multidisciplinary designer. Specialized in graphic design, illustration, animation and front-end development, he worked for companies like Fox, Speed TV, FX Networks, myNetworkTV, and G4 and won multiple awards. His incredibly funny and interactive resume definitely draws the attention not just of the potential customer and employers, but also shows his incredible talent and creativity.
It’s a real pleasure to keep scrolling it over and over again! Vincenzo Castro ( www.behance.net/vincenzocastro ) is a young Italian graphic designer based in Milan, whose work is focused mostly on assign operator user interface, digital art and contract, illustration. His schematic CV looks clean and simple, almost like and assembly sketch and highlights all his basis skills. Look at this creative resume! Joao Martins ( www.behance.net/joaocrmartins ) is a young Portuguese graphic designer based in Lisbon, who focuses on graphic design, motion design in television and User Interface design! His resume is absolutely visual. By combining photography and graphics, the assign operator, CV not just highlights his skills, experience and the strengths of the designer, but also makes anyone wanting to keep reading. ( www.behance.net/EvelienCallens ) is a Belgian graphic designer and illustrator. Her love for minimalism and geometric shapes is also highlighted by her resume. Contract. She keeps things short and nice with a clear design. Evelien has chosen to devon movies, use a mint-moss green color that works very well with the organization of the information from her resume and her title branding.
Also, the contract law assignment, origami elements added here bring an interesting dimension and aldous essays vol 2, personality to law assignment, Evelien’s resume. Things almost get crazy with this extremely creative and psychedelic Alysa Choudri’s ( http://alysachoudri.tumblr.com/ ) resume. Aldous. If you take a closer look, she managed to give a lot of information without being boring and contract, cramped. Graphic designer, photographer and illustrator, Alysa loves colors and uses them to add a new dimension to her resume. You might think this is an tutoring, add page from an contract, old newspaper, right? Well, no! It’s Chuck Lay ’s ( http://chuckdlay.deviantart.com ) resume, a Dallas-based graphic designer. Assign Operator. A lot of his inspiration comes mostly from the comic books and you can see this not just in his work, but also in his CV. Contract Law Assignment. And as the research papers, vintage design is one of the contract, hottest trends for 2017, Chuck Lay ’s resume for sure draws the eyes and stands out from the crowd.
Zhiyang Lim ( www.behance.net/limzhiyang ) is a Singapore-based designer and front-end developer who always tries to think outside of the box. Believing the design can transform the assign operator, world, Zhiyang has chosen a creative, playful and colorful version for his CV. Based on the concept of his working place, the resume has a cartoon-like design. Contract Law Assignment. Even if there are almost 15 design elements there, you can still say a lot about his experience and skills. This is devon movies a great example of the expression “an image worth more than 100 words” and law assignment, of how you can tell a story without actually saying anything. With this resume, Steve Fraschini ( https://dribbble.com/novagraphix ) – graphic designer based in Paris – proved that the classic black white still play the game in college services the design world and can win it. With a simple and contract law assignment, clean design, having the information very well organized and some design elements that draw your eyes to every section, this resume is a good option for those who love the minimalism and classic. This smart and creative resume was created by Eric Ghandi ( www.ericgandhi.com ). Essay. Starting from the belief that simplicity is the ultimate sophistication, his CV just shows us this. It’s simple and it’s brilliant! Nothing more than a couple of Google fonts, Google logo, a great idea and a lot of creativity! Kelly Weihs’s ( www.behance.net/KellyWeihs ) resume stands out from the crowd thanks to contract law assignment, its vintage and western style design.
Starting from the idea of on abortion, creating a CV that is different from everyone else and loving the historically inspired designs, Kelly had a lot of law assignment, fun while designing this resume. And she did a very good job! Omondi Abudho ( www.behance.net/pixcaliba ) is a Kenyan art director and devon movies, photographer, based in contract law assignment Nairobi. Picking up a bit of attention for his resume, Abudho has designed his CV as an unfolded box. So, if they want, all the potential employers can cut it out and following the die, can fold it into a box, completed with the creative “nutrition” facts. Amber Van Mieghem ( www.behance.net/amberlink ) is a young Belgium graphic designer. Named “Take a look inside”, her resume is college essay creative and compact. Designed as a flyer and playing interesting with the folding lines and shapes, Amber’s CV is reveals all what a customer or employer needs to know about her skills and experience.
Ada Napoirkowski ( www.behance.net/napiorkowski ) is art director and illustrator based in Heidelberg, Germany. Instead of designing just a resume, she created a whole self-promotion pack, in order to respond to her style and personality. And do you know what is the best part? It’s all hand-made and printed using a normal domestic printer. Kevin Fernandez ( http://nikond50.deviantart.com/ ) is photographer and contract law assignment, designer based in Santa Clara, California. Fernandez used his skills also for creating his own resume. The bright colors, shades of purple, the typography and the contrast used exactly where it’s necessary to work incredibly well together, creating an eye-catching resume! Ed Hamilton is a London-based designer and copywriter who developed a creative way to assign operator, stand out to prospective employers. Using Google Maps#8217; My Maps feature, Hamilton mapped his resume using different colored pins in order to create personalized placemarks.
Each pin has an explanatory text, including information about the contract, place he lives, his interests and work experience.
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country essay china The People's Republic of China (China) is the world's most populous country and contract law assignment, the second largest energy consumer (after the United States). Production and consumption of coal, its dominant fuel, is the highest in the world. Rising oil demand and great essay, imports have made China a significant factor in world oil markets. All information contained in this report is the best available as of May 2002 and is subject to change. China is the world's most populous country, with a rapidly growing economy. Economic development has proceeded unevenly, with urban coastal areas, particularly in the Southeast, experiencing more rapid economic development than other areas of the country. China has a mixed economy, with a combination of state-owned and private firms. A number of state-owned firms have undergone partial or full privatization in recent years.
The Chinese government has encouraged foreign investment -- in some sectors of the economy and subject to constraints -- since the 1980s, offering several special economic zones in contract law assignment which foreign investors receive preferable tax, tariff, and assign operator, investment treatment. With China's entry into the World Trade Organization (WTO) in November 2001, the Chinese government made a number of specific commitments to contract trade and college, investment liberalization which, if fully implemented, will substantially open the Chinese economy to foreign firms. Law Assignment? In the energy sector, this will mean the lifting or sharp reduction of tarriffs associated with imports of some classes of capital goods, and the eventual opening to foreign competition of some areas such as retail sales of petroleum products. It still remains to be seen how these commitments will be implemented. Despite moves toward privatization, much of China's economy remains controlled by large State Owned Enterprises (SOE's), many of which are inefficient and unprofitable. Restructuring of the SOE sector, including the devon movies privatization of some enterprises, is law assignment a major priority of the government, as is restructuring of the banking sector. Great Essay Intros? Many Chinese banks have had to write off large amounts of contract, delinquent debts from devon movies, state-owned enterprises. Contract? Quarterly earnings at many SOEs are reported to have fallen sharply in the first quarter of 2002, after rising in 2001. It is unclear how much of this is research papers due to changes in accounting practices, as opposed to other factors such as weak demand for contract, exports. Layoffs have been part of the restructuring of the SOEs, as many were severely overstaffed.
This has created unemployment, and also has been a burden on assign operator the government budget, as the government begins to provide social benefits which were previously the contract responsibility of the SOEs. Large protests against SOE layoffs have taken place in early 2002, including in cities closely associated with the oil and coal industries. China's real GDP grew by 7.3% in apa format 2001, according to official Chinese figures, down from 8.0% growth in 2000. Real GDP growth for 2002 is forecast at 7.0%. The Chinese government's current Five Year Plan (2001-2005) sets a target of 7.0% real annual GDP growth. Law Assignment? Some outside analysts have questioned the reliability of the official data, however. Inflows of Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) into China in 2001 totalled $46.8 billion, a new record, and college essay, data from the first two months of law assignment, 2002 shows continuing strength. College Services? Japan, Taiwan, and the United States are China's most important sources of FDI. In general, China's trade surplus has been falling in recent years, and imports have been rising.
The 2001 trade surplus was $22.6 billion, down from a peak of $43.6 billion in 2001. Imports have been increasing, largely capital goods being acquired to refurbish outdated industrial facilities, but also consumer goods. China has several territorial disputes with other regional states which are relevant to contract law assignment the energy sector, particularly the dispute over the potentially hydrocarbon-rich Spratly Islands, which are claimed by China, Vietnam, the Phillipines, Brunei, Taiwan, and Malaysia. Another dispute is over the East China Sea, claimed by Japan. China currently is the world's third largest oil consumer, behind the United States and Japan. Consumption of petroleum products totalled 4.78 million barrels per day (bbl/d) in 2000, up from 4.36 million bbl/d in papers 1999. Contract? China is expected to surpass Japan as the second largest world oil consumer within the next decade and reach a consumption level of 10.5 million bbl/d by 2020, making it a major factor in the world oil market. China's petroleum industry has undergone major changes in recent years. Essay Intros? In 1998, the Chinese government reorganized most state owned oil and gas assets into contract law assignment, two vertically integrated firms -- the China National Petroleum Corporation (CNPC) and the China Petrochemical Corporation (Sinopec). Before the devon movies restructuring, CNPC had been engaged mainly in oil and gas exploration and production, while Sinopec had been engaged in refining and distribution. In 1998, the Chinese government ordered an asset swap which transferred some exploration and production assets to Sinopec and law assignment, some refining and distribution assets to CNPC.
This created two regionally focused firms, CNPC in the north and west, and Sinopec in the south, though CNPC is still tilted toward crude oil production and services, Sinopec toward refining. Other major state sector firms in contract law assignment China include the China National Offshore Oil Corporation (CNOOC), which handles offshore exploration and argument essay against, production and accounts for more than 10% of contract law assignment, China's domestic crude production, and China National Star Petroleum, a new company which was created in college services 1997. The intention of the restructuring was to make these state firms more like similar vertically integrated corporate entities elsewhere. In connection with this process, the firms have been spinning off or eliminating many unprofitable ancillary activities such as running housing units, hospitals, and law assignment, other services near company facilities. Massive layoffs also have been undertaken, as like many other Chinese SOEs, they were severely overstaffed. Labor unrest has been reported in early 2002 in several locations with CNPC facilties. The three largest Chinese oil and assign operator, gas firms - Sinopec, CNPC, and CNOOC - all have successfully carried out contract law assignment, initial public offerings (IPOs) of stock within the last two years, bringing in assign operator billions of contract law assignment, dollars in foreign capital. CNPC separated out most of its high quality assets into a subsidiary called PetroChina in essay early 2000, and contract, carried out its IPO of a minority interest on intros both the Hong Kong and New York stock exchanges in April 2000. Contract Law Assignment? The IPO raised over $3 billion, with BP the largest purchaser at 20% of the shares offered. Sinopec carried out argument against, its IPO in New York and Hong Kong in October 2000, raising about $3.5 billion.
Like the PetroChina IPO, only a minority stake of 15% was offered. About $2 billion of this amount was purchased by law assignment the three global super-majors - ExxonMobil, BP, and Shell. CNOOC held its IPO of a 27.5% stake in February 2001, after an college tutoring services earlier attempt in September 1999 was canceled. Contract Law Assignment? Shell bought a large block of shares valued at great intros, around $200 million. Several aspects of these stock offerings were very atypical.
First, they all involved only law assignment, minority stakes. Second, they have not given the foreign investors a major voice in corporate governace. The Chinese government still holds majority stakes in all three firms, and the foreign investors have not received seats on assign operator their boards of directors. Law Assignment? Analysts have generally seen these investments as attempts by the supermajors to gain a foothold in China, which will necessarily involve partnerships with the Chinese majors. Even with the opening to foreign investment envisioned in great college China's commitments for membership in the WTO, it is still likely that almost all major oil and contract law assignment, gas projects in China will involve one of the Chinese majors. Papers? The Chinese government stipulated in July 2001 that only CNPC and Sinopec will be allowed to open new retail filling stations prior to fulfillment of China's market-opening commitment in 2004. This is seen as an attempt to strengthen their control of law assignment, retail sales of petroleum products and ensure that foreign firms will have to research apa format partner with one or the other of the Chinese majors to enter the retail market, even after 2004. All three of the global supermajors, BP, ExxonMobil, and contract, Shell, are planning to aldous huxley complete essays vol 2 enter the Chinese retail market in law assignment partnership with CNPC, Sinopec, or both. As a net oil importer since 1993, China's petroleum industry is focused on meeting domestic demand, but it does still export a modest amount of crude oil. The largest export customer by far is Japan, which imports Daqing crude oil to burn directly in electric power plants.
As of early 2002, China's exports of Daqing crude oil to essay on abortion Japan were around 50,000 bbl/d, down substantially from contract, export levels during the huxley vol 2 1990s. Most Chinese oil production capacity, close to 90%, is located onshore. One field alone, Daqing in contract northeastern China, accounts for research papers apa format, about 1.0 million bbl/d of China's production, out of a total crude oil production of around 3.3 million bbl/d. Contract? Daqing is a mature field, however, having begun production in 1963. It is assign operator expected to contract show declining production in the future, but the discovery of additional small oil-bearing structures at the field and the introduction of enhanced recovery technologies may slow the decline. Essay On Abortion Against? At China's second-largest producing field, Liaohe in northeastern China, CNPC has solicited proposals from potential foreign partners to law assignment help it enhance recovery rates and extend production, though no contracts have yet been signed. In December 2000, regulatory changes were announced which will remove some of the barriers to foreign firms forming partnerships with Chinese oil majors. Government priorities focus on stabilizing production in the eastern regions of the country at current levels, increasing production in new fields in the West, and developing the infrastructure required to deliver western oil and gas to consumers in the East.
Offshore development also is a high priority. Chinese officials have said that they expect production in Xinjiang to research papers apa format reach 1 million bbl/d by 2008, but that seems ambitious, given that transportation of that oil to consumers in the East remains a major obstacle. Recent offshore oil exploration interest has centered on the Bohai Sea area, east of Tianjin, believed to hold more than 1.5 billion barrels in reserves, and the Pearl River Mouth area. Phillips Petroleum announced in March 2000 that it had completed its appraisal drilling of the Peng Lai find in Block 11/05, and would proceed with development. Full scale production at the field is expected to reach more than 100,000 bbl/d by contract 2004. Shell and CNOOC signed a production sharing contract for assign operator, exploration in the Bonan area of the Bohai Sea in contract January 2001. Essay On Abortion Against? Seismic survey work is taking place, and drilling is scheduled to begin in 2003.
CNOOC also signed a production sharing contract with Canadian independent Husky Oil in July 2001 for Block 39-05 in the Pearl River Mouth, near the Wenchang 13-1/13-2 blocks, where Husky Oil and CNOOC already are producing about contract law assignment, 50,000 bbl/d. Another major offshore oilfield has been developed in the Pearl River Mouth area by a consortium including Chevron, Texaco, Agip, and CNOOC. The field began production in February 1999. Meanwhile, improvement in research Sino-Vietnamese relations has opened the way for contract, oil and gas exploration in argument against the Beibu Gulf (known in Vietnam as the Gulf of contract, Tonkin). China and Vietnam signed an college agreement in contract December 2000 which settled their outstanding disputes over sovereignty and economic rights in offshore areas near their border. The Spratly Islands in the South China Sea also are suspected to hold oil and gas reserves, but the area, as mentioned above, is college claimed by several neighboring states. With China's expectation of growing future dependence on oil imports, China has been acquiring interests in exploration and production abroad. CNPC holds oil concessions in Kazakhstan, Venezuela, Sudan, Iraq, Iran, and Peru, and Azerbaijan. Sinopec also has begun seeking to purchase overseas upstream assets.
The most significant deal thus far is contract law assignment CNPC's aquisition of a 60% stake in the Kazakh oil firm Aktobemunaigaz, which came with a pledge to invest significantly in aldous huxley vol 2 the company's future development over the next twenty years. While there had been some discussion of a possible oil pipeline from law assignment, Kazakhstan to devon movies China, CNPC has said that it would only be considered if reserves were sufficient and it was economical, which looks doubtful. The Greater Nile Petroleum Operating Company (GNPOC), the Sudanese oil project in contract which CNPC owns a stake, began exports in August 1999. The CNPC concession in essay on abortion against Iraq cannot be developed until United Nations economic sanctions are lifted, at least to the extent of allowing foreign investment in Iraqi oil infrastructure. CNOOC also has purchased an upsteam equity stake in the small Malacca Strait oilfield in Indonesia. Russia's Far East is seen as a potential source of Chinese crude oil imports. The Russian and Chinese governments have been holding regular discussions on the feasibility of pipelines to make such exports possible. One proposed major project is a $1.7-billion pipeline from Irkutsk to Beijing being backed by contract law assignment Russia's Yukos Oil, which, if developed, could carry 400,000 bbl/d of oil, mainly from the Tomsk region. CNPC and Yukos signed an agreement in July 2001 to carry out argument essay on abortion, a feasibility study for the project, which is due to be completed in mid-2002.
An alternative plan, proposed by contract Russian pipeline operator Transneft, would take Russian crude from both West Siberia and East Siberia via a 1 million bbl/d pipeline to an export terminal at the Pacific coast port of papers apa format, Nakhodka. Contract Law Assignment? China would presumably be one of the major consumers of intros, oil from such a project, but it would also give Russia increased access to contract law assignment the Japanese, South Korean, and other East Asian markets. Downstream infrastructure development in China centers primarily on upgrading existing refineries rather than building new ones, due to current overcapacity. In the late 1990s, the aldous vol 2 Chinese government shut down 110 small refineries, which generally made inferior quality petroleum products. Contract Law Assignment? 62 other small refineries owned by provincial and local governments also are likely to be merged into CNPC and Sinopec in the near future. Another major issue in aldous huxley complete essays vol 2 the Chinese downstream sector is the lack of adequate refining capacity suitable for heavier Middle Eastern crude oil, which will become a necessity as Chinese import demand rises in contract the mid-term future. Great College Intros? Several existing refineries are being upgraded to handle heavier and more sour grades of contract law assignment, crude oil. Chinese officials have spoken of their intention to build a national strategic petroleum reserve, but no formal policy announcement has taken place, and it is unclear whether China would build a government-held reserve of college tutoring, crude oil like the U.S.
Strategic Petroleum Reserve (SPR) or make the maintenance of a minimum stock level a regulatory requirement of law assignment, doing business as a refiner, which is the basis for papers, strategic reserves in Japan and South Korea. Historically, natural gas has not been a major fuel in China, but given China's domestic reserves of natural gas, which stood at 48.3 trillion cubic feet (Tcf) at the beginning of law assignment, 2002, and the environmental benefits of using gas, China has embarked on a major expansion of assign operator, its gas infrastructure. Until the contract law assignment 1990s, natural gas was used largely as a feedstock for great college essay, fertilizer plants, with little use for electricity generation. Gas currently accounts for only slightly more than 3% of total energy consumption in contract China, but consumption is aldous huxley essays expected to contract law assignment more than triple by 2010. Devon Movies? This will involve increases in domestic production, and imports, by pipeline and in contract law assignment the form of assign operator, liquefied natural gas (LNG).
The country's largest reserves of law assignment, natural gas are located in western and aldous huxley essays, north-central China, necessitating a significant further investment in pipeline infrastructure to carry it to eastern cities. China is law assignment planning to build a pipeline, the West-to-East Pipeline, from gas deposits in assign operator the western Xinjiang province to Shanghai, picking up additional gas in the Ordos Basin along the way. Shell was chosen in February 2002 as the lead firm for the project, and Gazprom and ExxonMobil will hold significant stakes. Sinopec also is likely to be added as an law assignment equity partner, but only for a 5% stake. Though construction had been scheduled to begin in 2001, it is unclear how long it will take to finalize terms for the contract. Some of the potential foreign partners in assign operator the project are reported to have concerns about the $18 billion project's commercial viability, even though letters of intent have been signed with several of the project's intended customers. Contract Law Assignment? The concern stems from the possibility that the Tarim Basin gas deposits may provide enough gas for only 20 years of operation, while close to 40 years of operation could be needed to make it profitable, given the massive construction costs. While it is unlikely to happen in the near future, the West-to-East Pipeline eventually could serve as a trunkline which could be extended to receive gas from Central Asia. China announced a discovery of a major gas field at Sulige in the Ordos Basin in the Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region, adjacent to the Changqing oilfield, in 2001. Tutoring? While the field is still under evaluation, recent unofficial reserve estimates cited in the trade press put reserves in the range of law assignment, 16-21 Tcf, substantially more than was assumed when the discovery was first announced. Some natural gas from from the Ordos Basin is likely to be put into the West-to-East Pipeline, which was to run through the college tutoring area in contract any case, and help make it economically viable.
A pipeline was completed in 1997 between the Ordos Basin and Beijing, and assign operator, a second pipeline is planned in contract law assignment the near future, as demand for natural gas in Beijing, Tianjin, and nearby Hebei province already is outstripping the capacity of the original pipeline. Another proposed pipeline project would link the papers Russian natural gas grid in Siberia to China and possibly South Korea via a pipeline from the Kovykta gas fields near Irkutsk, which hold reserves of more than 50 Tcf. The cost of the project has been estimated at $12 billion, and a feasibility study is underway. The pipeline would have a planned capacity of 2.9 billion cubic feet per day (Bcf/d), of which China would likely consume about 1.9 Bcf/d and South Korea 1 Bcf/d. The main South Korea gas company, Kogas, formally joined the feasibility study in November 2000. The main foreign backer of the project is BP, which owns a 30% stake in Rusia Petroleum , the license holder for the Kovykta gas field. The project faces some hurdles, however, as it would involve South Korea becoming dependent on gas supplies routed through China and North Korea. The project seems to have made little progress in the last year, due to law assignment tensions on the Korean peninsula and complete vol 2, possibly Chinese expectations of additional domestic supplies for contract, northeastern China based on the large new natural gas find in the Ordos Basin. It is not clear that the devon movies project would be economical if it is not extended to law assignment South Korea. Aside from these huge projects, other pipelines are being developed to link smaller natural gas deposits to other consumers. A pipeline was completed in early 2002 linking the Sebei natural gas field in the Qaidam Basin with consumers in the city of Lanzhou.
Another planned project would link gas deposits in great intros Sichuan province in the southwest to consumers in Hubei and Hunan provinces in central China at an estimate cost of $600 million. One major hurdle for natural gas projects in China is the lack of a unified regulatory system. Currently, natural gas prices are governed by contract law assignment a patchwork of local regulations. The Chinese government is in the process of argument, drafting a new legal framework for the natural gas sector, which has become an urgent priority to reassure Shell and other potential foreign investors in the West-to-East Pipeline that there will be a stable regulatory environment. Offshore gas projects also are becoming a significant part of contract, China's gas supply. The Yacheng 13-1 field, developed in huxley essays vol 2 the mid-1990s, has been producing gas for Hong Kong and Hainan Island since 1996.
The Chunxiao gas field in the East China Sea, being developed by China National Star Petroleum, is also expected to become a significant producer within the next decade. The company puts the field's reserves at contract law assignment, more than 1.6 Tcf. Huxley Complete Essays Vol 2? Another area where where exploratory drilling is planned is the Xihu Trough, in the East China Sea about law assignment, 250 miles east of Shanghai. Imported liquefied natural gas (LNG) will be used primarily in China's southeastern coastal region. Guangdong province already has launched a project to build six, 320-megawatt (MW) gas-fired power plants, and to convert existing oil fired plants with a capacity of assign operator, 1.8 gigawatts (GW) to LNG. In March 2001, it was announced that BP had been selected to contract law assignment build China's first LNG import terminal, to be located near the city of Guangdong. BP will take a 30% equity stake in the project, with CNOOC holding 31% and the rest held by local firms from Guangdong and Hong Kong. Proposals for supplies of devon movies, LNG to the terminal were received in May 2002 from three potential suppliers, RasGas of Qatar, Shell's Northwest Shelf LNG project in Australia, and BP's planned Tangguh LNG project in Indonesia. A second LNG import terminal is planned for Fujian province, to be completed in 2005 or 2006.
Coal makes up the bulk, over 63%, of China's primary energy consumption, and China is both the contract law assignment largest consumer and producer of coal in the world. China's coal consumption in 2000 was 1.27 billion short tons, or over 24% of the world total. The Chinese government has recently made a major upward revision to essay intros coal production and contract, consumption figures covering the last several years. While the new figures still show coal use declining significantly, the decline is much less than the previously published figures. China's coal industry has had a serious oversupply problem in argument against recent years, particularly in the late 1990s, and the government has begun implementing major reforms aimed at reducing the contract law assignment oversupply, returning large state-owned mines to profitability as a prelude to possible future privatization, and reducing mine accidents. Great Essay Intros? Large state-owned coal mines had experienced buildups of unused inventories in the mid-to-late-1990s, and contract, many were operating at a financial loss. A large number of small, unlicensed mines also have added to the oversupply. Devon Movies? In 1998, the law assignment government launched a large-scale effort to close down the devon movies small mines. Contract Law Assignment? Many small coal mines have been closed, and the effort is continuing.
As a result of the closures, depressed local coal prices have started to recover, and combined with cost-cutting measures, some of the large-scale mines returned to profitability in 2000. Argument On Abortion Against? It has become clear, however, through much anecdotal evidence, that not all of the closed mines have actually ceased operation, and the recent revision to the Chinese State Statistical Bureau's production and consumption figures appears to reflect this. China also is law assignment increasingly seeking export markets for its coal as a way of dealing with its surplus production. According to figures published by the Chinese government, China's net coal exports for 2001 rose by 46% from the previous year. Japan and South Korea are the primary markets, and China is great college essay beginning to emerge as a serious competitor to Australia for Japanese coal imports. Contract Law Assignment? India also has been importing modest quantities of Chinese coal.
Over the longer term, China's coal demand is projected to rise significantly , roughly doubling by the year 2020. Assign Operator? While coal's share of contract, overall Chinese energy consumption is projected to fall, coal consumption will still be increasing in absolute terms. Several projects exist for the development of coal-fired power plants co-located with large mines, so called coal by wire projects. Other technological improvements also are being undertaken, including the first small-scale projects for coal gasification, and a coal slurry pipeline to transport coal to the port of Qingdao. Coalbed methane production also is being developed, with recent American investors in this effort including BP, Texaco, and Virgin Oil, which was awarded a concession for exploration in Ningxia province in January 2001. Texaco is the huxley complete vol 2 largest foreign investor in coalbed methane, with activities in several provinces. Coalbed methane production is expected to contract law assignment reach 0.4 billion Tcf by 2010. In contrast to the past, China is becoming more open to foreign investment in assign operator the coal sector, particularly in modernization of law assignment, existing large-scale mines and the development of new ones. The China National Coal Import and papers apa format, Export Corporation is the primary Chinese partner for law assignment, foreign investors in the coal sector. Areas of interest in foreign invesment concentrate on new technologies only recently introduced in China or with environmental benefit, including coal liquefaction, coal bed methane production, and great essay, slurry pipeline transportation projects.
Over the longer term, China plans to law assignment aggregate the large state coal mines into seven corporations by the end of 2005, in great essay intros a process similar to the creation of CNPC and Sinopec out of contract, state assets. Such firms might then seek to pursue foreign capital through international stock offerings. China has expressed a strong interest in coal liquefaction technology, and argument on abortion, would like see liquid fuels based on coal substitute for some of its petroleum demand for transportation. The first pilot coal liquefaction plant is planned to be operational in contract law assignment coal-rich Shanxi in late 2001. Shell also signed an great college intros agreement in December 2001 for contract, a coal gasification project in Yueyang in great college intros Hunan province, which is to replace naphtha as a feedstock for a large fertilizer plant. As with coal, China's electric power industry experienced a serious oversupply problem in 1998-99, due largely to demand reductions from closures of inefficient state-owned industrial units, which were major consumers of electricity.
The Chinese government responded to the short-term oversupply in part by implementing a drive to contract close down small thermal power plants and by college essay imposing a moratorium (with a few exceptions) on approval of new power plant construction, which ran through January 1, 2002, and there have not been a large number of new projects approved since then. Most of the small power plants closed were diesel or coal-fired plants which were opened by provincial or municipal governments as demand grew in the 1980's, and were relatively inefficient and polluting. Contract? Even with the moratorium on new construction approvals, many power plants have been coming online, due to the very large backlog of power generation projects approved prior to the moratorium. When the moratorium took effect, there was a total of 70 GW of new capacity under construction or with final approval, much of which is still under development. The largest project under construction, by far, is the assign operator Three Gorges Dam, which, when fully completed in contract law assignment 2009, will include 26 separate 700-MW generators, for a total of 18.2 GW. Plans were announced in March 2002 to college tutoring services reorganize the Three Gorges project into the China Three Gorges Electric Power Corporation. The corporation is expected to seek capital through an equity offering open to foreign investors, similar to those already carried out by the major Chinese oil companies, in 2003. Another large hydropower project involves a series of dams on the upper portion of the Yellow River. Shaanxi, Qinghai, and Gansu provinces have joined to contract law assignment create the Yellow River Hydroelectric Development Corporation, with plans for the eventual construction of 25 generating stations with a combined installed capacity of 15.8 GW. Seven of these stations are either under construction or currently in operation.
Most of the assign operator major developments taking place in the Chinese electricity sector in contract law assignment 2002 involve nuclear power. Several nuclear projects are under construction, with the involvement of Russian, French, and Canadian firms. Huxley Complete Vol 2? The first generation unit of the Lingao nuclear power plant in Guangdong province began commercial operation in May 2002, with a capacity of 1-GW. The second 1 GW generating unit is expected to law assignment begin operating in March 2003. An additional 600-MW generating unit at the Qinshan nuclear power plant in Zhejiang province began operation in February 2002, and another 600-MW unit at the same site is apa format scheduled to begin delivering electricity in late 2002. A major issue for contract, China's electric power industry is the distribution of generation among power plants. China's stated intention eventually is to create a unified national power grid, and to have a modern power market in which plants sell power to the grid at market-determined rates. In the short term, though, traditional arrangements still hold sway, and state-owned power plants which have government connections tend to have a higher priority than independent private plants. Additionally, some private plants with take-or-pay contracts, which provide for guaranteed minimum sales amounts, have had trouble getting the aldous huxley complete essays provincial authorities running the local grids to honor those terms.
In the short term, oversupply and uncertainty are likely to contract reduce foreign investment in China's power sector. In the longer term, though, growth in devon movies electricity consumption is projected at 5.5% per year through 2020. The largest gainer in terms of fuel share in the future is expected to be natural gas, due largely to environmental concerns in China's rapidly industrializing coastal provinces. Contract Law Assignment? If a truly competitive market for services, electric power develops as planned, the Chinese market may once again become attractive to foreign investment. At present, foreign direct investment is allowed only in power generation, but loan financing has been obtained for some power transmission projects. The Chinese government is in the early stages of formulating a fundamental long-term restructuring of their electric power sector, embodies in the National Power Industry Framework Reform Plan promulgated by the State Council in April 2002. As with many other countries reform programs, generating assets are to contract be largely separated from transmission and distribution. Services? The State Power Corporation (SPC) will divest most of its generating assets (though retaining about 20%), and contract, then be split into regional transmission and distribution companies. Electricity prices will still be regulated, but there are likely to be major changes in tarriffs and the overall regulatory structure for electricity pricing.
The process is at an early stage, and many of the details remain to be worked out. China suffers from major energy-related environmental problems. According to a report by the World Health Organization (WHO), seven of the world's ten most polluted cities are in argument essay on abortion China. The country's heavy use of unwashed coal leads to large emissions of contract law assignment, sulfur dioxide and particulate matter. China also is important to any effort to assign operator curb emissions of contract law assignment, greenhouse gases, as it is projected to experience the largest absolute growth in carbon dioxide emissions between now and the year 2020. China is a non-Annex I country under the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change, meaning that it has not agreed to binding targets for reduction of assign operator, carbon dioxide emissions under the Kyoto Protocol.
While the Chinese government is concerned with its environmental problems, it tends to contract be more concerned with local problems, such as particulate matter and sulfur dioxide emissions. Thus, it is undertaking efforts to lessen emissions of pollutants such as sulfur dioxide and nitrogen oxide, through improved pollution controls on power plants as well as policies designed to increase the share of natural gas in assign operator the country's fuel mix, particularly around major metropolitan areas. President: Jiang Zemin (since March 1993) Premier: Zhu Rongji (since March 1998) Population (July 2001E): 1.3 billion. Location/Size: Eastern Asia/3.7 million square miles (9.6 million square kilometers, slightly smaller than the United States) Major Cities: Beijing (capital), Shanghai, Tianjin, Guangzhou, Shenyang, Wuhan, Chengdu, Hong Kong. Languages: Mandarin (official), many local dialects. Ethnic Groups: Han Chinese (92%); Zhuang, Uygur, Hui, Yi, Tibetan, Miao, Manchu, Mongol, Buyi, Korean, others (8%)
Religion: Officially atheist; Daoism, Buddhism, Muslim (2-3%); Christian (1%) Defense (8/98): Army (2.1 million), Navy (260,000), Air Force (470,000), reserves (1.2 million), People's Armed Police (1 million) Exchange Rate (6/2/02): US$1 = 8.3 Yuan/Renminbi. Gross Domestic Product (2001E): $1.18 trillion (2002F): $1.27 trillion. Real GDP Growth Rate (2001E): 7.3% (2002F): 6.7% Inflation Rate (2002F): 0.6%
Current Account Surplus (2002F): $20.3 billion. Major Trading Partners: Japan, United States, European Union, South Korea, Taiwan. Merchandise Exports (2002F): $303.6 billion. Merchandise Imports (2002F): $254.1 billion. Merchandise Trade Surplus (2002F): $33.1 billion. Major Export Products: Light industrial and contract, textile products, mineral fuels, heavy manufactures, agricultural goods. Major Import Products: Machinery, steel, chemicals, miscellaneous manufactures, industrial materials, grain. Monetary Reserves (2002F, non-gold): $174.2 billion. External Debt (2002F): $164.1 billion. Proven Oil Reserves (1/1/02E): 24 billion barrels.
Oil Production (2001E): 3.3 million barrels per on abortion against day (bbl/d) Oil Consumption (2001E): 4.9 million bbl/d. Net Oil Imports (2001E): 1.6 million bbl/d. Crude Oil Refining Capacity (1/1/02E): 4.5 million bbl/d. Natural Gas Reserves (1/1/02E) : 48.3 trillion cubic feet (Tcf) Natural Gas Production (2000E): 0.96 Tcf. Natural Gas Consumption (2000E): 0.96 Tcf. Recoverable Coal Reserves (1/1/96E): 126.2 billion short tons. Coal Production (2000E): 1.27 billion short tons.
Coal Consumption (2000E): 1.31 billion short tons. Electric Generation Capacity (1/1/00E): 294 GW (222 GW thermal; 70 GW hydro; 2 GW nuclear) Electricity Generation (1999E): 1,308 billion kilowatthours (1,070 conventional thermal; 220 hydro; 16 nuclear) Statistical note: All data reported here exclude Hong Kong, a former British colony which reverted to China on July 1, 1997. Minister of Land and Natural Resources: Yongkang Zhou. Minister of contract, Water Resources: Shucheng Wang. Total Energy Consumption (2000E): 36.7 quadrillion Btu (9.2% of world total energy consumption) Energy-Related Carbon Emissions (2000E): 775.0 million metric tons of carbon (12.0% of great college intros, world carbon emissions)
Per Capita Energy Consumption (2000E): 28.8 million Btu (vs. Contract? U.S. Tutoring Services? value of contract, 351.0 million Btu) Per Capita Carbon Emissions (2000E): 0.61 metric tons of carbon (vs. U.S. value of 5.6 metric tons of carbon) Energy Intensity (2000E): 35,201 Btu/$1995 (vs. U.S. value of 10,918 Btu/$1995)** Carbon Intensity (2000E): 0.74 metric tons of carbon/thousand $1995 (vs. U.S. value of tutoring, 0.17 metric tons/thousand $1995)**
Sectoral Share of Energy Consumption (1998E): Residential (28.3%), Industrial (59.9%), Transportation (7.4%), Commercial (4.4%) Sectoral Share of Carbon Emissions (1998E): Transportation (8.6%), Industrial (75.1%), Commercial (5.3%), Residential (10.9%) Fuel Share of law assignment, Energy Consumption (2000E): Oil (26.8%), Natural Gas (3.0%), Coal (63.6%) Fuel Share of Carbon Emissions (2000E): Oil (22.0%), Natural Gas (2.1%), Coal (75.9%) Renewable Energy Consumption (1998E): 10,895 trillion Btu* (2% increase from 1997) Number of People per huxley complete Motor Vehicle (1998): 125 (vs.
U.S. value of 1.3) Status in Climate Change Negotiations: Non-Annex I country under the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (ratified January 5th, 1993). Signatory to the Kyoto Protocol (signed May 29th, 1998 - not yet ratified). Major Environmental Issues: Air pollution (greenhouse gases, sulfur dioxide particulates) from the overwhelming use of high-sulfur coal as a fuel, producing acid rain which is damaging forests; water shortages experienced throughout the contract country, particularly in urban areas and in the north; future growth in papers water usage threatens to outpace supplies; water pollution from law assignment, industrial effluents; much of the population does not have access to potable water; less than 10% of sewage receives treatment; deforestation; estimated loss of one-fifth of devon movies, agricultural land since 1949 to soil erosion and economic development; desertification; trade in law assignment endangered species. Major International Environmental Agreements: A party to the Antarctic-Environmental Protocol, Antarctic Treaty, Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Nuclear Test Ban, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Tropical Timber 83, Tropical Timber 94 and Wetlands. Has signed but not ratified: Nuclear Test Ban. * The total energy consumption statistic includes petroleum, dry natural gas, coal, net hydro, nuclear, geothermal, solar, wind, wood and waste electric power.
The renewable energy consumption statistic is based on International Energy Agency (IEA) data and college tutoring, includes hydropower, solar, wind, tide, geothermal, solid biomass and animal products, biomass gas and liquids, industrial and municipal wastes. Sectoral shares of energy consumption and carbon emissions are also based on IEA data. **GDP based on EIA International Energy Annual 2000. Organization: Coal - China National Local Coal Mines Development Corp., China Northeast NEI-Mongolia United Coal Co., numerous local state-owned mines and rural collectives; Coal import/exports - China Coal Import and Export Group; Petroleum - China National Petroleum Corp. (CNPC, PetroChina is its publicly traded subsidiary), China National Offshore Oil Corp. (CNOOC), China National Oil Gas Exploration Development Corp. Contract? (CNODC), China National Star Petroleum (Star); China National Petrochemical Corp. College Tutoring? (SINOPEC); Oil imports/exports - China National Chemicals Import and Export Corporation (SINOCHEM), China United Petroleum Corporation (China Oil), China United Petrochemical Corp. (UNIPEC); Electric power - China State Power Corp., Huaneng Group, Inc., China National Power Industry Corp. (CNPIC), regional electric power corporations, China National Nuclear Industry Corp., China International Water and Electric Corp. Contract? (CWE).; Energy Finance - China National Energy Investment Corp. Major Producing Oil Fields (2000 Production): Daqing (1.1 MMBD), Shengli (0.5 MMBD), Liaohe (0.3 MMBD) Major Refineries (1/1/02 Capacity): Fushun (184,800 bbl/d), Maoming (170,700 bbl/d), Qilu (160,700 bbl/d), Gaoqiao (150,600 bbl/d), Dalian (142,600 bbl/d), Yanshan (190,800 bbl/d), Jinling (140,600 bbl/d); Zhenlai (160,700 bbl/d) Sources for this report include: Asia Pulse; Coal Week International; Dow Jones Newswire; Economist Intelligence Unit; Financial Times; Oil and Gas Journal; Oil Daily; Petroleum Economist; Petroleum Intelligence Weekly; South China Morning Post; U.S. Commerce Department; International Trade Administration -- Country Commercial Guides; U.S. Assign Operator? Energy Information Administration; DRI/WEFA Asia Economic Outlook; World Gas Intelligence.
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